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to enrich themselves, and bring all the wealth of the country into their own hands, leaving the commonalty weak, or as an idol with broken or feeble arms, which may in time of peace have a plausible show, but, when necessity shall enforce, have an heavy and bitter sequel.” Has not Harrison solved the mystery of the butcher ; explained the tradition of the wool merchant; shown how John Shakspere, the woodman, naturally sold a piece of timber to the Corporation, which we find recorded; and, what is most difficult of credence, indicated how the glover is reconcilable with all these employments? We open an authentic record of this very period, and the solution of the difficulty is palpable. In John Strype's “Memorials Ecclesiastical under Queen Mary I.,” under the date of 1558, we find this passage :-“It is certain that one Edward Horne suffered at Newent, where this Deighton had been, and spake with one or two of the same parish that did see him there burnt, and did testify that they knew the two persons that made the fire to burn him; they were two glovers or FELLMONGERS.”1 A fellmonger and a glover appear, from this passage, to have been one and the same. The fellmonger is he who prepares skins for the use of the leather-dresser, by separating the wool from the hide—the natural coadjutor of the sheep-master and the wool-man. Shakspere himself implies that the glover was a manufacturer of skins : Dame Quickly asks of Slender's man, “Does he not wear a great round beard like a glover's paring knife?” The peltry is shaved upon a circular board, with a great round knife, to this day. The fellmonger's trade, as it now exists, and the trade in untanned leather, the glover's trade, would
be so slightly different, that the generic term, glover, might
« Glover” is so
We may reasonably persist, therefore, even in accord with “flesh and fell” tradition, in drawing the portrait of Shakspere's father, at the time of his marriage, in the free air-on his horse, with his team, at market, at fair—and yet a dealer in carcasses, or wood, or wool, or skins, his own produce. He was a proprietor of land, and an agriculturist, living in a peculiar state of society, as we shall see hereafter, in which the division of employments was imperfectly established, and the small rural capitalists strove to turn their own products to the greatest advantage.
In the eleventh century the Norman Conqueror commanded that be buried, and of all those that be christened.” 2 They
“ No further seek their merits to disclose." “There is much secret and several communications between
But there are entries in this register-book of Stratford that the King's subjects; and (some] of them, in sundry places within the shires of Cornwall and Devonshire, be in great
are interesting to us—to all Englishmen-to universal
mankind. We have all received a precious legacy from fear and mistrust, what the King's Highness and his Council should mean, to give in commandment to the par
one whose progress from the cradle to the grave is here sons and vicars of every parish that they should make a
recorded-a bequest large enough for us all, and for all
who will come after us. book, and surely to be kept, wherein to be specified the
Pause we on the one entry of that
book which most concerns the human race:names of as many as be wedded, and the names of them
1 Vol. v. p. 277, edit. 1816.
? Cromwell's Correspondence in the Chapter-House. Quoted in Rickman's Preface to Population Returns, 1831.