also on the first. He gladly went. The audience, for the most part, was composed of women. The Quaker men are generally busy in the marts of business on Fourth day. Of these women, a few were plain Friends, all elderly, who were real Quakers in appearance; the others illustrated Milton's words — but Eve was Eve.”. Clothed in expensive fabrics of the mode somewhat modified, they would have scarcely been odd in the most fashionable congregation. Soon came on the silence of best wisdom; apparently in " calm and sinless peace.” Israel looked at the grave elderly men who sat on the elevated seats, and wondered if the spirit would move any to speak. By-andby his patience was rewarded by the rising of a woman, a very "plain Friend,” who had a message of which her mind must be disburdened. Her position being in a remote part of the room from Israel, he was not able to hear her words sufficiently to obtain the full benefit of them. It seemed, however, to be an exhortation to the women to be less conformed to the vain show of the world, a concern, which he thought not unwarranted in that audience. Not long after this, one of the men stood up, and in a pretty loud voice, addressed them.

He alluded to an esteemed friend who had lived in a past age of Quakerism, and quoted his example and words to incite them to lead a good and simple life. His speech occupied about five minutes, when he sat down. This concluded the ministry of Quaker service for that day. Afterwards it transpired that they were Hicksite Quakers, while another branch of Friends is called Orthodox Quakers.

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The following is the substance of a conversation between Israel and these Friends :

1. “May I ask why you are called Hicksites?”

F. "From Elias Hicks, who, about the year 1827, taught our people different views of doctrine from those before believed and taught by Friends." 7. " Wherein did this difference consist?

6 Elias Hicks denied the divinity and atonement of Jesus Christ, and affirmed that the Bible had no divine authority. George Fox, who founded the Society of Friends, having been educated in the Church of England, kept the principal articles of their doctrine, though he rejected some which they think important or essential. He was what is called orthodox upon the principal points of belief.”

1. “What did he reject?"

F. “The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper.”

1. “On what grounds ?”

F. “George Fox held that the Christian baptism taught in the New Testament is a spiritual one, which alone makes the true disciple a partaker of the mystical body of Christ, and that the baptism of John belonged to an inferior and decreasing dispensation. In like manner communion with the body and blood of Christ is only obtained by a union of the heart by faith, while all visible signs are promotive of dissension among Christians.

6. Elias Hicks maintained that we need not go to the Scriptures for authority in this or other rule of life more than to any other book. The light that is within us, implanted by God, is sufficient to guide us



into all needed wisdon, if we will hold our spirits in subjection to its teachings. He held that sacraments are unnecessary, but for other reasons. George Fox

a good man seeker after truth, as the Friends were first named — but he had not progressed into the best wisdom.”

1. " Allow me to inquire why your sect was ever called Quakers, and not always Friends ?”

F. 66 It is sometimes recorded that the name was given because Fox once told one of his judges in the time of his persecution for his opinions, to tremble at the word of the Lord; others say that it was because of their trembling manner of speaking. We call ourselves Friends."

I. "Was Fox a man of learning ?”

F. “He was born at Drayton, England, 1624, and apprenticed to a grazier. His occupation of shepherd was good for solitary thought. While he watched his flocks he came upon many wise conclusions. One was that his days were evil and it was his duty to go out among the wicked world and seek to make them better. In 1647, he began to be a preacher of righteousness wherever he went. In a steeple-house at Nottingham, when the priest took for his text, We have a more sure word of prophecy, whereunto ye do well that

ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts,' and went on to teach the people that this light was the Bible, Fox spoke out by the strong moving of the Holy Spirit, Ono; it is not the Scripture, but it is the Holy Spirit by which the holy men of God gave forth the Scriptures, whereby opinions,

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religions, and judgments are to be tried. That it was, which led unto all truth. For thus saying he was put into prison. At other times in his life he suffered the pain of imprisonment. He died in London in 1690. William Penn said of him, “He was a man that God endowed with a clear and wonderful depth; a discerner of others' spirits, and very much a master of his own; of an innocent life, meek, contented, modest, steady, tender."

1. “ It would gratify me to know some other peculiarities of the doctrine and usage of the Society of Friends, common to the Orthodox and Hicksite divisions.”

F. "We take no oaths. We affirm."
1. “On what grounds?”

“ It was first our custom by reason of the words of Jesus, "Swear not at all. We go not to war with our fellow-beings, believing this to be a great sin in the sight of a God whose name is Love, and whose nature is Peace and Good-will to all. As a people we, and especially the Hicksites, were in favor of the abolition of the dark sin of slavery ; but it was our view that this great and good work might be done by other means than shedding the blood of fellow

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"We do not believe in a hireling ministry or in a collegiate training for the making of ministers. The Holy Spirit is the only and sufficient guide in this matter. That can speak to us through women as well as men.”

1. “If you accepted the letter of the Scripture as authority, I should quote to you the command of St.

Paul, “I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.'”

F. From the same Scripture, I will say to thee, it was prophesied by Joel and spoken by Peter, that in the last days, the daughters as well as the sons should prophesy, and on the hand-maidens God did pour out His spirit so that they should prophesy."

I. “Then any woman who feels the Spirit moving her to speak can do so in your meetings?”

F. “The meeting takes time for judgment before our ministers, men or women, are approved.”

1. “You spoke of not favoring a ministry who had received a collegiate training. Do you not encourage your young men to obta a liberal education?”

F. 66 We make it one of our rules to give our sons a good education to fit them for business; but we do not generally approve of their going to college.”

1. “May I ask the reason?” F. “It is upon our principle of use instead of vain show. We also think that they learn many things at college which will do them no good in after life, and may do them much hurt.”

F's wife. “Our people do not approve of their sons and daughters reading unprofitable books, like many works of fiction."

F's daughter. “Yet thee knows that we do read some good novels.”

F. “Thee need not call them novels, dear.”

1. "I think I have heard that your marriage ceremony is peculiar.”

F. “In monthly meeting, our people who intend to be joined in marriage appear with their parents or

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