666 The Jews had never been accustomed to other than a Liturgical form of worship. When John the Baptist appeared, who was the appointed forerunner of Christ, and whose ministry was not, therefore, of the Jewish economy, while the Christian Church was not yet established, he very naturally prepared a service suited to his peculiar mission. He gave to his disciples a form of prayer.

66. When Christ entered upon His ministry, He continued to attend upon the temple and synagogue service, and sometimes took part in that service. When His disciples came to him, with the request that He would furnish them with a form of prayer, as John had done for his disciples, He did not reply to this request that John did that which was indeed allowed in the Jewish service, but was not to be permitted in the more spiritual worship of the Christian Church. So far from this, He immediately framed a form of prayer, gave it to his disciples, and told them to use it. It is not a little remarkable, that this form is taken mainly from the Jewish Liturgy. It is sometimes urged by those who are not accustomed to a Liturgical service, that prayers in a particular form of words cannot come from the heart. When our Saviour was in the garden, on the night of His betrayal, He prayed in the midst of the agonies of that awful hour.

He offered to His Father did not come from His heart? Yet He used a form! He prayed three times, using a form of words. Again when hanging on the cross He prayed. Did ever mortal man doubt that the prayer upon the cross came from the heart of that crucified Saviour? And yet that

Think you

the prayer

prayer was a form in these words : “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me;" a quotation from the twenty-second Psalm. The last sentence that fell from His lips, ere He gave up the ghost, was taken from the thirty-first Psalm : “Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit.” Thus the Saviour of the world died with a form of prayer upon His lips.

6. The apostles, like. their divine Master, were accustomed to the Liturgical worship of the Jews; they, with Him, attended the temple and the synagogue service. Such was the strength of their attachment to a Liturgy, and so firm the habit of using a form, that on the occasion of the liberation of St. Peter from prison, when their hearts were overflowing with joy, and when, if ever, they would spontaneously express their gratitude, in an extemporaneous thanksgiving, they employed a form, “they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said,” etc. This form has been recorded by St. Luke. It is chiefly from a Psalm of David. We are not then surprised to find the churches which they planted employing forms of prayer in their worship.”

Much more of this continued able argument Israel would have transcribed, had he not have recalled these words, found in 2 Corinthians, 3: 6: “ Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.

Likewise this in Romans 2: 19, 20: “And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness, an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the

form of knowledge, and of the truth in the law,etc.

Also 2 Tim. 3:5: “Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof; from such turn away.”

These words proved to him that the form of godliness and the letter of the law were not accounted by the apostles as of any worth, compared to the true spirit of the gospel of our Lord and Saviour.

Signs of Power. “ In regard to the authority and utility of their clerical vestments, I have but to remember the words of Christ, in Matt. 23: 5.

• But all their works they do to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments.'

“I find an Episcopal divine * has these words upon this point. As to the authority I have only to say

*. that, God has once, in the Mosaic dispensation, expressed his pleasure in this regard, and He has never annulled that expression of His will.'

“Why did he not cite the particular instance to which he referred as the expression of divine pleasure in this regard?

“ Moses took Aaron and his sons, according to the command of God, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and after washing them with water, he put upon Aaron the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod upon him; and he girded him with the curious girdle of the ephod, and bound it unto him therewith.



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* Dr. Randall.

And he put the breastplate upon him : also he put in the breastplate, the Urim and Thummin. And he put the mitre upon his head; also upon the mitre, did he put the golden plate, the holy crown.

". And he poured of the anointing oil upon Aaron's head.'

666 And Moses brought Aaron's sons [here was the succession] and put coats upon them, and girded them with girdles, and put bonnets upon them.'

“If the authority' is here derived, why is not the usage of the Episcopal church to clothe their priests according to all the pattern, as well as in one or two particulars?

“Why do not these priests don their canonicals in the door, before all the congregation? By what authority can they omit the pouring oil on the head, and likewise dispense with the girdle and bonnet?

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Repetition of the Creed. 66 The same divine also

says: • At every service we are required to repeat the articles of our belief, in the form of a. Creed. The Church has a Creed, because she is the church. There can be no such thing as a Christian Church without a Christian Creed. There are some persons, I am aware, who affect to have no creed. But Christ has effectually settled the practicability of such a theological anomaly. Nobody can go to heaven without a creed. Creed is belief. Christ has said, “ He that BELIEVETH NOT shall be damned.'

“According to the Word of God, the way is so plain, that the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein, the type of which way was the very sim


ple looking of the diseased Israelite at the brazen serpent uplifted in the wilderness. But yet men like Dr. Pusey read the creed of the Church with a widely different sense from others who likewise read the same words in high places.

“ The authority quoted evidently wishes it to be understood that the creed of the church' is the one of which it is true - he that believeth not shall be damned.' If we accept the statement, we may learn the fate of those who do not believe in one catholic and apostolic church,' 'one baptism for the remission of sins,' and the resurrection of the body.'

6 The thief on the cross had no idea of this elaborate credo, but simply said, “Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom, for which he was promised paradise.

“ He believed. All believe who find salvation ; yet all of these do not believe in the church or its creed, or yet in its long prayers and mummeries, such

Reverend Father in God.' • And call no man your father upon the earth, for one is your Father which is in heaven.' (Matt. 23: 9.)

“ I cannot believe that I have found the city whose name is · The Lord is Here.'




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