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The Gilbert Arithmetics
BOOKS I, II, AND III
By C. H. GLEASON, Principal Summer Avenue School, Newark,
From the Newark, N.J., School Exchange (the books are used in Newark):
"The ideal arithmetic for ordinary school use should be thoroughly scientific, but sufficiently untechnical and simple for the average pupil to grasp its meaning without difficulty. It should be sufficiently 'psychological,' or inductive, to lead the pupil in a very natural way to conclusions which establish generalizations, and it should be sufficiently 'spiral' to permit repetition frequent enough to fix each subject with its principles in the mind of the pupil, and, finally, there should be a wealth of illustrative material, or practical problems, sufficient to cover every ordinary phase of a given subject.
"The GILBERT ARITHMETICS are particularly happy in their authorship. Mr. Gleason is one of the most successful public school principals who have ever served the city of Newark. While he is a most excellent all-around man, he has given particular attention to the teaching of arithmetic throughout his entire career as a school man.
"Mr. Gilbert is to-day the sanest leader of elementary education enjoying a national reputation in this country. His wellknown advocacy of the welfare of the child as the paramount issue in education, and of the freedom of the teacher as an accompanying corollary, give further assurance of the simplicity and catholicity of any textbook bearing his name.
"The GILBERT ARITHMETICS, therefore, may fairly be expected to be what we unhesitatingly pronounce them to bethe best textbooks in that subject that we have seen. They are scientific, but simple; psychological, but sane; comprehensive, but omitting the unpractical.
"The inductive method is used to develop the principles of succeeding subjects, and subjects recur often enough to fix them in the mind of the child, but when the generalization is finally completed, it is used as an accepted principle.
"The mechanical features of the book are admirable. The paper and covers are pleasing, the type is bold and clear, and the binding is excellent."
From the Fournal of Education, Boston, Massachusetts :
Mr. Gilbert has had wide and eminently successful experience in supervision in St. Paul, Newark, and Rochester, and he has been equally fortunate in the writing of school books. These three books can but attract attention among all school people because of their novelty and utility in the teaching of number. Book One is for the first four years of school. The whole aim of the book (and each book has a specific aim to which every exercise is directed) is absolute mastery of the fundamental facts and processes. We would gladly describe this book, its conception of its mission, its methods and devices, but it is impossible; only by examination can it be appreciated. It is in a class by itself. Book Two is for grades five and six. The book is based on the assumption that the years of ten and eleven are adapted for memorizing and limitless practice. The aim of this book is fullest knowledge of definitions and processes and absolute accuracy in practice. Book Three is a complete arithmetic, giving in review all that has been taught in Books One and Two, and amplifying the features adapted to and needed by maturer minds."
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY