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PIRATICAL SEIZURE OF THE
CONTEMPLATED PIRATICAL ATTACK ON THE
“ JOHN WESLEY.” The following extract evinces the watchful care of Divine Providence, in preventing the seizure of the Missionary brig“ John Wesley,” by the piratical crew of the schooner “Helen.' NEW ZEALAND.-Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Walter Lawry,
dated Auckland, April 3d, 1850. The enclosed is the account of the whaling barque “ Eliza,” and the brig captured “ Captain,” respecting the in. “Sabine," from Sydney to California, tention of the piratical vessel towards the anchored off the Bay where Captain “ John Wesley," when we were coming Griffiths and the others had been landed; hither from Sydney.
and by the former they obtained a passage to Monganui, from which they proceeded to Auckland. The “Sabine”
resumed her voyage on the 27th of We have seen the legal depositions December, and those on board were of the passengers landed from the made cognizant of what had occurred on “Helen," at the North Cape of New board the schooner. The plot must Zealand, which corroborate what we have been concocted some weeks before have before published. Captain Grif- the “ Helen ” left Sydney, as Wilson fiths has furnished us with the following avowed his intention, that in the event of additional information :-As soon as the not being able to take the vessel with pirates had obtained secure possession arms, he would have resorted to poisonof the schooner, they commenced disc ing those who were averse to joining figuring her as much as possible, by him, having provided himself with the altering the parts of her which were necessary ingredients for the purpose. before white into black, namely, round. It was also stated among them that this houses, gunwale-streak, and the quarter- was not the only vessel leaving Sydney deck top-gallant bulwarks. Her name which would be taken in a similar manon the stern was also obliterated, and the ner, (the names of others were mentioned,) greatest care was taken to file the as they had a well-organized band who name from the telescope, wheel, and would join them on the coast of Califorevery other part where the name of the nia. Their principal occupation on board vessel appeared. After being confined was making cartridges, casting bullets, in the forecastle some time, Captain and forming dirks, using the brass Griffiths managed to creep through the diamonds off the wheels as guards for hold to the cabin bulk-head, and over- the same. They stated their intention heard from the conversation of the muti- to be, that if they could not capture a neers that they had kept off the North larger vessel, they would take the Cape of New-Zealand some time, with schooner on to the Columbia River to the intention of capturing the Missionary see if the coast was clear at San Francisbrig“ John Wesley,” for which they co. The head mutineer, Wilson, exwere fully prepared, having swivels, pressed his regret that Mr. Tebbuti (one muskets, &c., stowed away in their of the owners) was not on board, as he chests, with an ample supply of ammu- would have kept him on bread and nition ; but fortunately they did not sight water throughout the voyage.--Sydney her. On the 26th of December, the Herald.
VOL. VI.-FOURTH SERIES.
MISSIONS IN CONTINENTAL INDIA,
July 4th, 1850. Half of the year 1850 has passed am fully convinced that much of the away, and I prepare to give you a brief healthful elasticity of our Society consists summary of the Mission-work on this in freedom from such binding pledges ; station during the part of the year thus and I am happy to add, that all the gone.
Class-Leaders, save one, firmly supported Through the mercies of my heavenly me in securing discipline and the free. Father, I and my dear family have en- dom of the Society. joyed good health ; and we have had You will be glad to know that the much happiness in our work. Our little circulation of the “ Watchman” girl is still at school on the Neilgherry paper among our members here has Hills; and of her we are constantly been exceedingly salutary. The conreceiving good accounts.
nexion between India and England has Upon the whole, we have had cause become much closer since the establishfor rejoicing in the Society. A second ment of the steam-communication ; that, Tamil female class has been commenced ; and the free postage to soldiers, give an and a few sincere seekers of salvatio opportunity for the circulation of very have been added since the commence- many English papers ; and not a few of ment of the year. From the men's those adverse to our cause have found Tamil class, Joseph, a promising young their way here. The plain truths of the man, has been called to a better world. “ Watchman ” have, however, in many Joseph was awakened, under the preach- cases, cleared the muddy waters, and ed word of God, while in the head na. have cast down a sediment, the smell tive school at Negapatam ; but did not and colour of which have shown its find deliverance from the burden of his origin beyond any mistake. sins till some time after he reached this When I last wrote to you, we were place, to which he accompanied us at the still engaged in the necessary, though commencement of last year. He obtained unpleasant, work of re-roofing the Misa sense of pardon while engaged in pri- sion-house. I have had some experience vate prayer; and, ever since, his conduct in erecting new, and in altering old, has manifested the reality of the change. buildings; but, I confess, I was not During his last illness, which only con- prepared either for the amount of trouble tinued about three weeks, he expressed or expense connected with re-roofing an an unshaken confidence in Christ his old Mission-house. Happily, the walls Saviour.
of the building were excellent; but, beIn the English cause we have had tween old age and the white ants, the some awakenings, and a few have joined roof had become worse than useless, it the Society; but we have had several was dangerous. The estimate for the cases of backsliding. We have also had work was seven hundred rupees ; but it some unpleasant bickerings, arising from has cost one thousand, The friends to different views on the question of total whom I applied very liberally supplied abstinence from fermented liquors. Al. the former sum, accompanying their subthough I am deeply impressed with the scriptions with strong expressions of conimportance of carefully watching against fidence in the right application of their that almost irresistible temptation to a money. As the work progressed, and soldier in a hot climate, I have plainly very rapidly approached the latter sum, stated, that teetotalism shall not be I began to feel very anxious about the made a test either of candidates for mem- deficiency. This did not, however, conbership, or of those already in Society. tinue long; for scarcely was the work I was compelled to this by the fact, that completed, when a peon came in from the members in Society, in a regiment General Cubbon, with a polite note, acrecently arrived in Bangalore, had se- companied by three hundred rupees. cretly banded themselves together to Thus were all my fears scattered, and prevent any one coming on trial from my debt cancelled. I think the work is that regiment, who was not a teetotaler. well done ; and the only expense that I only discovered this, when trying to will now come on the Committee's funds allay the spirit of fault-finding indulged will be that connected with putting ou a in by the members in that regiment, finishing-coat of thin tiles and mortar, against men who had been more years in which cannot he put on till after the Society than those had been months. I heavy rains. The wood-work is of new, strong teak; the walls are raised nearly that evening he became a constant attend two feet; the rooms are much more ant on our public services. Very soon he airy and healthy; and the appearance obtained a personal interest in the Saof the whole place is much altered for viour, and became closely attached to us. the better, The chapel, which was I did not urge him to commence meeting rebuilt at as little expense to the Com- in class, as we had no officers in Society, mittee twelve years ago, is still both an and there is a practical difficulty in ornament and a blessing to the canton- uniting officers and common soldiers in ment.
the same class. But he made the docAfter long waiting, the Government trines and principles of Wesleyan Mehave added a piece of ground to the can- thodism his study; and since the retonment cemetery, for the use of Noncon- moval of himself and his corps to Palformist Protestant Christians. As far as lamcottah, he has resolved to abide by our English friends were concerned, we the consequences, and has become both in did not complain of the old state of principle and in name a Wesleyan. As things ; but our native Christians had soon as I knew of his determination, I cause for dissatisfaction : if we attended requested him to take charge of the one of their funerals, it was only as infant class, the members of which were friends; while the Service was read by a of his own standing, and introduced him Church Catechist, in no orders at all. to Mr. Little, Manargoody being our I took possession of the new ground last nearest station to Pallamcottah. week, by depositing therein the remains writes to me once a month ; and his let. of Joseph, the young man already ters breathe the genuine spirit of Chris. named, and felt a melancholy pleasure tian simplicity, energy, and love. Of while giving out Mr. Hoole's beautiful course, we know that the soul of a pritranslation of the 51st hymn,
vate soldier is as precious as that of an “Hark, a voice divides the sky," &c.
officer; but the influence of the latter is
much greater than that of the former : I believe the full amount of good re- and it is worthy of note, that the very sulting from our labours on this Mission month that removed from us our esduring last year, will not be known till teemed friend Major Woodward, the the last day; but even now I know suf- only commissioned officer in India who ficient to induce me to praise God for was out-and-out a Methodist, gave us the year 1849. Connected with it, there Lieutenant George B. Prior. is one case I wish to mention to you, of I have been thankful to know that in more than ordinary interest. It was, I many instances God has made me the think, in the month of May, that a instrument of good to officers and genyoung Artillery officer was attracted by tlemen in the civil service ; but it is one the singing in our chapel, and he re- thing to receive good, and another to solved to come in: he did so; the word join the “sect everywhere spoken of God reached his heart; and from against.”
Extract of a Letter from the Rev. John Pinkney, dated Negapatam,
July 5th, 1850. I am happy in being able to inform large town in the neighbourhood, where you that, through the abundant goodness we generally address large assemblies. of our heavenly Father, we have been Many hear with great attention; but to permitted, since I last addressed you, make an open profession of Christianity uninterruptedly to pursue our labours is extremely difficult. Example is among the Heathen population of Nega- powerful everywhere, but especially patam, and some of the surrounding in India. It is difficult to convince villages. We have, as you are aware, them that the system, which has been for a length of time preached to the peo- followed with so much devotion by their ple in the open air, whenever we could ancestors, is false; though very little command congregations. We make it reflection appears necessary our business to preach Christ and Him minds, to show the absurdity of a relicrucified. Whether in the schools, or gion where gods many and lords many in the public proclamation of Divide exist. truth in the streets, we have but one The first-class boys in the English object in view ; namely, “to turn men school have lately gone through the from darkness to light, and from the “Evidences of Christianity.” The Rev. power of Satan unto God." We have a Mr. Webb, a Missionary belonging to service, once a fortnight, at Nagore, a the American Board of Missions, has
recently spent a few days with us at the and Christ. He asked if the magicians Mission-house. During his stay he of Egypt did not perform miracles, and paid a visit to the school, and kindly what was the difference between their examined the first-class boys. He asked miracles and those which were perthem how many gods there were. They formed by Moses. One of the boys answered there was only one. “ But said, that the miracles of the magihow do you know that there is a God at cians were mere juggling tricks, perall ? ” said Mr. Webb. One of the boys formed only to deceive; but the miraanswered, “Sir, there cannot be an effect cles of Moses were wrought to prove without a cause."
« What do you
that he was the servant of the Most mean? Give me an illustration.” The High. Another boy said, that the boy answered, “ All the works by which miracles of Christ were real miracles ; we are surrounded proceed from some for the laws of nature were either sus. cause, otherwise they could not exist. pended or superseded. He referred to When we behold a house, we conclude the miracle of the loaves and fishes. that there must have been a builder : so, There was the actual and immediate when we examine the works of creation, creation of matter. That, therefore, was we are convinced that they have pro- a real miracle. They also referred to ceeded from some cause.
They could the internal and collateral evidences. not make themselves. Where there are Several questions were asked, and satiscreated things, there must have been a factory answers given. Mr. Webb exCreator.” This reasoning, of course, pressed his pleasure and gratification at was quite satisfactory. Mr. Webb next the progress which the boys had made. inquired if they could prove that the May the truths lodged in the hearts of Christian religion was from God. They these youths, result in their conversion answered in the affirmative. Miracles to God! This is the grand object. The and prophecies were appealed to truths of Christianity may be underproofs of the Divine origin of Christian- stood, whilst the heart remains unsubity. They showed what was meant by dued and obdurate. May their hearts a miracle ; namely, a work performed by embrace what their judgments fully the special interposition of God, which approve! We trust that, ere long, we could not have been effected by mere shall see the fruit of our labours. By human agency. The laws of nature the help of God, we feel determined to must be suspended or superseded. Mr. give ourselves more fully to the great Webb questioned them on some of the and glorious enterprise in which we are miracles which were performed by Moses engaged,
MISSIONS IN CEYLON.
JAFFNA.—Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Edward J. Robinson,
dated Point-Pedro, June 29th, 1850. You will have been informed of my upon the fortnightly appearance of a recent visit, by Mr. Percival's direction, Missionary from another station. As to to Batticaloa, for the purpose of consult- Tamil, I exult to testify, he is second to ing Mr. Gillings respecting my future no man in the District, for all practical responsibilities. I confess that, espe- purposes, excepting our distinguished cially in consideration of the present Chairman. The state of his health state of our Society at Batticaloa, which increases the desirableness of a change. Mr. Gillings will have fully explained The subjoined report from John to you, I tremble at the prospect of White relative to tract-distribution in occupying, though but temporarily, that the parish of Catavelly may afford you very important station.
some satisfaction. I am not prepared to I regret that you have written to dis- question the general accuracy of his incourage my friend Mr. Walton from com- teresting statements. But in one part ing to Jaffna next year. It is my firm of his communication, he indulges in persuasion, that, in ordinary cases, itine- terms a little too glowing. The people rancy after the English fashion would be have doubtless opened their eyes, and advantageous to all parties in this Dis- find themselves surrounded by a great trict. Were Mr. Walton at Jaffna, it light. Yet they are frightfully few who would be quite unnecessary, for the sake welcome the Sun of Righteousness, and of the English congregation, to insist worship the Spirit of Truth. Our schools have just separated for the plea- vals,” “On Caste," " The Evils of sures and perils of the brief recess usual Comedies,” “ Evils of the Tongue," at this time of the year. At Catavelly “ Evils of Litigation,” and “ Evidences the friends of the children assembled in from Hinduism itself.” goodly number on the day of examina- I have supplied tracts to the Teachers tion, and listened with wonderful atten- and reading-boys of the fifteen Heathen tion to the addresses delivered at the schools in the parish of Catavelly ; and close of the proceedings on the advan- have witnessed that the boys both use tages of a good education, and the bless. them as reading-books, and introduce ings of true religion. The elder youth them smoothly to their ignorant parents of our schools (it were useless to men- and neighbours. Many tracts have been tion the sucklings) almost invariably given to those who have attended our admit the truth and claims of the Chris- evening meetings, which are held in tian religion. But their impressions are eight fixed places at Caravetty, Vathiry, far from being sufficiently powerful to and Tunnaly; and during those meetprevent them from sacrificing their bo- ings I have frequently read the useful dies and souls to Heathenism on the publications of the Society in the hearaltar of matrimony. The country is ing of the persons assembled. Tracts being very gradually evangelized, no have been taken by almost all the Gurus, doubt. The agencies now employed Brahmans, and Pandarams, who have may, by the divine blessing, effectuate applied for copies of the Calendar; and great wonders. But, after all, your boys' I have often read them to these respected schools, without correspondent female sons of deception. The tracts presented institutions, are of comparatively little to the boys of the Mission-schools who value.
are able to profit by what they read,
have been perused not only by them. (COPY OF TRACT REPORT.)
selves, but also by their parents and Catavelly, December 1st, 1849. guardians. On Sundays, tracts have REV. AND DEAR Pastor,
been regularly and in good numbers The number of tracts I have dis- dispersed among the persons collected for tributed since the beginning of the year divine service on the Mission-premises. is two thousand three hundred and fifty, The average distribution on these occaI have for the last twelve months sions is twenty-five. laboured in this department to a greater
The obstacles and encouragements I extent than in any former year of my have met with in the distribution of Christian life. In the field of my ope- tracts are as one to ten. The obstacles rations, embracing Caravetty, Vathiry, are less than the encouragements. Only Tunnaly, and part of Alvay, villages of a few Brahmans, Gurus, and Pandathe Catavelly parish, there is a popula- rams, with some of their self-conceited tion of thirteen thousand. Within these disciples, who alone may be regarded as limits are places to the number of one in any sense the injured parties, show an hundred and thirty, where the people of envious spirit, and utter words of murthe parish keep their idols, aud periodi- muring against the Missionary and pious cally worship. Some of their gods re- native Christians. Their foolishness is side in shadowy trees, others in mud- brought forth to light; their religion is walled huts, and others in decent tem- unmasked; their tricks have been reples. On Saturday, Sunday, and Mon- vealed to the public; and, especially by day evenings, people of all classes, males the circulation of the Calendar, their and females, rich and poor, old and young, income is somewhat decreased. This punctually visit Sellasannithy of Udu- class of people say, that what they pitty, where Scandy resides, Vallipuram derive from their own Vedas being quite of Tunnaly, where Chrishna resides, and sufficient, they need not borrow any Athulu of Caravetty, where Amman re- amount or kind of knowledge from the sides. I have been careful, meeting Missionaries and their books. Let the them on their return from the temples, owl be delighted with the night! to furnish them with tracts. The fol. Chiefly owing to the circulation of lowing and others, which are candidly tracts, the rest of the people are now approved and earnestly asked for by better acquainted with the character of persons of every class in the parish, I the sacred Tamil writings, place a truer have often read to them: _"Mother's value upon the hidden and obscure diviManual,"
,” « The Blind Way,” “ Incan- nity of the Hindus, prefer the principles tations, “ Attributes of the Hindu and doctrines of Christianity to those of
Triad,” “ Astronomical Errors," “ The their own religion, and appear to be Dawn of Wisdom,” “ Heathen Festi- awakened from that sleep of idolatry and