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blocks, lying on a stratum of basalt, sitta! While he is edifying the crowd forty or fifty feet above the level of the with his eloquence on this bid, the Ban. ocean, and terminating at the beach in yans assemble behind some shed in the perpendicular cliffs, equally high. A neighbourhood, and consult. A group very general opinion prevails in Manri- of Arabs may be seen whispering togetius, that these have been conveyed to ther in another quarter; then they pray their present resting-places by the com- awhile ; then all go off, and talk in pairs. bined action of the waves and wind Presently a few stragglers return, and during a storm ; but we have never met somebody sings out Sebba ! “seven." any one who had ocular demonstration of Realle sitta ! realle sitta! sitta! sitta ! such a fact, and are inclined to think the continues the dallal, drowning in his explanation is scarcely adequate to the sharp cries every voice except his own. phenomenon. The ocean, agitated by a Themama ! shouts a new bidder, before tempest, is capable of tearing up the coral the last has been heard. Tessa! cries beds, and throwing masses of them on the other, forgetting, in the slow progress the coast ; but what combination of wind of thought, that the incorrigible dallal is and waves could lift a block of some still shrieking, Realle sitta ! realle sitta! thousand tons' weight to the height of Presently, somebody gives the auctioneer thirty or forty feet up the face of a pre- a thump under the fifth rib. Hein ? cipitous cliff, and send it rolling over a hein ? he cries, as if startled from a plain for half a mile? Yet these bodies trance; “who dat?" and then all is are beyond question of marine origin, confusion. The Banyans all come up: and, being composed of the organic re- the Arabs join ; the Sowhelese mingle in mains of the coraline and molluscous the crowd, and they all talk together. tribes which at the present day inhabit One has bid seven dollars : he is now and are at work on the coasts, there is no singing out, with all his might, Asharra! difficulty in identifying them as part of “ten.” Another has just bid eight dolthe modern reefs. But for the proofs of lars; a third has bid nine ; and it is not their recent formation we might have known precisely who bid, or what was supposed that they had been carried to bid. Then there is a grand clamour, a their present situations by a sudden confusion of tongues, and a commingling rise of the ocean, incident to those dis- of Mahommedan blessings and curses turbances of a volcanic nature which unparalleled. Meantime, the dallal is were of frequent occurrence in the earlier busily engaged caning in the most unages of the island. And yet the trans- merciful manner the article up for sale ; portation of these bodies by hurricanes is said performance signifying that it is quite reconcilable with the extraordinary“ knocked down.” When asked how accounts of the force of whirlwinds, and much he got for it, and who was the other vortical commotions of the atmo- highest bidder, he is completely puzzled. sphere, which are current on the spot. Nobody knows, and in many cases it has Thom's Inquiry into the Nature and to be sold over two or three times before Course of Storms.
there can be a thorough understanding AN ARAB AUCTIONEER.-Imagine of the matter.--Etchings of a Whaling a heterogeneous crowd of dusky mer. Cruise, with Notes of a Sojourn on the chants of every nation from this side of Island of Zanzibar. the Cape to China, gathered around a
DISTINCTION.-An old shrivelled old Arab, the dallal, or “auc- schoolfellow of Canning and Frere in. tioneer," who is flourishing a ratan, and vited them to come and hear him preach shouting, in a mixture of Arabic and one of his first sermons. “ Well,” said English, “How mucha ? How mucha he, as they walked home afterwards, you gib for dis ? Very fine cask ; plenty “ and how did you like it?” “ Excel. good new! Hein, hein? Realle hump- lently,” said Canning; “but I thought sa!-('five dollars,')-realle humpsa ! your discourse rather a short one.” realle humpsa !” Sitia! grunts a bidder, “ Why, really," said the Preacher, much in a guttural voice ; but the dallal is, flattered, " I was resolved not to be long unfortunately, deaf. Sitta ! “six,” roars -I was afraid of being tedious.” “0," the bidder in the ear of the dallal, who rejoined Canning, “but you were continues, at the highest pitch of his tedious."- Quarterly Review. voice, Realle humpsa ! realle hump- DESTRUCTION
-The sa ! humpsa ! and he raises his ratan. destruction of books at various times Sitta! shrieks the agonized bidder; exceeds all calculation. The earliest upon which, tinding he is not heard, he fact on record is related by Berosus : gives the dallal a thrust with his cane. Nabonassar, who became King of Babyllein? hein ? Realle silta ! silla ! lon 747 years before the Christian era,
caused all the histories of the Kings, his been burnt in the frequent conflagrations predecessors, to be destroyed. Five at Constantinople ; and when the Turk. hundred years later Chioang Ti, Em- ish troops took possession of Cairo, in peror of China, ordered all the books in the eleventh century, the books in the the empire to be burnt, excepting only library of the Caliphs (1,600,000 vothose which treated of the history of his lumes) were distributed among the family, of astrology, and of medicine. soldiers instead of pay, “at a price," In the infancy of Christianity many li. says the historian, “far below their braries were annihilated in various parts value." Thousands of the volumes were of the Roman empire; Pagans and torn to pieces and abandoned on the outChristians being equally unscrupulous skirts of the city, piled in large heaps. in destroying their respective books. In The sand of the Desert having been 390 the magnificent library contained in drifted on these heaps, they retained the temple of Serapis was pillaged and their position for many years, and were entirely dispersed. Nyriads of books have known as the “hills of books.”_Sun.
THE DEAD IN CHRIST.
(BY HENRY VAUGHAN,-BORN 162), DIED 1695.)
They are all gone into the world of light,
And I alone sit lingering here;
And my sad thoughts doth clear.
Like stars upon some gloomy grove,
After the sun's remove.
Whose light doth trample on my days;
Mere glimmerings and decays.
High as the heavens above !
To kindle my cold love.
Shining nowhere but in the dark ;
Could man outlook that mark !
At first sight if the bird be flown;
That is to him unknown.
Created glories under Thee !
Into true liberty.
My soul's perspective as they pass,
Where I shall need no glass.
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.- supplications, that they may be increased In concluding their Annual Report, the a hundred-fold ! Committee observe,
Of the contributions to the Society, 1. In the first place, how the Lord is the financial statement gives the account. blessing the Society's work abroad. The income for the year, including
In proof of this fact, they appeal to General, Special, and Local Funds, is the increase of converts, to the grace £104,273. 6s. 10d. manifested by so many of them, and to the evident establishing, strengthening, LONDON MISSIONARY Society.-and settling of our principal Missions. The visitations of affliction and death They appeal also to the favour given to among the Society's devoted Missionaries our Missions in the sight of the Heathen; have been mercifully few : of one hun. such as, the support afforded by the hea- dred and seventy-one, only the Rev. B. then Chiefs of Abbeokuta ; the protection Southwell, of Shanghae, has been reof our Missionaries by the heathen tribes moved by death ; and but two others of East Africa; the welcome given by have been compelled to relinquish the the heathen population of Travancore to work from personal or domestic suffering; & zealous Missionary returning to his while their places have been supplied by work; and the toleration now granted in new labourers who have entered the Turkey and China. They appeal, also, Mission-field. to the open doors which the providence The number of Native Agents, which, of God is setting before the Society ; at the publication of the last Report, was such as an invitation given to it by a about seven hundred, has increased ; alzealous naval officer to follow up the though, from various unavoidable causes, benevolent enterprise at the Gallinas, the exact amount cannot be stated. which he had achieved by naval force; The Missionary ship has accomplished a voice from Scinde; and a special call her second visit to those islands of the to the Punjab. In one and the same New Hebrides in which Missions have letter, lately received from Calcutta, ap- been commenced; and, instead of having plications for help were conveyed from to report, as on former occasions, the the widely-separated localities of Bhage murder of Native Teachers by the savage ulpur, Delhi, Deyrah, Assam, Penang, islanders, they were found in safety, and and the Punjab; and the letter added, steadily pursuing their Christian labours, “Many more similar calls would be undismayed by the difficulties and danmade, could the Society hold out any gers to which they were incessantly ex. hope of meeting them.” Can we refuse posed. to regard such appeals as an honour put In Rarotonga, Mangaia, and Aitutaki, upon us by the Lord ?
the several islands of the Hervey Group, 2. Again, the Committee observe, how our Missionaries are steadily prosecuting the Lord is upholding, in the most essen- their varied labours, both for the social tial respects, the instrumentality of the and spiritual welfare of the people. The Society. During the last year we have effects of the desolating hurricane of taken into employment more than an 1846 were fast disappearing before the average number of Missionaries, while hand of Industry and the smiles of Profewer have been withdrawn by ill health vidence, while the Native Churches were or death ; and at this time the number increasing in numbers, intelligence, and of labourers—and it is the Lord's pre- Christian zeal. From Mangaia, where the rogative to send forth labourers into His population does not exceed 3,600, the revineyard_is larger than it has ever been turns for 1848 (those for 1849 not havbefore. The ordained Missionaries alone ing yet arrived) present the following number seven more than at any previous most gratifying particulars:-Total nume period.
ber of church members, 518; candidates 3. Further, the Committee remark, for church fellowship, 30; professed how those who profess to be fellow- converts, but seeking further instruction, helpers in this work are aiding the So- 455; making a total of 1,003, more than ciety by their prayers and contributions. a third part of the adult population.
Of the prayers which are offered up, The number of children in the several no estimate can be formed by man ; they schools exceeds 1,000. Nearly the whole go up as a memorial before God. May population of the island profess the He pour down the Spirit of grace and Christian faith, and attend the public
worship of God. Their contributions up, by the grace of God, not less than for the year amounted to £120; an ex- 120 vatives of the different lands where ample of liberality, considering their very the Gospel has been proclaimed by our limited resources, alınost unexampled in brethren, to aid them in the further the history of modern Missions.
extension of the Redeemer's kingdom. The Tahitian Churches have gene- About 180 other Christian brethren rally received numerous accessions, while gratuitously devote more or less of their they have also exhibited progressive im- time in making known the unsearchable provement in Christian character.
riches of Christ. To these must be The state and prospects of our various added 30 or more Schoolmasters. The South African Missions cannot be better labours of the Missionaries may be described than in the following extract divided into three departments :-l. from Mr. Freeman's letters:
Translation ; 2. Evangelization ; 3. Edu“ Besides the various Mission Churches cation. 1. Translation. Although no within the colony, containing an aggre- new language has this year been undergate of upwards of 2,000 communicants, taken, much progress has been made in we have 1,800 members in church fel- several versions, and copies of portions lowship on this, the north side of the of the Divine testimony have, in large Orange River; that is, among native numbers, left the press. 2. Evangelizatribes living beyond the boundaries of tion. Every opportunity is seized by the Colonial Government, Bechuanas, the Missionaries and their companions in Griquas, and Corannas. I exclude labour, the native Preachers and CareCaffreland, as that is now more properly chists, to extend the knowledge of the within the colony called British Caffraria, glad tidings of God's love to and is altogether distinct from these Mis- Wide excursions are made in the neighsions. Their Auxiliaries raise about bourhood of the stations, and the seed is £500 per annum, which is one-fifth of sown with a liberal hand. As the result the expense they incur; and thus it will of these self-denying labours, and the be seen, that even these Missions, which Divine blessing resting upon them, there embrace so largely the poor of Africa, are under the pastoral care of the breraise their proportion equally with others." thren, and of the native converts chosen
China.-The vast and all but bound. to the pastorate, one hundred and eight less extent of the field, the couutless Christian churches,-cases of spiritual myriads of the native population, the life in the midst of deserts and death. moral degradation universally prevalent, There are at present in fellowship in and the remarkable facilities which Di- India and Ceylon, 1,962 persons ; in vine Providence affords for Missionary Africa and the West Indies, 3,007; exertion, are all confirmed by the suc- making, in all, nearly 5,000 professed cessive communications of our Mission- disciples of Christ, and about 350 seekaries in that distant empire.
ing admission into the fold, exclusive of The social and moral aspect of India is Jamaica. The clear increase during the undoubtedly improving. In the various year has been 188. The most flourishdistricts in which Christian Missions have ing of the Mission churches are to be long been in operation, their influence on found in Bengal and the Bahama isthe minds of the Hindoos is powerful and lands. 3. Education. The training of extensive.
young men of native origin for the The actual increase of our Mission ministry has not, to the Committee's churches during the year has been, espe- regret, proceeded so favourably in every cially in Southern India, unusually en- case as they could wish. Adverse influcouraging. The income for the year ences, alluded to in last year's Report, amounts to £62,545. Os. Ild.--Mission- have led to the closing of the College of ary Magazine.
Montreal. The Institution at Calabar,
Jamaica, must be regarded as ntirely BAPTIST MISSIONARY Society, successful. During the year, the Com--The Missionaries sustained by the mittee have been engaged in anxious Society labour in Asia, on the western deliberation on an offer made by John coast of Africa, in France, and in the Marshman, Esq., respecting Serampore islands of the Western Sea. The ser- College. At present the whole matter vice of Christ is carried on in this exten- is under consideration. sive field by forty-eight brethren, with their wives, and nine females engaged in LONDON CITY Mission. The the special department of education. It Committee report, with great thankfulhas been, however, one of the blessed ness, that they have been enabled during results of their toil, that from the midst the past year to add twenty-eight to the of the converts there have been raised number of their Missionaries. Their
Missionaries are, therefore, now two than is usual; and so strong a feeling hundred and forty-two. Among the was entertained by most of them against new districts occupied have been several the conduct of the Pope, that they were which urgently required Missionary effort. ready to listen to a Protestant, as pos
The total number of visits paid by the sessing a sympathy in that feeling, in a Missionaries during the past year has somewhat remarkable manner. been 1,018,436. The tracts distributed portunity for usefulness was so important, have amounted to 1,197,953. The that, for a short time, an assistant Italian dumber of meetings for prayer and fami- Missionary was engaged. Perhaps no liar exposition of the Scriptures has been journal has yet been written by a Mis. 19,931. The adults prevailed on regu- sionary of the Society which is so exlarly to attend public worship have been ceedingly full of interest as the journal 2,803; children sent to school, 5,168. of the Italian Missionary for the last The number of individuals, through the year. It is a most remarkably encouMissionaries' instrumentality, admitted raging detail of his efforts on behalf of to the Lord's supper, has been 564. his countrymen, from which much good The nuinber of shops which have been may be anticipated. closed on the Sunday is 102.
The French Missionary, working unIt is a cause of much ihankfulness to der the superintendence of M. Martin, the Committee to report to their friends finds the number of French families conthat these numbers, with those before tinually increase on him, referred to, exhibit a considerable in- Two Irish Missionaries have been crease of both labour and result. The employed during the past year, who number of visits paid exceed those of have spoken to the Irish in their visitalast year (notwithstanding the extensive tion of them in the Irish tongue, and who illness of the Missionaries this year) by have also held meetings among them in 66,354. In visits to the sick and dying the same language. One of these Misthe increase is 7,657. In meetings held sionaries has been located in St. Giles's, there has been an increase of 1,765; in and the other in the east of London. tracts distributed, an increase of 46,136 ; Two Missionaries have also had the and in Bibles, 479. In readings of the visitation of the Police intrusted to them. Scriptures during visitation, the increase One of them writes :-_“Of the constables is 18,680. In the number of persons in- of the Metropolitan Division, I feel jus. duced to attend public worship, the in- tified in saying, that a very great imcrease 67 ; in persons admitted to church provement has taken place among them communion, the increase 42; in the since I first became acquainted with number of shops closed on the Sunday, them. I can reckon up nearly one hunthe increase 25. The number of adults dred men who used to neglect public who died under the visitation of the worship who now attend as regularly as Missionaries, was 1,933 above that of their duties will allow them.” last year; and the number of these un- The Missionaries to the cabmen and visited, except by the Missionaries, was to the Jews have been usefully employed increased 738.
during the year. But the limits of this So far as it is possible for man to form Report will not allow details to be given a judgment, the general usefulness of of their operations. the Missionaries, during the past year, The large amount of voluntary agency in the conversion of souls, and in their called into exercise through the Mission various efforts for the moral and religious is another incidental, but most importimprovement of the districts, appears to ant, benefit resulting from its operations. have been fully equal to what has hitherto On one Missionary's district thirty-one been the case. Without pretending to voluntary visiters of the poor are at work mention exact numbers, it may safely be as tract-distributers, twenty of whom are reported, that some thousands of cases members of Christian churches, the fruit have occurred during the year of outward of his own labours, reformation of life, and of religious im- Many new Ragged Schools have been pressions produced on the mind, which, formed by the Missionaries during the in some cases, has already led, and, in past year. Of the one hundred and other cases, it may be hoped, will event- thirty-five voluntary Teachers in Ragged ually lead, to true conversion to God. Schools, by far the greater proportion
The Italian Missionary has met with have been obtained by the Missionaries' an acceptance this year far beyond what efforts.--Fifteenth Annual Report. has hitherto been the case. The events which have recently transpired in Italy JEWISH MISSION OF THE FREE have exceedingly assisted him. A larger CHURCH OF SCOTLAND.—The Report number of Italians have been in London two years ago presented a large amount