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JOHN W. LEA, 1520 N. Robinson St., Philadelphia, Pa., U. S. A.
Entered as second-class matter January 7, 1911, at the postoffice at
RENEWALS-This issue begins Vol. V. We thank all our subscribers for their support and encouragement; and as the magazine is published at cost we would welcome not only renewals, but increased and new subscriptions. If your copy contains an order form it means that your renewal is due, and prompt attention will much oblige.
Old Magazines.-The publisher has been endeavoring for some time to obtain a complete file of Christadelphian magazine publications and in addition to the more recent ones which have been collected by subscription or exchange he has been able to complete files of the chief periodicals now being published: The Christadelphian, 1864-1913; the Christadelphian Advocate, 1885-1913; the Fraternal Visitor, 1885-1913. This has been possible through purchase, exchange, and the generosity of some brethren and sisters who have supplied some of the older issues either entirely free or on payment of postage or express. A number of magazines issued some years ago, but now discontinued, have also been obtained. These are now available for reference on any occasion, and extracts may be easily verified. If any of our subscribers need information we shall be pleased to furnish it if possible at any time.
But some of the oldest works are still incomplete. It is especially desired to get a complete file of Dr. Thomas's magazines if possible. Of these there are still required the Apostolic Advocate, 1834-1839; the Investigator, about 1842; the Herald of the Future Age, 1844-1847; the Herald of the Kingdom and Age to Come, 1853 (Complete); May and December, 1857; January, February, March and April, 1860.
If any of our readers can supply these it will be greatly appreciated, and any reasonable sum will be paid for same, or any of our publications may be had in exchange. Information is requested right away and will be welcomed by the publisher. Address, JOHN W. LEA, 1520 North Robinson St., Philadelphia, Pa., stating what numbers can
Judgment, in one aspect, has reference to a court of justice, a tribunal which sits and decides upon cases over which it has jurisdiction. To judge is to hear and determine a case; to examine, and decide; to try, and pass sentence. In such a judgment there are persons whose cases are to be decided according to the facts as they shall appear. There is also the law, or rule of action, by which the persons are to be judged, as well as a judge who has authority to decide the cases coming before him. The testimony will show whether the persons appearing before him are innocent or guilty, and the judge, after a fair hearing, pronounces the sentence, either approving or condemning, and sees that justice is impartially administered.
The foregoing remarks apply to a human judicature in which the court has no previous knowledge of the facts in the cases coming before it, and hence the necessity of hearing, trying, and examining such cases to ascertain the facts. When the court knows the facts it decides the case and passes sentence accordingly, either approving or condemning. In "the righteous judgment of God," in which Jesus Christ will be the Executive, it will not be necessary to examine and try cases in order to learn the facts, seeing that "the Lord knoweth them that are His" (2 Tim. 2:19); but this fact cannot, and will not, obviate the necessity for that feature of the judgment represented by the term "to decide," in the sense of rendering a decision, and passing sentence in keeping with the facts known to the Judge.
THE JUDGMENT CLEARLY TAUGHT IN SCRIPTURE
That there is to be a judgment in connection with the coming of Christ is evident from frequent and copious reference to this subject in the writings of the apostles, as well as the sayings of Christ Himself. Thus, for instance, the apostle Paul charged his son Timothy "before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at His appearing and His kingdom," to "preach the word" (2 Tim. 4:1). And Peter, in his address at the house of Cornelius, declared that they, the apostles, had been "commanded" by Christ Himself "to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is He which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead" (Acts 10:42). The proclamation of the gospel embraces the judgment; and that the gospel message cannot be proclaimed in its fullness without the judgment is further evident from the language of the apostle Paul to the Romans. Here the apostle declares that there is to be a "day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God," in which God will "render to every man according to his deeds"; that He will dispense eternal life to one class of persons, and indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, to another class, and that this shall be "in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel" (Rom. 2:5-16). In the epistle to the Hebrews he classes the "eternal judgment" among the "first principles of the oracles of God," or "the doctrine of Christ" (Heb. 5:12-14; 6:1, 2). Thus the doctrine of the judgment was "commanded" to be preached; it was according to the gospel with which the Lord intrusted the apostles, being one of its "first principles." Inasmuch as the gospel is "the power of God unto salvation unto every one that believeth" (Rom. 1:16), he who would obtain the salvation which the gospel holds forth must of necessity believe this item or principle of it. Seeing that the doctrine of the judgment rests thus upon a firm scriptural basis, let us examine the details of it, as brought to view in the Scriptures of truth.
THE JUDGMENT DAY FUTURE
That the "judgment," or "day of judgment," is future, and not now in progress, is evident from one of the testimonies already noticed (Rom. 2:5-16). The apostle is speaking, in
and condemn him, while doing the same things which he condemns, not considering that by such a course he is treasuring or laying up for himself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God. Thus also the welldoer his judgment and reward according to his works, is future: "In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ." The matter was also thus understood and taught by the apostle Peter, another of those acting under the "command to preach that Jesus is to judge the quick and the dead" (Acts 10:42). And the apostle John, speaking to the beloved sons of God (1 John 3:1), says, "Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment" (1 John 4:17). "The day of judgment" was to John and those "sons of God" a future event, and they would need "boldness" in it; hence the necessity of the perfecting of their love, that they might have such boldness when that day should be present.
CHRIST THE JUDGE
This judgment is called "the judgment of God," but its Executive Officer will be the Lord Jesus Christ, as appears from His own testimony, and also that of the apostles. To the Jews who attempted to kill Him, Jesus said, "For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son" (John 5:22). And again, "And [the Father] hath given Him authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man" (vs. 27). Then He proceeds to show how He will administer this judgment in His official capacity: "Marvel not at this [the fact that the Father gave Him authority to execute judgment]: for the hour is coming in which all that are in the graves shall hear His voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation" (vss. 28, 29). He then shows that in the execution of this judgment He will strictly adhere to the instructions given Him by the Father, along with the authority to judge (vs. 30). Having such a conception of the position He is to occupy, and the work He is to perform at that time, it is but natural that in sending forth the apostles as His messengers "unto the people" He should specifically command them to preach and to testify to the people that it is He who was ordained of God to be the Judge of the quick and the dead (Acts 10:42). And the apostles, having received such a command from Him to whom all judg