species of fuel? It was natural that the British interests; and for his seaa medical man should examine the sonable assistance in rescuing four state of the art of healing, among drunken, British sailors in Larache, the tweebs of Morocco; it is despi. who, “ having drank too much cable enough: so is that of literature aquardiente (aqua-ardente] imagined in general. The condition of the themselves in the streets of Gibral. Jews is extremely pitiable; and if we tar," and raised a mob by attemptunderstand our traveller rightly, the ing to lift up the veil of a Moorish Jewish women are resorted to, to belle; drunk they were, indisputasupply the riotous inhabitants with bly, or they had never struck on the abandoned companions. Can the rock of that temptation. lowest degree of abjection in a peo- Further proficiency in Arabick ple be more strongly marked? The will induce the doctor to write Na. late emperour attempted to exter. zarene, for “ Massarane (for so they minate the Jews; their property was denominate a Christian.") To consifuriously plundered, yet they exist, der dow-war as the circle of tents and increase so rapidly, that our forming a village, not as the name traveller says, the emperour must of a place; and to accept Beni, sons, enlarge the limits of the space as the plural of Ben, a son, it is wherein they dwell.

necessary, when distinguishing a We give the doctor credit for tribe. Neither will he repeat the arhaving used his influence with the ticle, “ an al-haik:” al is the Ara. pulers of this empire in favour of bick article.


Travels of Mirza Abu Taleb Khan [commonly called the Persian Prince] in Asia,

Africa, and Europe, during the years 1799, 1800, 1801, and 1802. Written by Him. self, in the Persian Language, and Translated by Charles Stewart, Esq. With a Portrait of the Author. 2 Vols. 8vo. pp. 738. London. 1810.

IT is difficult to imagine any cha- unattainable by those whose percepracter whose first impressions would tions are already deadened by habit. excite more natural curiosity than We may hope then for instruction, an Asiatick traveller in Europe. as well as entertainment, in such There is so much value in even the society; and it is not irrational, exmost common knowledge, that the cept in the extreme to which it has pride of man is secretly gratified by been sometimes carried, that an the surprise of a stranger at objects Omai, a Bannelong, or any other which are familiar to us, even where far-fetched curiosity in human form, that familiarity confers no merit on should be feasted by the great, ourselves; and this is, perhaps, the courted by the fair, and attended to secret charm, which, fortunately for publick places by crowds of gaping travellers, makes their society court- observers. After all, however, on a ed in foreign countries, and which mere savage, the wonders he witconstitutes, in no small degree, what nesses are too many and too uninall of us have sometimes felt, the telligible to make any distinct impleasure of showing the lions. There pression To him, a paper kite and is, too, a vivid shrewdness which a balloon are equally miraculous; generally, accompanies the observa- every step he takes is on enchanted tions of a sepsible man on objects ground; and, like a child who reads which are new to him, altogether a fairy tale, he soon ceases to be

surprised at wonders; because he expected to meet with nothing else, and because, in such a place, such wonders are only natural. Again, people care little for what is totally above their comprehension, and a savage would be more interested in an ironmonger's shop, than in all the curiosities of the British museum, or all the magnificence of St. Paul's or Blenheim. With the Asiatick, however, the case is different; he brings with him a sufficiently cultivated judgment to distinguish between our customs and his own; a mind to which the objects he meets with are not so new as to be incomprehensible, though they are so differently modified in form and circumstances from those to which he is accustomed, that another planet could hardly produce a greater variety; it is a variety which he understands and feels, and it is the same in kind (though from evident reasons, much greater in degree) as that which a European, prepared as he is, by hundreds of precursors, and tens of hundreds of descriptions, must ever experience on entering, for the first time, a Mohammedan or Hindoo country,

Accordingly, as no real oriental traveller had yet appeared, his place and character were eagerly assumed by European writers, who, under the names of Turkish spies, ambassadours of Bantam, and Chinese or Persian tourists, endeavoured to instruct, as impartial spectators of our European feuds and follies; or to amuse, by ridiculous oppositions of our manners and character with their own. That the experiment succeeded, is evident by the number of imitators which every generation has produced; but still, amusing as they were, these Turks and Persians wanted the charm of reality. They were Brigg's "French beads, and Bristol stones," in comparison with the genuine treasure of Golconda; and the difference in interest was almost the same, as between a

view of the great mogul himself, and the well-bred sultan of a French tragedy, or an English masque. rade.

The reality, however, prefigured by so many types, has at last made his appearance. A bonâ fide Mohammedan has produced a tour; and, as luck would have it, this tour has appeared at a time, when all the world, or at least all the idle part of it, was still on the stretch of curio sity, respecting his excellency Mirza Abdul Hassan.

Now, when the ladies had once ascertained, by actual experiment, the length of a Persian's beard, and the texture of his skin and clothing; when their minds were pretty well made up what to think of their for midable guest, it was surely no unnatural desire to know that guest's opinion of them. And as his excel lency's sentiments are not yet to be expected in English, it will no doubt be, in the mean time, acceptable to learn what was thought and said under almost similar circumstances, by a man, who was every inch of him, as true a mussulman (as "catholick a devil," as Sancho Panza hath it) as if, like his aforesaid excellency, he had born credentials from the king of Iran and Touran, and excited by his presence and supposed intrigues, the jealousy both of the eastern and western Cesar. This lucky coincidence has, we are afraid, even made the reality of our tourist suspected, and many have too rashly classed him, without examination, with the Anacharsis of our continental neighbours, or our own ingenious Hidalgo Don Manuel de Espriella. In this, however, they have done Abu Taleb a great injustice; though not so learned as the first, nor so entertaining as the last of these gentlemen, he is, or rather was, a more substantial personage than either. Under the name of the Persian prince, he was seen and known in fleshly form in the several countries which he has undertaken

some ac.

to describe, and was generally al. The first misfortune which befet lowed, in the words of Massinger's him on his expedition, was embarkBorachia,

ing on board a Danish vessel, man

ned chiefly by indolent, and inexpe-as absolute a Turk In all that appertains to a true Turk,”

rienced Lascars, of whose filth, con

fusion, and insubordination he com. as any former candidate for publick plains most bitterly. notice.

And it will be owned that few “ The captain was a proud, self-suffi. inhabitants of east or west, have cient fellow. His first officer, who was by gone over so large or so interesting pered, growling mastiff, but understood

birth an American, resembled an ill-temå -ract of earth and sea. Reduced his duty very well. The second officer, in his circumstances by events which and the other mates were low people, not he himself very modestly and briefly worthy of being spoken to, and quite igrelates, and reprived, though by no norant of navigation.”-vol. i. p. 22. fault of his own, of an appointment which he held under our East India After many days of suffering from company, an opportunity was thrown the united plagues of stinks, bad in his way, of undertaking a jour. provisions, and a cabin, “the very ney, which, to an oriental, must recollection of which makes him have appeared desperate; and which melancholy," he arrived at the Nihe began, as he informs us, in the cobar Islands, where the usual phe. comfortable hope, that in a voyage nomenon of refraction, by making a so replete with danger, “

flat shore visible to the eye, though cident might cause his death; and not to the telescope, and the usual thus deliver him from the anxieties solution of it by a ring in a bowl of of this world, and the ingratitude of water, excited his surprise. The exmankind." Accidents, however, and planation, however, does not, in his elements were kinder than he ex- opinion, solve the phenomenon. Six. pected; and after visiting the Cape, teen of the Lascars deserted here, St. Helena, and many parts of Ireland and Abu Taleb himself was so much and England, he returned by France, captivated with the “ mildness of Italy, Constantinople, and Busserah, the climate, the beauty of the plains to his native province in India, where and rivulets, and the kind of life he was appointed once more collec- which the men enjoyed, that he had lor of a district in Bundelcund, and nearly resolved to take up his abode died in that situation in the year among them.” The passage of the 1806.

equinoctial line, and the ceremony During the latter years of his life, of dipping, are next described, and he prepared and digested his jour- he saw what he had never before nal, in which he styles himselt: « The believed, nuinerous shoals of flying wanderer over the face of the earth, fish. He was disappointed at not Abu Taleb, the son of Mohammed finding a southern polar star, nor of Ispahan, who associated with any constellation which exactly cormen of all nations, and beheld va. responded with the Ursa Minor or rious wonders both by sea and land;” Major, and was astonished that the and which he commences with true month of May, so hot in Bengal, oriental piety, hy thanksgivings to should be so extremely cold in the God, the lord of all the world, and antarctick hemisphere. “ to the chosen of mankind, the traveller over the whole expanse of the

“ On the 24th of May, we had a view heavens [Mohammed] and benedic

of part of the continent of Africa, about

200 miles to the north of the Cape of Good tions without end on his descend- Hope; and although we had not the most ants, and companions."

distant intention of going on shore here,


yet the sight of land brought tears into say, that from my first setting out on this my eyes. While sailing along the coast, journey, till my arrival in England, I as. we had frequent opportunities of seeing cended the pinnacle of magnificence and one of the wonders of the deep. Several luxury; the several degrees or stages of fish, called whales, approached so close to which, were Calcutta, the Cape, Cork, the ship that we could view them distinct. Dublin, and London; the beauty and gran. ly. They were four times the size of the deur of each city effacing that of the for. largest elephant, and had immense nos- mer. On my return towards India, every trils, whence they threw up the water to thing was reversed, the last place being al. the height of fifteen yards.” vol. i. p. 44. ways inferiour to that I had quitted. Thus,

after a long residence in London, Paris His voyage to the Cape was a appeared to me much inferiour; for al. dismal one. He had repeated storms though the latter contains more superb to encounter, and his cabin was pla- buildings, it is neither so regular, so clean, ced between those of a corpulent mer, nor does it possess so many gardens

nor so well lighted at night, as the for. and surly gentleman, who when the

and squares in its vicinity; in short, I ship rolled, rolled also, and of three

thought I had fallen from paradise into crying and ill-tempered children; to hell. But when I arrived in Italy, I was whom, if he had known the poetry made sensible of the beauty of Paris; the of Simonides, he would doubtless cities of Italy rose in my estimation when have exclaimed with Danäa in a si. I arrived at Constantinople, and the latter milar situation, “ evdee 6gepos.” As it dad, 'Mousul, and other towns in the ter

is a perfect paradise, compared to Bagwas, he thought of the verse of ritory of the Faithful,vol. i. p. 64, 65. Hafiz, which did just as well:

Of the Dutch, both male and fe“ Dark is the night, and dreadful the noise male, Abu Taleb formed no favour. of the waves and whirlpool,

able opinion. He describes the men Little do they know of our situation, who are travelling merrily on the shore."

as low-minded and inhospitable, and

more oppressive to their slaves than The miseries of a voyage he clase any other people in the world. The ses under four genera, subdivided women, he stigmatizes at once as into many distinct species, of which vulgar and inimodest; but here we we shall only mention the impurity must allow a little for the prejudices of being shut up with dogs and of a Persian. The girls, who so hogs; the necessity of eating with a much offended him, were, perhaps, knife and fork; and the impossibility only laughing hoydens, who would of purification.” On the whole, how. have been heartily frightened, had ever, he had ample reason to com. they known how he interpreted their plain, and to advise his countrymen airs and glances. It may, however, never to undertake a voyage, unless be a useful hint to some 'females they have money to purchase every

nearer home. Lord Valencia ima. comfort; nor to embark, except in gines that Mohammedans confound an English vessel. At the Cape, he all European ladies with nautch was highly delighted with the neat. girls, and it must be owned, that ness of the houses, the pavement of recent oriental travellers have had the streets, the shady trees, and the tolerably good reason for their mis. benches for smoking a pipe in sum

take. mer evenings; a custom which“


Among the various inhabitants of peared to him excellent."

the Cape, he found"

many pious

good Mussulmans, some of whom "In short, the splendour of this town possessed considerable property;” quite obliterated from my mind all the with these, and in the hospitable magnificence of Calcutta, which I had society of the English officers (whose previously considered as superiour to any thing to be found between India and eu ladies, it is pleasing to observe, he rope. In the sequel, I changed my opinion excepts from the general scandal, respecting the Cape; and, indeed, I may and compares to the elegant reserve


of Indian princesses) he passed his yeyed to my mind such sensations as I time pleasantly, though expensively. had never before experienced; and alAt length, being heartily tired of though in the course of my travels, I had

an opportunity of seeing the bay of Gehis Danish captain, who had cheated

noa, and the straights of Constantinople, him in every possible manner, he I do not think either of them is to be submitted to the loss of his passage compared with this.” vol. i. pp. 94, 95. money, and embarked the 29th of September, on board an English

Nor, though the cove on a nearer South Sea whaler. The superiour view disappointed him, did he fail to comforts of this ship he praises be delighted with the fertility of the highly, though he still seems to have neighbourhood, and the hospitality had some apprehensions; “ it being of the mistress of the postoffice, the practice of Europe, that when whose mature charms (for though ever the ships of two enemies meet the mother of 21 children, she had at sea, the most powerful carries still the appearance of youth) astohis adversary with him into one of nished the inhabitant of a country, his own ports, and there sells both where a woman is old at five and ship and cargo for his own advan- twenty. tage."

It is a pleasing circumstance in Of St. Helena he gives one of the this Persian’s journal, that in every best descriptions we have yet-seen; part of our united kingdom, he met and relates to a fearful battle, which with hospitality and kindness. He his captain had, in a former voyage,

here left his vessel, and was prosustained with a number of marine ceeding to Dublin to wait on ford animals, “ of a size between a horse Cornwallis, when he received a visit

from an officer whom he had known and an ass, which they call seahorses.” He notices in his course,

in India, and who conducted him to w the Fortunate Isles, whence the his house in the neighbourhood of Mohammedans commence their Cork, where, on an estate of a few longitude;" and the entrance into hundreds a year, he was enjoying, the Mediterranean sea, which runs

as Abu Taleb assures us, more east as for as Aleppo." And being comfort and plenty than an English driven by unfavourable winds from gentleman could in India, upon an the English channel (the meaning of income of a lack of rupees. At which term he explains, as well as

Cove, he had seen a spit turned by that of « bay and sea”) he anchored

a doş, but here the machinery for on the 6th of December in the cove

roasting was moved by smoke, and of Cork.

together with the dressers for hold.

ing china, and the pipes and arrange" We found here not less than 40 or 50 ment of a steam kitchen, excited vessels of different sizes, three of which his warmest admiration. This officer were ships of war. The bay resembles a had two fair neices, who, “ during round basin, sixteen miles in circumfer- dinner,” says the Mussulman, “hoence. On its shore is situated the town, noured me with the most marked which is built in the form of a crescent, and defended at each end by small forts.

attention.” On one side of the bay, a large river, resembling the Ganges, disembogues itself.

“ After dinner, these angels made tea This river extends a great way inland, and for us, and one of them having asked me passes by the city of Cork. The circular if it was sweet enough, I replied, that form of this extensive sheet of water, the having been made by such hands, it could verdure of the hills, the comfortable ap.

not but be sweet. On hearing this, all the pearance of the town on one side, and the company laughed, and my fair one blushnumber of elegant houses and romantick ed like the rose of Damascus.” v. i. p. 103. cottages on the other, with the formidable aspect of the forts, and so many large

We shall not follow him minutely ships lying securely in the harbour, con through his journey by Dublin and


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