of selected diction. On the other are successfully and artfully intro hand, in passages of vivid, and espe, duced to impress the dreadful scene cially of tumultuary and hurried upon the mind of the reader. The description, the force of the poet's following lines have peculiar and thought, and the intenseness of the picturesque merit. feeling excited, ought to support his language. He may

be then per

" Darkling they fight, and only know

If chance has sped the fatal blow, mitted to strip himself as to a com

Or, by the trodden corse below, bat, and to evince, that “brave ne

Or by the dying groan: glect of the forms of versification Furious they strike without a mark, which express an imagination too Save now and then the sulphurous spark much exalted, and a mind too much Illumes some visage grim and dark, occupied by the subject itself, to re

That with the flash is gone!" gard punctiliously the arrangement of rhymes or the measurement of In the succeeding stanzas, we have stanzas. In this point of view, few the repose after the action, and the themes present themselves which preparation for the general battle can better authorize a daring flight of the next day. The anxiety of the than that which has been selected British general is described, and a by the author of Talavera.

singular coincidence pointed out in The poem opens with the follow the sixth stanza. We shall transcribe ing stanza, of which the first nine it, and “ let the stricken deer go lines are an exquisite picture of re- weep.” pose, and the last somewhat more

“Oh heart of honour, soul of fire, feebly and prosaically expressed.

Even at that moment fierce and dire, 'Twas dark; from every mountain head When Britain's fortune dubious hung,

Thy agony of fame! The sunny smile of heaven had Aed,

And France tremendous swept along, And evening, over hill and dale

In tides of blood and fame. Dropt, with the dew, her shadowy veil;

E'en while thy genius and thy arm In fabled Tajo's darkening tide

Retrieved the day and turned the storm, Was quenched the golden ray;

E'en at that moment, factious spite, Silent, the silent stream beside,

And envious fraud essayed to blight Three gallant people's hope and pride, The honours of thy name."

Three gallant armies lay. Welcome to them the clouds of night, The share which is assigned to That close'a fierce and hurried fight And wearied all, and none elate,

lord Wellington in the conduct of With equal hope and doubt, they wait the fight, is precisely that which is A fiercer, bloodier day.

really the lot of a commander in France, every nation's foe, is there, chief. Generals were painted in arAnd Albion's sons her red cross bear, With Spain's young Liberty to share,

mour long after The fortune of the fray."

the fashion of the fight The attack of the French is then For modern foppery,'

Had laid gilt steel and twisted mail aside 1 described with all the peculiar cir. cumstances of uncertainty and hor. And from some similar concate. your that aggravate the terrours of nation of ideas, modern poets, for midnight conflict. The doubtful and many a day after the eagle-glance" suppressed sounds which announce and commanding genius of a hero to the defenders the approach of the had been the attributes which deciassailants; the rush of the former to ded the field, continued to describe meet and anticipate the charge; the him mowing down whole ranks with reflection on those who fall without his sword, as if personal strength witnesses to their valour; and all the were as essential to his success, as a wonders of that gloomy fight," in the days of the Trojan war. This


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foolish fashion, which, like every “ Full fifty thousand muskets bright false and unnatural circumstance, Led by old warriours trained to fight.” tends obviously to destroy the probability of the scene, has been dis. Spears, we know, is used for spearcarded by good taste ever since the men; but this is a license sanctioned publication of Addison's Campaign. by antiquity, and not to be extended The approach of the Gallick army other places, the ardour of the poet

to modern implements of war. In is beautifully described.

is expressed in language too turgid “ And is it now a goodly sight,

and inflated. But the following stano Or dreadful to behold,

za may safely be quoted as avoiding, The pomp of that approaching fight, under very difficult circumstances, Waving ensigns, pennons light,

the extremes of simplicity and bomAnd gleaming blades and bayonets bright, bast; and describing the celebrated And eagles winged with gold;

charge of the British cavalry with And warriour bands of many a hue, Scarlet and white, and green and blue,

a spirit worthy of those whose galLike rainbows o'er the morning dew,

lantry was so memorable on that Their various lines unfold:

memorable day: While cymbal clang and trumpet strain,

“ Three columns of the flower of France The knell of battle tolled: And trampling squadrons beat the plain, With rapid step and firm, advance,

, Till the clouds echoed back again,

At first through tangled ground,

O'er fence and dell and deep ravine; As if the thunder rolled."

At length they reach the level green,

The midnight battle's murderous scene, Our bounds will not permit us to The valley's eastern bound. quote the opening of the baitle, There in a rapid line they form, though it contains some passages of Thence are just rushing to the storm great merit. Realizing his narrative By bold Bellona led. with an art, which has been thought Day seems as in eclipse to fail,

When sudden thunders shake the vale, almost irreconcilable with poetry,


The light of heaven is fled; author next undertakes to give us a A dusky whirlwind rides the sky, distinct idea of those maneuvres and A living tempest rushes by movements upon which the success With deafening clang and tread;

A of the day depended; and by clothing

charge, a charge,' the British cry, them with the striking circum

and Seymour at its head." stances which hide the otherwise The miscarriage of this gallant technical and somewhat familiar body of cavalry. amid the broken detail of the gazette, he has succeed- ground in which the French again ed at once in preserving the form formed their column, its causes and and leading circumstances, and all consequences, the main battle itself, the current of the heady fight;” and, and all its alternations of success, are generally speaking, in presenting described in the same glowing and them to the fancy in a manner as vivid language; which we will venpoetical as they are clear to the un, ture to say is not that of one who derstanding. In treading, however, writes with a view to his own disupon a line so very narrow, he has tinction as a poet, but who feels that sometimes glided into bombast on living fire glow within him which the one hand, or into flat, bald, and impels him to fling into verse his vulgar expressions on the other. animated and enthusiastick feelings Although, for instance, the word of exultation on contemplating such “ fire-locks” be used technically, a subject as the battle of Talavera. and somewhat pedantically, to ex. The following description of a cirpress the men who bear them, we cumstance new to the terrours of cannot permit a poet to speak with battle, we shall insert, ere we take impunity of

our leave of Talavera;


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“But shooting high and rolling far,

The conflagration spread, What new and horrid face of war, Involving in its fiery wave, Now Aushes on the sight?

The brave and relicks of the brave; 'Tis France, as furious she retires,

The dying and the dead!"
That wreaks in desolating fires,
The vengeance of her flight.

We have shunned, in the present
The fames the grassy vale o’errun, instance, the unpleasant task of
Already parched by summer's sun; pointing out, and dwelling upon in-
And sweeping turbid down the breeze

dividual inaccuracies. There are seIn clouds the arid thickets seize, And climb the dry and withered trees

veral hasty expressions, flat lines, In flashes long and bright.

and deficient rhymes, which prove Oh! 'Twas a scene sublime and dire, to us little more than that the comTo see that billowy sea of fire,

position was a hurried one. These, Rolling its fierce and fakey flood,

in a poem of a different description,

a O’er cultured field and tangled wood,

we should have thought it our duty And drowning in the flaming tide, Autumn's hope and summer's pride,

to point out to the notice of the au. From Talavera's walls and tower

thor. But, after all, it is the spirit And from the mountain's height, of a poet that we consider as de. Where they had stood for many an manding our chief attention; and hour,


its ardour or rapidity must To view the varying fight,

finally hinge our applause or conBurghers and peasants in amaze

demnation. We care as little (comBehold their groves and vineyards blaze! Trembling they view the bloody fray, paratively, that is to say) for the But little thoughtere close of day, minor arts of composition and verThat England's sigh and France's groan sification as Falstaff did for the should be re-echoed by their own! thews, and sinews, and outward com. But ah ! far other cries than these

position of his recruits. It is the
Are wafted on the dismal breeze;
Groans, not

heart, the heart," that makes the
the wounded's lingering

poet as well as the soldier; and Shrieks, not the shriek of death alone; while we shall not withhold some But groan and shriek and horrid yell applause even from the ordinary sta

Of terrour, torture, and despair, tuary who executes a common fiSuch as 'twould freeze the tongue to

gure, our wreath must be resertell, And chill the heart to hear,

ved for the Prometheus who shall When to the very field of fight,

impregnate his statue with fire from Dreadful alike in sound and sight,



Travels through the Empire of Morocco. By John Buffa, M. D. Illustrated with a

Map. 8vo. pp. 260. Price 7s. London. 1810, CENSORIOUS criticks may, if manity and policy refuse to prosethey please, magnify literary vanity cute a peccadillo, so trifling. We into a crime against the peace and shall not, on the present occasion, the pockets of the publick; but if oppose their scruples. we punish vanity as capital, we ha- What Dr. Buffa has recorded zard the suppression of much in- against the late Medical Board, by formation which may requite atten.. which he deemed himself oppressed, tion. What man upon earth would we pass, with a wish, that oppresa be acquitted, were his motives for sion may ever be banished from appearing before the publick, scru

among members of a liberal profesa tinized with critical severity? Hu.. sion, and from all connected with


the publick service. We consider were received by a great concourse of the doctor simply as a traveller into men, women, and children, sliouting, and a country imperfectly known among whoop of the North American savages.

making a noise exactly resembling the us; and possessing some advantages I was informed, that this was their usual as a privileged person by his pro- mode of expressing their joy and mirth, fession. While waiting for a pro- on all great and solemn occasions. A vemised appointment at Gibraltar, he nerable Moor, the chief of the surround. visited Larache; the governour of ing villages, accompanied by the military which place he happily relieved and civil officers, and by the principal

inhabitants, advanced to kiss the garment from a dangerous malady. In a se.

of his excellency. This ceremony was cond journey, he had the honour

closed by a train of women, preceded by of prescribing for his Moorish ma

an elderly matron, carrying a standard of jesty; for his principal sultana, and colours, made of various fillets of silks; others, at Fez. He took an oppor. and by a young one of great beauty, suptunity of travelling to Morocco, etc. porting on her head a bowl of fresh milk, further south; and the observations

which she presented, first to the govern

our (or, as he is otherwise called, the he made during these excursions, sheik) then to me, and afterwards to all form the body of his volume. We the officers. This ceremony is always per. regret exceedingly to learn from Dr.

from Dr. formed by the prettiest young woman of B's preface, that the imputation of the village, and it not unfrequently hapimpoliteness should, with any ap- pens, that her beauty captivates the affec

tions of the great men (sometimes even pearance of plausibility, attach to

the emperour) and she becomes the le. the venerable sovereign of the Uni- gitimate and favourite wife.” ted Kingdom, on a charge of not answering a letter addressed to him

We do not think much of a from the potentate of Morocco; for Moorish review, as to tacticks; but as though written in Arabick, it were

a political spectacle, it is, we doubt scandalous to suppose that none in not, sufficiently imposing When the British dominions could translate describing it, Dr. B. incidentally menit. The French, to do them justice, tions other customs of that people. would have profited by the oppor- " I was at the palace precisely at four tunity, and would have turned such o'clock, and in a few minutes the empea correspondence to good account,

rour appeared, mounted on a beautiful

white borse, attended by an officer of either now or hereafter. Why cannot

state, holding over him a large, damask John Buil emulate what is

umbrella, most elegantly embroidered, mendable in that people, without and followed by all his great officers, imitating what is ridiculous or pro. bodyguards, and a numerous band of fligate? Leaving the secretary of musick. He was greeted with huzzas, state to defend his reputation by the

in the Moorish style, by the populace,

and received at'all the gates and avenues best arguments in his power, we direct our attention to the traveller. artillery and small arms, the people falling

of the town, with a general discharge of Dr. B. estimates the importance upon their knees in the dust as he passed. of Ceuta, as a fortress, very highly. The streets were covered with mats, and It is now in the hands of our coun- the road, as far as the plain where the trymen. He says: “ Convoys could

troops were drawn out, was strowed with Collect here in safety, and our trade all kinds of flowers,

“ The army was formed into a regular in this sea be comparatively secure street of three deep on each side, each from annoyance."

corps distinguished by a standard; it ex. The following ceremony has some- tended to a great length, through the im thing patriarchal in it:

mense plain of Fez, and presented a grand

military spectacle. There were not less In passing through villages (which than eighty thousand cavalry. This review in this part are very numerous, and formed was finished in six hours, and his imperial of a much greater collection of tents than majesty was so much pleased with the those described in a former letter) we steady, orderly, and soldier-like appear.

Vol. V.





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ance of his troops, that he commanded a counsels of a number of brave and expehorse to be given to each of the officers, rienced officers, he advanced to Mequinez, and an additional suit of clothes, and six which he reduced, after two successive ducats more than is customary to the men. pitched battles. This place was defended No other exercise was performed on this by one of his brothers, who, shortly after, occasion, than charging, firing off their acknowledged him as emperour, joined pieces, and priming and loading at full him, and brought over to his interests a. gallop, by alternate divisions. Thus an great number of friends and partisans. He incessant' fire was kept up during the served Solyman faithfully ever after, which day.”

enabled him to withstand the united “The cavalry are, unquestionably, most forces of his two other brothers. At length, capital marksmen, and very capable of owing to the little harmony that prevailed annoying, and harassing, and checking the in the armies of his competitors, he progress of an invading army. The men effected his purpose. Taking advantage are stout, strong, and robust accustomed of their increasing animosity, he advanced to a continual state of warfare, and, from towards Morocco, fighting and conquertheir simple and moderate manner of ing the whole way. He entered the capital living, fully adequate to sustain the fa. in triumph, after a general and decisive tigues and privations of the most arduous battle; and he was again proclaimed emcampaign."


The gardens of the seraglio are beau. The character of the present em. tifully laid out by Europeans, and contain perour is a relief to the mind, fa- several elegant pavilions and summer

houses, where the ladies take tea and tigued with the spectacle of unvary.

recreate themselves; baths, fountains, and ing despotism, as a grove of palm solitary retreats for those inclined to me. trees refreshes the eye, when beheld ditation; in short, nothing is wanting to remafter traversing a sandy desert. der this a complete, terrestrial paradise,

His predecessor was famous for but liberty, the deprivation of which must cruelty; and his elder brothers were

embitter every enjoyment.leading their subjects to slaughter is about thirty-eight years of age, in height

Muley Solyman, the present emperour, in the field, before his accession. about six feet two inches, of a tolerably May we not regard him as an in- fair complexion, with remarkablyfine teeth, stance of the advantages derived large dark eyes, aquiline nose, and black from preparatory study ? even though beard; the tout ensemble of his counte. that study was directed rather to li.

nance noble and majestick. He governs teratúre 'than to politicks. Nothing in the distribution of justice, or in reward.

Barbary with discretion and moderation. can be so desirable to a despoticking his subjects, he is just and impartial; prince, intending to do well, as the in his private conduct no less pious and habit of sedateness, reflection, and exemplary, than, in his publick capaself-possession.

city, firm and resolute, prompt and cou

rageous." The present emperour, Muley Soly.

We cannot follow Dr. B. into the man, was the youngest prince, and lived retired in the city of Fez, assiduously oc

recesses, porticos, or squares of the cupied in studying the Alcoran, and the seraglio. We must even relinquish Jaws of the empire, in order to qualify his account of the hunted lion, and himself for the office of high-priest, which the ravages committed by that formihe was intended to fill. From this retreat dable animal. If the doctor was conhe was called by the priests, the highest vinced that the Moors, by a manner in repute as saints, in the neighbourhood of

of preparation, “ deprive charcoal of Fez, and a small party of the Moorish militia, and by them prevailed upon to

the baneful effects usually experienced come forward as a candidate for the crown, from it in England,was not his in opposition to his three brothers, who remissness blamable, in neglecting were waging war with each other, at the to obtain information on that subject, head of numerous forces. In the midst of considering the number of artisans this anarchy and confusion, the young which are obliged, by the nature of prince was proclaimed emperour, at Fez, by the name of Muley Solyman; and having their business, to be perpetually incollected a strong force, aided by the volved in the fumes of this noxious

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