THE. following curious document is extracted from Dr. Clarke's Travels in Russia: it is a series of instructions drawn up by the celebrated general Suvorof (or Suwarrow) for the use of the army under his command, after the Turkish war, and was transmitted by order of the Russian government to every regiment in the service. The line is supposed to be drawn out, the soldiers resting their pieces, and the general inspecting and addressing the troops; hence it is called


Heels close-knees straight. A soldier must stand like a dart!-I see the fourth-the fifth I don't see !

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Stab once! and off with the Turk from the bayonet! Even when he's dead, you may get a scratch from his sabre.

If the sabre is near your neck, dodge back one step, and push on again.

Stab the second!-stab the third! A hero will stab half a dozen.

Be sure your ball's in your gun! If three attack you, stab the first, fire on the second, and bayonet the third!-This seldom happens.

In the attack there's no time to load again.

When you fire, take aim at their guts; and fire about twenty balls.Buy lead from your economy-it costs little!

We fire sure-we lose not one ball in thirty. In the light artillery and heavy artillery, not one in ten.

If you see the match upon a gun, run up to it instantly-the ball will fly over your head-The guns are yours-the people are yours! Down with 'em, upon the spot! pursue 'em! stab 'em!-To the remainder give quarter-it's a sin to kill without reason; they are men like


Die for the honour of the Virgin Mary-for your mother-for all the royal family! The church

The Russian soldiers buy their own lead.
The treasury of the mess.

The name given by the Russians to the empress.

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prays for those that die; and those and more intrenchments, and a whole who survive have honour and re- fortress; therefore we attacked in coward.

lumns. Offend not the peaceable inhabi

The Storm. tant he gives us meat and drink Break down the fence! Throw -the soldier is not a robber.- wattles over the holes ! Run as fast Booty is a holy thing! If you take as you can! Jump over the palia camp it is all your's ! if you take sades ! Cast your faggots into the a fortress, it is all your's! At ditch). Leap into the ditch! Lay on Ismael, besides other things, the your ladders! Scour the columns ! soldiers shared gold and silver by Fire at their heads! fly over the handfuls; and so in other places; walls! Stab them on the ramparts ! but, without order, never go to boo- Draw out your line ! Put a guard ty!

to the powder cellars! Open one of A battle in the field has three the gates! The cavalry will enter modes of attack:

on the enemy!

Turn his guns 1. On the Wing

against him ! fire down the streets ! Which is weakest. If a wing is Fire briskly! There's no time to covered by wood, it is nothing; a run after them! When the order is soldier will get through. Through a given, enter the town! Kill every morass, it is more difficult. Through enemy in the streets! Let the cavala river you cannot run. All kind of ry hack them! Enter no houses ! intrenchment you may jump over. Storm them in the open places where

2. The Attack in the Centre they are gathering. Take possession Is not profitable, except for cavalry, of the open places! Put a capital to cut them in pieces, or else they'll guard ! Instantly put piquets to the

gates, to the powder-cellars, and to 3. The Attack Behind

the magazines! When the enemy Is very good. Only for a small has surrendered, give him quarter! corps to get round. Heavy battle in When the inner wall is occupied, go the field against regular troops. In to plunder! squares, against Turks, and not in There are three military talents: columns. It may happen against

1. The Coup dæil. Turks, that a square of 500 men How to place a camp-How to will be compelled to force its way march-Where to attack-to chace through a troop of 6 or 7,000 with and to beat the enemy. the help of small squares on the

2. Swiftness. flank. In such a case, it will extend The field artillery must march in a column; but till now we had no half, or a whole verst in front, on need of it. There are the God-for. the rising ground, that it may not getting, windy, light-headed French- impede the march of the columns. men; if it should ever happen to us When the column arrives, it will to march against them, we must beat find its place again. Down hill, and them in columns.

on even ground, let it go in a trot. The Battle, upon Intrenchments, in Soldiers march in files, or four the Field.

abreast, on account of narrow roads, The ditch is not deep-the ram- streets, narrow bridges, and narrow part is not high-Down in the ditch! passes through marshy and swampy . Jump over the wall! work with your places; and only when ready for atbayonet! Stab! Drive! Take them tack draw up in platoons, to shorten prisoners! Be sure to cut off the the rear. When you march four cavalry, if any are at hand !--At abreast, leave a space between the Prague, the infantry cut off the companies. Never slacken your cavalry: and there were three fold, pace. Walk on! Play! Sing your

crush you.

songs ! Beat the drum! When you remain with the tent-wagons, and have broken off * ten versts, the first wood must be prepared for beforecompany cast off their load and lie hand." down. After them, the second com. By this manner of marching, solpany, and so forth, one after the other. diers suffer nu fatigue. The enemy But the first never wait for the rest! does not expect us. He reckons us A line in columns will, on the march, at least a hundred versts distant; always draw out. At four abreast, and when we come from far, two it will draw out one and a half more hundred, or three hundred, or more. than its length. At two abreast, it We fall all at once upon him, like will draw out double. A line one snow on the head. His head turns. verst in length will draw out two; Attack instantly with whatever artwo versts will draw out four; so rivest; with what God sends. The the first companies would have to cavalry instantly fall to work; hack wait for the others half an hour to and slash! stab and drive! Cut no purpose.

After the first ten them off! Don't give them a moversts, an hour's rest. The first mont's rest! division that arrived (upon the com

3. Energy. ing up of the second) takes up its baggage, and moves forward ten One leg strengthens the other! or fifteen paces; and if it passes One hand fortifies the other! By through defiles on the march, fif- firing many men are killed! The teen or twenty paces. And in enemy has also hands; but he knows this manner, division after division not the Russian bayonet ! (alluding that the hindmost may get rest. to the Turks.) Draw out the line The second ten versts, another immediately; and instantly attack hour's rest or more. If the third with cold arms! (the bayonet.) If distance is less than ten versts, there is not time to draw out the halve it, and rest three quarters, line, attack, from the defile, the inhalf, or a quarter of an hour, that fantry, with the bayonet; and the the childrent may soon get to their cavalry will be at hand. If there be kettles. So much for infantry. a defile for a verst, and cartridges

The cavalry marches before. over your head, the guns will be They alight from their horses and yours! Commonly the cavalry makes rest a short time, and march more the first attack, and the infantry folthan ten versts in one stage, that lows. In general cavalry must atthe horses may rest in the camp. tack like infantry, except in swamThe kettle-wagons and the tent- py ground; and there they must wagons go on before. When the lead their horses by the bridle. brotherst arrive, the kettle is ready. Cossacks will go through any thing. The master of the mess instantly When the battle is gained, the caserves out the kettle. For break. valry pursue and hack the enemy, fast, four hours rest; and six or and the infantry are not to remain eight hours at night, according as behind. In two files there is strength;

. the road proves. When you draw in three files, strength and a half.s near the enemy, the kettle-wagons The first tears; the second throws

This is a Russian mode of expression. To proceed ten versts, they say, To break off ten. † Children and Brothers. Appellations given by Suvorof to his troops.

Whatever arrives. Suvorof began the attack as soon as the colours arrived; even if he had but half a regiment advanced.

Ś Strength and a half. A common mode of expression in Russia. Suvorof aimed at the style and language of the common soldiers, which renders bis composition often obscure,

down; and the third perfects the know how to preserve ourselves! work.

Where one dies in an hundred with Rules for Diet.

others, we lose not one in five hunHave a dread of the hospital! dred in the course of a month. For German physick stinks from afar, is the healthy, drink, air, and food; for good for nothing, and rather hurt- the sick, air, drink, and food. Broful. A Russian soldier is not used thers, the enemy trembles for you! to it. Messmates, know where to But there is another enemy, greater find roots, herbs, and pismires. A than the hospital; the d--mn'd I soldier is inestimable. Take care don't knows! From the half-confessof your health! Scour the stomach ing, the guessing, lying, deceitful, when it is foul! Hunger is the best the palavering equivocation, squeamedicine! He who neglects his mishness, and nonsense of don't men, if an officer, arrest; if a sub- know, many disasters originate. officer, lashes; and to the private, Stammering, hackering and so lashes, if he neglects himself. If forth; it's shameful to relate! A loose bowels want food, at sun-set a soldier should be sound, brave, firm, little gruel and bread. For costive decisive, true, honourable! Pray to bowels, some purging plant in warm God! from him comes victory and water, or the liquorice-root. Re- miracles! God conducts us! God is inember, gentlemen, the field phy. our general! For the I don't know, sick of Doctor Bellypotski !* In hot an officer is put in the guard; A fevers eat nothing, even for twelve staff-officer is served with an arrest days;t and drink your soldiers' at home. Instruction is light! Not quas;f that's a soldier's physick. In instruction is darkness! The work intermitting fevers, neither eat or fears its master !|| If a

peasant drink. It's only a punishment for knows not how to plough, the corn neglect, if health ensues. In hospi. will not grow! One wise man is tals, the first day the bed seems soft; worth three fools! and even three the second, comes French soup;

and are little, give six! and even six are the third, the brother is laid in his littles, give ten! One clever fellow coffin, and they draw him away! will beat them all-overthrow them One dies, and ten companions round -and take them prisoners! him inhale his expiring breath. In In the last campaign the enemy camp the sick and feeble are kept lost 75,000 well-counted men; perin huts, and not in villages; there haps not much less than 100,000. the air is purer. Even without an He fought desperately and artfully, hospital, you must not stint your and we lost not a full thousand**. money

for medicine, if it can be There, brethren, you behold the bought; nor even for other neces- effect of military instruction! Gensaries. But all this is frivolous; we tlemen officers, what a triumph!

* Professor Pallas supposed this to have been a manual of medicine, published for the use of the army.

† Here he endeavours to counteract a Russian prejudice, that it is favourable to immoderate eating during fevers.

A sour beverage, made of fermented four and water. $ Suvorof had so great an aversion to any person's saying I don't know, in answer to his questions, that he became almost mad with passion. His officers and soldiers were so well aware of this singularity, that they would hazard any answer instantly, accurate or not, rather than venture to incur his displeasure by professing ignorance. | A Russian proverb.

Here Suvorof is a little in his favourite character of the buffoon. He generally closed his harangues by endeavouring to excite laughter among his troops; and this mode of forming a climax is a peculiar characteristick of the conversation of the Russian boors. In this manner; “And not only of the boors, but the gentry!--and not only of the gentry, but the nobles ! --and not only of the nobles, but the emperour!”.

A slight exaggeration of Suvorof's.



WITH respect to these land the season in which they prevail, winds, it has been judiciously ob- and the long tract of country over served, that the subject is deserv- which they have to pass. That this, edly ranked among the curious phe- however, is not the true cause, it nomena of nature, and merits the shall be my endeavour to demonattention of the natural philosopher; strate; to which I will add an attempt but as the minds of Europeans who to point out the most probable one, have visited these regions, have been founded on known chymical princioccupied with pursuits very differ- ples. ent from philosophick' research, our Respecting the theory I have to acquaintance with these causes have offer, I regret that it has found but hitherto been very imperfect. few patrons in this country, which,

The land winds on the coast of however, I flatter myself may be Caromandel, says Dr. Roxburgh, are ascribed more to the manner in those hot winds which blow at a par- which it has been proposed, than to ticular season of the year and hour the foundation on which it is conof the day, from the western hills, structed. commonly called the Ghauts, to- In order to facilitate the explanawards the bay of Bengal. In the tion of my sentiments, as well as to more inland countries, as above the show that the land winds really deGhauts, they are not confined to serve some attention from the philoany regularity, though they are sopher, I shall briefly recount the felt sometimes with a great degree phenomena accompanying their beof severity, and for hours together. ginning and progress, as well as the

I understand also, that in the up- effects by which they are generally per parts of Bengal, they are some- followed. times experienced very severely; Could my pen equal my sensabut whether from the west or the tions, I should be able to paint their northward, or in what part of the effects in the most lively colours, year, I have not been able to ascer- aided by eight years experience in tain. As far as this only tends to a country the most noted on the prove the insufficiency of the deno- coast* for their intensity. mination, it would signify little, al- The land winds are preceded in though in other respects it would be the latter end of March, or in the of more moment.

beginning of April, by whirlwinds, As they are generally supposed which, between eleven and twelve to be peculiar to this country, and o'clock at noon, hurry, in various diare felt during several months in rections, mostly from west to east, the year, we should imagine their towards the sea. These are called by history and causes to have been per- the natives Peshashs or Devils, béo fectly investigated and understood; cause they sometimes do a little but, I know not why, neither the one mischief to the lighter buildings. nor the other has as yet been satis- About the same time, or a little factorily explained.

after the appearance of the whirlThe most plausible reason gene- winds, we may observe all ranges of rally given for the great accumula- hills garnished as it were with tion of heat in them, is the heat of clouds, which become daily darker

Samulcotah, in the northern Circars

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