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fellow was more than commonly We afterwards met with his ma. boisterous in his descriptions of the jesty at Oxford, where he recogniallegories of victory, of prostrate sed us, and we left that city at the nations, &c. &c. exhibited by the same instant, his majesty for Gossculptor. But I lost all patience, field, and I, with my family, for Lonwhen, on departing, I saw him hold don. out his hand to the royal party, and On our route, I amused myself receive a fee of a guinea! On this in projecting a plan for his restorasubject I remonstrated with him tion, which, for the sake of the peace again, but was told, “ he did not get of Europe, I conceived, and still cona royal customer every day, and in- ceive, may be effected, by his pubstead of not paying at all, he thought lickly announcing to the French they ought to pay better than other people people.'
1. A general amnesty. The profile of Louis XVIII. is 2. Property to remain as it is, or exactly that of the unhappy Louis as a life interest in the occupier; XVI. and I do not doubt but his and in disputable cases, to be referwhole contour is very like that of able to arbitration. his brother. He is very fat; and wado 3. Military, and other promotions dles or rolls ungracefully in his and preferments, to be respected so walk. He has a piercing black eye, far as regards rank and pay. and takes a great deal of snuff, his 4. A solemn pledge to be made to face and clothes being discoloured establish constitution, in spirit like by it. Habitual good temper appears that of England, and to govern acto be the prevailing quality of his cording to laws made by a free lemind, and he bears no outward sign gislature. of anxiety to recover the fortunes of 5. The limits of France to be the his family. If he is not too easy, and great rivers and chains of mountains. too likely to be misled by favourites, 6. Equitable indemnities to famiI should think him the very man un- lies who have lost their estates or der whom a people might live hap- preferments. py under their laws, without distur- 7. Toleration in matters of reli. bance from his ill humour or ambi- gion. tion.
8. General risings to take place In short, Louis XVIII. carries in on fixed days. his appearance so much of the well- Perhaps, however, such an extince fed citizen, or easy country gentle- tion of prejudices is expecting too man, that one of my sons, a little much of human nature; and Louis boy of seven years of age, who had and his courtiers may probably been used to see pictures of kings prefer exile, the spirit of revenge, with crowns on their heads, and ge- and the hopes of arbitrary power, to perally dressed in armour, could a kingdom, with forgiveness of injuwith difficulty be persuaded that that ries, and concessions of civil liberty gentleman was a king; and he some- to the people. times amuses us by stalking or waddling across the room, and exclaim,
COMMON SENSE. ing: “I am a king!"
FROM THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE.
“ Essai Historique sur Henri Saint John, &c.”-A Historical Essay relative to Henry
St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke. Imported by J. De Boffe, French bookseller, Nassau street, Soho.
IN a former article we gave the shire for the county of Wilts, an account of the lettres, histo- during the reigns of Charles II. riques, politiques, philosophiques, James II. and William III. He died &c. of this celebrated man. We seize at Battersea, near London, July 3, the present opportunity to complete 1708, at the age of eighty seven, our labours, by means of a life of one and was a man of considerable taof the most extraordinary men that lents. His son Henry, who also posEngland has ever produced. sessed the reputation of abilities,
The family of St. John, or more espoused lady Mary, daughter of properly speaking, St. Jean, was of Robert Rich, earl of Warwick. great antiquity in the dutchy of Nor. They had several children, the eldest mandy. One of its members occupi- of whom, and the subject of the preed an employment of trust and con- sent memoir, was born* 1672, and sequence in the army of the con- called Henry, after his father. Young queror, and distinguished himself St. John was at first educated under greatly during the battle of Hastings, the eyes of his parents, who afterwhich was fought on the 14th of wards sent him to Eton and Oxford, October, 1066, and in consequence in succession. He distinguished him
, of the events of that day, William self while there, we are told, by I. was placed on the throne of En
great sagacity in point of under. gland. Lands were bestowed by the
standing, as well as by the astonishvictor on all his followers; and St. ing facility with which he learned John received such a portion, as is every thing. His memory was prosupposed, to have enabled him to digious. . make good his pretensions to the
On his entrance into the world, heiress of the family of Portt, which
he rendered himself renarkable by was one of the most affluent, we are told, then existing in England.- ble and graceful aspect; an extraor
his handsome person; a certain noa Their descendants formed still more illustrious alliances; for the mother dinary fund of knowledge, together of one of them, was also that of Hen
with an agreeable mixture of wit ry VII. who claimed the crown in and learning. He also displayed an
. virtue of his mother, Margueritte de
intimate acquaintance with the best
Greek and Roman authors, and Beaufort, daughter of John de So
could quote them in such a manner merset, of the house of Lancaster. This princess was daughter, by a
as not to savour of pedantry. Yet
notwithstanding all these advantasecond marriage, of another Margaret, who, in consequence of the for. ges, his family was greatly alarmed
by his ardent temperament and love mer one, had two sons, who formed
of the fair sex. two separate branches, the St. Johns of Bletsoe, and Tregoze.
But his attachment to his pleaWalter St. John, the grandfather sures never stifled in him the love of the viscount, and descended from of literature, and a certain passion the latter of these, sat as knight of for publick affairs. In the midst of
*“On ignore mêine en Angleterre, le date precise de la naissance du lord BoTingbroke."
his follies, he was ever ready to ex- to his views; and accordingly, als
, claim with Horace:
though both his father and grandfa
ther had been whigs, he acted in Solve senes centcm, mature, sarus equum direct opposition to their system of Peccet ad extremum ridendus, et ilia du. government. In 1704, he was nomi. Ep. i. v. 8 and 9.
nated a member of the administra.
tion, and became intimately connectIn the years 1698 and 1699, Mr. ed with the duke of Marlborough, St. John travelled on the continent, the first general of his age, who was with the view of completing his then at the head of the British areducation; and in the course of his mies. journey visited both France and Ita- 6 Descended from a noble family, ly. During his youth, he formed an but without being illustrious, and at acquaintance with all the wits of his the same time destitute of fortune, time, particularly Dryden; and we the latter had now attained the highare assured that he not only esteem- est eminence which an individual ed this great poet, but when Wil. could aspiré to. A friendship beliam III. deprived him of his pen- tween him and St. John had been sion, he assisted him with his purse originally formed at the little court and credit, and never ceased to give of Anne, while princess of Denmark, him the most convincing proofs of and it is not at all unlikely that the his attachment. Pope, Swift, and credit of Churchill and his wife, other celebrated men of letters, contributed greatly to make hiin a were afterwards numbered among minister. It may be said of Marlbohis friends.
rough that he had become a great In the beginning of the year 1700, warriour from instinct alone; for he the relations of Mr. St. John preó had never either studied his art, or vailed on him to marry Miss Fran- read any of the celebrated treatises ces Winchescomb, a rich heiress, on it. Most assuredly he had never and he was nearly at the same time perused Xenophon, and perhaps nenominated representative for Wot- ver looked into the narrative of any ton Basset, in Wiltshire, in which modern war; büt, during his youth, quality he sat during the fifth par- he had served under Turenne, and liament of William III. At this pe- was distinguished by his notice." riod of his life he condemned the On the disgrace of this great treaty for the partition of the Spanish man, Bolingbroke, if he did not take monarchy
part against his friend, at least sided On the accession of queen Anne, with the court, and became secreta. the subject of this memoir began to ry of state for foreign affairs during distinguish himself by his eloquence, the administration of the celebrated Nature had conferred on him many Harley, earl of Oxford. On this oc. of the properties of a great orator, casion, he had not only the manageand as the queen was sensible of his ment of continental business, and of parts she courted his attachment. As all the negotiations for peace, but a proof of the high degree of favour also of the house of commons, of then enjoyed by him, he was one of which his oratory, and still more, his the persons of quality selected soon influence, had rendered him the oraafter by her majesty, to accompany cle. He also was enabled, by means her to Bath.
of Mrs. Mastam, to keep up his inHe now joined that party which tercourse, and increase his favour, was so well known by the appella- with the queen; but a mutual jeation of the tories, the principles of lousy already subsisted between him which, if not correspondent to his and the first lord of the treasury, character, were at least favourable which it was never in the power of
FROM THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE.
"Essai Historique sur Henri Saint John, &c."—A Historical Essay relative to Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke. Imported by J. De Boffe, French bookseller, Nassau street, Soho.
IN a former article we gave an account of the lettres, historiques, politiques, philosophiques, &c. of this celebrated man. We seize the present opportunity to complete our labours, by means of a life of one of the most extraordinary men that England has ever produced.
The family of St. John, or more properly speaking, St. Jean, was of great antiquity in the dutchy of Normandy. One of its members occupied an employment of trust and consequence in the army of the conqueror, and distinguished himself greatly during the battle of Hastings, which was fought on the 14th of October, 1066, and in consequence of the events of that day, William I. was placed on the throne of England. Lands were bestowed by the victor on all his followers; and St. John received such a portion, as is supposed, to have enabled him to make good his pretensions to the heiress of the family of Portt, which was one of the most affluent, we are told, then existing in England. Their descendants formed still more illustrious alliances; for the mother of one of them, was also that of Henry VII. who claimed the crown in virtue of his mother, Margueritte de Beaufort, daughter of John de Somerset, of the house of Lancaster. This princess was daughter, by a second marriage, of another Margaret, who, in consequence of the former one, had two sons, who formed two separate branches, the St. Johns of Bletsoe, and Tregoze.
Walter St. John, the grandfather of the viscount, and descended from the latter of these, sat as knight of
the shire for the county of Wilts, during the reigns of Charles II. James II. and William III. He died at Battersea, near London, July 3, 1708, at the age of eighty seven, and was a man of considerable talents. His son Henry, who also possessed the reputation of abilities, espoused lady Mary, daughter of Robert Rich, earl of Warwick. They had several children, the eldest of whom, and the subject of the present memoir, was born* 1672, and called Henry, after his father. Young St. John was at first educated under the eyes of his parents, who afterwards sent him to Eton and Oxford, in succession. He distinguished himself while there, we are told, by great sagacity in point of understanding, as well as by the astonishing facility with which he learned every thing. His memory was prodigious.
On his entrance into the world, he rendered himself remarkable by his handsome person; a certain noble and graceful aspect; an extraor dinary fund of knowledge, together with an agreeable mixture of wit and learning. He also displayed an intimate acquaintance with the best Greek and Roman authors, and could quote them in such a manner as not to savour of pedantry. Yet notwithstanding all these advantages, his family was greatly alarmed by his ardent temperament and love of the fair sex.
But his attachment to his pleasures never stifled in him the love of literature, and a certain passion for publick affairs. In the midst of
* "On ignore même en Angleterre, le date precise de la naissance du lord Bo
secretary for foreign affairs notified majesty." It is here also stated, that to the different ministers at the her majesty's constitution was racourt of London, that negotiations dically 'sapped and ruined by the for peace were about to take place use of strong liquors. The editor is at Utrecht; and, notwithstanding the at some pains to insinuate, that her violent opposition that ensued on the majesty did not die a natural death, part of the count de Gallasch, the but for this suspicion there never Austrian minister, and the Baunde was any solid foundation whatsoBothmar, envoy from the court of ever. Hanover; nay, although the duke
On the accession of George I. and dutchess of Marlborongh, with Bolingbroke addressed a letter of all the whigs, together with the congratulation to his majesty; but states general, resolutely opposed instead of being treated the better the measure, yet Anne and her for this mark of respect, his papers ministers, as is well known, suc- were sealed up, and he himself ceeded in the project for a peace. taught to expect the utmost severity
The services of St. John upon of royal enmity. The subject of this this occasion were not forgotten memoir, on perceiving the storm, and accordingly her majesty, on the retired for awhile into the country; 14th of July, 1712, was pleased to but on receiving secret intelligence create him a peer of England, by from the duke of Marlborough, that the style and title of baron of Ly- it was not in his power to protect dia Fregoze in the county of Wilts, him from the rage of the whigs, and viscount Bolinbroke. This re- who had determined to punish him ward was considered as his due, in as the author of the late pacificaconsequence of the basis of a new tion, he determined to fly. His lordpolitical balance established by him ship accordingly embarked privatein Europe, which subsisted during ly at Dover on the 7th of April, a period of about fourscore years; carrying with him property to the and, notwithstanding the frequent amount of about 500,000 francs, wars that intervened, was which was intended to support him wholly changed until the late revo. during his exile. lution.
On his arrival at Paris, the visMeanwhile, a consequence of a count waited on the English ambas, variety of intrigues, the earl of Ox- sadour (the earl of Stair] and asford, who is here accused of keep- sured him that he did not intend to ing up a double correspondence enter into any connexion whatsowith the pretender and the house of ever with the jacobites; and he Hanover, at the same time, . was wrote several letters to the same about to be disgraced, and his ene- purpose to general Stanhope, then my, Bolingbroke, to be elevated to
secretary of state. Soon after this, the highest dignities in the state, his lordship retired to St. Clair, in when Anne died. This princess, ac- Dauphiny; and, during his residence cording to the editor, who obtained there, was accused, together with his information from the late Mrs. the earl of Oxford, of high treason. Mallet, was greatly beloved by Bo- The latter was accordingly sent to lingbroke, who exclaimed in her the tower; while against the forpresence; 6 That the unfortunate mer, a bill of attainder was carried. queen was a model of all the vir,
The tories in England, greatly tues; that the unhappy house of Stu- displeased at the conduct of the art had never produced a better so, whigs, who, in their turn, considervereign; and that no princess ever ed them all as suspected, now sent deserved so little to be cruelly be- an agent to the continent, who had trayed, as was the case with her late an interview with the pretender at