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my beatee declared, and with my gun cocked, I advanced crouching towards the bush; as I expected to see him through the branches near the ground, which seldom have any foliage, but could not get a glimpse of him; when, lo! as I had just touched the outer sprays, the monster rose not a yard from me, and rushed out with a roar that withdrew all my strength.
"It appeared as if the bush was coming up by the roots; he brushed me in passing, and sprang at my beatee, when, to my astonishment, I witnessed more courage and presence of mind than I ever hope to see again. As the tiger was springing, the man, undismayed, struck at him with his bamboo full in the face, and the tyger turned off. I had neither presence of mind nor
strength to fire, and perhaps it is fortunate I did not. The tiger galloped off, turned about, and then galloped at some distance past us, and in sight of the whole line of baggage. Four men were killed by a tiger on the road, and I have no doubt but it was by this one. You will agree that I had a narrow escape; for it was wonderful that he did not spring on one of us, on first beating the bush; and more wonderful, that he did not paw me in passing, for he actually touched me. The only reason that can be given is, that he must have been gorged. If I had possessed your eyes, I must have killed him; when within two, or even six yards, I could easily have lodged four balls in his head, and I had a brace of pistols to have finished him."
LAWS OF THE ROAD.
Ansando versus Brandon [King's Bench, December 10, 1810.]
THE following action of trespass, in which Mr. Bernard Ansando was plaintiff, and a Mr. Brandon, defendant, we lay before our readers, in order that the publick may understand correctly the full extent of that custom, which is now emphatically termed the law of the road. As Mr. Ansando was travelling in his own chaise to his country seat, near Mortlake, on the third of last September, he was encountered with such violence by the defendant driving in a gig, that the shaft of the gig entered the neck of Mr. Ansando's horse; wounded him so desperately, that he died in little more than an hour. Mr. Ansando's coachman and Mr. Brandon were both driving on what is called the wrong side respectively, both having their left hands instead of their right to the centre of the road. It was proved, on the trial, that Brandon must
have seen the other, as it was not then dark, and the coachman swore that he could see one hundred and fifty yards before him, and that the road was wide enough to admit of five or six carriages. Under these circumstances, when the violation of the custom, or law of the road, was attended with no inconvenience, and when Mr. Brandon's gig was almost opposite to the carriage, from some sudden impulse he thought proper to pass over to his own side with such rapidity, that the accident abovementioned was the immediate consequence. The coachman and another witness were cross-examined; but as no contradiction took place, and as counsel for the defendant admitted that he had nothing but circumstantial to oppose to positive evidence, the jury, under the direction of his lordship, gave their verdict for the plaintiff, to the amount
being detached from the ship's body. when thrown into water; simply be The masts should be cut away and cause men are able to raise their fastened alongside, on or under the fore limbs above their heads, and water. Every thing should be re- animals are not able to do so. The moved which is above the level of animal sinks to the level ascertained the deck; and, if specifically lighter by his own specifick gravity, and than water, should be fastened to the
that of the fuid, which leaves, persides, in, or under the water. The haps, nothing but his nose above the very crew should immerse their bo, water; and then, to regain the shore, dies to their chins, and nothing he exerts the same action with his should be allowed to remain above limbs as he does in walking. If men the surface, that can be conveniently were to remain passive, keep down immersed. Of course, as much iron their hands, trust to the laws of work, and other bodies specifically specifick gravity, and put themselves heavier than water, as possible, in the attitude of walking, the same should be detached and thrown over, results, and the same security, board. By due attention to this prin- would, in general, be the conseciple, I should presume, a priori, quence. Savages swim from their iny that no ship could founder simply fancy, on the same principle; and from a leak, or from filling with civilized man may, in this respect, water.
condescend to take a lesson from 2. With respect to a boat, the savage and animal life; or, in other principle is the same. If a boat words, from pure nature. springs a leak, or from any other For the present, I am content with cause fills with water, the passen- having, through your magazine, subgers should instantly lie down, and mitted these ideas to the world, and keep nothing but their faces above I leave it to the leisure opportunity, the water. Every thing heavier than patriotism, or benevolence, of others, water should be thrown overboard, to apply them to all their beneficial and nothing be allowed to stand purposes. above the level of the water, or on
COMMON SENSE. the top of the boat.
3. By attending to the same prin- N. B. It concerns me to observe, ciple, persons may often avoid being by the records of mortality in your drowned. The total of the human magazine, that numerous females body, in vital action, is specifically were burnt to death during the last lighter than water; a living human winter, notwithstanding 1 pointed body, therefore, will swim in water, out an infallible means of avoiding provided it is not sunk by parts of it such accidents in a former paper. being protruded above the water, As those means cannot too often be which unimmersed parts force down published, I shall remind your readthe parts under the water, till the ers that they consist simply in the internal cavities fill. If a person who party lying down, as soon as the falls into water, holds his breath, Fathes are discovered to be on fire, till, by the laws of specifick gravity, A lady's muslin dress, which might he rises again to the surface, and take fire at the skirt, would burn then protrudes no part of his body from top to bottom, and produce a above the surface hesides his face, fatal density of flame in half a mi. he cannot sink again. But the weight nute, while she is standing upright; of his arins alone, if protruded out but if she were instantly to lie down, of the water, or even the entire of even though she took no pains lei. bis head, without appropriate action, surely to extinguish the flames, ten will be sufficient to sink him. Men minutes would elapse before her are drowned, and all animals swim, dress could be consumed, and the Aame would be such as might, at most afflicting, that fatal accidents any instant, be extinguished by the should arise from a cause so easily thumb and fingers. Is it not then averted ?
SEVERAL natives of the South hard toil as a common sailor, withSea islands have lately visited En- out wages, or other remuneration gland, having been brought by dif- than clothing and provision. Duaferent merchant vessels, in which terra, during his residence in this they engaged themselves as com country, related certain particulars mon sailors. Among these is Dua- respecting the tradition and manterra, nephew to Tippihee, a chief ners of those remote islanders, which of New Zealand, and son-in-law of open a field for curious speculation. another chief named Wanakee. He In regard to the creation of man, is a very intelligent young man, he reports, that the New Zealand only twenty two years of age, pos- ers have been taught, from time sessing a most amiable temper, con- immemorial, by their priests and siderable natural abilities, and an fathers, to believe that three gods ardent thirst of knowledge. His only made the first man. The general object, as he said, for leaving his term for bone is eve; and they uni. native country.
to see king versally believe that the first woman George. For this purpose he entered was made of an eve, or bone, taken on board the Santa Anna, belonging from the side of the first man. The to Port Jackson, which touched at fable of the Man in the Moon is New Zealand, on her way to some
likewise an ancient tradition among of the South Sea islands, on a seal. these people. There was, say they, ing voyage, in the course of which a long time ago, in New Zealand, he was exposed to many dangers, a man named Rona, who was going hardships, and toils. As a reward for some water one very dark night, for these, Duaterra expected, on his for neither moon nor stars arrival in the Thames, to see the then to be seen. He accidentally king, but was unfortunately disap- hurt his foot. While in this situa pointed. The captain kept him, tion, and so lame as to be unable to nearly the whole time he was in return home, the moon came sudEngland, on board the ship, at work, denly upon him. Rona laid hold of a till she was discharged; and on the tree to save himself, but in vain; 5th of August last, sent him on board for the moon carried both him and the Ann, which sailed almost im- the tree away, and they are still to mediately for Portsmouth. Duaterra be seen there to this day. The bewas much concerned at being com- lief of the following tradition, by pelled to return, without accom- which the faculty of speech at some plishing the object of his voyage, former period is assigned to the for which, he observed, his coun. serpent, may perhaps prove favourtrymen would find great fault with able to the introduction among them him. It is certainly a circumstance of the Mosaick account of the fall much to be regretted, that this of man. The sharks wanted to leave young man, who, by birth and mar. the sea, and to live on shore; the riage, is related to eleven out of the serpent would not allow them, and thirteen chiefs of New Zealand, said, that if they attempted to come should have lost the only reward on shore, they would be eaten by which he expected for two years men;" the sharks answered, they
should be as safe there as the ser- One of the principal officers, or pent. The latter replied, that he had rangateedas, muster them, not by a hole in the ground where he con- calling over their names, but by cealed himself from men; that they passing in front of their ranks, and would not eat him, for if he only telling their numbers, when he showed his head, they were afraid places a rangateeda at the head of and ran away; whereas, the shark every hundred men. The women had no place on the land in which and children, like those of the Is. he could be safe. He, therefore, raelites of old, are never mustered. conipelled him to return to the sea, After this census, their holidays be. telling him, at the same time, that gin, when they spend several days men would catch him there with and nights in feasting, dancing, and their hooks, if he did not take care. performing their religious ceremoThe chiefs muster all their men, at nies. The chiefs never join in the particular seasons of the year, the amusements, but only look on, and great muster being made after the give directions. The common mode potatoe harvest. The ground from of salutation between two persons is, which the potatoes have been lately to bring their noses into contact with dug, is cleared of the stems and each other; and Duaterra declared, weeds, and then levelled. Here they that when he left New Zealand, so all assemble, men, women, and chil, many came to see him previous to dren. The men are drawn up in embarkation, his nose was sore with ranks, five, six, or seven deep, ac- rubbing against the noses of his cording to the direction of the chief. friends.
LONGEVITY OF A LAND TORTOISE.
THERE is now living in the gar- part of summer, it in general feeds dens belonging to the bishop's pa- upon lettuces; and when the fruit lace, at Peterborough, a land tor- becomes ripe, it crawls under the toise, which is ascertained to have gooseberry bushes, and picks off been there 200 years, and upwards. what is on the lower branches, and The upper shell is about 13 or 14 the fruit it cannot reach is amply inches long, and about nine broad, supplied by the frequent company the neck has all the appearance of and the gardeners, from whose extreme old age: the sight of one of hands it receives, with great gen
the other seems tleness, what is given it. Towards bright and lively. The inside of the michaelmas, and sometimes earlier, mouth, as well as the tongue, is a it buries itself in the earth, where full pink colour; it has no teeth, but it remains till the following spring: masticates with its gums, which are In a few days after it hath made its of a bony substance; the legs and annual descent, by finding the depth feet are covered, like the head, with a stick, a tolerably accurate with scales, and are so strong, that judgment can be formed of the mild. it will walk, or rather crawl, with a ness or severity of the ensuing win: considerable weight on its back, and ter. This extraordinary animal is seemingly with ease. In the early about twenty pounds in weight:
flame would be such as might, at any instant, be extinguished by the thumb and fingers. Is it not then
most afflicting, that fatal accidents should arise from a cause so easily averted?
SEVERAL natives of the South Sea islands have lately visited England, having been brought by different merchant vessels, in which they engaged themselves as common sailors. Among these is Duaterra, nephew to Tippihee, a chief of New Zealand, and son-in-law of another chief named Wanakee. He is a very intelligent young man, only twenty two years of age, possessing a most amiable temper, considerable natural abilities, and an ardent thirst of knowledge. His only object, as he said, for leaving his native country was to see king George. For this purpose he entered on board the Santa Anna, belonging to Port Jackson, which touched at New Zealand, on her way to some of the South Sea islands, on a seal ing voyage, in the course of which he was exposed to many dangers, hardships, and toils. As a reward for these, Duaterra expected, on his arrival in the Thames, to see the king, but was unfortunately disappointed. The captain kept him, nearly the whole time he was in England, on board the ship, at work, till she was discharged; and on the 5th of August last, sent him on board the Ann, which sailed almost im mediately for Portsmouth. Duaterra was much concerned at being compelled to return, without accomplishing the object of his voyage, for which, he observed, his coun trymen would find great fault with him. It is certainly a circumstance much to be regretted, that this young man, who, by birth and marriage, is related to eleven out of the thirteen chiefs of New Zealand, should have lost the only reward which he expected for two years
hard toil as a common sailor, with out wages, or other remuneration than clothing and provision. Duaterra, during his residence in this country, related certain particulars respecting the tradition and manners of those remote islanders, which open a field for curious speculation. In regard to the creation of man, he reports, that the New Zealanders have been taught, from time immemorial, by their priests and fathers, to believe that three gods made the first man. The general term for bone is eve; and they universally believe that the first woman was made of an eve, or bone, taken from the side of the first man. The fable of the Man in the Moon is likewise an ancient tradition among these people. There was, say they, a long time ago, in New Zealand, a man named Rona, who was going for some water one very dark night, for neither moon nor stars were then to be seen. He accidentally hurt his foot. While in this situa tion, and so lame as to be unable to return home, the moon came suddenly upon him. Rona laid hold of a tree to save himself, but in vain for the moon carried both him and the tree away, and they are still to be seen there to this day. The belief of the following tradition, by which the faculty of speech at some former period is assigned to the serpent, may perhaps prove favour able to the introduction among them of the Mosaick account of the fall of man. The sharks wanted to leave the sea, and to live on shore; the serpent would not allow them, and said, that if they attempted to come on shore, they would be eaten by men; the sharks answered, they