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Thomas & Wm. Bradford, Philadelphia, Have in press 2d edition of Walker's Dictionary for schools. J. Simpson and Co. New Brunswick, N. J. To republish-The History of Ancient Greece, its Colonies and Conquests; from the earliest Accounts to the Division of the Macedonian Empire in the East. Including the History of Literature, Philosophy, and the Fine Arts. By John Gillies, L. L. D.

John Cunningham and Co. Baltimore, To republish by subscription-The Poetical Works of James Thomson, containing A Sketch of the author's Life, The Seasons, Liberty, Castle of Indolence, a number of Songs, Odes, &c. &c. J. Belcher, and Munroe and Francis, Boston,

To publish by subscription-Scriptural Investigations, contained in Letters, and Sketches of Sermons, on the subject of the Great Salvation. By John Murray, Senior Pastor of the First Universal Society in Boston.

Jos. T. Buckingham, Boston,

To republish by subscription-The Life of Gilbert Wakefield, B. A. The first volume written by himself. With his last corrections, and notes by the editors. To which is subjoined, an appendix of Original Letters. The second volume by the editors of the first volume. With an Appendix, consisting chiefly of original Let ters and Papers.

Isaiah Thomas, jun. Boston,

To publish-Lathrop's Discourses on the Mode and Subjects of Christian Baptism: or, an attempt to show that Pouring or Sprinkling is a Scriptural Mode. With an Examination of various Objections, &c. Fifth Edition, revised, corrected, and greatly enlarged, by the author,

C. W. S. and H. Stear, Hanover, N. H. To republish by subscription-The Works of Dr. Young, author of Night Thoughts.

John Cole, Baltimore,

To publish-Under the patronage and sanction of the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Maryland, Episcopalian Harmony. Containing the Hymns set forth by the General Convention, with appropriate Musick to each. A selection from the Psalms, embracing all the metres, adapted to some of the most celebrated ancient Psalm Tunes, Chaunts, Doxologies, Responses, Anthems, &c. in cluding Dr. Nare's favourite Te Deum. The work is in considerable forwardness, and it is expected will be completed in the course of the ensuing winter.

Edward J. Coale, Baltimore,

Law, with Directions for the Choice of Books, addressed to Attornies' Clerks; with some additional Notes for the American Student.

E. J. Coale, Baltimore, and George Shaw, Annapolis,

Propose publishing-Letters from America. By William Eddis, Surveyor of the Customs in Maryland, during the administration of governour Eden.

RECENT BRITISH PUBLICATIONS. The Chronicles of Eguerrand de Monstrellet. Translated by T. Johnes, Esq. 12 vols. 8vo. with 4to. vol. of plates. 71. 4s.

The Elements of Experimental Chymistry. By. W. Henry, M. D. F. R. S. 2 vols. 8vo. 17. 58.

Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain. By Alexander de Humboldt. Translated from the French by J. Black. 2 vols. 8vo. 11. 8s.

Family Sermons: a Selection of Discourses for every Sunday in the Year, and for Christmas Day and Good Friday, from the Works of Archbishop Secker; with a Life of the Archbishop. By Bielby Por

teus. 2 vols. 8vo. 17. 1s.

The Power of Religion on the Mind. By L. Murray. 8vo. 128.

Sermons. By the Rev. R. Polwhele. A new Volume. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

Travels through Denmark and Sweden. To which is prefixed, a Journal of a Voyage down the Elbe, from Dresden to Hamburgh. By Louis de Boisgelin. 2 vols. 4to. 31. 38. or with plates coloured, 41. 48.

Discourses on the Management of Infants, and the Treatment of their Diseases, written in a plain, familiar style, to render them intelligible and useful to all mothers. By John Herdman, M. D. 8vo. 63.

The true Sense and Meaning of the System of Nature, a posthumous Work of M. Helvetius. Translated by Daniel Isaac Eaton. 38.

PROPOSED BRITISH PUBLICATIONS.

Mr. John Pinkerton is engaged in a Collection of Voyages and Travels in Asia, being the second portion of a “General Collection of Voyages and Travels." Southey's History of Brazil, volume the second, is at press.

Mr. Joseph Murphy, of Leeds, has in the press, a History of the Human Teeth, with a treatise on their diseases from infancy to age, adapted for general information.

Mr. Southey's Poem of Kehama is nearly finished printing by the Ballantynes, of

To publish--Advice on the Study of the Edinburgh.

SELECT REVIEWS,

FOR APRIL, 1811.

ORIGINAL.

[FOR THE SELECT REVIEWS.]

The American Review of History and Politicks, and General Repository of Literature and State Papers. 8vo. pp. 260. Farrand and Nicholas. Philadelphia. 1811.

THE powerful abilities with which the Edinburgh Review is supported, has given an importance to works of that description, which they never before enjoyed. Literary reputation, at least of the higher orders, was heretofore sought in the publication of some elaborate production, and nothing more than a temporary fame was expected from occasional essays in periodical journals. The Edinburgh reviewers, and, since them, some others, have taken much more commanding ground; assuming a jurisdiction over the political, as well as the literary world; undertaking, indeed, to direct pub lick opinion upon every subject interesting to man or society. These gentlemen boast, whether vainly or not, I cannot decide, that their efforts had much effect in producing the abolition of slavery in Great Britain; and pledge themselves, by similar exertion, to procure, what is there called, parliamentary reform. The immense circulation of that work, and one or two others of the same kind, with the extraordinary talents

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VOL. V.

by which they are supported and directed, cannot fail to have a most impressive influence on publick opi. nion. Their manner of treating a subject, and their captivating and popular style, are calculated to seize upon the attention, and carry with them, on a sudden, the understanding of their readers. Whether a deliberate judgment, formed by cool reflection, may not, in many instances, detect fallacies at first concealed by artifice, or recommended by wit, is another question.

In the literary department, too, these reviewers have taken a range heretofore unknown. Their remarks are not confined to the mere criticism of the work under consideration, or a limited examination of its facts, principles, and manner of execution. The review is rather an occasion seized upon to introduce some original essay, very often much more instructing and entertaining than that which gives birth to it.

This mode of exercising the highest talents and conveying the most important information, having had

such unequivocal success in Great we have a class of men of letters; Britain, an attempt of the same kind scholars and students by profession; in this country should be received who will devote themselves excluby every American with pleasure, sively to the acquireinent of knowand the most zealous co-operation. ledge and the cultivation of their It is, indeeri, peculiarly suited to genius. While the literature of the our state of society, where men country depends upon men, howare too much engaged in action and ever fond of it, who must make it necessary occupations to write, or subordinate to those occupations by very generally to read, great bouks, which they live, and who can resort and yet where there is both talent to it only as an amusement in their and leisure enough for occasional few hours of leisure; as a relief to a and ingenious lucubrations. While mind almost exhausted by labour we are indignant at the contempt and exertion in another direction, with which foreigners treat the what can be expected but superficial American genius and intellect, let knowledge, unsatisfactory investigaus cherish every opportunity to re- tions, and meagre productions ? Not fute the calumny, not by vain anger indeed, to the discredit of those who and acrimonious reproach, but by a do even thus much, for, in their cir. strenuous exertion and display of cumstances, it is wonderful they afthe powers of our country, and the ford any attention to such pursuits, encouragement of every means to but to the discredit of the country, bring them into active operation. It which should liberally sustain a class is thus we shall be judged by the of men on whom she should build world and not by self praise, unsup- her reputation in literature, and ported by good works; not by angry from whom she would then have a complaints of injustice, without any right to demand it--and such a class evidence of better deserts.

we certainly shall have. The citizens The AMERICAN REVIEW will, of the United States are a reading in some measure, put our preten- people; there is no deficiency of sions to the test; and discover whe- judgment or taste in them in decither the talents we lay claim to, ding upon the merits of foreign proreally exist among us; or, at least; ductions. The number of books sold whether there is liberality enough here is immense in proportion to in the American community to fos- our population. But this is not ter and encourage them. Our men enough; the honest pride of coun. of money are too apt to think that try will not be satisfied until we scholars may take care of them- are as independent in letters and selves, and to feel no obligation to science as we are in government. aid their efforts. This sentiment, so We must have our authors, whose fatal to our improvement, so degra- writings wiil accord with our situading to our character, must be cor- tion, our' wants, our views, and interected; and the man who has any rests, and not for ever resort for evepride of country, must feel it as ry intellectual enjoyment to an immuch a duty to uphold its literature portation from abroad. and science by a moderate contribu- A periodical work is now presenttion of his means, as to support its ed to the publick patronage, which, government by a just proportion of if received with the kindness and its taxes The political power and courtesy it merits, will bear honourprosperity of the nation depend upon able testimony to the world of our the one, and its moral estimation claims to crudition and genius; and, and improvement upon the other. if suffered to fall neglected, will tes

never attain any high tify as loudly to our condemnation degree of literary excellence until and disgrace. The complete ability

We Can

of Mr. Walsh, the editor, to conduct ruption and misery of France (which and enrich this work; to make it not I fear is impossible) and paints in only a most interesting and useful deceptive colours, the strength, manual at home, but a respectable wealth, and happiness of Britain, is witness of American literature he the less an American on this ac· abroad, cannot be called in question. count. He may be a prejudiced en. He is not now upon trial; his suffi- thusiast; he may, while in France, ciency has been amply and proudly have mistaken Paradise for Pendeproved, before a tribunal where no monium, and has reversed the delu. flimsy pretension can impose, no sion in England, but still he is not pedantick affectation deceive. The the less a true member of his own star that was conspicuous in the country. We may doubt his judge Edinburgh constellation, needs no ment, or, if you please, the sound. other evidence of its lustre.

ness of his intellects, but not the But there are some, a very few I honesty of his principles, or the puhope, who, not doubting the abilities rity of his patriotism. I do not know of the editor, have, or affect to have, that an American is, as such, bound some fears of his principles; and to be in love with French rapine and suggest that his opinions and feel- murder, or to think Napoleon the ings are not sufficiently American; most Gelectable tyrant that ever but have received an unfortunate scourged the earth. biass from his residence for a short It is urged against the editor, that, time in Great Britain. If this objec, both in his prospectus, and throughtion had

any foundation in truth, out the Inquiry into the past and there is no man with whom it would present Relations of France and the have more weight than myself. I United States, he speaks with frewould certainly cease to admire, or quent indignation and contempt of at least to encourage talents, how- some of our own great men, and seever rare and brilliant, which were verely taxes the conduct of the adpreparing their powers to vilify and ministration. This may be a reason degrade my country. If the knife is why, to the particular adherents and whetted to go to my heart, I cannot dependants upon that administration, gaze with much rapture on the polish he should not be very acceptable; of the blade. But where is the proof but it is no reason why he should by which this charge is supported ? not be greeted by every American We look for it in vain in the birth, who is independent of the governthe education, the hopes, and pros- ment, and of its offices and patronage; pects of Mr. W. These are all Ame, and bends not with a blind faith berican; purely so. He has planted his fore its infallibility; who desires truly happiness and fortunes in his native and honestly to be informed of the soil; and there is no feeling in his course, situation, and prospects of heart that is not interested in Ame. our publick affairs, and who has unrican prosperity and honour. There derstanding and liberality enough to being nothing, then, in the situation judge for himself, whether they be of this gentleman that should make fairly represented or not, in the him an object of this suspicion, can Review. Is it any evidence of the it be verified from any of his publi- want of American feelings in Mr. cations. His Letter on the Genius W. that he does not approve of the and Dispositions of the French Go- ruling administration? On the convernment, is before the publick, trary, would he have the feelings of and while it has added so much to an American if he did not express his literary fame, has taken nothing himself decidedly and independentfrom his patriotism. If it were ad- ly upon their conduct. Is not this the mitted that he exaggerates the col- first and most valued right of the

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citizen of every free government? in some degree, by his own temperand if it be conscientiously exerci- ament and maxims. But even those sed with an honest view to publick who may be disposed to disapinformation, with a just regard to the prove of this feature in the Review general honour and prosperity of the must admit that the objection is a country, we must not be too nice very limited one, and by no means about the selection of terms in which impairs the general integrity and a man, having a right to do so, ex- utility of the work. Besides, decorum presses his opinions of what he con- is perfectly preserved; and however siders ruinous imbecility and dis- cutting the sarcasm, it is untainted graceful misconduct. If in these, too, with vulgar abuse. Men whose temhe is mistaken, it is his judgment pers are unusually mild and forand not his patriotism, that should bearing, may desire that even the meet condemnation. This right, and guilty should be touched with a tenthe free exercise of it, constitute der hand; while others may imagine the soil and base of our constitution. that in our perilous times, becoming Shall we have a right to choose our daily more perilous, the plain truth rulers, and shall we not be informed may be told in plain language; and of their management of our affairs ? that the man who undertakes to be and shall the man who would give us a publick monitor should sacrifice that information be driven from his no part of his duty to the feelings task, be hunted from the service by of those to whom we owe all our absurd suspicions of his integrity, calamity Listen to the wailings of and unsupported charges against his distress, mingled with the indignant patriotism? It is the interest of a few reproaches of honour, which resound to attempt this politick game; but it through our country, and say if those is the interest of many more to de. who cause them have very strong feat it.

claims to tenderness in rebuke. Our It is not expected that the leaders merchants, after exerting, in vain, of that party, whose administration every effort to save themselves; afis condemned, will have any fond ter struggling against destruction affection for the work that exposes assailing them from every quarter, its weakness. But it is hoped and and in every shape, are seen dropbelieved, that many, very many, who ping, in melancholy succession, in honestly follow the predominant the abyss of ruin, like exhausted party from a belief in its wisdom mariners from the floating wreck. and virtue, will not avert their eyes A floating wreck, indeed, is our from those pages which fairly exa- commerce; abandoned and abused mine its pretensions. There is no by those who were sworn to protect witchcraft in the book, that men her; beaten by conflicting tempests, should fear to trust their senses with and existing by precarious accidents. it. Read it patiently, and judge it How is our character changed and candidly. The importance of the fallen! So long since as 1775, Burke, subject, and the character of the speaking of our country, said it was author, at least, merit so much at- an object “ not to be considered as tention; and if he fails to convince, one of those minima which is out he will not corrupt.

of the eye and consideration of the Whether the manner in which he law; not a paltry excrescence of makes his assault upon those who state; not a mere dependant, who administer the publick affairs, has may be neglected with little damage, in it too much of acrimony and vio- and provoked with little danger"lence or not, is a question on which that “ some degree of care and cauthere will naturally be a difference tion was required in the handling of opinion. A man will judge of it, such an object”-that, “ to trifle with

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