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Heilbron, and took up my excellent might be expected; and I, taking camp at Bruchsal, as I had done the advantage of the desire of Charles year before; but as the enemy was VI. to restore the extinguished much stronger, I had nothing to do house of Austria, by marrying his but to cover all the places and the daughter Maria Theresa to prince country on this side of the Rhine. Francis of Lorraine, we soon came

In order to render the possession to an understanding, and the preliof Philipsburg useless to him, I minaries were signed. turned the course of three small ri. -Now I have nearly withdrawn vers, which, instead of discharging from publick life. I play at picquet themselves into the Rhine, produced every evening at Madame de Bathime a superb inundation from that any's with Taroca, Windischgratz, fortress to Ettlingen, the lines of and Tessin, the Swedish ambaswhich thus covered, were unassaila- sadour. It is rather for the sake of ble.

conversation. People are more talkaHad I been able to leave them, tive when they do not say let us talk, having no longer to do with D’As- and round a card-table they are feld, who had been succeeded by more at their ease; otherwise games Coigny, I should have finished my of commerce are extinguishers of military career better than by the society. In war, I prefer games of same passive kind of glory as the chance. At my head-quarters, those preceding year. I gave it some de

it some de- who won were put into high spirits, gree of activity by taking Trarbach, and those who lost fought better: and delivering the electorate of 'tis soon over, and time is more vaTreves. Seeing that there was no- luable than money. I am fond of the thing more to be done, nothing to company of young people; they are

; be gained, and much to be lost, as more pure, not having been corrupt: I had told Charles VI. fifty times, I ed by intrigue. I often see the com. was very glad at first to be recalled mander Zinzendorf, a man of enlarto Vienna, though I slirewdly sus- ged understanding, and of the world; pected that this was my last cam- and Frederick Harrach, who adds paign. It would be difficult for me to these qualities, considerable tato express what I felt on taking leave lents for business. I foresee that he of my army. It was a painful scene will be raised to important posts, I assure you. An old soldier only as will, in war, Dhaun and Brown. can know what it is to bid a last The first possesses most merit; the farewell to such brave fellows, second will have boldness; and the whom he has so often led to death, last, superiour talents for discipline which I was desirous of meeting in and the essential details, without so happy, speedy, and glorious a being trifling. Joseph Wenzl Lichmanner: 'tis the only favour that tenstein is likewise a brave general, God has refused me. With tears in a good citizen, and a genuine noble my eyes I resigned the command to man. Seckendorf and Schmettau, the duke of Würtemberg; and on with military qualities, depend ramy arrival at Vienna I luckily found ther too much on circumstances. La Baume, the agent sent by car- Young Cobentzl, a man of great dinal Fleury, to make very reasona. intelligence, often visits at Madame ble proposals. France had been ra- de Bathiany's. He one day said to ther humbled in Poland. Her garri. her: “ It is generally believed, mason of 15,000 men had surrendered dam, that you have married prince at Dantzick, and the father-in-law of Eugene.” “ I love him much too Louis XV. had withdrawn himself, well for that,” replied she; “ I would nobody knew whither. The Russians rather have a bad reputation, than and Augustus III. triumphed, as take away his.”

VOL. v.

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“ If you were not religious, and I have so often led my soldiers to was five-and-twenty, what would be victory, of the God of hosts who has the consequence!” said I one day blessed our arms. I have scarcely had to Madame de Bathiany. “ Nothing, time to sin; but I have set a bad replied she, “ things would be just example, perhaps, without knowing as they are. I am religious, in the it, by my negligence of the fornis first place, because I love God, and of religion, in which I have, howebecause I believe and put my trust ver, invariably believed. I have somein him; in the next place, because times spoken evil of people, but onthis is the safe-guard of my peace, ly when I thought myself obliged to which comes to the aid of my wound- do so; and have said: Such a ed self-love, if I were to be forsa. is a coward, and such a one a scounken; and then, that I may be able to drel. I have sometimes given way scoff at women who have lovers. I to passion; but who could help am religious, because I have neither swearing to see a general or a regifear, nor hope, nor desire, in this ment that did not do their duty, or life; and because the good which I an adjutant who did not understand do for the poor, from humanity, is you! I have been too careless as a of benefit to my soul. I am religious, soldier, and lived like a philosopher. because the wicked fear me, and are I wish to die as a Christian. I never disgusting to me. I am religious, liked swaggerers either in war or in that I may not have occasion to be religion, and it is, perhaps, from hacontinually watchful of my reputa- ving seen ridiculous impieties like tion; women who are not, dare not those of certain Frenchmen on the say or do any thing: they are like one hand, and Spanish bigotries on thieves who think themselves pur- the other, that I have always kept sued by the police wherever they myself aloof from both. I have so ofgo. But I detest those who assume ten beheld death near at hand, that the mask of piety, or are religious I had become familiar with him. only on account of the immortality But now it is no longer the same of the soul. Were mine to perish thing. Then I sought him, now I with me, I would nevertheless en- wait for him; and meanwhile I live deavour to be virtuous as I do at in peace. I look upon the past as a present. It is not so much for fear pleasing dream. I go to court only of God, as out of gratitude for his on gala days, and to the theatre favours, and love to him, that I am

when there is an Italian opera, sereligious, without publickly pro- rious or comick, or a fine ballet. If claiming it like those ladies who we had a French company, I would make a trade of the thing to please go to see Athalie, Esther and Polye. the court, rather than to pleaşe hea- ucte. I am delighted with the eloven,"

quence of the pulpit. When Bour. I have been happy in this life, and daloue inspires me with terrour, I wish to be so in the other. There Massillon fills me with hope. We are old dragoons who will pray to were born in the same year, and I heaven for me, and I have more faith knew him on his entrance into the in their prayers than in those of all worldma perfectly amiable man. the old women of the court and of Bossuet astonishes--Fenelon affects the city clergy. The fine musick, me. I saw them also in my youth; whether simple or more obstrepe- and Marlborough and I paid the rous, of the divine service, delights latter all possible honours when we me. The one has something reli- took Cambrai. I have forgotten the gious, which awes the soul; the epigrams of Rousseau, and even his other reminds nie, by the flourishes ode for me; but I read his psalms of trumpets and k ettledrums, which and hymns over and over again. I still retain my memory, as it appears; was once strong enough to prevent and I think I have forgotten nothing me from dying of vexation, as my except my enemies in this country, friend, prince Louis of Baden did whom I forgive with all my heart about thirty years ago. I shrugged A foreigner, and successful! - This my shoulders at it, and kept on my was too much for them. My health usual course. For instance, if I were is very good, considering my age of to interfere in publick affairs, I would seventy-two years, the fatigues of I say to the emperour: “ Take all posknow not how many campaigns, and sible precautions respecting your the effects of I can't tell how many succession; it will be involved in wounds. The chevalier Carelli, my dreadful confusion. Two or three physician and friend, furnishes me powers will lay claim to it. Prevent with a sure remedy for curing what all this in your life-time. Here is an he calls the radical humidity, which occasion for driving about as I did

he says is somewhat wasted. I have in my time to Munich, Berlin, Lon' yet many things to do for the em- don, the Hague,” &c. The army and

bellishment of my gardens and pa- artillery are neglected. We shall lace; for instance, I mean to buy all not be capable of resistance, unless the ground in front of that in which we contrive to prevent all that is I live, and at which I have employ- likely to happen; and unless, above ed 1500 workmen (because it was all things, on the death of Charles a time of dearth, and this was bene. VI. we refuse to go to war with the ficial to the city of Vienna) to form Turks. I wish prosperity to the a fine square, with a splendid foun- house of Austria, and hope that it tain in the middle. If I should live will extricate itself from this ema little longer, I shall not fail to write barrassment. I have written enough down whatever I recollect, and what to day, and will now mount my comes into my head, which is still horse to go and look at a lion which pretty strong, though, to annoy me, has just arrived at my menagerie, people have asserted that my facul- on the road to Schweikelt. * ties were considerably decayed. It

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EXCURSION OF THE BRITISH AERONAUTS, SADLER AND CLAYFIELD.

ON Monday, September 24, about ley of Rocks, Linton, in Devonshire, 40 minutes past one, Mr. Sadler, of to the great joy of the spectators. Oxford, and Mr. Clayfield, of Castle. The apparatus for performing the street, Bristol, ascended in an air- process of filling, consisted of two balloon from a field near Bristol, large vessels, containing upwards of and after twice crossing the Bristol 1500 gallons each, into which there channel, from England to Wales, were introduced 2 1-2 tons of iron and from Wales to England, and filings and water; the sulphurick going the distance of 150 miles, acid was afterwards conveyed by a came down on the Bristol channel, leaden syphon into the vessel, and three miles off the Valley of Rocks, from thence the gas was conveyed, at 20 minutes past four, in sight of by means of two large tubes, termia great number of people. A boat nating in nine other pipes in each put off immediately from Lymouth, vessel, which passed through causand at 20 minutes past five, the boat tick potash and water, into the balgot to the balloon, and brought Mr. loon, by a large silk conductor, preSadler and Mr. Clayfield safe on pared for the purpose. The following shore, with the balloon, at the Vale account has been publishedimas Mr. Sadler (being his sixteenth time of Clevdeon, left England, and passed ascension) accompanied by Mr. over the channel. At mid-channel, William Clayfield, entered the car opened the valve, and nearing Carat about twenty minutes after one diff, about twenty-five minutes past o'clock, the wind blowing fresh from two o'clock, the thermometer 55, north east, and commenced one of descended so low as to hear the the most daring enterprises ever shouts of the people and the breakundertaken by any aërial voyager. ers between Barry and Scilly islands. Mr. Sadler was well aware of the Fearing the main land could not be consequence of the wind continuing reached, and a current of air impelto blow from the quarter in which ling the balloon towards the sea, it was at the time of ascension; for more ballast was thrown out, in doif they escaped being blown into the ing which Mr. Sadler lost his hat. western ocean, they would have been At half past two the balloon was compelled to traverse great part of about mid-channel, and continued the channel, with every probability descending till forty minutes past of descending at a distance from the two o'clock, when it was perpendishore; but his zeal to gratify the cular with the Flat Holmes; the publick curiosity, which had been light-house very visible. Still contigreatly excited, surmounted every nuing to descend most rapidly toobstacle, and determined him to wards the sea, a quantity of sand make the attempt. The ascent of was shaken from one of the bags: the balloon was rapid, and yet so but the balloon continuing rapidly to still, that all sense of motion was descend, several other bags were lost to the aéronauts. The balloon, thrown over, which instantaneously about half a mile high, entered a caused an ascent so rapid, as to thick black cloud, when Bristol and bring the balloon in contact with the its neighbourhood were no longer sand from the first mentioned bag, visible. The cloud did not the least which fell into the car in a profuse incommode them. From the rapid shower. The balloon continued to ascent, the cloud was soon passed ascend until about forty minutes past through, when the grandeur and three o'clock, when it approached sublimity of the view, exceeded the the Devon coast, the Bideford and power of description. On looking Barnstaple rivers being very easily back on the cloud from which the distinguished. The thermometer aëronauts had emerged, the most now at 27. At fifty minutes past beautiful appearance exhibited itself. three, off Linton, a small town on The shadow of the balloon was ob- the coast of Devon, between Ilfraserved in its centre, surrounded with combe and Porlock. After having a most beautiful halo (circular rain- crossed the Bristol channel twice, bow). The balloon still ascended ra- at ten minutes past four o'clock, pidly, and soon entered a second being desirous of reaching the coast, cloud. At two o'clock the thermo- threw out every thing that could be nieter was at 47. Passing over the parted with, including a great coat, river, 'nearly perpendicular with a valuable barometer, a thermomelady Smyth's, at Redcliff, the pa- ter, a speaking trumpet, the graprachute was launched, with a cat in pling-iron, and even part of the intea basket attached to it, which de- riour covering of the car, in the scended rapidly for a considerable hope of reaching the main land about time before it expanded, when its Barnstaple; but, owing to the exinotion was slow and peculiarly, haustion of the gas, the balloon graceful. At a quarter past two would not rise sufficiently to clear o'clock, perpendicular with Wood- the high cliffs of Watermouth, near spring, on the Somerset coast, near Combe-Martin. The balloon still

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descending, and seeing no prospect Mr. Sadler insisting that Mr. Claybut of contending with the sea, the field should first leave the car, it aëronauts put on their life-preser. was agreed to, under the impression vers. A few minutes afterwards, the that Mr. Sadler had more expericar, with violent agitation, came in ence in securing the balloon, which contact with the waves, about four took nearly two hours to accomplish; miles from the shore.” At this cri. when Mr. Sadler stepped into the tical moment, their perilous situa- boat. About nine o'clock at night, tion was descried from the cliffs of the party, unable, from the roughLymouth, by Mr. Sanford, of Nine- ness of the beach, to walk without head, Mr. Rowe, and some other assistance, arrived at the pier of gentlemen, whose zealous and well. Lymouth, a small romantick seadirected efforts, did them great cre- port, under Linton, where refreshi dit. They sent out a well-manned ments were most hospitably suppliboat to their immediate assistance, ed, and they were enabled to reach which, when first discovered by the the town of Linton, on the top of the aëronauts, appeared about the size hill. Congratulations accompanied of a bird floating on the water. The the aeronauts through every town on car, nearly filled with water (the their way to Bristol, where they arriaëronauts being up to their knees) ved about 12 o'clock on Wednesday was dragged along the balloon 26th, to the great satisfaction, and skimming the surface, and acting as amidst the heart-felt cheerings of a sail, when the cords of the balloon the citizens of Bristol; after having pointed out that they were drifting passed over, in their aërial Alight, very rapidly from shore up channel. upwards of eighty miles of water, After being in this state a full hour, and about twenty miles of land. the water increasing very fast, the The barometer having met with an boat approached; when every effort accident, which rendered it useless, was made to secure and exhaust the no accurate account of the height to balloon. Here a point of honour was which the balloon ascended, could disputed between the two aëronauts, be taken; but the aëronauts conceive which should quit the car first; it that they must have risen full two being then in a sinking state; but miles and a half.

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[FROM CLARKE'S TRAVELS IN RUSSIA, &c.] THE SUROKE OR MARMOT, THE BIROKE, AND THE SUSLICKS, AMONG the innumerable inhabi. nima subterranea. Such mistakes tants of the immense plains of the are not uncommon in zoology; natuterritory of the Don Cossacks, is an ralists frequently add to the noanimal, which the natives call su- menclature of animals, by superfluroke, the marmot of the Alps. I ous appellations. A beautiful little have seen Savoyards at Paris, lead- quadruped, called jerboa, in Egypt, ing them about for show. They has been described, in other coungrow here to the size of a large tries, as a distinct animal, under the badger; and so much resemble the various names of mus jaculus, subterbear, in their manner and appear- raneous hare, vaulting rat, leaper, ance, that, until we became acquaint- &c. &c. but it is the same creature ed with the true history of the sil- every where, and bears to the kanroke, we considered it as a nonde. garoo the degree of relationship, script animal, and called it ursa mie which a lizard has to the crocodile. I

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