calumniated here, the fate of the dred patriots, according to the Portuguese has been still harder. French bulletin, were left upon the The writers who have been most field of battle. According to the Porsuccessful in slandering the Spa- tuguese, the French, while they niards, and deadening that generous were opposed to an undisciplined ardour in their cause, which was at and half armed peasantry, divided one time as universal in Great Bri- their force, which consisted of nearly tain, as it was honourable to the 5000 men, entered the city on every British character, are persons, who, side, and put to the sword all whom having professed the most opposite they found in the streets, without opinions, as they happened to suit distinction of age or sex. It was their own immediate purposes, have stated in the bulletin that the banproved themselves to have no other ners of the insurgents were taken principle whatever, than that of self- and presented to his excellency the interest. But the Portuguese have duke of Abrantes. The real history been hastily condemned by men of a of these banners is a curious proof far different stamp. Even so truly of the manner in which the French profound and philosophical a writer bulletins are fabricated. The soldiers, as Ardnt, speaks of them with con- on their march, fell in with a party temptuous injustice, in the work for of devotees going to the Cirio da which Palm was murdered. “The Ameixoeira, mounted upon mules Spaniards," he says, “will again and asses, with musick playing, and become what they once were, one flags flying, such as are to be seen of the most admired and powerful at an English puppet show. The nations in Europe; but Portugal will sight of the French put the whole remain in a state of servitude, as it procession to the rout, and the flags deserves; for, separated from Spain, which they threw away in their flight it is a wen on a sound body.” The were picked up, to form an article German philosopher truly prophe. in the next bulletin. syed the regeneration of the Spa- Loison, mean time, was laying niards; and had he known the cha- waste the north of Portugal. Alferacter of the Portuguese equally drinha was burnt by him, and above weli, his opinion of them would have 3000 patriots killed in battle. His been more favourable and less erro- own loss was said to be only twenty neous. The people are uncorrupted, killed, and from thirty to forty and their courage and patriotism wounded. This bulletin, however, is were abundantly proved by the man- said, by the Portuguese author, to be ner in which they rose against the notoriously false. That which followFrench, at a time, when, to use the ed will only provoke a smile in Enwords of lord Wellington, their gland. “On the 10th of July, forty troops had been completely dis- English landed at the foot of the persed; their officers had gone off to village of Costa, to obtain provisions. Brazil; and their arsenals had been That post was defended by only five pillaged; or were in the power of the of the 31st regiment of light infanenemy. “Their revolt," says that try. Notwithstanding the disproporcompetent judge, “under the cir- tion of numbers, these five men, in cumstances in which it has taken sight of all the inhabitants, attacked place, is still more extraordinary the forty English, forced them to than that of the Spanish nation.” leave upon the beach all that they While Kellerman and Avril were had purchased, and pursued them to ravaging Alem-Tejo, Margaron at- the sea. Three conscript lads of the tacked Leiria, where a handful of 66th regiment saw a boat from the students from Coimbra had pro- English squadron making towards claimed the prince regent. Six hun- the land, near Cascacs. They his

Vol. y.



themselves till it reached the shore, mand, and a powerful detachment then rose up from their ambush, marched for that city. The patriots fired upon it, killed the pilot, who had collected a few regular troops, was the master of admiral Cotton's with the militia of the country, and ship, and obliged two English offi- some Spaniards came to their assistcers, and six sailors, or marines, ance; they posted themselves adwho were in the boat, to lay down vantageously about a mile from the their arms and surrender as prison- town, and sustained an attack of ers of war, an instance of presence some hours, before the position was of mind and courage, which does forced. Junot asserted that 1000 great honour to these three lads." were left dead in the field, 4000 When the French admiral Latouche, wounded, and 3000 made prisoners; during the biockade of Toulon, the Portuguese, with equal exagboasted, in an official letter, that the geration, affirmed, the victory cost whole British fleet had fled before the French 3000 slain. The city was him, Nelson said, if his character 'given up to be pillaged; nine hunfor not being apt to run away, were dred persons, of different sexes and not established by that time, it was ages, were put to the sword in the not worth his while to put the world streets and churches; eight and thirty right Nevertheless, he swore that if clergymen were murdered; among he took the Frenchman, he would them the bishop of Maranham. The make him eat his letter. General nunneries were broke open, and wo. Thiebault, who signed the bulletin, were equally the victims of fell at Vimieria; had he been made their cruelty and their lust. Loison prisoner, it certainly ought to have himself shook his sabre over the been administered to him in a sand- head of the archbishop, a venerable wich.

man, nearly ninety years of

of If the victories of the French distinguished learning, and still over the Portuguese, be not more more eminent for his virtues. He truly related than these exploits promised him, however, that his against our sailors, the patriots sus- property should not be touched; yet, tained little loss. It was not, how- after this promise, Loison himself, ever, possible that they could with.' with some of his favourite officers, stand such a force of regular troops, entered by night the archbishop's and the French soldiers made full library, which was one of the finest use of the license which their ras- in Portugal; threw down every book, cally commanders allow them in the in hopes of discovering valuables field. They returned to Lisbon with behind them; broke off the gold and cart loads of plunder, and every silver clasps from the magnificent man with his knapsack full. The pil. bindings of the rarest part of the lage which Loison and Margaron collection; and in their rage that brought back, amounted to more they found so little plunder, tore in than half a million of cruzados. This, pieces a whole file of manuscripts. however, was the least mischief They took every gold and silver which they committed. Junot talked coin from his cabinet of medals, and of houses delivered over to desola- every jewel and bit of the precious tion and death; of flourishing cities metals, in which the relicks were transformed into heaps of ashes and set, or which decorated any thing in wide sepulchres. He did not enume- his oratory. And when the archrate, among the triumphs of his bishop was taking his afternoon troops, the outrages committed upon sleep, and had laid his episcopal the women. Their vengeance fell ring upon the table, as usual at such next upon Evora. Loison, with Mar- times, Loison's prowling eye fixed garon and Solignac under his come upon the jewel as he passed through




the room, and he was seen to pocket nishment in Europe, because they it. These facts are not mentioned in now looked upon as regular the work before us; but they are parts of his political system. Éven related upon the most unquestion- in this country, there are men, who, abie authority.

when they are reminded of his guilt, Evora was sacked on the 30th of think it a sufficient reply, to tell tis July. Two days afterwards sir Arthur ot his greatness; and would have us Wellesley landed, and the subse- fall down and worship the golden quent events are sufficiently noto- image, at the very time when the rious. The iniquity of Buonaparte's Spaniards are walking through the conduct towards Portugal has been burning, fiery furnace. These men put out of sight by his blacker serve the tyrant whom they flatter, wickedness towards Spain. Con- and are more truly and efficiently science, says a state-villain in one his agents, than the miserable of Ben Jonson's plays:

wretches in his pay. They are never “ Conscience,

weary of exaggerating the wisdom Poor plodding priests and preaching friars and the power of Buonaparte. Ac

cording to them, it is still the EnTheir hollow pulpits and the empty aisles glish who disturb the quiet of the Of churches ring with that round word: continent. He is the regenerator and but we

benefactor of Spain and Portugal, That draw the subtile and more piercing who reforms their laws, purifies

air In that sublimed region of a court,

their religion, and puts an end to Know all is good we make so, and go on,

the abuses of their governments. Secured by the prosperity of our crimes.

The Spanish chiefs “ have only a

little hour to strut and fret,” and we At present this might be the Cor- ought to congratulate ourselves upon sican's motto. Such has been the their fall. Callous and cowardly career of that imperial barbarian, sophists! it is thus, that while they that he obtains an amnesty for his belie the feelings, they labour to old crimes by perpetrating new deaden the courage, and sacrifice ones; and his perjuries and assas- the honour of England. sinations have ceased to excite asto.

may make

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Voyage de Découvertes, aux Terres Australes, exécuté par ordre de sa Majesté

L'Empereur et Roi, sur les Corvettes Le Géographe, Le Naturaliste, et la Goëlette Le Casuarina, pendant les Années 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, et 1804, publié par Décret Impérial, et Rédigé, par M. F. Péron, Naturaliste, &c. &c. 4to. Tome premier avec Atlas. A Paris. 1807.

A FEW months after the retire. raliste, which the French govern. ment of Mr. Pitt, and the succession ment had appointed for a voyage of of Mr. Addington, that is, in June, discovery round the world, “ pour 1800, M. Otto, the resident commis- mettre le capitaine Baudin á l'abri sary for French prisoners of war, ad- de toute attaque hostile, et lui prodressed an application to the lords curer une reception favorable dans of the admiralty, to obtain the neces- les établissemens Britanniques ou il sary passports, for two armed ves

pourra être obligé de relâcher mosels, 'Le Géographe and Le Natu. mentanément." In consequence of



this application, the good natured nent concealed by those islands, minister, without farther inquiry where a strait was supposed to exist, into the tenour of captain Baudin's by which a communication instructions, or the particular object opened with the great gulph of Car. of his mission, obtained his majesty's pentaria. This being accomplished, commands, that the French vessels they were to direct their course to « should be permitted to put into cape Leuwen; examine the unknown any of his majesty's ports, in case of parts of the coast, to the northward; stress of weather, or to procure as- visit the coasts of the land of Edels sistance, if necessary, to enable them and Endracht; make a particular to prosecute their voyage.”

survey of the island of Rottenest and The perusal of M. Péron's book, Shark's bay; terminating their first has convinced us that M. Otto's campaign at the N. W. cape of New application was grounded on false Holland. pretences, and that the passport was From Timor, or Amboyna (at fraudulently obtained; that there one of which places they were te

was any intention to send winter) they were directed to prothese vessels on a voyage of disco- ceed through Endeavour Strait, to very round the world, as stated by the eastern point of the great gulph M. Otto, but that the sole object of of Carpentaria; to examine the whole it was, to ascertain the real state of circuit of its coast, to the land of New Holland; to discover what our Arnheim, terminating the second colonists were doing, and what was campaign at the same northwest left for the French to do, on this cape at which their first was comgreat continent, in the event of a pleted. From hence they were to peace; to find some port in the neigh- cross the Indian ocean to the Isle of bourhood of our settlements, which France, and make the best of their should be to them what Pondicherry way to Europe. was to Hindoostan; to rear the stand- So much for the voyage of discoard of Buonaparte, then first consul, very round the world, of which M. on the first convenient spot; and, Peron has been employed to write finally, that the only circumnaviga- the history. The perusal of his book tion intended in this voyage d'espio- has certainly afforded us considernage, was that of Australia.

able pleasure, although, in the If any doubt could be entertained, course of our examination of it, we that such was the sole intention of shall feel ourselves called upon to the French government, the heads reprobate, in the strongest manner, of captain Baudin's instructions, as the mean and illiberal conduct into stated by M. Péron, and, indeed, the which he must have been betrayed, whole proceedings of the voyage, by superiour influence. Of M. PÉ. are amply sufficient to set this point ron, as a man of general science, at rest. By these instructions, they we are disposed to think highly; were directed to touch, in the first but, we repeat, that in the publicainstance, at the Isle of France; tion of the work before us, we do thence to proceed to the southern not, and cannot, consider him as a extremity of Van Dieman's land; free agent. It is brought forward, in visit Dentrecasteaux's channel; exa- the first place, under the immediate mine the eastern coast; enter the sanction of Buonaparte, in consestrait of Bass, through that of Banks; quence of a report of the imperial complete the discovery of Hunter's institute, which states: islands; examine the southwest coast

" That more than one hundred thou. of New Holland; penetrate behind ilic islands of St. Peter and St. Fran- small

, compose the zoological collection,

sand specimens of animals, great and cis; and visit that part of the conti- and that the number of new species, age

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cording to the report of the professors of that part only of his memoir on the seal the museum, amounts to above two thou. fishery, how far his researches on this sand five hundred. When it is recollected,” subject are of importance, and with what continues the reporter, " that the second sagacity the author of it has been able to voyage of Cook, the most brilliant, in this develop them. His labours, in this respect, respect, which has ever been made to this appear worthy, in every point of view, of day, did not furnish more than two hun- the attention of the philosopher and the dred and fifty new species, and that the statesman. Never, perhaps, did a subject combined voyages of Carteret, Wallis, of greater interest or curiosity offer itself Furneaux, Meares, and Vancouver, have to their contemplation. Never, perhaps, not, altogether, produced so great a num- was a more striking example afforded of ber; when it is observed, that the case is the omnipotence of laws and institutions the same with regard to all the French on the character of individuals and na. expeditions, it will follow, that MM. Pé. tions. To transform the most formidable ron and Lesueur alone, have discovered robbers, and the most abandoned thieves more new animals, than all the natural of England, into honest and peaceable historians who have travelled in these citizens, and into industrious planters; to latter times.”

operate the same revolution among the As a reward for this great exer.

vilest prostitutes; to compel them, by in

fallible means, to become virtuous wives, tion, the institute accordingly re- and exemplary mothers; to bring under solves:

subordination and control a nascent po

pulation; to preserve it, by assiduous care, 1. “ That the class should testify, in an from the contagious example of its pa. authentick manner, how much it is satis. rents; and thus to lay the groundwork of fied with the zeal shown by M. Péron, to a race more virtuous, than that which at fulfil the functions with which he was present exists; such is the affecting picture charged.

that the new English colonies present. 2. “ That it should declare to govern- But the statesman, in the very constitution ment that he is deserving of those rewards of this new empire, and in the detail of its usually granted to naturalists who travel; organization, too surely discovers the real and that the works preparing by him must views of the founder, and the formidable contribute to the progress of natural sci. germ of those revolutions, which must, of ence."

necessity, be produced.” Page 12.

The reward, we are told in a

This “Voyage Historique” comnote, was an order of Buonaparte mences with observing, that the effor his works to be published at the forts which England has made in expense of government.

scientifick discoveries have been peBefore we proceed to the exami- culiarly distinguished in these latter nation of M. Péron's book, we shall times;' and that, in this glorious extract one part of the report of the struggle among nations for promoinstitute, which, from the importance ting science, France alone has been it attaches to the nascent colony in able to dispute, with advantage, her New South Wales, tends to corro

superiority and her triumphs: that, borate what we have stated in regard notwithstanding this, the numbers to the real object of the voyage. of enlightened Englishmen, placed

on the immense theatre of a fifth “ In the midst of the regions which he has traversed, M. Péron has every where part of the globe, might, perhaps, encountered the rivals of his country; in decide the opinion of Europe in faevery place they have formed establish- vour of their country; that the naments which excite the greatest interest, tional honour of France, therefore, of which we have hitherto, in Europe, re- calleel for an expedition of discovery ceived but imperfect and invariably false

to the South Seas, and that the ininformation. M. Péron has applied himself

stitute felt it a duty to propose the particularly to comprehend, in detail, this vastsystem of colonization in Australia, measure to government. which is exhibited at the same time on a great continent, and over an immense “ The war, at this period, appeared to occan. You will be enabled to observe, by have redoubled its fury; the political cx.

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