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when the subject is of sufficient magnitude to bear the speaker out in its adoption; for if it be recurred to frequently, and upon trivial occasions, censure will be the result. The effect is to be produced by stopping and suspending the voice immediately before the passage, or part of a sentence, by which you mean to make what is in oratory called your point. When you stop, let it be with an elevation of voice, which will leave the sense broken and incomplete, then your hearers, being in expectation of something superlative, will, when it comes, amply reward you for the excitement and gratification of their expectations. There are two ways of reading the protracted suspensive pause. The one is, when you suspend in a loud tone, you should terminate in a subdued tone; and the reverse. Independently of the particular power above attributed to suspension in the protracted sense, there is another and a slighter kind of suspension, which has a general power over eloquence, for by that keeping up of the voice, while the necessary breathing time is taking, a disjunction of the sense, and a stop to the harmony of the subject, which would otherwise continually occur, is prevented, some senten. ces being so long that a speaker could not have sufficient breath to go through them, even rapidly, much less to give them force and harmony, unless he were to have recourse to suspension, which carries him and the meaning evenly along until it set both down safely at he period. Its power is such, that the speaker may stop when and where he pleases, without injury to the sense, if he be a perfect master of its use.
Examples of the protracted Suspensive Pause.
* And Nathan said to David
-thou art the man."
“ It is an attribute
-to God himself.”
u Born for your use, I live but to obey you,
TRAGEDY OF THE REVENGE, Acts
VIII. PARENTHESIS Parenthesis, says Dr. Johnson, is a sentence so included in another sentence, as that it may be taken out without injuring the sense of that which encloses it. This figure, rather used to impart variety than elegance to composition, should be read or spoken in a quicker and a lower tone of voice than the general subject. The reader or speaker, should slightly suspend his voice immediately before the parenthesis, and take up the same tone at its close.
TRAGEDY OF DOUGLAS.
“ If there's a power above us,
TRAGEDY OF CATO.
“ Farewell, a long farewell to all my greatness !
HENRY TIE TIN
- 1 sentence in ime where Tords
igure giras force ts tents, mi sionit be read -Lucular sstress on tine vurds in op
TIAGEDY OF JELIUS CESAR.
milk when ze declined punting Clodius to death in the mi ne vous cheuse to do it with the disap mean you believe that the person whom he
sen ne mghat have done so with full justice-in face—at a proper time with secure impunity, he ugue to murder against justice—in an unfavourable naeusunable time- and at the risk of capital condem.
CICERO FOR Milo.
That patient merit of the unworthy takes,
“ High on a throne of royal state, which far
"In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep fal leth on men, fear came upon me, and trembling, which inade all my bones to shake. Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up: it stood still
, but I could not discern the form there. of: an image was before mine eyes, there was silence, and I heard a voice, saying, shali mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his Maker? Behold, he put no trust in his Bervants; and his angels he charged with folly : How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth. They are destroyed from morn ing to evening; they perish forever without any regarding it."
JOB, 4th CHAP, 13–20th YERSES.
“ As autumn's dark storms pour from two echoing hills, so to. wards each other approached the heroes. As two dark streams from high rocks meet and mix, and roar on the plain ; loud, rough and dark in batile, met Laughlin and Innisfail : Chief mixed his strokes with chief, and man with man. Steel clanging sounded on steel. Helmets are cleft on high ; blood bursts and smokes around. As the troubled noise of the ocean when roll the waves on high; as the last peal of the thunder of heaven ; such is the noise of battle.”
“ In my distress I called upon the Lord, and cried unto my God : he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him
IX. ANTITHESIS. Antithesis arises in a sentence or line where words are opposed to each other. This figure gives force to meaning, and variety to utterance, and should be read or spoken with a particular stress on the words in opposition.
Examples “ Had you rather Cæsar were living, and die all slaves, than that Cæsar were dead, to live all freemen ?”
TRAGEDY OF JULIUS CÆSAR.
“ Is it credible that when he declined putting Clodius to death with the consent of all, that he would choose to do it with the disap probation of many? Can you believe that the person whom he scrupled to slay, when he might have done so with full justice—in a convenient place—at a proper time with secure impunity, he made no scruple to murder-against justice—in an unfavourable place—at an unseasonable time and at the risk of capital condemnation?"
CICERO FOR Milo.
u So, also, is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corrup, tion, it is raised in incorruption : It is sown in dishonour, it is raised in glory : It is sown in weakness, it is raised in power : It is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body.”
1 Cor. XV. CHAP. 42nd VERSE.
X. MONOTONY, OR MONOTONE. Monotone occurs in those parts of a subject where several words follow each other, without requiring any variation of voice, or particular stress upon one
word more than another. This figure often imparts sublimi. ty, and from its own want of variety, bestows variety upon that to which it is attached. It should be read of spoken with unvarying saineness.