it, and the two ladies conducted certain and more fatal blows by her to the Bull's eye. A door calumny. which led from the queen's toilet “ The army occupied the place closet to that apartment, had d'armes, all the court-yards of never before been fastened but on the chateau, and the entrance to her side. What a dreadful mo- the avenue. They called for the ment! It was found to be secured queen to appear in the balcony : on the other. They knocked re- she came forward with madame peatedly with all their strength; and the dauphin. There was a à servant of one of the king's cry of 'no children.' Was this valets de chambre and with a view to deprive her of the opened it; the queen entered the interest she inspired, accompanied king's chamber, but he was not as she was by her young family ; there. Alarmed for the queen's or did the leaders of the demolife, he had gone down the corri- crats hope that some madman dors under the Bull's eye, by would venture to aim a mortal means of which he was accus- blow at her person? This seemed tomed to go to the queen's apart- to be her idea, for she sent away ments without being under the her children, and, with hands and necessity of crossing that room. eyes raised towards heaven, adHe entered her majesty's room, vanced upon the balcony like a and found no one there but some self-devoted victim. body guards who had taken re- “The mob demanded of the king fuge in it. The king, unwilling to go to Paris. At one o'clock they to expose their lives, told them to

set out—the King and Queen, the wait a few minutes, and after- Dauphin and Madame, the king's wards sent to desire them to go daughter, Monsieur, Madame, to the Bull's eye. Madame de Madame Elizabeth, and Madms. Tourzel, at that time governess of de Tourzel, were in the carriage; the children of France, had just the Princess de Chimay and the taken madame and the dauphin ladies of the bedchamber for the to the king's apartments. The week, the king's suite and servants queen saw her children again. followed in court carriages ; a The reader must imagine this hundred deputies in carriages, and scene of tenderness and despair." the bulk of the Parisian army

It was this moment, so unfit for closed the procession. The poisthe purpose, that calumny selected sardes went before and around the for the assertion of a circumstance, carriage of their majesties, crying aimed at the reputation of the We shall want no more bread, we queen-tbat circumstance is well hare brought the baker, the baker's known, and we shall not mention wife, and the little baker boy.' In. it, but Marie Antoinette had been the midst of this troop of canibals, the butt of calumny from the mo- the heads of two murdered body ment of her entering France. guards were carried on poles. Well might she say, when her at- The monsters who made trophies tendants observed to her they of them, conceived the horrid idea feared she would be poisoned, that of forcing a hairdresser of Sevres the assassin went a surer way than to dress them up, nd powder that to work : they aimed more their bloody locks. In the midst


of all the tumult, clamour, and How satisfying an answer does singing, interrupted by frequent this firmness and constancy afford, discharges of musquetry, which to the numerous calumnies with the hand of a bungler, or a mon- which she has been assailed. She ster, might so easily render fatal, might be, and was imprudent : the queen preserved the most cou- being without care, she was also rageous tranquillity of soul, and an without thought; and unsuspectair of nobility and inexpressible ingly offered abundance of oppordignity."

tunities for men as malignant and It is not often we meet with a artful as Soulavie or Rohan, to more perfect contrast of circum- influence a blind mob to believe stances, than in the fortunes of those calumnies, false as they were, Marie Antoinette. The animating and to offer ber at every step an spirit of the splendid enchant- increase of insult, till at last they ments of Versailles ; a creature trampled her beneath their feet. of light and gaiety, matchless in If we recur only to the story her beauty, playful in her wit ; un- of the diamond necklace, how reserved and unrestrained, with- simple is Madame Campan's narout care and without thought; rative, contrasted with that of the this aërial being, whose shoulder practised and cautious courtier. had never been touched by the Her marriage was the cause of yoke of adversity,—first pursued all her misfortunes; from the by slander, then ber ruin plotted, beginning it was marked with the object of perpetual insult, painfulness. The constitutional outraged by the mob, her hair coldness of the Dauphin, arising bleached in one night by sorrow from disease, gave her for a long as with extreme age; her ears time domestic uneasiness; and his assailed by the most disgusting weakness and indecision, when he language ; her heart broken by came to the crown, caused her miscontinued grief; the queen, the fortunes as a queen. mother, and the woman, stung in The affairs of France had been every point, and at last, the victim long coming to a crisis :-no one of her cruel enemies.

could bear the tyranny of the " I still see in imagination," government ; Louis XV. never says Madame Campan, "and shall hesitated to wound, for his gratialways see, that narrow cell at the fication, the dearest and deepest Feuillans, hung with green paper, feelings of the heart. Such was that wretched couch whence the the history of Mademoiselle Tierdethroned queen stretched out her celin. The king remarked her at arms to us, saying,' that our mis- only nine years of age, as he had fortunes, of which she was the many other young persons, whom cause, aggravated her own.' There, he had directed his confidential for the last time, I saw the tears, servant, Le Bel, to watch and to I heard the sobs of her, whom entrap for him; she was in the her high birth, the endowments care of a nurse in the gardens of of nature, and above all, the good- the Tuileries ; the king spoke of ness of her heart, had seemed to her extraordinary beauty to Le destine for the ornament of a Bel, who succeeded in procuring throne, and the happiness of her her from the nurse for a few people."

louis. She was the daughter of


M. de Tiercelin, a man of quality, perfumed heads

of the courtiers who could not patiently endure an of Versailles. This novelty turnaffront of this nature; he was, ed the enthusiastic heads of the however, told, that his child was French women. Elegant enterlost, and it would be best for him tainments were given him, at one to submit to the sacrifice unless he of which Mad. Campan was prewished to lose his liberty also. sent, when the most beautiful She was introduced at the palace woman out of three hundred was as Mad. Boneval. The Duke de selected to place a crown of laurel Choiseul afterwards became jea- upon the white head of the Amelous of her influence over the rican philosopher, and two kisses king, and accused her father of upon his cheeks. Even in the intrigue. The father and daugh- palace of Versailles, Franklin's ter were, in consequence, confined medallion was sold under the separately in the Bastille.

king's eyes, in the exhibition of . Things could not long go on Sevres porcelain. The motto of thus : Louis XVI. came to a this medallion wasthrone tottering through the * Eripuit cælo fulmen, sceptrumque tyrannis." wickedness of his predecessors, The king certainly evinced his and he was of all men one of the sentiments in a jest_ he played least likely to secure it by strength upon the Countess Diana, who of mind, or firm decision of action. had entered warmly into the idoHis embarkation in the American latry of the American delegate. war has been often remarked for He had a vase de nuit made at its imprudence : his view was cer- the Sevres manufactory, at the tainly to injure England, not to bottom of which was the medalextend republican principles; and lion with its fashionable legend ; the king lost no opportunity of and he sent it to the Countess as showing his disapprobation of a new year's gift. such principles, which he could The Americans abroad and the not but perceive were gaining ultras at home at last brought his ground, even among those who majesty to his tremendous expiaare the support of an absolute tion of sins, generally not his monarchy, the military. The own; and as if these gentry were queen was always opposed to in- not enough then (as they bid fair terference in the American war; to be now) to ruin their master, she treated the English nobility, the Empress Catherine of Russia upon the peace of 1785, with was at the pains to write him a marked attention, and often laugh- letter with her own hand, in which ed at the enthusiasm with which was this meek advice—“ Kings Franklin inspired the French : ought to proceed in their career, such, indeed, could not be agree- undisturbed by the cries of the able either to her or the king. people, as the moon pursues her

Dr. Franklin appeared at court course unimpeded by the howling in the dress of an American culti- of dogs.” vator. His hair straight and un- We shall not follow the events powdered, his round hat and of the revolution which are genebrown cloth coat, formed a con- rally so well known; but contrast with the laced and embroi- clude with the following extracts. dered coats and powdered and “One of the things about which


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the queen' most desired to be would be a great error, as regardsatisfied, was the opinion of the ing the tranquillity of all Europe." famous Pitt. She would some- “Whenever,” said she, “ Pitt extimes say to me: “I never pro- pressed himself upon the necesnounce the name of Pitt, but I sity of supporting a monarchy in feel death at my shoulder (I use France, he maintained the most her very words): that man is the profound silence upon what conmortal enemy of France; and he cerns the monarch. The result takes a dreadful revenge for the of these conversations is any thing impolitic support given by the but encouraging ; but, even as to Cabinet of Versailles to the Ame- that monarchy, which he wishes rican insurgents. He wishes, by to save, will he bave means and our destruction, to guarantee the strength to save it, if he suffers maritime power of his country us to fall ?” for ever, against the efforts made Bad as affectation of any kind by the king to improve his ma- may be, that of republican ruderine power, and their happy re- ness is one of the worst. “Petion's sults during the war. He knows republican rudeness was disgustthat it is not only the king's ing; he ate and drank in the policy, but his private inclination, king's berlin in a slovenly manto be solicitous about his fleets ; ner, throwing the bones of the and that the most active step he fowls out through the window, has taken, during his whole reign, at the risk of sending them even was to visit the port of Cher- into the king's face; lifting up bourg. Pitt has served the cause his glass when Madame Elizabeth of the French revolution from poured him out wine, to show her the first disturbances; he will that there was enough, without perhaps serve it until its annihi- saying a word. Petion held the sation. I will endeavour to learn little Dauphin upon his knees, to what point he intends to lead and amused himself with curling us, and I am sending M

the beautiful light hair of the inLondon for that purpose. He teresting child round his fingers ; has been intimately connected and as he spoke with much gestiwith Pitt, and they have often had culation, he pulled his locks hard political conversations respecting enough to make the Dauphin cry the French government. I will out. •Give me my son,' said get him to make him speak out, the queen to him : "he is acat least as far as such a man can customed to tenderness and delispeak out."

cacy, which render bim little fit “ Some time afterwards, the for such roughness.'' queen told me that her secret envoy had returned from London; and that all he had been 2.Reminiscences of Charles Butable to wring from Pitt, whom he ler, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn. found alarmingly reserved, was, Parliamentary Eloquence. Lord that he would not suffer the French Chatham.- No person, in his exmonarchy to fall; that to suffer ternal appearance, was ever more the revolutionary spirit to erect bountifully gifted by nature for an an organized republic in France, orator. In his look and his gestures,


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grace and dignity combined, but the hearers : they were quite blind dignity presided ; the “ terrors of to Lord Chatham's manner, and his beck, the lightning of his eye,” ascribed the whole to what he were insufferable. His voice was said. Judging of this by the efboth full and clear; his lowest whis- fect it produced on them, they per was distinctly heard, his middle concluded that what he said was tones were sweet, rich, and beau- infinitely finer than it really was, tifully varied; when he elevated or even than any words could be. his voice to its highest pitch, the This was one of the most marvelhouse was completely filled with lous qualities of his oratory. the volume of the sound. The One of the fairest specimens effect was awful, except when he which we possess of his Lord. wished to cheer or animate; he ship's oratory, is his speech, in then had spirit-stirring notes, 1766, for the repeal of the Stamp which were perfectly irresistible. Act. He frequently rose, on a sudden, * Annuit, et metu totum tremefecit Olympum.". from a very low to a very high

Virgil. key, but it seemed to be without Most perhaps who read the report, effort. His diction was remark. of this speech in Almon's Regisably simple, but words were never ter, · will wonder at the effect chosen with greater care; he men

which it is known to have protioned to a friend of the Reminis- duced on the hearers; yet the cent, that he had read twice from report is tolerably exact, and beginning to end, Bailey's Diction- exhibits, although faintly, its lead. ary; and that he had perused ing features. But they should some of Dr. Barrow's Sermons so have seen the look of ineffable often, as to know them by heart. contempt with which he surveyed

His sentiments, too, were ap- the late Mr. Grenville, who sat parently simple; but sentiments within one of him, and should

never adopted or uttered have heard him say with that with greater skill; he was often look, "As to the late ministry, familiar, and even playful, but it every capital measure they have was the familiarity and playfulness taken, has been entirely wrong." of condescension—the lion that they should also have beheld dandled with the kid. The terri- him, when, addressing himself to ble, however, was his peculiar Mr. Grenville's successors, he power ;

then the whole house sunk said, “ As to the present gentlebefore him.-Still he was digni- men, those, at least, whom I have fied; and wonderful as was his in my eye,” (looking at the bench eloquence, it was attended with on which Mr. Conway sat,) " I this most important effect, that it have no objection. I have never impressed every hearer with a been made a sacrifice by any of conviction that there was some- them. Some of them have done thing in him even fairer than his

me the honour to ask my poor words; that the man was infinitely opinion, before they would engreater than the orator.- It was gage to repeal the act: they will the manner, not the words, that do me the justice to own, I did did the wonder. This, however, advise them to engage to do it; used to escape the observation of but notwithstanding (for I love to



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