been issued by the government which you suppose him to have(the central junta), that every

if he be so good a man, why does thing taken from the enemy by

he commit and suffer to be comthe patriot parties should exclu- mitted such atrocities? A proud sively belong to them."

and perfidious usurper can never Gradually acquiring strength, be a good man! The Spaniards who the Empecinado at length passed take part with the brother of Nainto the province of Guadalaxara, poleon must be very few, but, if acting as a general at his own dis- there were many, they must always cretion, and made the vicinity of be the vilest and inost detestable; Madrid the theatre of his incredi- the sound part of the nation, ble exertions.

which is the great majority, and The following answer of Martin which constitutes her strength, to an intriguing letter of General abhors and detests even the very Hugo, a renegade Spaniard, in- name of a Frenchman. viting him over to the side of “I am

am quite astonished at your King Joseph, is remarkable. holding out and breathing senti

“Sir,-I value as I ought the ments of humanity! Publish your opinion you have formed of me; humanity at Guadalaxara, SiI have formed a very bad one of guenza, Huete, Cefuentes, Frillo, you: nevertheless if you sincerely Douon, Ita, in the towns of the repent your atrocities, and tired valleys, in short in every village of being a slave you wish to re- and spot that has had the misforcover your liberty in the service tune to be visited by either you of a free nation, valiant as she is or your soldiers ! will they believe generous, the Empecinado offers you ? and I who have witnessed you his protection

your deeds, how am I to credit “ That Massena and his army your words? surrendered on the 4th of Novem- In vain do you labour if you ber last, would seem to admit of think to dissuade either me or any no doubt; but allowing it to be of my soldiers from our honouruntrue, certain it is that if he has able undertaking ; be well assured not already perished, he will soon that so long as one single soldier be destroyed; for fortune, his of mine is alive, the war will be mother, has for a long time turned carried on : they have all, in imiher back upon him.

tation of their chief, sworn eternal “ There is little doubt that war against Napoleon and those the actual state of things must vile slaves who follow him. soon terminate, for it appears that you please, you may tell your king all the nations of Europe are and your brethren in arms, that combined against the French : the Empecinado and his troops however, without that circum- will die in defence of their stance, Spain has always had and country. now particularly has more force, They never can unite themenergy, and constancy, than are selves to men debased, without required merely to humble the honour, without faith, and withlegions of your king.

out religion of any kind! Be good Corrupt and venal men alone enough to cease to write to me. can find in your Joseph, the First “I am the Empecinado.King of Madrid! those qualities Of the nature of his escapes



and adventures, the following will Joseph's service, they are going afford an idea :

to shoot me.' He instantly rush“On the 6th of February the ed alone upon this party like enemy advanced against Siguenza, lightning, and set at liberty the but our chief beat them back to prisoner : two officers of French Mirabueno, where they were rein- dragoons, who knew the person forced ; and upon the 7th they of the Empecinado, charged at marched again upon Siguenza. bim ; the first who came up he An action commenced upon the shot dead, and whilst resisting the heights of Rebollar, and a heavy attack of the other, some of his column of cavalry, profiting by a own soldiers came up, and the momentary confusion in a part of second officer shared the fate of the line of Spanish infantry, made bis companion. --. a desperate charge and took above “ On the 14th he returned to one thousand prisoners. Our Guadalaxara, and the following chief was not in that part of the day the garrison surrendered to line where this occurred, but im- him; on the 16th he took possesmediately repaired to it in the sion of that city, which for three hope of remedying the evil, when years had been the focus of the he was recognized by the perjured banditti who had been persecuting corps of Spaniards under the him. orders of the infamous Villagar- “The surrender of this place cia, who rushed upon him, and he enabled the Empecinado to equip was only able to save himself by his corps brilliantly; grenadier the desperate means of throwing caps, accoutrements, caps for the himself down a precipice ; pre- infantry, clothing; in short his ferring even that sort of death to division put on the appearance

of falling into the hands of the rene- highly-dressed soldiers." gade Spaniards.

These extracts show how the “ He was saved ; but the con- Empecinado was incessantly emsequence of his fall was a severe ployed for the five or six years illness, which obliged him to go during which he contended for to Monterigo, Almadorar, and the freedom of his native land. Arcos, for the recovery of his Of so extraordinary a man we are health. He was driven from one desirous to know as much as postown to another by the enemy, sible, and we are induced to copy when they discovered where he the portrait of a hero equal to, was ; however he escaped their Grecian fame. persecution. -

The Empecinado “is a little “Our general was celebrated above the middle stature, with a for taking as bold a part in every firmly knit and muscular frame, enterprise and battle that was which indicates a capability of fought, as the bravest soldier of sustaining privation and fatigue : his division; and in this affair he his complexion is dark, his beard gave a signal proof of the attach- strong and of a sable hue, his ment he felt for every individual eyes black, animated, and sparkof it: one of his trumpeters, who ling. His mental powers are was made prisoner and was guard- strong, and calm in acting, and ed by three dragoons, called out both clear and quick in perceiving. to him, 'General, I was once in of this superiority he has given


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unequivocal proofs in the high devoted parent. The following military talent he displayed ; for are literal copies of his letters, he is active, enterprising, judi- made from the originals, and uncious ; and by his personal exam- questionably the most interesting ple inspiring the brave with features in the present volume : heroism, and the timid with reso- To Maister Archibald Douglas. lution in his letters—in his ce

October 1586. lebrated address to the king-and

“ Reserve up youreself na in the manner in which he has

longer in the earnist dealing for borne adversity, calumny and prosperity. The qualities of his my mother, for ye have done it to heart are of a corresponding long, and thinke not that any

youre travells can do goode, if hir stamp. He raised and orga- lyfe be taikin, for then adeu with nized an army without money and without support, when sur

my dealing with thaime that are rounded by an active enemy; and, and thairfore gif ye look for the

the speciall instrumentis thairof, though exposed to great and

contineuance of my favoure touvarious difficulties, and embar

arcis you, spaire na painis nor rassed by envy, jealousy, intrigue, plainnes in this cace, bot reid my and mutiny, he was victorious settir wrettin to william Keith, over the experienced commanders and conforme youreself quhollie and disciplined legions of hostile

to the contentis thairof, & in this France.

requeist lett me reape the fruictis

of youre great credit thaire, ather 7. Life of William Davison, Secre- now or never, fairwell. tary of State, and Privy Coun

“ James R." sellor to Queen Elizabeth. By

A Madame ma tres chere sour N. H. Nicholas, Esq. 8vo.

et cousine la royne d'angleterre. The following letters, extracted Madame, and dearest sister, from the above work, afford a if ye coulde have knouin quhat more convincing proof than has divers thochtis have agitat my before been published, that James mynde since my directing of Wilwas not only no party to, but a liam Keith unto you, for the strenuous opposer of the iniqui- sollisting of this matter quhairto tous deed of the execution of his nature and honor so greatly and mother. While the wary Secre- unfeynedly bindis and obleissis tary only preferred the ostensibly me; If, I say, ye kneu quhat legal assassination at Fotheringay, dyvers thochtis I have bene in, for which he did not expect to be and quhat iust greif I hadd ueying made responsible, to the deep deeply the thing itself, if so it damnation of that secret taking should proceid, as godd forbidd, off for which Elizabeth was so quhat eventis micht follou thairanxious, and which would infalli- upon, quhat number of straitis I bly have been visited upon the uold be drevin unto, &, amongst heads of its immediate agents as the rest, hou it micht perrell my scape-goats for royalty, the King reputation amongst my subiects ; of Scotland interfered with all the If thaise thingis, 1 yett say againe, ardour of filial piety to save his uayre

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knouin unto you, then




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doubt I not but ye wold so farr souveraigne princes thaimeselfis
pittie my cace, as it wold easely shoulde be the exemple giveris of
mak you at the first to resolve thaire ouen sacred diademes pro-
your ouin (mind) best unto it. I phaining, then quhat shoulde move
doubt greatlie in qubat facon to you to this forme of proceiding
writt in this purpois, for ye have (supposin the worst, qubicke in
allreaddie taken sa evill with my goode faith I looke not for at your
playnness, as I feare if I shall handis,) honoure or profeitt; ho-
persist in that course ye shall ra- noure waire it to you to spaire
ther be exasperattit to passionis quhen it is least lookid for; ho-
in reading the wordis then by the noure waire it to you (quhich is
plainness thairof be persuadit to not onlie my friendlie advyce but
consider richtlie the simple treuth, my earnist suite) to tak me & all
yett iustlie prefferring the deutie other princes in europe eternally
of ane honest freind to the sud- beholdin unto you, in granting
daine passionis of one, quho hou this my so reasonable request, &
soone they be past can uyslier not (appardon I pray you my

uey the reasonis then I can sett speaking) to putt princes to
thaime doune. I have resolvid straittis of honoure, quhair throuch
in feu uordis & plaine, to gif you youre generall reputation & the
freindly and best advyce, appeal- universal (almost) mislyking of
ing to youre rypest judgement to you, may daingerouslieperrell both
discerne thairupon : quhat thing, in honoure & utillitie your per-
Madame, can greatlier touche sonne & estate: yeknou, Madame,
me in honoure that both is a kinge uell aneuch hou small difference
& a sonne, then that my nearest cicero concludis to be betwixt
neihboure, being in straittest utile & honestum in his discourse
freindshipp with me, shall rigour- thairof, and quhiche of thaime
uslie putt to death â free souve- oucht to be framed to the other ;
raigne prince, & my naturall & nou, madame, to concluide, I
mother, alyke in estaite and sexe pray you so to uey thir feu argu-
to hir that'so uses hir, albeit sub- mentis, that as I ever presumed
ject, I grant, to a harder fortoune, of youre nature, so the quhole
and touching bir nearlie in proxi- worlde may praise your subiectis
mitie of bloode; quhat law of for thair deutifull caire for your
godu can permitt that iustice shall preservation, & youreself for
strikke upon thaime quhom he hes youre princelie pittie, the doing
appointid supreame dispensatouis quhairof onlie belangis unto you,
of the same under him, quhom the parforming qubairof onlie
he hath callid goddis, &, thairfore, apparteynis unto you, & the praise
subiectid to the censoure of none thairof onlie will ever be youris :
in earth, quhose anointing by godd respect then, goode sister, this my
cannot be defylid be man unre- first so long contineuid & so ear-
venged by the authoure thairof, nist request, dispatching my am-
quho being supreme & immediatt bassadouis with suche a comfort-
lieutenantis of godd in heaven, able ansoure as may become your
cannot thairefoire be iudgit hy persone to give, & as my loving
thaire æquallis in earth ; quat & honest hairt unto you meritis
monstruouse thinge is it, that to ressave; but in kaice any do

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vaunt thaimselfis to know further leigh's character; not from a of my mynde in this matter, then single circumstance, however my ambassadouis do, quho indeid great, but from a tissue of contiare fullie aquentid thairwith. I nued little incidents, which ocpray you not to takk me to be a curred from the moment of his cameleon, but by the contrairie, condemnation till he laid his head thaime to be maliciouse impos- on the block. Rawleigh was a teuris as suirlie thay are ; and man of such mark, that he deeply thus praying you hairtlie to ex- engaged the attention of his concuse my to ruide and longsum temporaries; and to this we owe lettir, I committ you, madame, the preservation of several interand dearest sister, to the blessid esting particulars of what he did protection of the most hie, quho and what he said, which have enmott give you grace so to resolve tered into his life; but all has in this maitter, as may be hono- not been told in the published rabill for you, and most acceptable narratives. Contemporary wri

to him: from my palleis, of holi- ters in their letters have set down • rudhouse, the 26 day of Januarie, every fresh incident, and eagerly

1586.—Youre most loving & af- caught up his sense, his wit, and, fectionate brother & cousin, what is more delightful, those

“ James R." marks of the natural cheerfulness

of his invariable presence of

mind; nor could these bave arisen 8. An Authentic Narratire of the from any affectation or parade, for last hours of Sir Walter Raw

we shall see that they served him leigh. From Mr. D’Israeli's

even in his last tender farewell to Work.

his lady, and on many unpremedi“ The close of the lise of Sir tated occasions. Walter Rawleigh was as extraor- “I have drawn together into a dinary as many parts of his varied short compass every fact concernhistory: the promptitude and ing the feelings and conduct of sprightliness of his genius, his Rawleigh at these solemn mocarelessness of life, and the equa- ments of his life, which my nimity of that great spirit in researches have furnished, not quitting the world, can only be omitting those which are known : paralleled by a few other heroes to have preserved only the new, and sages :-Rawleigh was both! would be to mutilate the statue, But it is not simply his dignified and to injure the whole by an imyet active conduct on the scaffold, perfect view. nor his admirable speech on that “ Rawleigh one morning was occasion, circumstances by which taken out of his bed, in a fit of many great men are judged, when fever, and unexpectedly hurried, their energies are excited for a not to his trial, but to a sentence moment to act so great a part, of death. The story is well before the eyes of the world as- known.-Yet pleading with a sembled at their feet—it is not voice grown weak by sickness, these only which claim our notice. and an ague he had at that instant

“ We may pause with admira. on him,' he used every means to tion on the real grandeur of Raw, avert his fate: he did, therefore,

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