standing the dazzling splendour of imprudent steps which, although royalty, retained such tenderness trivial in themselves, must be reof heart; who under the pressure garded as the first causes of much of her own misfortunes shewed of her unhappiness, and of many more sensibility to the woes of of the calumnies by which she was others. I never saw one so heroic pursued. in danger, so eloquent when occa- The marriage of Marie Antoision required, so unreservedly gay nette with the Dauphin was dein prosperity."

termined upon during the admiAnd, again, “Pardon me, au- nistration of the Duke de Choigust shade!

shade! unhappy queen, seul; and the Marquis de Durfort pardon me! Thy portrait is near was appointed proxy for the marme while I am writing these words. riage ceremony, and ambassador My imagination, impressed with to Vienna; but the subsequent the remembrance of thy sorrows, disgrace of the Duke de Choiseul, every instant directs my eyes to six months after the Dauphin's those features which I wish to marriage, enabled Madame de animate, and to read in them whe- Marsan and Madame de Guéther I am doing service to thy me- ménée (for the ladies ruled every mory in writing this work. When thing at the French court,) to apI look at that noble head which point as ambassador Prince Louis fell by the fury of barbarians, tears de Rohan, than whom, Madame fill my eyes, and suspend my nar- de Campan observes, a worse seration. Yes, I will speak the truth, lection, or one more disagreeable by which thy shade can never be to Marie Therese, could not have injured ; truth must prove favour- been made: immoral in character, able to her whom falsehood so no way respected by the Imperial cruelly wronged."

court, and so much straitened for The character of the French money, that he smuggled to such Court at the period of the arri- an extent, that Marie Therese, to val of Marie Antoinette, was in put a stop to it without offending the most extreme degree voluptu- the court of France, was comous and dissipated: it had sunk pelled to take away the privileges, nearly to that degree of baseness, in this respect, from all the diplounited with tyranny, which no matic bodies. Madame Campan people could tolerate; and Louis observes, she had heard the queen XVI., the most amiable of the say, in the office of the Secretary, last of its kings, was condemned of the Prince of Rohan at Vienna, to atone by his destruction for the more silk stockings were sold in crimes of his predecessors. one year than at Paris and Lyons

It is no piece of good fortune to together. This is the man whose be born a prince or a princess; existence was afterwards so injuand Marie Antoinette experienced rious to the reputation of Marie this from her childhood; even her Antoinette. education was made subservient Madame Campan counts it her to the ambition or the caprice of next misfortune, that the Countess those around her; and to the in- de Noalles was assigned her for tluence of the Abbé de Vermond, an adviser--an excellent woman was to be attributed many of those in herself, but very improper to


be the counsellor of a young per- sant and his family in it, had them son of light and gay spirits : her taken back to their cottage, and mien was stiff and severe, nothing bestowed every assistance and to win, without sweetness of man- attention upon them. ner, and totally unengaging.-- Several persons in her service Etiquette was her forte, and she entered her room one evening, wearied the young princess with expecting no one there but the her perpetual remonstrances. Yet officer in waiting: the young in France this etiquette was ne- princess was sitting by the side of cessary-her dignity and reputa- a man considerably in years : she tion depended upon it. The Abbé had placed near him a bowl of de Vermond, on the other hand, water, and was binding up his ridiculed both the etiquette and hand (which was wounded) with the adviser.

her handkerchief, which she had The Dauphiness was then 15 torn up for the purpose. The old years of age, beaming with fresh- man, affected even to tears, left ness, and appeared to all more bis august mistress to act as she than beautiful. Her eyes were thought proper. He had hurt mild, ber smile was lovely, her himself in moving some heavy gait was aërial, and partook at piece of furniture which the prinonce of the noble character of the cess asked him for. princesses of her house, and of Had it been the good fortune the graces of the French; and in of the queen to have been born this enchanting being, anid the in private life, she might indeed splendour of gaiety, an indescrib- have been still a gay and thoughtable but august serenity, and the less creature;. but those warm, somewhat proud position of the maternal, and domestic affections head and shoulders, marked the which existed in her bosom, would, daughter of the Cæsars." This in all probability, in time have portrait was drawn by the hand of made her such as might well be friendship and of love; yet doubt. imitated: even through all the less the original was fascinating. impediments of rank and of in

Sometimes she suffered herself trigue, the generous current burst to be carried away by those trans- forth, and bore down before it ports of compassionate kindness the cold barriers of etiquette and which are not to be controlled of pride. The station of a queen either by rank, or by the customs served only to heighten her chawhich it establishes. A fire hap- racter to that of an heroinc; calm, pened in the Place Louis Xỹ, constant, collected, yet a woman, at the time of the nuptial en- and with a woman's weakness and tertainments, and she and the imprudence. A remarkable inDauphin sent their whole income stance of this lady-like imprudence for the year to the relief of the appears in the circumstances of sufferers.

her preparation for Alight. Sbe A very old peasant was wound- could not be content to go with. ed by the stag in the forest of out buying a complete set of body Fontainbleau upon a hunting oc- linen for herself and for her chilcasion; the Dauphiness jumped dren; and, notwithstanding the out of her calash, placed the pea- remonstrances and assurances of


Madame Campan, who observed, folded for her ; the dame d'honthat “a queen of France might neur came in, slipped off her find chemises any where," she ex- gown, and took it. A rustling was posed the whole plan by this un- heard at the door, it was opened, necessary precaution to the utmost and in came the Duchess d'Ordanger, and at last she completely leans; she took her gloves off and ruined it, because she could not came forward to take the gartravel without a favourite travel- ment; but as it would have been ling dressing-case, the removal of wrong in the dame d'honneur to which discovered the whole. hand it to her, she gave it to me,

The vivacity of her disposition and I handed it to the princess; a could ill brook the absurdities of further noise- it was the Counetiquette under the old regime; tess de Provence; the duchess and of this etiquette she had the handed her the linen. All this full enjoyment under the manage- while the queen kept her arms ment of the Countess Noalles, to crossed upon her bosom, and apwhom she had given the nick- peared to feel cold. Madame obname of Madame Etiquette. served her uncomfortable situa

“ The princess's toilette was a tion, and merely laying down her masterpiece of etiquette; every handkerchief, without taking off thing done on the occasion was in her gloves, we put on the linen, prescribed forms. Both the dame and in so doing knocked the d'honneur, and the tirewoman, queen's cap off. The queen laughusually attended and officiated, ed to conceal her impatience, but assisted by the principal lady in not till she had muttered several waiting, and two inferior attend- times, How disagreeable!-how ants. The tirewoman put on the tiresome!" petticoat, and handed the gown to “Madame de Noalles abounded the queen. The dame d'honneur in virtues; but etiquette was to poured out the water for her hands, her a sort of atmosphere; at the and put on her body linen. When slightest derangement of the cona princess of the royal family hap- secrated order, one would have pened to be present while the thought she would have been

was dressing, the dame stiffed, and that the principles of d'honneur yielded to her the lat- life would forsake her frame. One ter act of this office; but still did

day, I unintentionally threw this not yield it directly to the prin- poor lady into a terrible agony: cess of the blood; in such a the queen was receiving, I know case, the dame d'honneur was not whom--some persons just accustomed to present the linen presented, I believe the lady of to the lady in waiting, who in honour, the queen's tirewoman, her turn handed it to the prin- and the ladies of the bed-chamber, cess of the blood. Each of these were behind the queen. I was ladies observed those rules scru- near the throne with the two pulously as affecting their rights. women on duty. All was right; One winter's day it happened, that at least I thought so. Suddenly the queen, who was entirely un- I perceived the eyes of Madame dressed, was going to put on her de Noalles fixed on mine. She body-linen; I held it ready un- made a sign with her head, and


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then raised her eyebrows to the bled under the queen's windows top of her forehead, lowered them upon the terrace of the castle, and again, raised them again; then desired to see her. Her majesty began to make little signs with her appeared. There are always, hand. From all this pantomime among mobs of this description, I could easily perceive that some- orators, that is to say, beings who thing was not as it should be ; and have more assurance than the as I looked about on all sides to rest ; a woman of this descripfind what it was, the agitation tion setting up for counsellor, told of the countess kept increasing. her that she must now remove far The queen, who perceived all this, from her all such courtiers as looked at me with a smile: I found ruin kings, and that she must love means to approach her Majesty, the inhabitants of her good city, who said to me in a whisper, 'Let The queen answered, that she had down your lappets, or the countess loved them at Versailles, and will erpire! All this bustle arose would likewise love them at Paris. from two unlucky pins, which fas- 'Yes, yes,' said another, but on tened up my lappets, whilst the the 14th of July you wanted to beetiquette of costume said, 'Luppets siege the city and have it bombardhanging down /'

ed; and on the 6th October you Can it be wondered, that as wanted to fly to the frontiers.' The Madame Campan relates, in the queen replied affably, that they midst of such perpetual weari- had been told so and believed it, someness, the queen should long and that there lay the cause of for the freedom of private life, or the unhappiness of the people, and that she should have had a wish the best of kings. A third adto introduce the simpler customs dressed a few words to ber in of the court of Vienna? Some German ; the queen told her she remarkable instances are given of did not understand it; and that her self-command, and of the fas- she had become so entirely French cination of her manners, by which, as even to have forgotten her with a word, she could change an mother tongue. This declaration enemy to a friend.

was answered by bravos, and clapAs soon as the most violent ping of hands; they then desired jacobins bad an opportunity of her to make a compact with them: seeing the queen

at Ah,' said she, how can I make hand, of speaking to her and of a compact with you, since you hearing her voice, they became have no faith in that which my her most zealous partisans ; and duty points out to me, and which even when she was in the prison 1 ought for my own happiness to of the Temple, several of those respect ?' They asked her for the who had contributed to place her ribbons and flowers out of her there, perished for having attempt- hat; her majesty unfastened them ed to get her out again.

herself, and gave them; they were “On the morning of the 7th divided among the party, which of October, the same women, who for above half an hour cried out the day before surrounded the without ceasing, Marie Antoinette carriage of the august prisoners, for ever! Our good queen for eter!"' riding on cannons, and uttering “An officer of the Parisian the most abusive language, assem- guard dared to speak insolently




to the queer in her own apart- would give him notice by the ment, (when she was in custody discharge of a cannon from Henry there). M. Collot wished to make the Fourth's battery upon the a complaint to M. de la Fayette Pont Neuf. On the same night a against him, and have him broken. few casual discharges of musquetry The queen opposed it, and con- were beard from the terrace of descended to say a few words of the Tuileries. The king, deexplanation and kindness to the ceived by the noise, flew to the man; he instantly became one of queen's apartments ; he did not her most devoted partisans." find her in her room; he ran to

“One of the most furious jaco- the dauphin's room, where he bins, who marched with these found the queen holding her son wretches, (i. e. a mob who were in her arms. • Madame, said the parading, and carrying among king to her, 'I was seeking you, I other disgusting emblems a gib- have been uneasy about you.' bet, to which a dirty doll was sus- The queen, shewing her son, said pended and the words Marie An- to him, I was at my station.' toinette à la lanterne ! written be- “ The insurrection of the 5th neath it,) stopped to give vent to and 6th of October, was directed a thousand imprecations against against the queen in particular. the queen. Her majesty asked The poissardes wore white aprons, her, whether she had ever seen which, they said, were intended her. She replied that she had to receive the bowels of Marie not.—Whether she had done her Antoinette, and that they would any personal wrong. Her answer make cockades of them. The was the same; but, she added, “it French mob have, upon all occa. is you who have caused misery to sions, borne the palm of sanguithe nation.' - You have been told nary cruelty and brutality, from so,' added the queen ; 'you are that of every other country. deceived : as the wife of the King “ The queen at two o'clock in of France and mother of the Dau- the morning, went to bed and to phin, I am a Frenchwoman ; I sleep, being tired with the events shall never see my own country of such a day; she herself feared again-1 can be happy or unhap- no danger, but her women, being py only in France ; I was happy happily more apprehensive, prowhen you loved me.' The fury bably saved her life : they called began to weep, asked her pardon their femmes-de-chambre, and all and said . It was because I did four sat against her bed-room not know

you are door.

door. At half past four, they good.'"

heard yells and discharges of fire How beautiful the mother and arms, and ran to awaken her and •he wife appear in the following get her out of bed : at that moanecdote.

ment the sentinel, attacked by a "As it was apprehended (after mob, with his face covered with the 13th of April, 1790) that an blood, called out, Sare the queen, attempt would be made to carry madame ; they have come to assassioff the king, M. de la Fayette pro- nate her.'

The terrified queen inised to keep a good look out, threw herself out of bed; they put and told Louis XVI. that he a petticoat upon her without tying

see that

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