put a little

clining the offers made them for Irish break-down happily characsuch service with all that indiffer- terises that accident : the scene a ence and quiet humour which Miss bleak mountain, and the time, the Edgeworth so admirably deline- return of the driver with another ates; and the difficulty of obtain- chaise from the nearest station ing assistance appears to increase which afforded oneseven miles in proportion with the necessity of distant. the demand.'

“ • Is the carriage you have «« « Och! I'd have no objection brought us safe ? in life to go wid your honour if (One of the travellers attempts supposing I could just leare my to get in.) troat at home,' is no uncommon re- Oh, never fear, Sir; wait ply to your request, and is intend- till I just bale out the water and ed to express a doubt as to the


of hay in the botsafety of the expedition.” tom-and sure now and 'tis a

“ Did you give the horses a queer thing that the ould black feed of oats at the village where chaise should play such a trick, we stopped to sketch ?' inquired and it has gone this road eleven one of my fellow-travellers of years and never broke down afore. the driver, who for the last three But no wonder, poor cratur, the or four miles had with much ex- turnpike people get money enough ertion urged on the jaded hacks. for mending the roads, and bad

"• I did not, your honour,' was luck to the bit of it they mend, his reply; but sure and they know but put it all in their pockets.' I promised them a good one at What, the road ? Limerick.'

honour, the “ Nor is this instance of pre- money.'' tended understanding between There is a good account of man and horse singular. Riding Limerick, but we can only take once in company with a poor one inscription from its Cathedral : farmer from Cork to Mallow, I

“ MEMENTO MORY advised him to quicken the pace

HERE LIETH LITTLE SAMUELL of his steed, as the evening was BARINGTON THAT GREAT UNDER closing in, and the lurid appear- TAKER,

CITTIS ance of the sky foreboded a

Clock AND


HE MADE HIS ONE TIME GOE “ Sure then that I would with

BUT NOW the greatest pleasure in life for the HE IS RETURNED TO GOD HIS honour I have out of your com- CREATOR. pany, Sir; but I promised the The 19 of NOVEMBER THEN DE baste to let him walk, and I never

AND FOR HIS MEMORY would belie myself to any one, much less to a poor creature that Son Ben 1693." carries me—for, says the baste to The superstitions of Ireland do me, I'm tired, as good right I have, not differ very materially from and I'll not go a step faster—and those of Scotland : the following, you won't make me -I scorn it, however, may be read with gratifisays I, so take your own way.' cation:

A verbatim dialogue on an “ The circular intrenchments

6. Noe, your








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and barrows, known by the name of that music and glittering banquets
Danish forts, in Ireland, are point- are capable of inspiring. A fairy
ed out as the abode of fairy com- chieftain, of much local celebrity,
munities ; and to disturb their named Knop, is supposed to hold
habitation, in other words to dig, his court in a rath, on the road-
or plough up a rath or fort, whose side between Cork and Youghall,
construction the superstitious na- where often travellers, unac-
tives ascribe to the labour and in- quainted with the country, have
genuity of the good people,' is been led astray by the appear-
considered as unlucky and entail- ance of lights, and by alluring
ing some severe disaster on the sounds proceeding from within :
violator and his kindred. An but when
peasant, who

pur- “ The village cock gave note of day, chased a farm in the neighbour- Up sprang in haste the airy throng; hood of Mallow, from a near re- The word went round, 'Away! away! lative of mine, commenced his

The night is short, the way is long"improvements by building upon and the delicious viands change it a good stone house, together into carrion. The crystal goblets with a lime-kiln. Soon after, he become rugged pebbles, and the waited on the proprietor, to state whole furniture of the feast under'the trouble he was come to by goes a similar metamorphosis. reason of the old fort, the fairies not “ An eddy of dust, raised by approving of his having placed the the wind, is attributed to the Jime-kiln so near their dwelling;- fairies journeying from one of he had lost his sow with nine bonni- their haunts to another ; on perveens (sucking pigs), his horse' fell ceiving which, the peasant will into a quarry and was killed, and obsequiously doff his hat, mutterthree of his sheep died, 'alling, 'God speed ye, God speed through the means of the fairies.'ye, gentlemen ;' and returns it Though the lime-kiln had cost to his head, with the remark, him five guineas, be declared he 'Good manners are no burthen,' would never burn another stone as an apology for the motive, in it, but take it down, without which he is ashamed to acknowdelay, and build one away from ledge. Should he, however, inthe fort, saying he was wrong in stead of such friendly greeting, putting that kiln in the way of repeat any short prayer, or dethe 'good people,' who were thus voutly cross himself, using a reobliged to go out of their usual ligious response, the fairy journey track. The back door of his is interrupted, and if any mortals house unfortunately also faced the are in their train, the charm by same fort; but this offence was which they were detained is broobviated by almost closing it up, ken, and they are restored to leaving only a small hole at the human society. On these occatop, to allow the good people free sions, the production of a blackpassage, should they require it. hafted knife is considered as exIn these raths, fairies are repre- tremely potent in dissolving the sented as holding their festive spell. This weapon is believed meetings, and entering into all to be effective not only against the fantastic and wanton mirth fairy incantation, but also against


N 2

any supernatural being; and ac- to deliver it: this he has ingenicounts of many twilight rencon- ously avoided, averting the eye of tres between shadowy forms and his antagonist by some stratagem, mortals are related, to establish when he disappears, which it its power, gouts of blood or jelly seems he has not the power of being found in the morning where doing as long as any person's gaze the vision had appeared.

A re

is fixed upon him." spectable farmer has been pointed “ On the whole, from what may out to me, whose familiar appella- be collected, the present state of tion in Irish was • Kill the Devil,' Irish superstition closely resemfrom the report of his having bles that of England during the quelled, by means of a black-haft- age of Elizabeth ; a strong proof ed knife, a phantom that long had of the correct measurement of haunted him."

those who have stated a space of “ Cluricaune or Leprehaune is two centuries to exist between the name given to the Irish Puck. the relative degree of popular The character of this goblin is a knowledge and civilization atcompound of that of the Scotch tained by the sister kingdom." Brownie and the English Robin “ The belief in witches is not Good fellow. He is depicted so strong as in other parts of (for engraved portraits of the the British empire; but this is Irish Leprehaune are in existence) compensated by greater bigotry in as a small and withered old man, more serious respects. At Yougcompletely equipped in the cos- hall, Mr. C. states, tume of a cobbler, and employed “ The bigotry of the Proin repairing a shoe. A paragraph testants against their Roman recently appeared in a Kilkenny Catholic brethren in those towns paper, stating that a labourer, re- under its influence reached a deturning home in the dusk of the gree of marked violence unknown evening, discovered a Leprehaune in any other part of the kingdom, at work, from whom he bore away and which feeling is not entirely the shoe which he was mending : eradicated at the present hour; I as a proof of the veracity of his need only instance the town of story it was further stated, that Bandon, where, over the principal the shoe lay for the inspection of gate, an inscription once stated the curious at the


that office. The most prominent fea- Jew, TURK, OR ATHEIST ture in the vulgar creed respecting

MAY ENTER HERE the Leprehaune is, his being the BUT NOT A PAPIST.* possessor of a purse supposed to At Youghall it was forbidden, be, like that of Fortunatus, in- in 1678, and remains on record, exhaustible; and many persons, that a Papist should buy or barwho have surprised one of these ter any thing in the public market; fairies occupied in shoe-making, and the manuscript annals of the have endeavoured to compel him town, from which I have been

* “ The following severe reply to this offensive inscription is said to have caused its removal :

• Whoever wrote this, wrote it well,
For the same is written on the gates of Hell."


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favoured with extracts, afford necessaries of life, and to hoard evidence of the illiberality of its up every trifle they can collect, for corporation towards those of the the expenses of their wake and Catholic persuasion ; nor is it with- funeral. Looking forward to out regret that I add, the enact- their death as to a gala given by ments quoted were made during them to their acquaintances, every the mayoralties of ancestors of possible preparation is made for my own.

rendering it, as they consider, In 1696, it was ordered that any 'creditable;' their shroud and

person but a Protestant free- burial dress are often provided man, presuming to go to the many years before they are wantmayor's feast, should pay five ed; nor will the owners use these

shillings, or be set in the stocks. garments whilst living, though “ 1702. Several Papists, who had existing in the most abject state

been admitted freemen, were of wretchedness and rags. It is disfranched, and it was ordered not unusual to see even the tombthat no Papist should be made stone in readiness, and leaning free again.

against the cabin wall, a perpetual 1744. Gregory Grimes, victual- 'memento mori' that must meet

ler, was disfranched, for having the eye of its possessor every a Popish wife.

time he crosses his threshold. I am tempted to notice, as “ There is evidently a constitucuriosities, two other enactments tional difference in the composiof the same body. In the years tion of the English and Irish pea1680 and 1700, a cook and a bar- sant; but this peculiarity may be ber were made freemen, on con- more satisfactorily accounted for dition that they should severally by the prevailing belief with the dress the mayor's feasts, and shave latter of a future state being a the corporation, gratis.'

material one, and subject to wants Our last quotation relates to even more urgent than those of that very marked feature in the this life : under this impression, Irish character—the regard of the shoes, considered a luxury quite natives for their funeral cere- unworthy a thought, are believed monies:

almost indispensable after death, “ • An easy death and a fine when it is supposed much walking funeral' is a proverbial benedic- has to be performed, probably tion amongst the lower orders in through rough roads and incleIreland. Throughout life the ment weather. The superstition peasant is accustomed to regard evidently proceeds from the tenet the manner and place of his inter- of purgatory or qualification for ment as matters of the greatest heaven, held by the Romish importance; to be decently put Church; and on this particular, in the earth, along with his own the general belief of the Irish people,' is the wish most frequent- peasantry is somewhat at variance ly and fervently expressed by with the representations of their him. When advanced in life, it is pastors: the priest describes it as usual, particularly with those who

with those who a place of fire, but the people are destitute and friendless, to imagine it to be a vast and dreary deny themselves the common extent, strewed with sharp stones


and abounding in thorns and friends was superior to her love brambles.

for him; but he was soon convin“ The influence of this doctrine ced by his wife's argument, that affects rich and poor, according to as her sister had died in childtheir circumstances, and is a most birth only a few days previous, valuable one, for I have been as- she would afford their poor infant sured the emolument it yields to suck, which nourishment it might the Catholic church of Ireland, by not have if buried elsewhere. a late limited calculation, exceeds “ Another instance of similar 650,0001. per annum.

superstition occurred in the case “ The attachment manifested of a woman, who presented sevetowards particular burial - places ral beggars with a loaf and porarises from the same cause; and ringer, that her deceased child the anxiety amongst the vulgar to might not want a porringer or be interred with their deceased re- bread in the next world. She latives, bestows even on death a accounted for her knowledge of feeling of social interest.

the wants of an after-state, by “ Å remarkable instance occur- saying that a very good man, who red not long since. An old beg- used to have occasional trances, gar woman, who died near the in which it was known his soul left city of Cork, requested that her his body and became familiar with body might be deposited in White disembodied spirits, returning to Church burial - ground. Her its former habitation after a short daughter, who was without the absence, told her, on his recovery means to obtain a hearse or any from one of these fits, that chilother mode of conveyance, deter- dren, dying at an early age, mined herself to undertake the whose parents' neglect deprived task, and, having procured a rope, them of the use of a porringer, she fastened the coffin on her

were obliged to lap milk out of back, and, after a tedious journey their hands; whilst others, who of more than ten miles, fulfilled

were provided in life with one, her mother's request."

had a similar article prepared for “Separate interests (as in the their comfort in a future state; and case of marriage) often cause dis- ‘now,' continued the woman, as putes at funerals; and

no she bestowed her last loaf and acknowledged rule exists in such porringer on a mendicant, 'my cases, a battle usually ends the mind is eased of its burthen, and dissension, and the corpse is borne my poor child is as happy as the away in triumph by the victori. best of them.'" ous party to a cemetery perhaps twenty miles distant from that originally intended."

25. Narrative of un Ascent to the “ I remember once overhearing

summit of Mont Blanc, Aua contest between a poor man and

gust 18, 1822. By Frederick his wife, respecting the burial of

Clissold, Esq. their infant. The woman wished to have the child laid near some

Mr. Clissold, having procured of her own relations, which the proper guides, obtained a pair of pehusband strongly opposed, con- culiar snow-shoes fitted with about éluding her attachment to her twenty pyramidal broad-based steel

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