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him; nothing full-mouthed, im- the enemy's; but as they suffered portant, or fussy: his orders, on principally on their retreat down the field, are all short, quick, the hill, their slain lay towards clear, and to the purpose. The the bottom of it; from whence, French, however, never moved us indeed, they had been removing throughout the day : their two their wounded. desperate assaults had been suc- “ The view of the enemy's cessfully repelled, and their loss, camp by night far exceeded, in as compared to ours, exceedingly grandeur, its imposing aspect by
From the ridge, in front day. Innumerable and brilliant of our present ground, we could fires illuminated all the country see them far better than the even- spread below us : while they yet ing before ; arms, appointments, flamed brightly, the shadowy uniforms, were all distinguishable. figures of men and horses, and They occupied themselves in re- the glittering piles of arms, were moving their wounded from the all visible. Here and there, infoot of our position ; but as none deed, the view was interrupted by of their troops broke up, it was a few dark patches of black fir, generally concluded that they which, by a gloomy contrast, would renew their attacks on the heightened the effect of the pic
In the course of the ture ; but, long after the flames day, our men went down to a expired, the red embers still emitsmall brook, which flowed be- ted the most rich and glowing tween the opposing armies, for. rays, and seemed, like stars, to water ; and French and English gem the dark bosom of the earth, soldiers might be seen drinking conveying the sublime idea of a out of the same narrow stream, firmament spread beneath our and even leaning over to shake feet. It was long before I could hands with each other. One tear myself from the contemplaprivate, of my own regiment, ac- tion of this scene. Earnestly did tually exchanged forage-caps with I gaze on it: deeply did it impress a soldier of the enemy, as a token me; and my professional life may of regard and good-will. Such never, perhaps, again present to me courtesies, if they do not disguise, any military spectacle more truly at least soften the horrid features magnificent. Every one was fully of war; and it is thus we learn to persuaded that the morning would reconcile our minds to scenes of bring with it a general and bloody blood and carnage.
Towards engagement.” sun-set, our picquets were sent Again—"The battle-array of a down the hill, and I plainly saw large army is a most noble and them posted among the corpses imposing sight. To see the hostile of those who had fallen in the lines and columns formed, and morning. Nothing, however, im- prepared for action; to observe mediately near us, presented the their generals and mounted ofidea of recent slaughter; for the ficers riding smartly from point loss, on our side, was so partial, to point, and to mark every now and considering the extent of our and then, one of their guns openline, so trifling, that there was ing on your own staff reconnoilittle, if any, vestige of it : not so tring them, is a scene very ani
mating, mating, and a fine prelude to a burst into a long, loud, and genegeneral engagement. On your ral laugh :the joke was own side, too, the hammering of good, too home. Their general, flints and loosening of cartridges; however, did not think it wise to the rattle of guns and tumbrils, as remain longer ; but he pulled off they come careering up to take his hat, and wishing us good day their appointed stations; and the with perfect good-humour, went swift galloping of aide-de-camps up the hill, and the group immein every direction, here bringing diately dispersed." reports to their generals, there Of Vittoria we have not only conveying orders to the attacking an excellent general account, but columns, all speak of peril and some very affecting details : death, but also of anticipated vic- “A paymaster of a regiment of tory; and so cheeringly, that a British Infantry had two sons, sensation of proud hope swells lieutenants in the corps in which the bosom, which is equal, if not he served ; he was a widower, superior, to the feeling of exulta- and had no relations besides these tion in the secure moment of pur- youths; they lived in his tent, suit and triumph.”
were his pride and delight. The Sometimes a small river only civil staff of a regiment usually divided the armies, and the out- remaiu with the baggage when posts chatted across.
the troops engage, and join them Walking by the river side, we with it afterwards. In the evenobserved several French officers. ing, when this paymaster came They saluted us, with a 'Bon up, an officer met him. • My jour, Messieurs ;' and we soon boys,' said the old man, 'how are fell into conversation. They were they? Have they done their duiy ?' exceedingly courteous, They ask- They have behaved most ed after Lord Wellington ; prais- nobly; but you have lost'ing him greatly for his conduct of Which of them ??— Alas! both; the campaign. They next en- they are numbered with the dead.' quired, if our king was not dead ; ---A friend of mine, belonging and on our replying that he was to another corps, lay wounded in not, one of them repeated, · Le Vittoria. I heard of it, and has. général dit, que tout le monde tened to his billet. I found him aime votre Roi George, qu'il a été reclining on a sofa, and looking, bon père de famille, et bon père as I thought, remarkably well. de son peuple.' --- A great deal He received me cordially and of good-humour prevailed ; we cheerfully. 'I rejoice,' said I, quizzed each other freely. to see you smiling; your injury They had a theatre ; and asked is of course slight. – You are us to come over, and witness the mistaken ; my wound is mortal, performance of that evening, and my hours, I believe, are alwhich would be, 'L'Entrée des most numbered. I shall never François dans Lisbon.' A friend leave this roon, but as a corpse ; of mine most readily replied, that but these are events which should he recommended to them “La never take a soldier by surprise. répétition d'une nouvelle pièce, He died in two days. -.La Fuite des François.'” They Returning from his funeral, I met
a serjeant of my regiment, who restraint of discipline and the had come with an escort from the delay of manoeuvre. I go on division. How are they all, ser- any enterprise I hear of: if I jeant ? said I, “We have lost Mr. am poor, on foot; if chance or
How? in an affair?' plunder has made me rich, on -No; we had a dreadful storm horseback; I follow the boldest among the mountains, and in one of leader ; but I have sworn never the narrowest passes, himself and to dress
to dress a vine or plough a his horse were struck by lightning, field till the enemy is driven out and killed on the spot.' This too of Spain.' Such was the despewas a noble-minded zealous of- rate, the undying hatred to the ficer, one who had braved many a French which many of these scene of peril, and whose ambi- Guerrillas cherished a hatred tion it had ever been to perish in which often had its source in the field. You grow familiar on wrongs and losses like those I service with death and sorrow; have related.” you do not weep--but if he have an eye to observe, and a heart to feel, few men see or suffer more
22. Travels in the Interior of than a soldier."
Southern Africa. By William We shall conclude by giving
J. Burchell, Esq. Vol. II. Lonfrom the Sketches a striking one
don, 1824. of an Arragoneze Guerrilla : The author set out from Klaar
“ He was wounded in the water, journeyed through a part leg, and of course for a time in- of the Bushmen's land, visited capable of service. The circum- one considerable kraal, had a stances of his situation, the fa:e good deal of intercourse with the of his family, and his language, natives, and regained the borders will explain the nature both of of the colony on his way to Graafthe formation and feelings of freynet. many of these Guerrilla corps, The outfit is thus described : better perhaps than a far longer “ The difficulties which heavy and more detailed account of baggage might occasion, and the them. I asked him where he impediment it might become in lived, and under whom he served. crossing a pathless or mountain*Senhor,' said he, I have no ous country, were considerations home, no relations, nothing save sufficient to restrain
us from my country and my sword. My taking any thing which was not father was led out, and shot in absolutely indispensable; and the market-place of my native when, in debating this question, I village; our cottage was burned ; put aside the influence of habit my mother died of grief; and my and custom, and of those neceswife, who had been violated by sities which belong only to civithe enemy, fled to me, then a lized society, 1 discovered that we volunteer with Palafox, and died might dispense with nearly every in my arms, in a hospital in Sara- thing; even with all our cooking gossa. I serve under no particu- utensils, excepting a small tin lar chief. I am tob miserable; I pot and a tea-kettle. Without feel too revengeful to support the either gridiron or saucepan, we
cooked all our meat, either broil- leathern bracelets, and a pair of ed on the embers, or stuck on cowry shells hanging from her forked sticks before the fire. Nor forehead; and to which was addcould we admit the encumbrance ed a large copper ring in each even of plates and forks.
The beads, which were distherefore entered upon this jour- played upon her cap, were arney with no other provision than ranged not without some taste, our watchcoats and covering for and with great attention to reguthe night, our guns and ammuni- larity. Her child, of which she tion, a hatchet, a quantity of was very careful and fond, seemed tobacco intended principally for to be at least eight months old, presents to the Bushmen, and five and was never, during the whole sheep. To this I added for my- day, removed from her back. It self, three blankets, an umbrella, was supported there by one of the and two tin boxes, one to hold my hinder aprons, turned up and tied papers, my journal, and sketches, over the shoulder: and in this my compass, and a few other light situation the poor little infant was articles of this kind ; and the suckled, by bringing its head forother, a change of linen, and a ward under the mother's arm. small assortment of the more in- “At her back also she carried portant medicines, particularly the a roll of skins: these being volatile alkali, or liquid ammonia, spread on the ground at night, for the bite of serpents.”
served both for bedding and for “ Kaabi (a Bushman) seemed a protection from the dampness of to be about the age of forty ; se- the earth. To this load were adddate, and rather reserved in his ed a sifting-mat, and three sticks manners: but his wife could not about five feet in length, used have been more than fifteen, and either for assisting in walking, or among Bushwomen might certain- for digging up the wild roots ly pass as pretty. Her height was which she might happen to obless than five feet, and her figure serve on the way." proportionably delicate. Her face “ The situation (of a kraal) was was plump and oval ; and, owing on every quarter exposed, and to her youth, had not yet begun without a tree to interrupt the to exhibit that peculiar Hottentot view. Bushmen, in pitching their feature, the narrow-pointed chin. kraal, always chuse a spot so bare Her eyes were remarkable for and open that no enemy can apbeing bright and open; a beauty proach them without being seen. which is never retained beyond The top of a hill which stands the days of youth ; as constant separately on a plain, is therefore exposure to the winds, and the
an approved site ; because, with glare of light in a dry open coun
eyes little inferior in optical power try, soon induce the habit of al- to small telescopes, they can, ways keeping their eyelids half- while they themselves remain unclosed. She wore a leathern cap observed, watch every movement ornamented with beads ---- and around to a great distance. was not without some personal “ I noticed that the opening or vanity, as may be concluded from entrance of each hut was always her wearing a great number of directed towards the inside of
the circle, so that the urea sur- which might otherwise arise in rounded by their dwellings, and cases of this nature, and where where they keep their cattle at the girl herself is seldom allowed night, was within sight of all the a voice in choosing her husband. inhabitants; and no attempt by In two or three years, or less, actheir enemies to carry off their cording to circumstances, after cattle in the night, could be made being thus betrothed, the girl without being immediately per- changes her abode from her ceived. With a view, as I ima- mother's hut to that of the bridegine, of having their arms always groom. These bargains are made in readiness, their hassagays were with her parents only, and withstuck upright into the ground out ever consulting the wishes close by the side of the hut, being, (even if she had any) of the in fact, too long to be placed con- daughter. They are made by veniently within it; while their offering them a leathern bag, or quivers, arrows and bows, as some similar article, which, if acbeing their principal weapon, lay cepted, ratifies and confirms the by their side, ready at hand for match. I saw at this kraal sevethe first moment of alarm." ral mothers who could not have
In a female party the girls were been more than ten or twelve timid and bashful :
“ Their mothers allowed them- “When it happens, which is selves more privileges, and felt no not often the case, that a girl has hesitation in answering my ques- grown up to womanhood without tions relative to their marriage having previously been betrothed, customs. Such characters as men her lover must gain her own apand women passing their lives in probation, as well as that of the a state of celibacy do not exist parents; and on this occasion his among the wild nations of South- attentions are received with an ern Africa ; and in this particular, affectation of great alarm and dissavages hold a superiority over inclination on her part, and with the most polished nations of some squabbling on the part of Europe. The women informed her friends." me, that girls are most commonly "Several of these girls might betrothed when not older than a be said to be pretty, more on acchild whom they pointed out to count of their youth and the pleame, and whose age appeared to sing expression of their countebe about seven years ; that is, nances, than of any beauty of feathe husband early bespeaks her, tures; but it is doubtful whether, in order to preclude every other throughout the whole nation, one man, in the mean while, from all could be found whom a European pretensions, and from all hope of could deem handsome. When, in gaining her: and, as these men the morning, they came to the generally take a second wife as general distribution of tobacco, soon as the first becomes some- they had not yet performed the what advanced in years, this cus- duties of their toilet; but I now tom of securing another before- had the pleasure of beholding hand is perhaps necessary, in or- them as fine and as captivating as der to avoid those contentions buku and red-ochre could make