be explicit) I cannot give them melancholy object, as soon as my confidence. Pardon me, gen. Mr. Newton had left it; when tlemen, (bowing to them,) con- you left it, it became more mefidence is a plant of slow growth.” lancholy; now it is actually ocThose who remember the air of cupied by another family, even I condescending protection with cannot look at it without being which the bow was made and the shocked. As I walked in the look given, when he spoke these garden this evening I saw the words, will recollect how much smoke issue from the studya they themselves, at the moment, chimney, and said to myself, that were both delighted and awed, used to be a sign that Mr. Newton and what they themselves then was there; but it is so no longer. conceived of the immeasurable The walls of the house know superiority of the orator over nothing of the change that has every human being that surround- taken place; the bolt of the chamed him.-In the passages which ber-door sounds just as it used to we have cited, there is nothing do; and when Mr. P- goes upwhich an ordinary speaker might stairs, for aught that I know or not have said; it was the manner, ever shall know, the fall of his and the manner only, which pro- foot could hardly perhaps be disduced the effect.

tinguished from that of Mr. New

But Mr. Newton's foot will

never be heard upon that stair3.-Private Correspondence of w. case again. These reflections and

Cowper, Esq. with several of his such as these occurred to me upon most intimate friends. Now

the occasion ;

*. If first published from the originals I were in a condition to leave in the possession of his kinsman, Olney too, I certainly would not John Johnson, I.L.D. rector of stay in it. It is no attachment Yaxhum with Welborne, in Nora to the place that binds me here, folk. 2 vols. 8vo.

but an unfitness for every other.

I lived in it once, but now I am IF Cowper was not that master buried in it, and have no business magician who could enchant the with the world on the outside of whole spirit, there is something my sepulchre ; my appearance about his character peculiarly would startle them, and theirs interesting - natural brightness would be shocking to me.” shadowed with the gloom of men- How affecting is the following: tal disease-a beart of feeling “If I had strength of mind, which was thus made the centre- have not strength of body for the place of perpetual pain, remind- task which, you say, some would ing one of an instrument, which, impose upon me. I cannot bear although out of tune, yet retains much thinking. The meshes of in its discords the sweetness of that fine network, the brain, are its perfect music.

composed of such mere spinners' T'he following he writes upon threads in me, that when a long the subject of Mr. Newton having thought finds its way into them, quitted Olney.

it buzzes and twangs, and bustles "The vicarage-house became a about at such a rate as seems to


threaten the whole contexture.-- no occupation within my small No-I must needs refer it to you sphere, poetry excepted—can do again.”

much toward diverting that train " My enigma will probably of melancholy thoughts, which, find you out, and you will find when I am not thus employed, out my enigma, at some future are for ever pouring themselves in time. I am not in a humour to upon me." transcribe it now. Indeed I won- The following is a singular der that a sportive thought should mixture of the bright and the ever knock at the door of my in- shadowy: tellects, and still more that it “I do not at all doubt the should gain admittance. It is as truth of what you say, when you if Harlequin should intrude him- complain of that crowd of trifling self into a gloomy chamber where thoughts that pester you without a corpse is deposited in state. ceasing; but then you always His antic gesticulations would be have a serious thought standing unseasonable at any rate, but at the door of your imagination, more especially so if they should like a justice of the peace with distort the features of the mourn- the riot-act in his hand, ready to ful attendants into laughter. But read it and disperse the mob. the mind long wearied with the Here lies the difference between sameness of a dull, dreary pro- you and me. My thoughts are spect, will gladly fix its eyes on clad in a sober livery, for the any thing that may make a little most part as grave as that of a variety in its contemplation, bishop's servants. They turn too though it were but a kitten play- upon spiritual subjects, but the ing with her tail.”

tallest fellow and the loudest Again, speaking of his poetic among them all, is be who is constudies :

tinually crying with a loud voice, At this season of the year, Actum est de te, periisti. You and in this gloomy uncomfortable wish for more attention, I for climate, it is no easy matter for less. Dissipation itself would be the owner of a mind like mine, to welcome to me, so it were not a divert it from sad subjects, and vicious one; but however earnestly fix it upon such as may administer invited, it is coy and keeps at a to its amusement. Poetry, above distance. Yet with all this disall things, is useful to me in this tressing gloom upon my mind, I respect. While I am in pursuit experience, as you do, the slipof pretty images, or a pretty way periness of the present hour, and of expressing them, I forget every the rapidity with which time thing that is irksome, and like a escapes me. Every thing around boy that plays truant, determine us, and every thing which befals to avail myself of the present op- us, constitutes a variety, which, portunity to be amused, and to whether agreeable or otherwise, put by the disagreeable recollec- has still a thievish propensity, tion, that I must, after all, go and steals from us days, months, home and be whipt again." and years, with such unparalleled “There is nothing but this address, that even while we say


they are here, they are gone. sufficiently plausible to make us From infancy to manhood is ra- alter our former opinions. It is ther a tedious period, chiefly, I not to be wondered at that a man, suppose, because at that time we with a mind like the mind of Boact under the control of others, naparte, should have much to say and are not suffered to have a for himself, even where least was will of our own; but thence expected. He needed defending downward into the vale of years, by some one, and several of his is such a declivity, that we have principal agents have since foljust an opportunity to reflect upon lowed his example of self-defence; the steepness of it, and then find but it may be apprehended the ourselves at the bottom."

truth of history will not be much There are few, whose history elicited by their apologies. both personal and mental, is more These volumes contain the senfully known than that of Cowper, timents of Bonaparte upon history, but we could not resist the tempta- politics, public characters, account tion of giving the above extracts of his confinement at St. Helena, from these volumes of his Letters and his conversations upon indif

: so full of sadness and of beauty. ferent subjects ; they conclude He often wrote with gaiety, but with an account of his death. it was forced and unnatural to Las Cases' account is particuhim, all easy as it appears; and larly interesting. From his perof this he says, " he has played sonal intimacy with Bonaparte he the antic in a state of dejection, must necessarily have known more to which others are utter strangers, than any of the English writers and assumed an air of cheerful- who preceded him. He begins ness and vivacity, to which he immediately after the battle of was in reality a stranger.”—The Waterloo. contemplation of the mental por- The Count justly remarks, that trait of Cowper is at once a we never commence the perusal of source of sympathy and of pain. any history, without first wishing

to know something of the charac

ter of its author. He therefore 4.- Count Las Cases' Journal of relates a few facts respecting his

the Conversations of Napoleon, own past life. When the French &c., with Historical Dictations to Revolution broke out, Count Las General Gourgaud and Count Cases was a lieutenant-de-vaisMontholon. 4 vols.

seau, which corresponded with the Whatever credit we may or rank of a field-officer in the line; may not give to the dictator of but his rank opened the way to these volumes for fair unvarnish- high professional prospects. Deed truth, their contents cannot prived, however, by the vices of fail to be interesting. In them the old political system, of a soNapoleon is avowedly telling bis lid and finished education-being own tale, and defending himself; full of aristocratic prejudices, and and we are at least enabled to prompted by his youth to generous see things under different glosses, resolves, he was among the first although we may find nothing to hasten abroad and join the


16 Do

emigrant princes. Having nar- household, and a member of his rowly escaped being landed in Council ; yet was his person the bay of Quiberon, he began hardly known to the Emperor : to reflect on the horror of his a circumstance this, one would situation. He changed his name, think, which at least bespeaks his and, becoming a teacher, went subserviency to have been unob. through a second course of edu- trusive. After the day of Wacation, in attempting to assist that terloo, the Emperor's fortune was of others. After the treaty of like a sinking ship, that promised Amiens, the amnesty of the First more perils than prize-money to Consul allowed him to enter those who should cling to it. France, where he found his pa- Yet Las Cases did cling to it. trimony disposed of; but he de- He requested permission to parvoted himself to literature, and, ticipate his master's fate. under a feigned name, published you know," said Napoleon, “whian historical work, which re-esta. ther your offer may lead you ?" blished his fortune.

In process

-“ I care not,” said Las Cases; of time, he devoted himself to “ I have made no calculation the new Sovereign of France. about it"—and he lived to write When the English invaded Flush- the account of this transaction in ing, he repaired as a volunteer St. Helena. Fidelity is a virtue to the Netherlands. He was no- that ennobles even a slave. minated to the office of Chamber- Las Cases's book is very delain to the Emperor, and obtained sultory, describing in one page a seat in the Council of State. the Emperor's disgust at his bad Hence followed several confiden- coffee, and in the next page his tial employments that were in- plans for governing an empire. trusted to him; and among these În a general view, however, the were two important missions to subject matter may be divided Holland and Illyria. At the siege into two heads--viz. that which of Paris, in 1814, he commanded regards Napoleon's history as an a legion which acquired honours individual and an object of perby its severe losses. He wished sonal sympathy, and that which to have joined Napoleon at Fon- explains his public conduct and tainebleau,but could not reach him character through the medium of in time, and therefore passed a his reported conversations. On few months in England. On the the latter subject, as we have Emperor's reappearance in France, already remarked, the Memoirs he spontaneously repaired to him. are more full and methodical than He was present at the moment of Las Cases's work, so that we his second abdication. About the shall refer to the latter publicaselfishness or disinterestedness of tion chiefly for its portraiture of all Las Cases's previous conduct,. Napoleon as a man and as an there may be a question ; but exile. The following summary from the date of the Emperor's of his situation at Rochefort, imsecond resignation, it would be mediately before his surrender to hard to deny such a follower the the English, is given by Las praise of devotedness. He had Cases as having been dictated by been a Chamberlain of Napoleon's Napoleon himself :1823,


" The

“ The English squadron was gaining the American coast withnot strong : there were two sloops out touching on some point of of war off Bordeaux, they block- Spain or Portugal. aded a French corvette, and gave “ Under these circumstances, chace to American vessels which the Emperor composed a species sailed daily in great numbers. of council from amongst the indiAt the Isle of Aix we had two viduals of his suite. Here it was frigates well armed; the Vulcan represented that we could no corvette, one of the largest ves- longer calculate on the frigates sels of its class, and a large briy or other armed vessels : that the lay in the roads : the whole of this chasse-marées held out no probaforce was blockaded by an Eng- ble chance of success, and could lish seventy-four of the smallest only lead to capture by the Engclass, and an indifferent sloop or lish cruisers in the open sea, or to two. There is not the least doubt falling into the hands of the allies. that, by risking the sacrifice of one Only two alternatives remained ; or two of our ships, we should that of marching towards the inhave passed ; but the senior cap- terior, once more to try the fate tain was deficient in resolution, of arms; or that of seeking an and refused to sail; the second in asylum in England. To follow command was quite determined, up the first, there were fifteen and would have made the at- bundred seamen, full of zeal and tempt: the former had probably willing to act: the commandano received secret instructions from of the Island was an old officer of Fouché, who already openly be- the army of Egypt, entirely detrayed the Emperor, and wanted voted to Napoleon: the Emperor to give him up. However that would have proceeded at the head may be, there was nothing to be of these to Rochefort, where the done by sea. The Emperor then corps would have been increased landed at the Isle of Aix.

by the garrison, which was also “ Had the mission been con- extremely well disposed. The fided to Admiral Werhuel,” said garrison of La Rochelle, composNapoleon, as was promised on ed of four battalions of federated our departure from Paris, it is troops, had offered their services : probable he would have sailed.” with these we might then have The officers and crews of both joined General Clausel, so firmly frigates were full of attachment fixed at the head of the army at and enthusiasm. The garrison Bordeaux, or General Lamarque, of Aix was composed of fitteen who had performed prodigies hundred seamen, forming a very with that of La Vendée; both fine regiment; the officers were these officers expected and wishso indignant at the frigate not ed to see Napoleon : it would sailing, that they proposed to fit have been exceedingly easy to out two chasse-marées of fifteen maintain a civil war in the intetons each. The midshipmen rior. But Paris was taken, and wished to navigate them; but the Chambers had been dissolved ; when on the point of putting this there were, besides, from five to plan into execution, ii was said six hundred thousand of the eneThere would be great difficulty in my's troops in France : a civil

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