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captains of the vessels then in the they were of all colours, although
river went on shore to condole with red and white were the predomi-
them on their loss, and to offer nant ones, which, contrasted with
them such assistance as they had the black visages and naked
the power of granting. On land bodies of the wearers, gave them
ing, they found the principal men a most ludicrous appearance ;
assembled together, and joined they had been purposely made and
them. Soon afterwards, John carried to Majumba on specula-
Africa commenced an harangue, tions, by a Captain Higgin, of
and stated the great loss he with London, an eccentric character.
others had sustained by the fire, During the months of Janu-
and, directing his discourse to one ary and February, there occur
of the captains in particular, said, here what the natives call smokes,
• Me tank you too much : you be from the atmosphere being ren-
proper man for dis country. Me dered so extreinely thick that ob-
lose all ting, no more two pun- jects cannot be seen at the dis-
cheon brandy me get you ship. tance of a hundred yards, except
Him no burn; fire no make bim when the sun is near the meridian,
burn. Bonny man tank you when it clears away a little. These
enough. You brandy won't burn; smokes are accompanied by a
too much water live dere:' mean- moderate north-east wind, which
ing that there was more water frequently continues six weeks,
than brandy in the puncheons. and produces on plants the same
These satirical remarks were de- effect as the harmattan, by wither-
livered by him in so dry and sar- ing their leaves ; and precisely as
castic a manner, and with so much the blast, or north wind, does on
gravity of countenance, that the the cotton plant and the other
brandy-and-water captain became vegetable productions of Guyana.
the laughing-stock of the com- The thermometer generally sinks
pany, and was so mortified, that ten degrees, and the natives feel
he made a precipitate retreat, the change so sensibly, that they
vowing vengeance against the wrap their bodies up in cloth very
black cynic for holding him up to closely, and have fires constantly

in their houses. Their skin has
“ We anchored at this place at this time a white scurf upon it,
early in October; when the rains and this season is extremely ob-
had just commenced, and on land- noxious to them. The rigging of
ing we were not a little surprised a vessel acquires hardness, and
and amused at the grotesque rattles as if it were frozen, from
figures which many of the natives the peculiar astringency which
made, who had on their heads the air at this time seems to
large wigs, made apparently of possess.
the bristles of pigs, not a hair of “ The harmattan wind blows
which had a curve in it, and at the generally once or twice during the
extremity of each stood a dew- months of January and February:
drop, for it was a mizzling rain, it sometimes lasts a fortnight, but
with now and then a dash of sun- more frequently only three or
shine. At this time the wigs four days. From Cape de Verd
made a very brilliant appearance ; to Cape Palmas, the direction


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any direction.

from which this wind blows is westward several tremendous north-east; but from the latter seas, so as to cause some of the place to Benin, E.N.E. by compass. vessels when in the trough of

“In one of my passages be- them to strike the ground in five tween the Cape de Verd islands and a half fathoms water. Many and the continent of Africa, in of the natives, both here and at the month of January, a harmat- Malemba, were drowned tan commenced, which continued the beach, in consequence of it four days. The atmosphere, being so very narrow, and the during this period, was so hazy cliffs which bound it so extremely that we could not discern any ob- precipitous, that they could not ject fifty yards from the vessel, in escape the overwhelming waves

But this haze is which came suddenly upon them. not like that which accompanies to this calamity was added the the easterly wind of Europe, but destruction of many canoes, by is more intense ; for it is occasion- this sudden inundation of the sea ; ed by an impalpable powder float- and the locusts destroyed every ing in the atmosphere, which, in blade of grass, and all the vegethis instance, adhered to those table productions of the soil, for parts of the sails of the vessel many miles round. that received the greatest impulse “An extraordinary flight of from the wind, and gave them the small butterflies, or moths, with same colour and appearance as if spotted wings, took place at Anthey had been immersed in a tan- namaboo. After a tornado, the pit. The powder, when collected, wind veered to the northward, had an earthy smell, and its and blew fresh from the land with colour very much resembled thick mist, which brought off clay."

from the shore so many of these This powder is thought to be insects, that for one hour the atraised by the violent whirlwinds mosphere was so filled with them, from the north, which traverse the

as to represent a snow storm driv

ing past the vessel at a rapid rate, “Soon after an earthquake, or which was lying at anchor about seaquake, that occurred at Caben- two miles from the shore.” da, and which extended to some distance to the southward and northward of that port, a flight of 19. Journul of a Ten Months' Relocusts took place, that continued sidence in New Zealand.

By three days and three nights, so Richard A. Cruise, Esq. Capthat the sea was literally covered tain in the 84th Regiment of with their drowned carcases ; and Foot. London, 1823. the ships' decks, masts, yards, and rigging swarmed with them to Captain Cruise has detailed such excess, as to require the con- many curious facts with which we stant attention of the crews to

previously unacquainted, sweep them overboard.

The and added an entertaining page earthquake, which had preceded to the history of these cannibal their fight only a few ours, tri who possess so fine a drove in upon the shore from the country, and whose habits partake


great Saharra.


of all that is terrible and hideous upon his arms, shoulders, and in the existence of man.

legs, and keep perfect time with The Dromedary, after carrying the chief mourner (if he may be out a cargo of convicts to Botany so called) in the various expres. Bay, sailed to New Zealand, in sions of his lamentations. This the hope of obtaining a lading of ended, they resume their wonted spars of the kaikaterre, or of the cheerfulness, and enter into a depreferable cowry or cowdy tree; tail of all that has happened durrepresented as being admirably ing their separation." adapted to supply the wants of Soon after the arrival of our our navy, and to grow in abund- countrymen, a warlike expedition ance in these parts. They made of the natives returned from an a safe passage, and reached, in incursion upon a distant tribe, about ten days, the Bay of Islands, and much of their character is Here, (says Captain C.) exposed on the occasion.

“ Before the ship was brought * The fleet was composed of to, she was surrounded with ca- about fifty canoes, many of them noes, full of the friends and rela- seventy or eighty feet long, and tions of the chiefs we had on few less than sixty. Their

prows, board. To salute them, as well sides, and stern-posts were handas to exhibit the riches they had somely carved, and ornamented acquired by their visit to Port with a profusion of feathers; and Jackson, our New Zealanders they generally carried two sails began firing their musquets with- made of straw matting. They out intermission, and, indeed, so were filled with warriors, who prodigal were they of their pow- stood up and shouted as they der, that one might presume little passed our boat, and held up of it would remain after their several human heads as trophies landing for the destructive pur- of their success. poses for which they had gone so “ The barter of powder and far to procure it. When their musquets, carried on by the whafathers, brothers, &c. were ad. lers, had already distributed some. mitted into the ship, the scene hundred stand of arms among the exceeded description; the mus- inhabitants of this bay; and, as quets were all laid aside, and every the natives of the river Thames, appearance of joy vanished. It were unprovided with similar is customary with these extraor- weapons, they made little opposidinary people to go through the tion to their more powerful invasame ceremony upon meeting as ders, who, in the present instance, upon taking leave of their friends. told us they had killed 200, They join their noses together, while they returned with the loss and remain in this position for at of only four men. least half an hour ; during which - Before we met the canoes we time they sob and howl in the bad pretty well learned the result most doleful manner. If there of the expedition from Tooi, who, be many friends gathered around notwithstanding his long residence the person who has returned, the in England, and his having renearest relation takes possession turned to New Zealand under the of his nose, while the others hang immediate charge of one of the missionaries, still scrupulously with oil and red ochre. They adhered to the barbarous preju- recounted to the groups that dices of his country, and gave a surrounded them, the different striking proof of the difficulty of events of their excursion, with eradicating the habits of savage much gesture and energy; while life in a person of mature age. the captives sat patiently upon “ His


conversation during the beach, awaiting the lot which breakfast was a continued boast was to consign them to their reof the atrocities hé had committed spective masters. They consisted during an excursion which he of men, women, and children; and Krokro had made two months some of the latter not two years before, to the river Thames; and old ; and forlorn as their situation he dwelt with marked pleasure was, they seemed to have paid as upon an instance of his general- much attention to theornamenting ship, when having forced a small of their persons, as those who party of his enemies into a narrow were placed in more fortunate cir. place, whence there w

no egress, cumstances. he was enabled successively to · Among the women there was shoot two-and-twenty of them, one who excited particular intewithout their having the power rest : she was young and handof making the slightest resistance. some; and though the other priTo qualify this story, he remark- soners occasionally talked among ed, that though all the dead bo- themselves, she sat silent and dies were devoured by his tribe, alone, and appeared lost in afflic• neither he nor his brother ate tion. We learned that her father, human flesh, nor did they fight who had been a chief of some on Sundays. When asked why consequence at the river Thames, he did not try to turn the minds was killed by the man whose of his people to agriculture, he prisoner she now was; and we said it was impossible; that if observed him sitting at no great you told a New Zealander to work distance from her during the he fell asleep; but if you spoke greater part of the day. He was of fighting, he opened his eyes as the brother of Towi, the principal wide as a tea-cup; that the whole person at Rangehoo, and was a bent of his mind was war, and singularly fine-looking youth. that he looked upon fighting as The extraordinary scenes that we fun.'

witnessed detained us in the neigh" The beach was covered with bourhood of Tippoona until evennatives, waiting the return of the ing; and, as we were preparing expedition; and, as the canoes to return to the ship, we were approached, they waded out to drawn to that part of the beach meet them, and assisted in haul- where the prisoners were, by the ing them on shore and in landing most doleful cries and lamentathe prisoners and the baggage. tions. Here was the interesting

“The warriors were in their young slave in a situation that full dress, their hair tied up in a ought to have softened the heart bunch on their heads, and orna- of the most unfeeling. mented with white feathers, and “ The man who had slain her their faces and bodies besmeared father, having cut off his head


It was

and preserved it by a process pe

“ We were visited by many of culiar to these islanders, took it the neighbouring chiefs, and, out of a basket where it had hi- among others, by Perehico, the therto been concealed, and threw man to whom we had brought the it into the lap of the unhappy news of the death of his child at daughter. At once she seized it Port Jackson, and, as he had lost with a degree of frenzy not to be the use of his limbs, he was hoistdescribed, pressed its inanimate ed up in the chair. A fine little nose to her own, and held it in child, the son of a British sailor this position until her tears ran by a native woman was observ. over every part of it. She then ed in a canoe alongside, and its laid it down, and with a bit of mother consented, after some hesharp shell disfigured her person sitation, to permit it to come on in so shocking a manner, that in a board. She seemed very fond of few minutes not a vestige of her it, and was quite uneasy during former beauty remained. She its absence from her. first began by cutting her arms, nearly naked, but as fair as if it then her breasts, and latterly her had been born in England ; and face. Every incision was so deep it naturally excited so much inas to cause a gush of blood; but terest in the ship, that it was reshe seemed quite insensible to turned to its parent with a very pain, and performed the operation comfortable supply of clothing with heroic resolution.

and several days' provisions. “He whose cruelty had caused One of the men who had been this frightful exhibition, was evi- employed in cutting food for the dently amused at the horror with bullocks, reported that, curiosity which we viewed it; and, laying having led him to lift up a mat hold of the head by the hair, which he saw spread upon the which was long and black, offered ground near King George's vilto sell it to us for an axe, turned lage, he discovered underneath it it in various ways to show it off the body of a recently murdered to the best advantage, and, when child, with the entrails taken out, no purchaser was to be found, re- as if preparatory to its being deplaced it in the basket from whence voured. The story was so shockhe had taken it. The features ing, and almost incredible, partiwere as perfect as when in life, cularly as the New Zealanders are and though the daughter was very fond of their children, that quite grown up, the head of her nọ belief was attached to it, until father appeared to be that of a it was corroborated by the testiyouthful and handsome man."


of some of the other men This touching example of filial who were with him. piety, we learn, afterwards - “ One of the officers of the married her father's murderer. ship having visited the missionaBut what are we to expect from ries' settlement at Tippoona, was these ruthless savages ? What presented with a human bone, follows will tell.

curiously carved.

The person

Captain C. was induced to believe that the generality of this class were caten, which accounted for so few being seen.


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