mine, and if the buyer takes any lose it, and never get a title that Thing away, it shall be on his is worth having. My garden cost back. The father had transferred me this summer only 50 dollars, the land, and all on it, to the son, and all the produce was stolen by in order to cheat the law. No- boys and young men, who probody was, therefore, found to bid fessed to think they had the li or buy. I, therefore, (continues berty to do so. If you complain Mr. L.) decline all transactions to their friends and superiors, the with Americans, it being impossi- answer is, 'Oh, it is only a boy, ble with safety to buy or sell any ish trick, not worth notice.' And thing of importance under their again, I tell the gentlemen, that present paper system. - - - Land it I wished to be social and get here gives a man no importance; drunk with them, I dare not ; for store-keepers and clerks rank they would take the liberty to much above farmers, who are scratch me like a tiger, and never seen in genteel parties gouge, and dirk me. I cannot and circles. --. The land is full part with my nose and eyes. The of all useful grass seeds, which friendly equality and intercourse

, only want sun and air to call them however, which can be had with into a smothering superabund- all ranks and grades, and the im

But what is land, however possibility of coming to absolute rich, without population to culti- poverty, are the finest features of vate it, or a market to consume this country. You are going to its produce, which is here bought Birkbeck's settlement ? — I am, much under what either 1 or you sir.'— I visited both Birkbeck could raise it for. Farmers are and Flower in June last. Birkconsequently men of no import- beck is a fine man, in a bad ance. They live, it is true, and cause. He was

worth about will always live; but I much doubt 10,000l. sterling, but has deceivif ever the important English ed himself and others. Both his farmer could be satisfied with and Flower's settlement (which such living and farming. I feel are all one,) is all a humbug. great difficulty in advising any They are all in the mire, and canfriends on the subject of emigra- not get out; and they, therefore

, tion. I mean to wait two years by all manner of means and arts, longer before I do it. Liberty endeavour to make the best of it. and independence, of which you -.- I would prefer Birkbeck for and I thought so much and so a neighbour, dressed up, as he is

, highly, while on the other side of in a little mean chip bat, and the Atlantic, sink and fade in va- coarse domestic clothes from ·lue on a nearer view. Nobody Harmony, living in a little log. here properly appreciates, but house, smoking segars, and drinkalmost all abuse, this boasted ing bad whisky, just as I found liberty. Liberty here means to him, rough as he was. do each as he pleases ; to care Flower is inducing mechanics to for nothing and nobody, and come from all parts to settle, alcheat every body. If I buy an though there is no employment estate, and advance money before for them, nor any market now, I get a title, it is ten to one but I nor in future, at New Orleans or

Mr. G


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elsewhere, for produce, unless a Egypt ate the one they caught, war comes, which may require but the present crew would not America to supply other nations touch this, even when dead, and in want.' " *

consequently harmless, much more

eat it. They all said we avoided 17. Travels in Egypt and Nubia, Sy- the shock by uttering a charm, or

some magic influence. ria and Asia Minori; during the This day one of the boys of our years 1817 and 1818. By the Hon. Charles Leonard Irby, leon ; he caught it in an acassia

crew brought on board a chameand James Mangles,


(called in Nubia the soont) tree, manders in the Royal Navy. which they affect more than the “ Printed for Private Distribu- date, or any other tree in this tion."

country. On coming on board, “ In the evening, while towing it hissed and shewed symptoms of the boat, our sailors found a tor- anger, evincing at the same time a pedo on the very brink of the ri- great desire to make its escape. ver, apparently asleep; it was it was then of a dirty green cocurious to observe their caution lour, with dark spots, and whenand timidity in approaching it ; ever it was approached it turned they, however, succeeded in stick- to a dusky brown, inflating itself ing one of their daggers in his at the same time. I conclude head, and by that means hauled that one hue is the effect of fear, it on shore; our Egyptian crew and the other of indifference. We had done the same near Beni had subsequently eight of these Hassan. We got the fish on animals on board; some of them board, and, though nearly dead, it became so tame, that when the sensibly affected my arm in laying flies annoyed us much, we had hold of it; I felt a double shock only to take one of the chameleons up the arm near the elbow. It in our hand, and place it near the was about two feet long : had flies, and it would catch them very small eyes ; the belly and with its long tongue in great top of the back white; one dorsal numbers." fin, and the sides were coloured Respecting the Nubians, we dark-brown with black spots; it shall extract a few of the most had no scales. Our sailors in novel scraps :-

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* Mr. Faux, who himself saw the Settlement, more than corroborates the above account;—“I called at an adjoining farm, rented by a dirty, naked-legged French family, who, though born in this country, know nothing of the English language. Then at Mr. Hunt's, who is deaf and dumb (the brother of Henry Hunt, the Champion of Reform,) who, with his nephew, a son of Henry, came here, about a year since, to three quarter sections of land ; of which they have cultivated only six acres. They live in a little one-room miserable log-cabin, doing all the labour of the house and land themselves, and without any female. We found them half.naked and in rags, busily greasing a cart, or mending a plough. They appeared only as labourers.

We entered their cabin, and took some boiled beef on a board, and sat on their bed and boxes, having no chairs, stools, or tables, and only the mean clothes they then wore; a fire having recently destroyed their first cabin with all its contents. Being disappointed in English remittances, and unable to get letters from thence, which they thought had been intercepted, ihey were out of funds, and their land was oncultivated, unsown, and selling for the payment of taxes."

“ It is common among grease their locks plentifully with them to estimate a short journey oil; the former have generally a by the number of pipes they can skewer sticking in their hair in smoke during its performance.” readiness to disturb any animal

In the tent of the Cashief cule which may bite too hard. Daoud, it is stated “We observed There is great difference in the · a shield made of crocodile's skin; features and make of the several it was remarkably strong; one of Nubian tribes.” the protuberances of the animal's

" At Houarti. As this back served for the boss or cen- was the village of our crew, we tre, and one of those of the tail were obliged to reconcile our for the hollow of the elbow. The minds to stop for three days, natives assured us it would resist while they made merry with their a musquet-ball; and if the skin of friends and relations. We had the living animal possesses this scarcely arrived here an hour, power, I do not see why one when our reis came to ask us to should doubt the assertion. In lend him the two mummy-cases general, Nubian shields are made which we had on board. He said of the skin of the hippopotamus.” he should like to have them up

" These people think them- at the village for an hour; we selves very cunning in schemes lent them immediately, not havto deceive strangers. Few of ing any idea of his reason for them smoke; instead of which borrowing them. On the followthey use salt and tobacco mixed, ing day, however, we found out; cnveloped in wool, and kept be- for numbers of women came down tween the under lip and gum; and requested them, when they the boys commence this practice alternately walked three times when quite young. They are all round them, crossing over them rogues, but being bred up in such each time; this we found was to principles, do not think there is procure them families.

From any harm in being so; the oppro- this time the women were conbrious terms, harame, cadab (thief stantly arriving, young and old,

- liar,) are not considered abu- and all going through the same sive with them, as they have no ceremony; they were all very notion of honesty, and cannot serious during the performance of possibly keep from pilfering any this mystery, and seemed to think thing within their reach; we de- it odd that we laughed so much.” tected our sailor at this work In the Temple of Isis, at Tenalmost daily, but they always tyra, say the authors, “We exmade a joke of it. The several amined the temple, and did not districts differ much in regard to forget the little chamber, in which dress, and particularly in the we had before noticed the circular manner of wearing the hair, some astronomical table on the ceiling have it curled, à la Brutus,' to be a monument of the same others plaited and hanging down kind as the Isiac table which we with great uniformity, in ringlets, had seen at Turin. It was in the to the shoulders, where it is cut off ceiling of the other half of this square at the bottom, and looks chamber that Mr. Ruppell disexactly like a mop. The latter covered a complete lunar system,

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which had totally escaped Denon, they tell you it is the curse of and all the other French savans. God on them.' The other day I Mr. R. took an exact copy of this cut my foot, and our Arab Seys, interesting tablet, clearly making (the same that has accompanied it to contain twelve moons and a us all the way from Yaffa,) who is bit of another, which no doubt always washing himself, and is a was meant for the odd five days, very cleanly person, tore off a as the twelve make three hundred small piece of the sleeve of his and sixty. As this throws an ad- shirt for my hurt; the piece was ditional light on the Egyptian about three inches long, by two mode of calculating the year, it is wide, and before using it I killed a matter of no small interest, and three lice and two fleas on it; this reflects the more credit on Mr. will speak more than all I can say Ruppell, as so many travellers on the subject. Bugs are also have examined this chamber, and very plentiful, and in Egypt our this circumstance never occurred rooms were full of them." to them. In the great French The general description of work they have put down fourteen Petra is very striking or fifteen moons, never having As we advanced (by the easttaken the trouble to count them." ern approach), the natural features Tiberias. “ Here

were of the defile grew more and more dreadfully bitten by a red sort of imposing at every step, and the vermin which is the annoyance of excavations and sculpture more camels in this country; it was soft frequent on both sides, till it prelike a maggot. In the morning sented at last a continued street of we found ourselves studded all tombs, beyond which the rocks over with deep crimson spots, gradually approaching each other, from which it would appear there seemed all at once to close withis much venom in the bite of this out any outlet. There is, howdisgusting animal. I shall take ever, one frightful chasm for the this opportunity of remarking, passage of the stream, which surthat a traveller in these countries, nishes, as it did anciently, the however much the very thoughts only avenue to Petra on this side. may shock him at first, must It is impossible to conceive any make up his mind, and reconcile thing more awful or sublime than his feelings, to being constantly such an approach; the width is covered with lice and fleas; we not more than just sufficient for kill every day from ten to twenty the passage of two horsemen of these guests, which are always abreast ; the sides are in all parts to be found on every mat or perpendicular, varying from four cushion used in the country. hundred to seven hundred feet in These nauseous visitors seldom height, and they often overhang get into the head, but crawl about to such a degree, that without your shirt and clothes. Every their absolutely meeting, the sky native you see in the country is is intercepted and completely shut covered with vermin ; and if you out for one hundred yards toask why they have such a plenti- gether, and there is little more ful store, while we are compara- light than in a cavern. tively so little annoyed by them, "The screaming of the eagles, hawks, and owls, who were soar- ing in other instances to a sharper ing above our heads in consider- or obtuser cone; in one instance able numbers, seemingly annoyed three of them are coupled together at any one approaching their lone- in one niche. It might possibly ly habitation, added much to the be a representation of the god singularity of this scene. The Terminus, or perhaps one of the tamarisk, the wild fig, and the stones which were objects of oleander, grow luxuriantly about worship amongst the Arabs, down the road, rendering the passages to the time of the coming of Maoften difficult ; in some places they lommed. The number of these hang down most beautifully from representations on the face of the the cliffs and crevices where they rock is very considerable; in some had taken root: the caper plant instances there are many, almost was also in luxuriant growth, the contiguous, with Greek inscripcontinued shade furnishing them tions on them, all of which are with moisture.


too much defaced to be of use in Very near the first entrance explaining their object. The rainto this romantic pass, a bold vine, without changing much its arch is thrown across at a great general direction, presents so many height, connecting the opposite elbows and windings in its course, sides of the cliff. Whether this to which the track, of necessity, was part of an upper road upon conforms, that the eye can selthe summit of the mountain, or dom penetrate forward beyond a whether it be a portion of an few paces, and is often puzzled to aqueduct, which seems less proba- distinguish in what direction the ble, we had no opportunity of ex- passage will open, so completely amining; but as the traveller

does it appear

obstructed. The passes under it, its appearance is exact spot was not pointed out to most surprising, hanging thus us, but it is somewhere amidst above his head betwixt two rugged these natural horrors, that upmasses apparently inaccessible. wards of thirty pilgrims from Immediately under it are sculp- Barbary were murdered last year tured niches in the rock, destined by the men of Wade Mousa on probably for statues ; and we their return from Mecca. The suspect that by careful inspection wrapping cloak of one of them inscriptions might be found there; was afterwards offered to us for but the position in which they are sale at Ipseyra, and one of their viewed is disadvantageous, and watches at Zaphoely. Salvator the height so great that it would Rosa never conceived so savage require a good glass to distinguish and suitable a quarter for banthem. Farther down, upon a

ditti...much lower level, there is an ob- “ We followed this sort of half ject frequently repeated in sculp- subterranean passage for the ture along the roadside, which we space of nearly two miles, the were at a loss to explain : an altar sides increasing in height as the is represented in a niche, upon path continually descended, while which is set a mass of a lumpish the tops of the precipices retained form, sometimes square and some- their former level. Where they times curved in its outline, or ris- are at the highest, a beam of


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