whale fishery : numerous are the without success, his feelings beaccidents which Captain Scoresby's came absorbed in an anxiety, of volume records. In one instance, which, he says, the remembrance part of a crew having been cast throws my whole frame into a upon the ice, they could not be tremor ! At length a boat apgot off for fifty hours, and the proached, he took the glass and limbs of many were mortified by saw the face of a friend ; hope the intensity of the cold. The beamed in his mind: but still surgeon amputated thirty-five in there was some peculiarity in the one day. In Captain Scoresby's conduct of the passenger; the vessel two men were lost, one sail was taken down and the men washed overboard, and the other lay upon their oars ; the boat aphaving struck a whale, the rope proached under the influence of became entangled with his arm, the tide only; no encouraging and he was carried down by the action or word as formerly, the monster into the deep in less than harbinger of good news; he a second of time, at the rate of thought they had not seen him, nine miles an hour, to an immense and showed himself at the gangdepth : he had not time for the way; but then their averted counleast exclamation, and the person tenances were indeed indicative whose eye was fixed upon him of sorrow; he says I could no could scarcely distinguish the ob- longer sustain the agony of feelject as it disappeared.

ing which uncertainty rendered Dangers and privations like intolerable, I called out, “ Is all these demand some reward, and well ?" A languid and evasive if it be found at all, it is when the look sunk me in depair; I could Greenland seaman steers his ship nger support myself on the after a successful voyage to his deck; I rushed into my cabin.home, and forgets in the society In a few minutes

my friend of those whom he loves most in my presence. I saw him strugdearly, the hardships he has un- gling with himself, and aboạt to dergone.

endeavour by a well-meant cirSuch a prospect doubtless often cumlocution, to break the dreadanimated the mind of Captain ful tidings he had to communicate. Scoresby in his exertions, and he “ Let me know,” cried I, “ the probably counted the day which worst, tell it me at once." He would restore him again to the grasped my hand with the fervour bosom of his family, and when his of friendship, while the tear of spirits would be brightened by sympathy gushed from his eyes. their welcome.

* I am sorry,"my agony ob. While in the Mersey, he en- liged him to speak out," Mrs. quired of several who came on Scoresby is no more.” board, of the health of his family, Who can foresee the pitfalls but, either really or feignedly, which await us in this life? the they were ignorant of their wel- rocks of disappointment upon fare: by constant enquiry, and which our hopes so often split?

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knowledge I have since acquired 13. Memoirs of a Captivity among of the Indian modes of warfare,

the Indians of North America, as nearly to establish at times a from childhood to the age of nine- conviction in my mind of a perteen, By John D. Hunter.

fect remembrance. There are The author of this work gives moments when I see the rush of several respectable references for the Indians, bear their war-whoops the truth of his general statement; and terrific yells, and witness the but for this, the phraseology and massacre of my parents and consentiments in many places have nexions, the pillage of their proan air more finished than could perty, and the incendious destrucbe expected from a person who tion of their dwellings. But the had spent his whole life without first incident that made an actual education among savages, and had and prominent impression on me, not seen a white person till within happened while the party were the last two or three years. This, somewhere encamped, no doubt however, is most probably the in- shortly after

my capture ; it was judicious correction, and perhaps as follows: The little girl, whom addition of his literary assistant. I before mentioned, beginning to The references which he gives ery, was immediately despatched are, Colonel Aspinwall, consule with the blow of a tomahawk by general of the United States to one of the warriors; the circumGreat Britain, Mr. Troppan, 69, stance terrified me very much, Fleet-street, Robert Walsh, Esq. more particularly as it was foleditor of the National Gazette, lowed by very menacing motions and Colonel Duarre, editor of the of the same instrument, directed Aurora, Philadelphia, Dr. Water- to me, and then pointed to the house, Boston, Dr. Mitchell, Dr. slaughtered infant, by the same Hosack, and Mr. Sullivan of New warrior, which I then interpreted York, Professors Patterson and to signify, that, if I cried, he would Patter of Baltimore.

serve me in the same manner." With regard to his captivity he The Indians generally separate states,

their white prisoners; and a party " I was taken prisoner at a very leaving the main body, took the early period of my life by a party boy with them, and Mr. Hunter of Indians, who, from the train of never saw him again. events that followed, belonged to,

Settlers upon

the Western from or were in alliance with the Kicka- tiers are most liable to the attacks poo nation. At the same time of the Indians, who, however two other white children, a boy they may for a time appear and a small girl, were also made peaceably disposed towards them, prisoners.

regard them only as intruders " I have too imperfect a recol- upon their hunting ground, and lection of the circumstances con- generally sooner or later execute nected with this capture, to at- some act of exterminating vetttempt any account of them ; geance upon them. although I have reflected on the Mr. Hunter passed from the subject so often, and with so great Kickapoos to the Kansar, and interest and intensity, under the was adopted by a female of the


tribe, for whom he appears to have true one, the representations of
entertained strong filial affection, North American Indian scenery,
and felt much gratitude. His animale conomy, and manners, are
step-mother died, and he was led probably correct; and with this
by circumstances into the tribe of view we extract them. The fol-
the Osages, where he was afresh lowing is a vivid portrait of un-
adopted into a new family, and cultivated Nature :
great attention

shown him.- “These prairies are generally
Speaking of his new step-mother, undulating and rich in their hol-
he says, “this good woman, whose lows; but, receding from these,
family now consisted of herself, they gradually become sterile, and
her husband, a daughter almost terminate either in sandy or clay
grown, and myself, took every ridges. The margins of this ri-
opportunity, and used every means ver, and of the streams generally
which kindness and benevolence flowing into it, for an extent of
could suggest, to engage my af- from one to three miles in breadth,
fections and esteem. She used are covered with thick and large
to weep over me, tell me how good growths of cotton, wood, ash,
her son had been, how much she sycamore, elm, various kinds of
loved him, and how much she walnut, and many other trees and
mourned his loss. • You must shrubs common to the Western
be good,' she would say, and States.
you shall be my son, and I will “ But so variable are the fea-
be your mother.' The daughter tures of this section of country,
in many respects imitated the and so totally disconnected with
mother; and the greatest care its future reclaimance and im-
was taken to supply my wants provement were my views, when
with the choicest things they could I visited it, that any attempt on
bestow. They made and orna- my part to a particular descrip-
mented mockasins and leggings tion, would be the extreme of
for me, and furnished me with a folly, and not merit any conside-
beaver cap and buffalo robe; ha- ration. In fact, many years, if
biliments not usually worn by the not centuries, must elapse, before
Indian boys. In fine, so constant a correct account of this extensive
and persevering were their atten- district can be attained. Travel-
tions, and so kind and affection- lers may pass over and write
ate their care of me, that not to volumes upon it; but Indian
have loved and esteemed them, titles have to be extinguished,
would have argued a degree of forests planted, and roads formed,
ingratitude and apathy of feeling, before any satisfactory and cir-
to which, if I know myself, I then cumstantial information, as con-
was and shall ever remain a nected with the purposes of civi-

lized life, can be arrived at: sufSoon after he became possessed fice it to say, that no person unof a rifle, and as he used it in the acquainted with this vast extent chace with great success, the of country, and the fertility of a Indians gave him the name of the large portion of its soil, can form Hunter, which he ever after re- any idea of the luxuriance of its tained.

vegetable productions, or of the Whether or no the tale be a

immense observe

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immense herds of buffalo, deer, and too closely together, to afford
elk, &c. that riot, if I may use any one of them an opportunity
the expression, on the varied of injuring me, while protected
suffusion of perpetual plenty. in this manner.
Besides the wild rice, which grows “ The buffaloes passed so near
on the wet lands, and various me on both sides that I could
kinds of grass and herbage, either have touched several of them,
strawberries, gooseberries, black- merely by extending the arm.
berries, raspberries, or grapes, In the rear of the herd was one
all in their proper seasons, and of on which a huge panther had
a size and richness of flavour fixed, and was voraciously en-
surpassing any thing I have seen gaged in cutting off the muscles
in a state of cultivation, carpet of its neck. I did not discover
the whole surface of the fertile this circumstance till it had near-

ly passed beyond rifle-shot dis“ Rattle-snakes, both black tance, when I discharged my piece and parti-coloured, were larger and wounded the panther. It and more numerous than I had instantly left its hold on the buf. ever before seen; and they would falo, and bounded with great rainfest the country to a much pidity towards me. On witnessgreater extent, were it not for the ing the result of my shot, the aphostility that exists between them prehension I suffered can scarcely and the deer.

be imagined. I had, however, “This animal on discovering a sufficient presence of mind to snake, as I have repeatedly wit- retreat and secrete myself behind nessed, retreats some distance the trunk of the tree, opposite to from it, then running with great its approaching direction. Here, rapidity alights with its collected solicitous for what might possibly feet upon it, and repeats this ma- be the result of my unfortunate næuvre till it has destroyed its shot, I prepared both my knife enemy."

and tomahawk, for what I sup“ 'In one of my excursions, posed a deadly conflict with this while seated in the shade of a large terrible animal. In a few motree, situated on a gentle declivity, ments, however, I had the satiswith a view to procure some mi- faction to hear it in the branches tigation from the oppressive heat of the tree over my head. My of the mid-day sun, I was sur- rifle had just been discharged, prised by a tremendous rushing and I entertained fears that I noise. I sprang up and discover- could not reload it without dised a herd, I believe, of a thousand covering, and yet exposing mybuffaloes running at full speed self to the fury of its destructive directly towards me, with a view, rage. I looked into the tree with as I supposed, to beat off the the utmost caution, yet could not fies, which at this season are in- perceive it, though its groans and conceivably troublesome to those vengeance-breathing growls told animals.

me it was not far off'; and also “ I placed myself behind the what I had to expect in case it tree so as not to be seen, not ap- should discover me. - In this prehending any danger ; because situation, with my eyes almost they ran with too great rapidity, constantly directed upwards to


observe its motions, 1 silently grazing herds, conscious of the loaded my rifle, and then creep- threatened calamity, fearlessly ing softly round the trunk of the congregate with their natural tree, saw my formidable enemy enemies ; and the buffalos, elks, resting on a considerable branch, deer, panthers, wolves, and bears, about thirty feet from the ground, are seen promiscuously crowded with his side fairly exposed. I together. They sometimes escape was unobserved, took deliberate to the ravines and avoid death, aim, and shot it through the heart. but more frequently they are It made a single bound from the overwhelmed by the resistless tree to the earth, and died in a flames. One of these fires raged moment afterwards. ] reloaded to a very great extent a few years my rifle before I ventured to ap- since, on the prairies, between the proach it, and even then not Kausar and Arkausar rivers; and without some apprehension. I it is extremely painful, on passing took its skin, and was, with the over them, to witness the ruin it assistance of fire and smoke, en- produced. The mass of bleachabled to preserve and dress it. ed bones strewed on the earth is I name this circumstance, because astonishingly great; and no doubt it afterwards afforded me a source remains that many thousand buffor some amusement: for I used falos, and other animals, perished frequently to array myself in it, at this particular period." as near as possible to the costume A Frenchman, who was in the and form of the original, and sur- habit of trading among the Inprize the herds of buffalos, elk, dians, took, among other articles, and deer, which, on my approach, a quantity of gunpowder; but the uniformly fled with great precipi- Indians were supplied by the distation and dread."

posal of most of their furs to other “ In the fall of the year, when traders, and reserved their rethe prairie grass is dry, the maining stock for the purpose of prairies are sometimes set on fire purchasing other necessaries with by accident, and at others by de- them. The Frenchman, however, sign. Should the wind be high having sold nearly all his goods, exon these occasions, no spectacle cept this powder, and fearing lest it can surpass them in grandeur should remain on his hands, had and sublimity. A space as far as tried every artifice to induce them the eye can reach, is seen de- to barter with him for it, but vastated by the igneous torrent. without succeeding, until Indian In some places the tortuous curiosity afforded him the opporflames, comparatively lost in dis- tunity of selling it. Among other tance, appear to smoulder beneath ingenious questions they asked impervious columns of smoke; at him how the white people made others they burst into the skies powder? The hope of finding a with the vividness and rapidity of ready market for the black dlust' lightning, and seem to threaten at an advantageous price, immeuniversal desolation. Their speed diately set to work his powers of is that of the winds, and destruc- invention. He told them “the tion betides every living thing white people sowed it in fields that cannot outfiy its course. The like they did wheat or tobacco 1823.



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