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sent early to Oxford, where he before ill of the complaint which took his degrees; and was admit- proved fatal to him—(in 1807 and sed to that of M. D. in 1789. 1819.) His recovery at the latter Repairing to London, he was of these periods was deemed immade a member of the College possible, but his extraordinary of Physicians about the same stamina bore him out against the period as Dr. Vaughan (now Sir expectation of the physicians. Henry Halford.) These two gen- Lord Erskine was seventy-five tlemen soon came into great prac- years of age. He was the third tice, and perhaps there is no in- son of the late, and youngest stance of two men in the medical brother to the present Earl of profession rising so young to so Buchan. He was born in Scotgreat an eminence. To Dr. land in 1750; and, the contracted Baillie the medical world is indebt- means of his family rendering it ed for a work of great merit, en- necessary that he should choose titled “ The Morbid Anatomy of some active profession, was eduthe Human Body," 1793; to cated for the naval service, and which he added an Appendix in went to sea at a very early age 1798; and which reached the with Sir John Lindsay, nephew of fourth edition in 1807. In 1799 the great Earl of Mansfield. He he published “A Series of En- is said to have attained only the gravings to illustrate the Morbid rank of a Lieutenant. On quitAnatomy," which reached a second ting the sea-service, he entered edition in 1812. He has likewise into the army as an Ensign in the published "Anatomical Descrip. Royals. This was in the year tion of the Gravid Uterus.” These 1768, and arose less from inclinaworks, and the high character he tion, than that his father's small bore in his profession, brought and strictly entailed estate did not him into great practice, and enabled admit of his assisting his son with him to accumulate a good fortune: the means requisite for enabling “a fortune (as his biographer in him to pursue one of the learned the Public Characters says) which professions. Mr. Erskine acs was gained with much reputation, companied his regiment to Miand to the entire satisfaction of norca, where he spent three of the those who employed him.” He six years during which he contihad been physician to the late nued in the service. On his reking, and, no doubt, he might have turn to England in 1772, he apbeen to the present ; but Dr. pears to have acquired consideraBaillie did not seek honours. He ble reputation for the acuteness was brother to the celebrated Miss and versatility of his conversaJoanna Baillie. He married, tional talents. Boswell, who met early in life, Miss Denman, daugh- with him about this time, in his ter of the late Dr. Denman, and Life of Johnson mentions that he sister to the celebrated advocate was accustomed to talk "with a of that name and Lady Croft. vivacity, fluency, and precision so
At Almondale, six or seven uncommon, that he attracted parmiles from Edinburgh, of an in- ticular attention.” Mr. Erskine flammation of the chest, Thomas had married in early life a young Lord Erskine. He had been twice lady named Moore, who accom
panied him to Minorca, and who to the novelty of a young lawyer's was a woman of exemplary virtue. indulging in the most caustic inThe pay of a subaltern officer vective against a powerful statesaffording but few enjoyments be- man who held an elevated post in yond those which were consistent the administration, excited a dewith the most rigid economy, Mr. gree of attention which his most Erskine at length, encouraged by sanguine hopes had scarcely dared the approbation of his mother, the to anticipate. Such was the imCountess of Buchan, entered upon pression created by his eloquent the study of the law in 1777, and defence of Captain Baillie, that on registered his name as a Fellow leaving the Court he is said to Commoner of Trinity College, have been presented with no less Cambridge, and a student of Lin- than thirty briefs! A short time coln's Inn. One of his college afterwards, Mr. Erskine appeared declamations is still extant, as at the bar of the House of Com.. delivered in Trinity College mons as counsel for Carnan, the Chapel. The thesis was the Re- bookseller, against a bill introvolution of 1688. It gained the duced by Lord North, then Prime first prize ; which our young law- Minister, to revest in the Univeryer refused to accept, not consider- sities the monopoly in almanacks, ing himself a student, but merely as which Carnan had succeeded in declaiming in conformity to the abolishing by legal judgments; rules of the College. Indeed his and he was fortunate enough to classical education was already place the noble lord in a considercomplete, and it was simply with the able minority upon a division. view to obtain a degree (by which His defence of Admiral Keppel, he saved two years and a half in for which he received a thousand his passage to the bar) that he be- guineas, completely established came a member of the University, his fame as an advocate; and He was called to the bar in 1778; from that time business began to and was very shortly afterwards press upon him to an extraordipresented with an opportunity of nary extent, and he was looked displaying his shining oratorical upon as one of the most able -powers. Captain Baillie, who had counsellors in the Court of King's
been deprived of the Directorship Bench. He subsequently conof Greenwich Hospital by the ducted the defence of Lord George late Earl of Sandwich, then first Gordon; and having delivered to Lord of the Admiralty and one of the jury the doctrine of highthe Governors of Greenwich Hos- treason, wound up his address pital, was charged with having with the following forcible peropublished a libel on that noble- ration." I say by God, that man man, and the Attorney-general is a ruffian, who, on such evidence was instructed to move for leave as this, seeks to establish a conto file a criminal information clusion of guilt.” In the early part against him. It was as counsel of 1783, at the recommendation for the Captain on this occasion of the venerable Earl of Mansfield, that Mr. Erskine made his first Mr. Erskine obtained a silk gown, speech in court; and the intrinsic and in the same year was nomimerits of this maiden essay, added nated to a seat in the House of
Commons as a representative of situation of Attorney-general to the borough of Portsmouth. His the Prince of Wales. In 1802, professional labours were now however, he was restored to his considerably augmented ; and he situation, and also made Keeper was appointed by his present Ma- of the Seals to the Duchy of jesty, then Prince of Wales, to the Cornwall
. The most brilliant situation which had been so long event in his professional life was occupied by Mr. Dunning, after the part he undertook, in conjuncwards Lord Ashburton, in con- tion with Sir Vicary Gibbs, in the ducting trials for crim. con. some- state-trials in the year 1794. The times for the plaintiff, and at trials lasted several days, and others for the defendant. Among ended in the acquittal of the prithe most extraordinary cases of soners. In 1806, on the accession this description in which he was of Mr. Fox and his party to powemployed, is the remarkable one er, Mr. Erskine was sworn a of Baldwin tersus Oliver, tried at member of the Privy Council, York, and that of Sir Henry created a Baron (Feb. 7, 1806) by Vane Tempest, in both of which the title of Lord Erskine, of Reshe acted for the defendants, and tormel Castle, in Cornwall, and succeeded so far that one shilling entrusted with the great seal as was the entire sum awarded as Lord High Chancellor of Eng. damages against them. In trials land, in which latter capacity he for libel, the talents of Mr. Er- presided at the trial of Lord Melskine were always found most ef- ville. On the dissolution of the fective on the part of the defence. Whig administration, Lord ErOn the trial of the Dean of St. skine retired upon a pension of Asaph, at Shrewsbury, for a libel, four thousand pounds a year. Mr. Erskine appeared as counsel Although his Lordship was in for the defendant; when the jury opposition to the measures of Go delivered a verdict finding the vernment, the Prince Regent, in Dean guilty of only publishing the 1815, invested him with the order libel. Mr. Justice Buller, who of the Thistle, as a high mark of presided at the trial, desired them esteem, the other eleven Knights to reconsider it, as it could not be being all Dukes and Earls of recorded in the terms in which Great Britain. For several years they had expressed it. On this past his Lordship has been living occasion, Mr. Erskine insisted in retirement. that the verdict should be recorded precisely as it was found. This was resisted by the Judge, who, PROMOTIONS in 1828. finding unusual opposition, peremptorily desired him to
Sir H. Wellesley as Ambassador down, or he should compel him. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary “My Lord," returned Mr. Er- to the Emperor of Austria. skine, “I will not sit down. Your The Earl of Clanwilliam, as Lordship inay do your duty, but I Envoy Extraordinary and Miniswill do mine." The Judge was ter Plenipotentiary to the King of silent. His defence of Paine is Prussia. said to have cost Mr. Erskine the Henry Watkin Williams Wynn,
to be bis Majesty's Envoy Extra- K.T., and G.CB., Admiral of ordinary and Minister Plenipoten- the Fleet, to be General of his tiary to his Majesty the King of Majesty's Royal Marine Forces, Wurtemberg.
in the room of the Earl of St. Charles Richard Vaughan, Esq. Vincent, deceased. to be his Majesty's Minister Pleni- George Romeester, Esq., to be potentiary to the Confederated his Majesty's Consul for the island States of the Swiss Cantons. of Sardinia.
The Honourable Algernon The Right Hon. W. Huskisson Percy, to be Secretary to his Ma- to be President of the Committee jesty's Embassy at Paris.
of Council, appointed for the con. Gibbs Crawford Antrobus, Esq. sideration of all watters relating to be Secretary to his Majesty's to Trade and Foreign PlantaLegation at Turin.
tions. William John Crosbie, Esq., to The Right Hon. C. Grant to be be Secretary to his Majesty's Le- President of the Committee of gation to the Confederated States Council, appointed for the consiof the Swiss Cantons.
deration of all matters relating to The Rev. Charles Richard Trade and Foreign Plantations, Sumner, Chaplain in Ordinary to in the absence of the Right Hon. his Majesty
W. Huskisson, or of the President Sir Edward Hyde, Knight, to be of the Committee. a Baronet of the United Kingdom.
Colonel Sir Henry Hardinge, Mr. Vansittart to be Chancellor K.C.B. to be Clerk of the Ordof the Duchy of Lancaster, and to nance of the United Kingdom. be Baron Bexley,
The Right Hon, the Earl of Lord Beresford to bę Lieut. Morton, K.T. to be his Majesty's general of the Ordnance.
High Commissioner to the Ge-
Honour in Ordinary to his Ma.
sul-general at Gibraltar for his The Right Hon. Charles Ar- Majesty the King of Portugal, buthnot, M. P., William Dacres Brasil, and Algarves. Adams, and Henry Dawkins, Colonel James Russell, to be Esqrs. to be Commissioners of Gentleman Usher of his Majesty's His Majesty's Woods, Forests, most Honourable Privy Chamber and Land Revenues.
in Ordinary, Lieut-general the Hon. Sir H. 'T. B. Mash, Esq. to be Galbraith Lowry Cole, G.C.B., Assistant Master and Marshal of Governor of the island of Mauri- the Ceremonies to his Majesty. tius.
Right Hon. William Lord His Royal Highness William Maryborough to be Master of his Henry Duke of Clarence, K.G., Majesty's Buck Hounds.
- Shropshire.-J. Mytton, of HalsFOR THE YEAR 1823.
ton, Esq. Bedfordshire.-T. C. Higgins, Somersetshire.-J. F. Pinney, of of Turvey, Esq.
Somerton Erly, Esq. Berkshire.-H. P. Sperling, of Staffordshire.-J. Hordern, of Park-place, Esq.
Wolverhampton, Esq. Buckinghamshire. - William S. County of Southampton.-E. Lowndes, of whaddon-hall, Esq. Knight, jun. Chawton-park, Esq.
Cambridgeshire and Huntingdon- Suffolk. - Henry Usborne, of shire.-W. Rayner, of Wisbeach, Branches-park, Esq. Esq.
Surrey.--Charles H. Turner, of Cheshire.-J. White, of Sale, Esq. Rooks' Nest, Esq.
Cumberland.-E. Stanley, of Susser.-R. Prime, of WalberPonsonby-hall, Esq.
ton-house, Esq. Cornwall. - C. Trelawny, of Warwickshire.-E. Willes, of Coldrinick, Esq.
Newbold-Comyn, Esq. Derbyshire.-T. Bateman, of Wiltshire.-J. Fuller, of NestonMiddleton by Youlgrave, Esq. park, Esq.
Devonshire.-T. Bewes, of Bea- Worcestershire. — J. Williams, mont-house, Plymouth, Esq. of Pitmaston, Esq.
Dorset shire.--H. C. Sturt, of Yorkshire. - W. Fawkes, of Moor Critchell, Esq.
Farnley, Esq. Esser.-J. J. Tufnell, of Langleys, Esq.
SOUTH WALES. Gloucestershire. -J. Smith, of Carmarthen. - J. Phillips, of Stapleton, Esq.
Crygwan, Esq. Herefordshire.-E. B.Pateshall, Pembroke. -0. Lewis, of Treof Allensmore, Esq.
wern, Esq. Hertfordshire.-R. Sutton, of
Cardigan.-G. W. Parry, of Ross Way Northchurch, Esq. Llyduate, Esq.
Kent.-T. Austen, of Seven Glamorgan. J. Edwards, of Oaks, Esq.
Rheola, Esq. Leicestershire.—Sir W. Walker, Brecon.-C. Prichard, of Treof Leicester, Knight.
walter, Esq. Lincolnshire.—Sir W.E. Welby, Radnor.-J. B. Walsh, of Keof Denton, Bart.
venlleece, Esq. Monmouthshire.-J. Bailey, of Nanty Glo, Esq.
NORTH WALES. Norfolk.-Sir E. K. Lacon, of Anglesey. –J. Panton, of PlasOrmesby, Bart.
gwyn, Esq. Northamptonshire.-T. W. Hunt, Carnarvon. — W. Turner, of of Wadenhoe, Esq.
Garregfaur, Esq. Northumberland.-P. J. Selby, Merionethin James Wynne, of of Twizell-house, Esq.
Cwmein, Esq. Nottinghamshire. - W. Mason, Montgomery.-D. Pugh, of Llaof East Retford, Esq.
nerchydol, Esq. Oxfordshire. - D. Stuart, of
Denbigh. -Sir D. Erskine, of Wykham-park, Esq.
Pwlley Crochon, Bart. Rutland. -T. Thompson, of Flint.-P. D. Cooke, of GwsaTinwell, Esq.