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deceased : and also for the county missioner of his majesty's woods of Dublin, in the room of Hans and forests; for the borough of Hamilton, Esq., deceased ; and New Windsor, in the room of Sir also new writs for the borough of Herbert Taylor, who had accepted Orford, in the room of the Mar- the office of steward of the manor quis of Londonderry deceased ; for of East Hendred; for the borough the borough of Derby, in the room of Berwick, in the room of Visof Edward Miller Mundy deceased; count Ossulston, now Earl of Tanfor the county of Salop, in the kerville; and for the borough of room of Sir John Kynaston Powell, Coleraine, in the room of Sir John Bart., deceased ; for Ross-shire, in P. Beresford, who had accepted an the room of Thomas Mackenzie, office in his majesty's east stanEsq., deceased; for the university naries. of Cambridge, in the room of John The clandestine marriage bill, Henry Smyth, Esq., deceased; and the first bill of the session, was, for the borough of Wilton, in the according to form, read a Srst room of Ralph Sheldon, Esq., time. deceased.
Mr. Hume gave notice, that op Lord John Russell moved a new the 6th of March he should subwrit for Peterborough, in the room mit a motion to the house reof James Scarlett, Esq., who had specting the church establishment accepted the office of steward of of Ireland, the church property of one of his majesty's Chiltern hun- Ireland, and the commutation of dreds.
tithes. He also gave notice, that Mr. Lushington moved a new on the 6th of this month he should writ for Liverpool, in the room of move for a copy of the report of the Right Hon. George Canning, the commissioners of crown lands; who had accepted the office of one also a copy of the letter from the of his majesty's secretaries of state. Irish
government to Mr. GoulHe also moved new writs for Har- burn, respecting the office of vicewich, in the room of the Right treasurer of Ireland, and a copy Hon. Nicholas Vansittart, who had of any warrants issued respecting accepted the Chiltern hundreds; the establishment of such office. for the borough of Harwich, in the Mr. G. Bennet said, tbat in conroom of the Right Hon. Charles sequence of the indisposition of his Bathurst, who had also accepted honourable friend the member for the Chiltern hundreds; for the bo- Essex, he now gave notice in the rough of Ripon, in the room of the name of that honourable member, Right Hon. F. G. Robinson, who that on an early day he (Mr. had accepted the office of chan- Western) would submit a motion cellor of the exchequer; for the to the house on the state of the borough of Chichester, in the room currency. of the Right Hon. William Hus- Lord John Russell gave notice kissou, who had accepted the of- of his intention of submitting a fice of treasurer of his majesty's motion shortly after the recess, navy; for the borough of St. Ger- on the subject of parliamentary mains, in the room of the Right reform. Hon. Charles Arbuthnot, who had
Mr. Hume gave accepted the office of first com- the 11th of the present month he
should move that an account of Mr. Wildman rose to second the separate estimate of the reve- the address, and spoke much 10 nues and expenditure of each of the same effect; the address was the colonies belonging to Great then read from the chair, and, Britain be laid before the house. Sir J. Yorke rose, he said, not
Mr. Maberly gave notice, that to first, or second, but third the on the 18th of March he should address : he then remarked upon move for a return of the state of the impropriety of this country the revenue, the expenditure, and taking any step which might lead the sinking fund, and for the im- to war. mediate repeal of the whole of Mr. Broughami rose, he said, in the assessed taxes. He would to- consequence of the appeal made, morrow move for papers on the to every member of the house by. subject, and he would take that the gallant officer who had just opportunity of saying a few words, sat down to declare his sentiments : lest any alarm should be created he answered to that appeal, which which would bave the effect of did credit to the honour, to the injuring the public credit. His English feeling of that gallant object was only to diminish the officer, and he joined with him, taxes to the amount of the sinking and with every man who deserved fund, thus affording to the country the name of Briton, in unqualified the benefit of that diminution with abhorrence and detestation at the out injuring the public credit. practice of interference to which
Mr. Wynn, in the absence of he had alluded ; or if that detesthe attorney-general for Ireland, tation was qualified, it was only gave notice of a motion for that by indignation and disgust at the hon. member on the catholic ques- canting hypocrisy of the language tion, for Thursday, the 20th of in which the atrocious principles. this month.
of the parties concerned were proMr. P. Moore gave notice of a mulgated. He had risen to make motion for the 17th instant. this declaration, called upon as he
The Speaker acquainted the was in cominon with every memhouse, that he had attended at ber
but he should ill discharge the house of peers to bear his his duty if he did not mark his majesty's speech read. He then sense of the candour of the two directed the clerk to read the hon. gentlemen who had moved, speech.
and seconded the address, and exThe speech having been read press his satisfaction at what, in accordingly,
the house, whatever its division Mr. Childe rose, to move the upon other points, would be aladdress; he rejoiced in the decla- most, and in the country certainly ration of his majesty's efforts to unanimously felt to be, the sound preserve the peace of Europe; it and liberal view which they had was an unequivocal admission of taken of this matter. Indeed, he the right of self-government upon knew not how, circumstanced as the part of a foreign nation ; be they were, they could go
; also touched upon the other topics or how his majesty's ministers of the speech, and concluded by could, in the present state of this moving the address.
very intricate affair , have gone be
yond the communication of this day. They might, it was true, soon That cominunication would be a wear a better aspect; but to tell ditlusion of joy and exultation to that the result would be favourEngland—it would diffuse joy and able, he must be a bold and fearexultation to Spain, would be a less man, and not a little of a source of comfort to other states, propliet who could say that we but would bring confusion and dis- should have that happy fortune. may to the allies, who, by a pre- It was the deep consideration of tended respect, but a real inockery these circumstances whicb induced of religion and morality, made war him to come forward and make upon liberty in the abstract, and a declaration of his principles ; endeavoured to crush independence and these were, the adherence to wherever it was to be found, and the most rigid economy
in every who were
now ready with their department—that economy which armed hordes to carry their bale- he was at all times, if not the first, ful projects into execution. That at least amongst the foremost, Spain would take comfort from to support, and which was so vethe principles avowed in that house cessary under all circumstances, this evening, he was certain ; and but particularly under the change he was not less certain, that the which had taken place in the conhandful of men whu at present dition of a large portion of the surrounded our nearest and most community. He feared that the interesting neighbour, (who, by the distresses of the last year had way, had some how or other en- received but a very partial relief deavoured to get over the prudent from the reduction of certain taxes. courcils which had till of late pre- With respect to our situation as vailed with him,) would feel dis- related to foreign affairs, he would mayed with those principles in say, that we ought not to make proportion as others would be en- the least diminution in our naval couraged. Cheering, however, as force.
foice. If any reform could be was the prevalence of such senti- effected in its manageinent, let it ments, highly as they raised the be done ; if any abuses existed, character of the nation, and much let inquiry be made, and let them as might be argued from their be redressed; but he for one would effects, still be thought no man not diminish its present force by a could deny that the country was single ship, or even by one man. at prosent involved in a crisis such In our present situation, as arising as bad not occurred almost within from the aspect of foreign affairs, a century, but certainly not since any reduction in the most importthe French revolution. Whether ant branch of our national strength he viewed the internal condition would not be economy-it would of the kingdom, the severe dis- be the height of impolicy.
The tress which pressed upon that most same argument, however, did not, important and most useful branch in his opinion, apply to any other of the community, the agricultu- branch of the public service. Let rists, or cast his eyes upon our ex- the aspect of foreign affairs be even ternal relations, our circumstances more threatening, he would not were, in the mind of every think- increase the army; and after the ing man, critical and alarming. unparalleled prodigality with wbich
the last great army of England would every one who then heard. was maintained in the last war, him—to come to the resolution, the evils of which we felt and that when certain things should should feel for years, no friend to take place on the continent, they this country would wish to see should be ready to assist the Spaany increase in her military esta- niards-a measure necessary to blishments. Even should we feel prevent evils, which even those it necessary to assist the Spaniards, the least fond of war must admit he did not think that a military to be inevitable. Our assistance force would be required. Why would be necessary to avert the then, did he recommend economi- wicked enforcement of principles cal reduction in every branch of contrary to the law of nations, and our service except the navy - repugnant to every idea of national because he thought that if war independence. To judge of the once commenced, we should soon principles now avowed, let any be compelled to take some part man read patiently, if he could, in it one way or other, and that the declarations in the notes of for such an emergency, every shil- Russia, Prussia, and Austria; and ling which could be saved by the with all due respect to those high most rigid economy should be re- authorities, he would venture to served. He thought our inter- say, that to produce any thing vention in some shape would be inore preposterous, more absurd, unavoidable. We were bound to more extravagant, more calculaassist one party, our old ally Por- ted to excite a mixed feeling of tugal, if she should be engaged; disgust and derision, would baffle and it was not likely that she any chancery or state-paper-office could remain neuter, if the present in Europe. He would not trouble ill-fated conspiracy against Spain the house through the whole abshould proceed to open hostility. surd detail; he would only select In tbis view of the question it was, a few passages from those notable in which he differed from the gal- productions of legitimacy. In the lant officer (Sir C. Yorke) who note from the minister of his Prus-, last spoke ; and he was glad that sian majesty, the re-establishment. he could not collect from the hon. of the Cortes of 1812 was thus demover or seconder, the words scribed—“ which, confounding all “ strict neutrality,” as applying elemeuts, and all power, and as-, to this country in the threatened suming only the single principle contest. A state of declared neu- of a permanent and legal oppositrality on our part would be no- tion against the government, nething less than a declared permis- cessarily destroyed that central and sion of those evils which we con- tutelary authority which constidemned, and a tacit allowance of tutes the essence of the monarthe atrocious principles which we chical system.”
Thus far the were unanimous in deprecating. king of Prussia, in terms, which He would say, therefore, that it to say the least, afforded some would be the duty of his majesty's proof of the writer's knowledge of ministers, with whom he should the monarchical system, and of be glad to co-operate on the oc- the contrast whicb, in his opinion, casion-and so, he was certain, it bore to the present govern
ment of Spain. The Emperor of friends of those who had marked Russia, in terms not less strong, their progress, and gloried in the called the constitutional govern- strides they had made towards freement of the Cortes, “ laws which dom and happiness—who would the public reason of Europe, en- not have them yield an iota to lightened by the experience of all force, it would be to disarm the ages, stamped with its disappro- reasonable objections of their bation." Where, in the conser-friends, but not give up any thing vative character of keeper of the to the menaces of their enepeace of Europe, did his imperial mies. He would not go more majesty discover that the consti- into detail at the present moment, tution of Spain had been stamped for ample opportunities would ocwith the disapprobation of the pub- cur of discussing this subject; but lic reason of Europe ? Let the he would ask, in the name of house observe that the “ public common sense, could any thing be reason of Europe, enlightened by more absurd, more inconsistent, the experience of all ages,” bap- than that Spain should now be pened to be that of his imperial repudiated as illegitimate by those, majesty hiniself for the last ten some of whom had, in treaties years; for, notwithstanding that with her, described her governa he had the “ experience of all ment in its present sbape by the ages" before his eyes, he did in very term“ most legitimate gothe year 1812 enter into a treaty vernment ?" But not only was with Spain, with the same Cortes, the conduct of the allies inconthe same constitution, not one sistent with the treaties of some word of which had been changed among them with Spain; he would up to the present hour. In that show that their principle of intreaty his inperial majesty the terference was wholly at variEmperor of all the Russias, speak- ance with treaties recently made ing of the then government, did amongst themselves. He would use the very word by which he prove that one of the fundamenand his allies would themselves be tal principles of a late treaty designated—the word by the abuse was decidedly opposite to any disof which they were known-be cussion amongst them respecting did call the Spanish government of the internal situation of that coun. the Cortes “a legitimate govern- try. By the 4th article of the ment"-that very government, of treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, it was the constitution of which the Spa- laid down that a special congress niards, with a precision not often should be held from time to time found in such cases, had not on the affairs of Europe, or, using changed one word ; and God for- the words and borrowing the hybid they should change even a pocritical cant of their predecesletter of it while they had the bay- sors, the three powers who basely onet of a foreign soldier at their partitioned Poland—who, while breast! He hoped, if it had faults they despoiled a helpless nation -and some faults it might have- of its independence, kept preachthat when the day and the hour ing about the quiet of Europe, the arrived, the Spaniards themselves integrity of its states, and the mowould correct. If they would lis- rality and happiness of its people ten to the ardent wish of their best —who talked daily about their de