The sum destined, according to ed rules; and the examination of the the regulation of the sinking fund accounts showed that the total of commission, to the diminution of the returns of that establishment the mass of assignats in circula- and its factories, in the year 1822, tion, consists for the year 1822 of is 890,079,035 roubles 10 copecs 32,402,715 roubles.

in assignats, and 6,900,616 roubles He observed, that the exami. 31 copecs in metallics. The Mination of the account presented by nister concluded by saying, “ Have the commission would convince ing thus presented to you a view the council, 'that, notwithstanding of the operations of our credit an augmentation of the public debt, establishments, I bave to beg that the payment of the capital and the you will bring to the examination interest was perfectly secured. of these accounts the same atten

Assignat Bank.--According to a tion and impartiality which in forstatement under this head, the mer years so powerfully contributed law prohibiting new einissions of to convince the public of the order assignats has been strictly observ- observed in those establishments, ed, and the quantity now in circu- and the scrupulous punctuality with lation is 595,721,010 roubles. which they adhere to the course

Loan Bank. - The sums ad- originally traced out for them. For vanced by this bank in the year my part, I shall not fail to co-ope1822, chiefly for assistance to ma- rate in every thing capable of supnufacturing establishments, amount porting and consolidating them, to 10,495,731 roubles 50 copecs in by combining their future operaassignats. According to the ac- tions with the actual situation of count presented by the Bank, its affairs, with the experience of the profits amount to 8,557 roubles' past, with the beneficent inten: 334 copecs in gold; 81,681 roubles tions of our august Sovereign, 18copecs in silver ; 1,444,284 and consequently with the public roubles 82 copecs in assignats. interest, as well as with the inte

Commercial Bank. The capital rests of individuals." of this establishnient, fixed at 30 millions, was completed in 1822. Its transactions during the same

PERSIA. year extended to 185,230,858 rou- The Persian Minister, Mirza Mables 72 copecs.

The loans on hoined Saulit, having effected the obmerchandise exceeded those of ject of his mission to this country,and 1821 by 4,366,552 roubles 31 made the necessary arrangements copecs. There remain due on pro- for his departure for Russia, in the tested bills of exchange, the pay- Jasper sloop of war, has issued, as ment of which the Bank is prose- his last public act, an official noticuting before the ordinary tribu- fication from the Prince Royal of nals, 2,351,313 roubles 50 copecs. Persia, to the people of England,

The profits of the Bank and its and the several other European nafactories, deducting their expense, tions, of which the following is a amount to 1,810,615 roubles 55 copy : copecs.

As many families from EuThe Bank had in all its transac- ropean countries hav lately retions strictly followed the prescrib- sorted, some to America and New


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Holland, and others to Georgia these sentiments, is prompted by and Dagbistan, as settlers; his an ardent desire naturally to proRoyal Highness Abbas Mirza, the mote the welfare of settlers, and Prince Royal of Persia, through the improvement of his country; the medium of his Minister at the which he is convinced, from past Court of Great Britain, personally experience, would be greatly adassures all those who may be in- vauced in knowledge, and maleclined to take up their residence in rially benefited in every point of his kingdom of Adzirbijan, of view, by a more extended and fawhich the capital is Tabriz, that, miliar intercourse with Europeans, on their arrival in the district of and especially with those whom he Sauvidgeboulogh, he will imme- has ever felt pleasure in designadiately assign to them portions of ting 'bis English friends.' land, with residences attached, and “The undersigned, in thus proevery requisite for their comfort mulgating the views and wishes and subsistence. The soil will of his Prince, in obedience to the yield abundant crops of wheat, bar- positive commands with which he ley, rice, cotton, and every species has been honoured, scarcely conof fruit or grain they may choose ceives ii necessary to offer any to cultivate ; and the natural pro- observations upon the assurances duce of the country exceeds that of given in this paper, as the characany other quarter of the globe. ter of his Royal Highness is so well Besides receiving grants of lands, understood, and has been so duly such settlers shall, as long as they appreciated by the subjects of Great reside in Persia, be exempt from all Britain who have for years heen taxes or contributions of any kind; domiciled in Persia, and to which their property and persons be held many authors both of that and other sacred, under the immediate pro. countries have added their testitection of the Prince himself; who mony; but for the satisfaction of further engages, that they shall be such individuals as may not have treated with the greatest kindness the facility of obtaining informaand attention, and, as is the custom tion upon this point, the Prince's of Persia, be at full liberty to en- devoted servant and humble rejoy their own religious opinions presentative begs leave to state and feelings, and to follow, without that his Royal Master has ever control or interruption, their own been characterized as amiable, just, mode of worship. As all travel- benevolent, and honourable in the lers who have visited Persia agree highest degree ; thougb dignified in that it is the best climate under the bis deportment, extremely affable ; sun, it is only necessary to state, proverbially of a liberal, enlightby way of exemplification, that it ened, and magnanimous mind; posis the usual place of resort for per- sessing great intellectual powers, sons whose health has been im- wbich are nobly applied; a strenupaired by a residence in India, and ous advocate for pure morality, and it rarely happens that such inva- religion without bigotry; the friend lids do not speedily become con- of the oppressed and needy; univalescent from the change. formly administering strict and

“ His Royal Highness, in issuing impartial justice, but at the same his commands to give publicity to time exercising his high preroga


tive with the most merciful consi- ercise of the character with which
deration ; ardent in his endeavours they are invested, and of the powers
to cultivate the mind, and improve conferred on them, agreed to the
the condition of all classes of bis said Preliminary Convention in the
subjects, as far as the circum- terms expressed in the following
stances in which he is placed will articles :-
admit; indeed, it may be said with Article 1. After sixty days,
truth, that he is pre-eminently dis- reckoning from the ratification of
tinguished for every virtue that is the present Convention by the Go-
estimable in civilized society, or vernments to which it applies, all
that can adurn and dignify the mo- hostilities, by sea and by land, sball
narch or the man.

cease between the said Govern-
“ MAHOMED SAULIT. ments and the Spanish nation.
“ No.25, Great Coram-street, 2. In consequence, the General
London, July 8.”

of the forces of his Catholic Majesty at present in Peru, will con

tinue in the positions which he South AmerICAN INDEPEN

shall occupy at the time of the

convention being notified to him, Preliminary Convention agreed upon saving the particular stipulations

between the Government of which, for reciprocal convenience, Buenos-Ayres und the Commis- the adjacent Governments may sioners of his Cutholic Majesty.

propose or accept, for the

purpose The Government of Buenos- of improving their respective lines Ayres having recognized, and of occupation during the suspension caused to be recognized, in virtue of hostilities. of credentials presented and legal- 3. The relations of commerce, ized in competent form, Senores with the sole exception of articles Don Antonio Luis Pereyra and Don contraband of war, shall, during Luis de la Robla, as Čonimission- the period of the said suspension, ers from the Government of his be fully re-established between the Catholic Majesty; and it being provinces of the Spanish Moproposed to the said Senores, by the narchy, those occupied by the arMinister for Foreign Affairs of the mies of his Catholic Majesty in said state of Buenos-Ayres, to Peru, and the states wbich ratify agree to a Convention preliminary this convention. to the definitive Treaty of Peace 4. In consequence, the flags of and Amity wbich is to be con- the respective States shall be recluded between the Government ciprocally respected and admitted of his Catholic Majesty and into each other's ports. the Government of the United 5. The relations of maritime Provinces, upon the bases esta- commerce between the Spanish blished in the law of the 19th of nation and the States which may June of the present year; they, ratify this Convention, shall be after considering and reciprocally regulated by a special Convention, discussing whatever they held to the framing of which shall be enbe calculaled to conduce to the tered upon in pursuance of the prebetter adjustment of the relations sent convention. of the said States, have, in the ex- 6. Neither the Authorities ad1823.

2 K


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ministering the provinces of Peru means for giving to this accession, in the name of his Catholic Ma- on the part of the authorities of his jesty, nor the adjacent States, shall Catholic Majesty, the most prompt impose on the trade of each other and complete effect. higher duties than those which 12. For the due effect and vamay exist at the period of the con- lidity of this convention, the neclusion of the present convention. cessary copies shall be signed and

7. The suspension of hostilities sealed on the part of the Commisshall subsist for the space of eigh- sioners of his Catholic Majesty teen months.

with their seal, and on the part of 8. Within the said period the the Government of Buenos-Ayres Government of the State of Buenos- with the seal of the Department for Ayres will negotiate, through the Foreign Affairs. medium of a plenipotentiary of the Buenos-Ayres, July 4. United Provinces of the Rio de la (Signed) Ant. Luis PEREYRA, Plata, and conformably to the law

LUIS DE LA ROBLA, of the 19th of June, the conclusion Commissioners of his Catholic of a definitive treaty of peace and

Majesty. amity between his Catholic Ma- BERNARDIN RIVADAVIA, jesty and the States of the Ame- Minister for Foreign Affairs. rican Continent to which the said law refers.

Law Project Single Article. 9. In case of the renewal of hos- The Government is authorized tilities, such renewal shall not to ratify the Preliminary Conventake place, nor shall the relations tion concluded on the 4th of the of commerce be interrupted, until present month between the Govern. four months after the intimation ment of the State of Buenos-Ayres of hostilities.

and the Commissioners of his Ca10. The law existing in the tholic Majesty resident there; and Spanish Monarchy, as well as in also to negotiate the accession the State of Buenos-Ayres, re. thereto of the States and Governspecting the inviolability of pro- ments mentioned in article 11. of perty, even though it may be an the said Convention. enemy's property, shall have full

RIVADAVIA. force, in the case of the operation Law Project-Single Article. of the preceding article, within the The war which the King Louis territories of the Governments XVIII. is preparing to make on which may ratify this convention, the Spanish nation being directly and reciprocally.

and principally opposed to the 11. As soon as the Government principle recognized in article 1. of of Buenos-Ayres shall be autho- the law of the 10th of May, 1822, rised by the House of Represen- in case that aggression should be tatives to ratify this convention, it realized, the Government is auwill negotiate the accession thereto thorized to negotiate,-after the of the Governments of Chile, Peru, conclusion of the definitive treaty and the other united provinces of of peace and a.pity with his Cathe Rio de la Plata ; and the Com- tholic Majesty on the bases of the missioners of his Catholic Majesty law of the 19th of June, to which will, at the same time, take every treaty the Convention of the 4th


of July current is preliminary, - private concerns, it was not possithat there shall be voted, by the ble to restore order or justice; and American States recognized in- they could not obey laws establishdependent, in virtue of the said ed by perfidy and treason, susdefinitive treaty, for maintaining tained by violence, and the source the independence of Spain under the of the most dreadful disorders, of representative system, the same the most desolating anarcby, and sum of twenty millions as that of universal calamity. which in the month of March last The general voice was heard was supplied for destroying it by from all sides against the tyranthe Chambers of Paris.

nical Constitution; it called for Buenos-Ayres, July 4.

the cessation of a code null in its RIVADAVIA. origin, illegal in its formation, and

unjust in its principle; it called

for the maintenance of the sacred Decree of the King of SPAIN religion of their ancestors, for the ироп

his Liberation by the French re-establishment of our fundamenTroops.

tal laws, and for the preservation The scandalous escesses which of 'my legitimate rights-rights preceded, accompanied, and fol- which I have received from my lowed the establishment of the ancestors, and which my subjects Democratical Constitution of Ca- have soleinnly sworn to defend. diz, in the month of March 1820, This general cry of the nation have been made public, and knowu was not raised in vain. to all my subjects.

In all the provinces armed corps 'The most criminal treason, the were formed, which leagued themmost disgraceful baseness, the most selves against the soldiers of the horrible offences against my Royal Constitution : sometimes they were person—these, coupled with vio- conquerors-sometimes they were lence, were the means employed conquered; but they always reto change essentially the paternal mained firm to the cause of religion Government of my kingdom into a and of the monarchy. democratical code, the fertile source Their enthusiasm in the deof disasters and misfortunes. fence of objects so sacred never de

My subjects, accustomed to live serted them under the reverses of under wise and moderate laws, and war ; and preferring death to the such as were conformable to their sacrifice of those great benefits, manners and customs, and which my subjects convinced Europe, by during so many ages constituted their fidelity and their constancy, the welfare of their ancestors, soon that although Spain nourished in gave public and universal proofs of her bosom some unnatural chiltheir disapprobation and contempt dren, the sons of rebellion, the naof the new Constitutional System. tion in general was religious, moAll classes of the State expe- narchical, and passionately devoted rienced the inischiefs caused by to its legitimate Sovereign. the new institutions.

The whole of Europe ----well Tyrannically governed, by vir- aware of my captivity, and of that tue and in the name of the Consti- of all the Royal Family, of the detution, secretly watched in all their plorable situation of my loyal and


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