state of the colonies, humbly ap- prehensions, as well as by our af. proach the throne, to assure your fection for our fellow-subjects, both Majesty of our most dutiful regard in Great Britain and the colonies, to your royal person and family, we insplore your Majesty's favourand our attachment to, and reli- able reception of this our humble ance on, cur fellow-subjects in petition and memorial, as well on Great Britain, founded on the behalf of ourselves and our constimost solid and durable basis, the tuents, the good people of this continued enjoyment of our per- island, as on behalf of all other sonal rights, and the security of your Majesty's subjects, the coloour properties.

nists of America, but especially “ That, weak and feeble as this those who labour at present under colony is, from its very small num- the heavy weight of your Majesty's ber of white inhabitants, and its displeasure, for whom we entreat peculiar situation, from the in- to be admitted as humble suitors, cumbrance of inore than 200,000 that we may not, at so important slaves, it cannot be supposed that a crisis, be wanting to contribute we now intend, or ever could have our sincere and well-meant (how intended, resistance to Greaç Bri- ever sinall) endeavours, to heal tain.

those disorders which may other“That this colory has never, by wise terminate in the destruction riots or other violent measures, of the empire. opposed, or permitted an act of re- “ That, as we conceive it necessistance against any law imposed sary for this purpose, to enter into on us by Great Britain, though al- the different claims of Great Briways truly sensible of our just tain and her colonies, we beg leave rights, and of the pernicious conse- to place it in the royal mind, as quences both to the parent and the first established principle of the infant state, with which some of constitution, that the people of them must be attended; always re- England have a right to partake lying, with the most implicit con- and do partake of the legislation of fidence, on the justice and paternal their country; and that no laws tenderness of your Majesty, even can affect them but such as receive to the most distant of your sub- their assent, given by themselves jects; and depending, that when or their representatives; and it folyour Majesty and your Parliament lows, therefore, that no one part of should have maturely considered your Majesty's English subjects and deliberated on the claims of either can, or ever could, legislate Great Britain and her colonies, for any every cause of dissatisfaction would “ That the settlers of the first be removed.

colonies, but especially those of " That, justly alarmed with the the elder colonies of North Ameapproaching horrors of an unna- rica, as well as the conquerors of tural contest between Great Bri- this island, were a part of the tain and her colonies, in which the English people, in every respect most dreadful calamities to this equal to them, and possessed of island, and the inevitable destruc- every right and privilege at the tion of the small sugar colonies, are time of their emigration, which involved; and excited by these ap- the people of England were pose

other part.


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sessed of; and irrefragably to that King it was far otherwise ; the
great right of consenting to the Royal prerogative, as now annexed
laws, which should bind them in to and belonging to the Crown, be-
all cases whatsoever ; and who ing totally independent of the peo-
emigrating at first in small num- ple, who cannot invade, add to, or
bers, when they might have been diminish it, nor restrain or invali-
oppressed, such rigbts and privi- date those legal grants which the
leges were constantly guaranteed prerogative hath a just right to
by the Crown to the emigrants give, and hath very liberally given,
and conquerors, to be held and en- for the encouragement of coloniza-
joyed by them, in the places to tion: to some colonies it granted
which they emigrated, and were almost all the royal powers of Go-
confirmed by many repeated so- vernment, which they hold and en-
lemn engagements, made public by joy at this day; but to none of
proclamations, under the faith of them did it grant less than to the
which they did actually emigrate first conquerors of this island, in
and conquer ; that therefore the whose favour it is declared, by. a
people of England had no rights, royal proclamation, that they
power, or privilege, to give to the shall have the same privileges, to
emigrants, as these were at the all intents and purposes, as the
time of their emigration possessed free-born subjects of England,'
of all such rights, equally with That, to use the name or au-

thority of the people of the parent
“ 'That the Peers of England state, to take away or render inef-
were possessed of very eminent and fectual the legal grants of the
distinguished privileges in their Crown to the colonists, is delusive,
own rights, as a branch of legisla- and destroys that confidence which
ture; a court of justice in the der- the people have ever had, and
nier ressort, for all appeals from ought to have, of the most solemn
the people ; and, in the first in- royal grants in their favour, and
stance, for all causes instituted by renders unstable and insecure those
the representatives of the people; very rights and privileges which
but that it does not appear that prompted their emigration.
they ever considered themselves as “ 'That your colonists and your
acting in such capacities for the petitioners, having the most im-
colonies; the Peers having never, plicit confidence in the royal faith,
to this day, heard or determined pledged to them in the most so-
the causes of the colonists in ap- lemn manner by your predecessors,
peal, in which it ever was, and is, rested satisfied with their different
their duty to serve the subjects portions of the royal grants; and
within the realm.

having been bred, from their in“That, from what has been said, fancy, to venerate the name of parit appears that the emigrants could liament,-a word still dear to the receive nothing from either the heart of every Briton, and consi, Peers or the people; the former dered as the palladium of liberty, being unable to communicate their and the great source from whence privileges, and the latter on no their own is derived, -received the more than an equal footing with several acts of Parliament of Engthemselves : but that with the land and Great Brilain, for the re

gulation gulation of the trade of the colo- ed to your Majesty, by men not nies, as the salutary precautions of entitled to such a power. a prudent father for the prosperity “ That the murder of the coloof a wide-extended family; and nists hath been encouraged by anthat in this light we received them, other act, disallowing and annulwithout a thought of questioning ling their trials by juries of the vicithe right, the whole tenor of our nage ; and that feets and armies conduct will demonstrate, for above have been sent to enforce ibose 100 years; that though we receive dreadful laws. ed those regulations of trade from “ We, therefore, in this despeour fellow-subjects of England and rate extremity, most humbly beg Great Britain, so advantageous to leave to approach the throne, to us, as colonists, as Englishmen and declare to your Majesty that our Britons, we did not thereby confer fellow-subjects in Great Britain, on them a power of legislating for and consequently their representaus, far less that of destroying us tives the House of Commons, have and our children by divesting us of not a right, as we trust we have all rights and property.

shown, to legislate for the colo“That, with reluctance, we have nies; and that your petitioners and been drawn from the prosecution the colonists are not, nor ought to of our internal affairs, to behold be, bound by any other laws than with amazement a plan almost car- such as they have themselves asried into execution, for enslaving sented to, and not disallowed by the colonies, founded, as we con- your Majesty. ceive, on a claim of Parliament to “ Your petitioners do therefore bind the colonists in all cases what- make this claim and demand from soever.

their Sovereign, as guarantee of Your humble petitioners have their just rights, on the faith and for several years, with deep and confidence of which they have setsilent sorrow, lamented this un- tled, and continue to reside in these restrained exercise of legislative distant parts of the empire,--that power; still hoping, from the in- no laws shall be made and attemptterposition of their Sovereigo, to ed to be forced upon them, injuriavert that last and greatest of ca- ous to their rights as colonists, lamities, that of being reduced to Englishmen, or Britons. an abject state of slavery, by hav- “That your petitioners, fully ing an arbitrary government esta- sensible of the great advantages blished in the colonies; for the very that have arisen from the regulaattempting of which a Minister of tions of trade in general, prior to your predecessors was impeached the year 1760, as well to Great by a House of Commons.

Britain and her colonies as to your “ With like sorrow do we find petitioners in particular, and being the Popish religion established by anxiously desirous of increasing the law, which by treaty was only to good effects of these laws, as well be tolerated.

as to remove an obstacle which is “ That the most essential rights new in our government, and could of the colovies have been invaded, not have existed on the principles and their property given and grant- of our constitution, as it bath arisen


from colonization, we do declare for family in the Pfauen Insel (Isle of ourselves and the good people of Peacocks). this island, that we freely consent The greatest sensation has been to the operation of all such acts of excited on this day, which is so the British Parliament as are li- dear to all Prussians, by the pubmited to the regulation of our ex- lication of the Bulletin of the Laws ternal commerce only, and the sole No. 13, which contains the followobjects of which are the inutual ad- ing general law respecting the Provantage of Great Britain and her vincial Assemblies :colonies.

* We, Frederick William, &c., “We, your petitioners, do there to give our faithful subjects a new fore beseech your Majesty, that and durable pledge of paternal fayou will be pleased, as the common vour and confidence, have resolved parent of your subjects, to become to introduce Representative Assema mediator between your European blies into the Monarchy, and to and American subjects; and to that end to establish Provincial Asconsider the latter, however far re- semblies in the spirit of the ancient moved from your royal presence, German constitution, such as the as equally entitled to your protec- peculiar situation of the country tion, and the benefits of the Eng- and the spirit of the times require. lish constitution; the deprivation A committee, of which his Royal of which must dissolve that depen- Highness the Crown Prince was dence on the parent state which it President, has been appointed by is our glory to acknowledge, whilst his Majesty to prepare this meaenjoy ing those rights under her sure, and consult upon it with protection ; but, should this bond experienced men from each proof union be ever destroyed, and vince." the colonists reduced to consider On the report of this committee, themselves as tributaries to Britain, his Majesty gave the following dethey must cease to venerate her as cree,

dated June 5:an affectionate parent.

1. Provincial Assemblies shall “ We beseech your Majesty to be called into action. believe, that it is our earnest prayer 2. Landed property is the basis to Almighty Providence, to pre- of the representation. serve your Majesty in all happi- 3. The provincial estates are the ness, prosperity, and honour; and leading organ of the various suborthat there never may be wanting dinate estates in each province. one of your illustrious line to trans- According to this decision, his mit the blessings of our excellent Majesty will-Ist, Cause to be sent constitution to the latest posterity, to them for their discussion, the and to reign in the hearts of a projects of laws which concern the loyal, grateful, and affectionate province only; 2. So long as there people.”

are no general assemblies of the

States, send to them for discussion PRUSSIAN CONSTITUTIONS. such general projects of laws also

Berlin, August 5. as relate to changes in the rights On the 2d his Majesty came of persons and property, and to the from Toplitz, his birth-day being taxes; 3. Reserve for the Provinon the 3d, which he kept with his cial Assemblies petitions and remonstrances which concern the election, the exercise of the right special welfare and interest of the of the Estates, the convocation and whole province or a part of it, ex- the duration of the Provincial As. amine them, and decide upon them; semblies, the Communal Assem4. Leave it to them to decide on blies, the Assemblies of Circles, the communal affairs of the pro- &c.Hamburgh paper, Aug. 8. viuce, with the reserve of his Majesty's approbation.


RUSSIAN FInances. To the present law, which hows ever is not applicable in Neufchâtel The Superintending Council of and Vallengin, this will add a spe- the Credit Establishment having cial law for each province. Should met on the 27th of June, Lieutehis Majesty think that changes in nant-General Cancren, Minister of these special laws might be useful Finance, opened the business with or beneficial, he will not make a speech on the state of the several them without the concurrence of objects to which the attention of the Provincial Assemblies. When a Council was to be called. His convocation of the General Estates discourse was consequently divided of the kingdom will be necessary, into the following heads :and how it shall then proceed for Sinking Fund Commission.-Unthe Provincial Estates, remains for der this head the Minister stated bis Majesty in his paternal care to the amount of the debt on the 1st determine.

of June, 1822; the inscriptions reThe special laws, all dated 1st decmed in the course of that year, of July, relate severally to the Pro- and certain claims on the Govern vincial Estates-1. For the March ment which had been admitted. Of of Brandenburg and the Marquisate the loan concluded with Messrs. of Lower Lusatia. 2. Those of the Rothschild in London, in the year kingdom of Prussia, comprising (a) 1822, he could not give an account East Prussia, (6) Lithuania, (c) until it was completely terminatWest Prussia. 3. To Pomerania ed. Its amount was stated to be and Rugon.

43,000,000 of silver roubles, but The Estates of the 1st province of which only 23,000,160 silver to meet at Berlin; of the 2d at roubles had yet been inscribed in Koningsberg and Dantzic alter- the great book of the public debt. nately; and of the 3d at Strettin. The result of his details appeared

The special laws contain detail- to be that the public debt on the ed regulations respecting the eligi- 1st of January, 1823, stood as folbility of the deputies, the right of lows: Dutch Loan....

48,100,000 florins.

3,364,000 roubles in silver. Debt from terininable annuities

34,505,753 in assignats.

20,620 roubles in gold. Debt bearing 6 per cent. perpetual

9,015,412 in silver. interest....

240,945,711 in assignats. Debt bearing 5 per cent. perpetual interest ....

61,362,360 roubles in silver.


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