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great unwillingness indeed ou the did not feel I had grounds for dopart of the magistrates to arrive ai ing, on the most anxious and deliihe conclusion, and that on their berate consideration, part, as well as my own, every (Signed) GEO.WARBURTON, C. M. thing has been done to warn the peasantry of the consequence of Lord Holland's Protest. their persevering in outrage. Se- After the debate and division in yeral meetings took place, and print- the House of Lords on the 23d of ed notices were posied up, to assure April, several Peers who had voted them that the magistrates would in the minority signed a dissentient, only be driven to this measure by and Lord Holland entered the foltheir illegal proceedings.
lowing protest to the rejection of In the interval since the me- Lord Ellenborough's motion : morial went up, and the absence 1st. Because it appears that we of any outrage until last night, I have been baffled in all our en-was still anxious at least for post- deavours, deceived by some and ponement; and I asked two
or disregarded by other of our Althret respectable and intelligent lies, and that the influence of magistrates confidentially, if they Great Britain on the Continent bas thought we might try to get on declined to a degree inconsistent without the proclamation; but with the vaunted ascendancy of our their opinion was decidedly that Councils at the general pacification they feared the people would think of Europe, as well as humiliating we were trifling with them; and to the feelings and injurious to the as we had so repeatedly cautioned interests of the country. them, and they still persevered in 2dly. Because the failure of our defiance of our forbearance, they endea yours to prevent a continenmight think that there was some tal war, is to be traced to error cause for the refusal : in truth, tbe in judgment and want of firmness only difference of opinion on the in the negotiation. Those objecsubject was, as to the boundary of tions to the designs of France, the proclaimed district.
which a triendly anxiety for the anxious to detail to you, by letter, independence of Portugal should the leading circumstances of our bave suggested, and which a due proceedings, in order that you may regard for our own welfare and estimate how far they are consis- even safely should have excited, tent with my view of the case. were either studiously concealed or
I fear you will think I have been pusillanimously softened down due too prolix; but on a subject which ring the whole discussion. Our I know the Lord Lieutenant feels negotiators were tender to the ag. of deep importance, I think it bet gressors, distant, cold, and even ter to err on the side of detail, than unjust to the aggrieved, feeble in of conciseness. I will only add, their remonstrances against the inithat I approach this subject with quity, earnest in their represenfeelings of great corcern, and I tations of the inexpediency and trust his Excellency will not sup- danger of the meditated war, as if pose that I would either relax the honour of the house of Bourbon, in any effort to avert it, or that and the prosperity of France, were I would offer an opinion that the exclusive objects of an English:
minister's solicitude; and the ba- officious, advice. A Government lance of power, the protection of engaged in the great work of reallies, and even the interests of storing and consolidating the anGreat Britain herself, were but cient liberties of its people, could secondary considerations.
not violate a recent and fundamen3dly. Because it was inconsis- tal law, without staking the content with our professed disapproba- tidence of mankind in the stability tion of interference, derogatory to of its institution, and without furthe character of impartial media- nishing at a moment of much irtors, and unfriendly to Spain, to ritation and some civil disturbsuggest any alterations in her in- ances, new grounds for distrust and ternal government, with a view of suspicion, and fresh motives for diallaying the fears or saving the vision and disunion. honour of France. Moreover, 5thly. Becalise a firm determithose suggestions, highly objec- nation on the part of his Mationable in principle, held out no jesty's Government to resist all certain prospect of advantage to hostile aggression against Spain, Spain. It does not appear that we and an early and manly avowal of were ever authorised to assure her, such determination, would, in all that on the adoption of the modi- probability, have counteracted that fications we recommended, France odious defiance of public law which would desist from further demands, a great Northern Power is so forand disband tlie army on her fron. ward to profess, and so anxious to tiers ; on the other hand, we were inculcate, and might have diverted not prepared to enter into any en- the French King from those inigagements for the protection of quitous and ambitious projects Spain, if her consent to the altera- which the course pursued by our tions in her constitution so suggest- Ministers has not prevailed upon ed by us had proved insufficient to him to abandon. avert the hostility of France. 6thly, and lastly. Because the
4thly. Because if Spain bad been neutrality of England during a coninclined to adopt the suggested test between France and Spain must modifications, as improvements, in be extremely precarious. Should her constitution, and could she France prove successful, events have done so with honour after the would ensue which would either menacing language and conduct of involve us in immediate hostiliforeign Powers on that subject, yet ties, or materially impair the it was notorious that other and sources of our prosperity in peace : rious obstacles stond in the way of the revival of the family comany such adjustment. Her laws pact; the exclusion of our comforbade any proposal of innovation merce from all the possessions of on the constitution of 1812, for a both the branches of the House of period of time which has not yet Bourbon ; the exposure of Portuelapsed ; and the members of her gal to menace, invasion, and subGovernment had taken an oath to jugation; the expedition of com.abide by that injunction. Pru- bined armaments for the recovery dence, therefore, as well as religion of South America; and the military and principle, deterred them from ascendancy of France, on those .complying with our ill-timéd and very coasts from which the most vulnerable parts of our empire are of Buckingham, the Reverend accessible.
Robert Wright, and the Reverend On the other hand, should Spain, Edmund Poulter, by the nature of the war, be pro- “ Most humbly sheweth, voked to commit acts of violence “ That the farm occupied by and outrage within ber own ter- your petitioner in the parish aforeritories, and to engage in a species said, is bounded in some parts by of warfare fully authorised by the lands of the Duke of Buckingham; law of self-preservation, but pe- and that the geme preserved by the culiarly obnoxious at this moment Duke does your petitioner an injury to the other. Powers of the Conti- yearly to the amount of from vent-viz. the encouragement of thirty to sixty pounds. insurrections and revolution in “ 'That on the 19th of February, France - we are not so blind to the and on the 6th of March last, your lessons of experience, as not to ap- petitioner was out on his farm, prehend that compassion for indi- with a party of bis friends (to viduals, and participation in the whom the greyhounds belonged) fears of other States, may again, coursing hares, having full hiberty in spite of our intended neutrality, from his own landlord to sport on involve us (as it bas done before) the farm; that informations were in an extensive war of opinion, alike laid against him by a gamekeeper repugnant to the principles of our of the Duke of Buckingham ; constitutional government and to that as to the first day, your peevery maxim of ancient English titioner proved the owner of the policy.
dogs to be qualified, and that thereEven if those dangers be avoided, fore no penalty lay against him; a protracted warfare between two that as to the second day, your peinaritime powers, possessing such titioner was summoned to appear an extent of coast as France and before a Justice of the Peace, and, Spain, will expose our merchants to the great surprise of your peto innumerable vexations and in- titioner, this Justice of the Peace juries, which in all probability must was the Duke of Buckingham himsooner or later embroil us with one self, who summoned your petiof the belligerents.
tioner to appear before him, at bis
house at Avington, in the said The Duke of Buckinghum and county. Farmer Deller.
“That thus, Juhn Roberts, a The following petition to the gamekeeper and a servant of the House of Commons was ordered to Duke, stood as informer, and be printed on the 24th of April :- George White, another game• To the Ilonourable the Com- keeper, and servant to the Duke,
mons of the United Kingdom stood as witness ; and the Duke of Great Britain and Ireland, himself, the employer of that in
in Parliament assembled. former and of that witness, sat as The petition of Richard Deller, judge. farmer, of the parish of Easton, “That your petitioner thus apin the county of Hants, com- peared before this singular tribunal plaining of the conduct of three on the first day of this present Justices of the Peace, the Duke month of April; that the day before a compromise was offered to on an information laid by bis own your petitioner, in the Duke's name, servant, and that, too, after this by his steward; that this com- Justice's steward bad offered a compromise was not accepted, because promise to your petitioner ; thus, the Duke would not agree to pay under these circumstances, was for the damage that might be done your petitioner convicted in the to your petitioner by his game. penalty of five pounds, for being
• That, when your petitioner in pursuit of hares on his own went to answer the summons, he farm, on which these hares feed, took a friend with bim to be wit- and where they do him damage ness of what might pass ; that the yearly to the amount of from thirty Duke would not permit this friend to sixty pounds; and this, too, to enter the room until the said while your petitioner has to pay a friend had declared that he was part of those county-rates and those neither barrister nor attorney; poor-rales which are occasioned by that the Duke had with him an the prosecutions and punishments attorney named Woodham; that for the preservation of game. your petitioner wished his friend “ That your humble petitioner to write down an account of what has heard much talk about the li. passed; but that the Duke forbade berty and property of Englishmen; him to do it.
but that, to his plaiu understanding, “ That your petitioner could a state of slavery so complete as have brought witnesses to prove that in which he has the misforthat he ought not to pay the tune to live, cannot be found in any penalty for which he was prose- other country in the world ; for, cuted, that be demanded to have though the ingenuity and caprices such witnesses examined; but that of tyranny are infinite, he believes the Duke refused to suffer him to that, in the utmost wanlonness of call such witnesses, unless he would its insolence, it never before comstate beforehand what questions pelled a man to pay rates for the he meant to put to such witnesses; preservation of animals that ate up that your petitioner refused to do his crops; to do this because those this; and that therefore the said animals afforded sport; and lo subwitnesses were not called.
mit to punishment for attempting " That upon your petitioner's en- to partake in that sport. tering the room where the Duke That, while your petitioner was sitting as Justice of the Peace, was thus treated by a Duke Justice he was, before any proceedings bad of the Peace, two Parson Justices taken-place, told by the said Duke, treated him in the following manthat if he uttered one impertinent ner:word, there was a constable in the “ That, on the 10th of this inroom to take him to jail or to the stant month of April, a servant of stocks.'
the Duke of Buckingham, having " That, thus threatened in this three dogs with him, entered the manner at the outset, deprived of lands of your petitioner; that your the evidence that be could have petitioner demanded bis name, called, if he had been free so to do, which he refused to give, and rehe was, by this said Duke, sitting fused to give any account of bimas Justice of the Peace to decide self whatever ; that your petitioner told him, that, unless he told his your petitioner demanded that his name, he would take him before a complaint against the Duke's serMagistrate ; that he still refused; vant should be first heard, seeing that your petitioner then took bin that he had been the first comby force, and conducted him to the plainant, and had been compelled house of the Rev. Robert Wright, to go so many miles backwards and a Justice of the Peace, at Itchen forwards, and to lose so inuch Abbas, about two miles from the time on the business ; but that the spot where the trespasser was said Justices persisted in refusing to seized; that the said Rev. Robert hear the complaint of your petiWright refused to hear the com- tioner, until after they had heard plaint of your petitioner, saying the servant of the Duke, and bad that he would not hear it till the compelled your petitioner to give next day, and then at Wiuchester, bail. where his clerk was; that your " That when this had been done, petitioner went the next day to the said William Neville quitted Winchester, and that then, the he bench, leaving the said Rev. Rev. Robert Wright still refused Edmund Poulter and the said Rev. to hear your petitioner, and told Robert Wright on the bench; that him that he must come to the your petitioner then applied to Bench at Winchester the next day; these two Justices for redress that your petitioner went to the against the said servant of the Bench, where the Reverend Ed-Duke; that they heard bis commund Poulter presided, and where plaint; but that they refused to dewere present the said Reverend cide at that time, and put off your Robert Wright and Mr. William petitioner again until the next Neville ; that your petitioner now Saturday; that your petitioner, found that he was to be treated as wearied with journeys on account a criminal instead of an injured of this business, and seeing no hope party ; that the servant of the of obtaining redress, resolved to apDuke was perinitted by these Jus- pear before these Justices no more, tices to swear an assault against and to lay a statement of his case your petitioner, and your petitioner before your honourable house. was actually bound over according- “ Your honourable house need ly; that your petitioner remon- not be reminded, that the act, strated against this, and appealed just mentioned, of the first year of to the act of Parliament, passed in the King, was passed expressly for the first year of the present King's the insuring of a more summary reign, and being the 56th chapter mode, of repressing and obtaining of that year ; that your petitioner satisfaction for damages done to showed the said Justices that, agree- land,' &c. When, therefore, your ably to the third section of that honourable house shall have duly act, he was fully authorised to considered the conduct of the said seize the said servant, and to take Rev. Robert Wright and Edmund him before a Justice; that, not- Poulter, the delays, the procrastiwithstanding this, the said Justices nations, the trouble and expense of compelled your petitioner to enter your petitioner, and especially the into recognizances as aforesaid, on binding of your petitioner over for pain of being sent to gaol; that the assault, thougb the very path