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Scott, Esq. of Benholm, Sir John ration of the coinage act (56 Geo. Sinclair, Bart., Chairman.
III. c. 68), by which, in conseAfter some discussion, the fol- quence of the regulations for the lowing Report was unanimously silver coinage, gold is made the approved of :
sule legal tender for payments exREPORT.
cept to the amount of 40s. The Sub-Committee beg leave 4. That a remission of taxation, to express the opinions they have as far as is consistent with the formed, on the important subject public safety and interests, and with referred to them, in the following the preservation of the national order:
faith; and (where practicable) the 1. That one great cause of the substitution of taxes which would present agricultural distress arises press more equally upon the whole from the rapid alterations that community, in the room of some took place in the currency, in con- which are severely felt by those sequence of the act 59 Gei. III. whose incomes (now greatly rec. 49, which has increased the real duced) are derived from land, would value of all money payments, ren- be a great source of relief. dered the prices of all the produc- 5. That it would be
desirations of the soil disproportionally ble to have country banks estalow, and occasioned a want of suf- blished in England and Ireland, ficient circulating medium in the on principiés similar to those adoptcountry; thereby augmenting, to ed in Scotland, which, by aug. a great degree, the heavy pressure menting the circulation, and plaof taxation, and of other burdens cing it on a fuoting of security, affecting those classes who are now would confer an essential benefit suffering ; and hence that many upon every part of the United Kingpersons, who have entered into dom, whose interests are now so money engagements, are involved closely combined. in obligations which they cannot 6. That although the Committee fulfil without ruin to themselves do not venture to recommend, in and their families.
the present situation of the country, 2. That if the provision of the that any fresh provisions should be said act (59 Geo. III. c. 49), by introduced into the corn laws, as which “ all the restrictions on pay- now established, they are of opiments in cash shall finally cease nion that the permission to wareand determine on the 1st of May, house foreign grain in this kingdom 1823,” be carried into effect, it is has an effect very prejudicial to the likely greatly to aggravate the se- wholesome and intended operation vere distress now existing ; and of those laws. that Parliament, therefore, should 7. That by iinprovements in the be petitioned to direct their earliest distillery laws, an adequate reduce attention to that enactment. tion of the duty on spirits, and more
3. That the hardships and dis- freedom to the trade, a much larger advantages resulting from the sud- consumption of grain would take den alteration in the currency be- place than at present, the revenue fore mentioned, appear to the com- would be increased—a better qua
ttee to have been considerably lity of spirits made—and the frauincreased by the concurrent ope- dulent practices which now accom1823.
pany distillation, with their de- tain in circulation a larger amount, moralizing effects, would be pre- when, instead of being compelled vented or diminished; and that by to pay exclusively in gold at adopting also a better system for 31. 178. 10d. per ounce, they could, the manufacture and sale of beer, in their option, pay in silver, at the consumption of that article, the rate of 5s. 6d. per punce. He and consequently of barley, would added, that either silver alone, or be greatly increased.
jointly with gold, had been a legal The meeting then resolved - tender in this country from the “That a copy of the proceedings most ancient periods of its history, of this day be transmitted to the till the Bank Restriction and the convener of every county in Scot- Coinage Act of 1816, when, for the land, with a request that he shall first time, gold was made exclutake the earliest opportunity in his sively, except for payments under power of calling a county meeting, 40s., the standard of value. to take the same into its immediate consideration."
Extracts of a Despatch from the On the motion of Lord Suc- Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to coth, seconded by the honoura- Mr. Secretary Peel, dated Dubble Lieutenant-general Duff, the lin Custle, 8th April, 1823, with thanks of the meeting were voted Copies of the Enclosures; preto the Sub-committee, for having sented to both Houses of Parconducted the business referred to liament by command of his Ma. them with so much zeal, prudence,
jesty, April 16, 1823. and ability.
in my despatch, under date the Upon the thanks being voted to 29th January, 1823, I expressed the Chairman, he expressed his my expectation (apparently justigreat satisfaction that the business fied by the improvement which had been brought to so happy a had at that time taken place in the conclusion, and bis full conviction, state of the country) of a gradual if the proceedings of that day were approach towards a state of greater acted upon energetically, by the tranquillity and peace in the southcounties of Scotland, that conse- ern districts lately disturbed. quences highly useful to the coun- Subsequent events have disaptry at large might be confidently pointed that expectation, and during relied on.
He particularly alluded the month of March the system of to the plan of making silver, jointly 'outrage has been pursued in parts with gold, a legal tender by means of the province of Munster with of which alone, owing to the low' increased activity and vigour, and price of silver (4s. uid. per ounce) has reached other parts of the compared to its Mint price (5s.6d. country which had been nearly exper ounce), an addition would be empt from disturbance. made, at the rate of nearly 12 per The earliest information concent. to the prices of all agricul- veyed to me of any considerable tural productions : and another increase of outrage in Munster, most important object, an increase was the first weekly report in of circulation, would likewise be March of the police magistrate in obtained—for the issuers of paper the county of Cork; from which money would be enabled to main- it appeared, that during that pe
riod five malicious conflagrations approbation of the condition and and twelve outrages of different conduct of his Majesty's troops in descriptions had taken place within Munster. the district committed to his charge. In Limerick, which had been From that period to the present restored to tranquillity, instances time, scarcely a night has elapsed of similar crimes have latterly apin which within those districts peared; and parts of the county of some house or property has not Clare have been so much agitated been destroyed by fire, or in which as to require the application of the attempts have not been made by Insurrection Act to two of the bathe insurgents to enforce the penal- ronies which
adjoin the county of ties previously denounced against Limerick. The state of that part all those who resist the authority of the country, and the reason of these desperate offenders. which led to the proclamation of - Notwithstanding the most un- these additional baronies, are exremitting exertions on the part of plained in the annexed extract of the military and the police to in- a letter from Sergeant Torrens, tercept those by whom these crimes and in the accompanying comare committed, few persons have munication of Major Warburton, been apprehended. Conflagrations the police magistrate for the county are so easily effected, even by one of Clare. skilful offender, and the system of
An increased spirit of outrage terror has been so firmly established has at the same time been manion the minds of the inhabitants fested in parts of the county of of these districts, that the detection Westmeath, and the Queen's Counof the crime is become a matter of ty; and upon a review of the reextreme difficulty.
ports received froin the other less Early in the month of March, agitated counties of Ireland (with Lord Combermere, with my ap- the exception of the province of probation, visited the principal Ulster and part of Connaught), military stations in Munster, and crimes of an insurrectionary chaalso conferred with the Magis. racter appear to be more frequent. trates in the vicinity of Doneraile, The causes of the sudden inand in the disturbed districts in that crease of this description of crime part of the county of Cork. have not been sufficiently de
At his Lordship's suggestion, veloped to enable me to furnish and at the desire of the Magis- you with any determined judgment trates, a large additional force of on that most interesting point. police (under the new act) has been The present mischief has been stationed in that country, and the attributed to the greater maturity military force has been distributed of that system of combination for in the manner best calculated to the destruction of property which aid the restoration of order. has so long prevailed in Ireland;
It is a great satisfaction to me a temporary cause is stated to be to be able to add, that the greatest the general expiration of leases, cordiality subsists between the mi- which occurs at this period of the litary and the magistracy, gentry, year, and which usually leads to and inhabitants, and that Lord acts of disturbance (if not of a Combermere expresses his highest more destructive character) against
those who occupy the farms from persons who were actually conwhich previous tenants have been cerned in the outrages have been ejected.
punished. The conviction In the mean while I am con- Thursday in the City Court of a vinced that the wisdom of his Ma- person of the name of Halloran, jesty's Government, and of Par- a notorious leader among the disliament, will not delay the renewal affected, will, I trust, be attended of the Insurrection Act. It is a with good results. I beg to conpainful but undeniable truth, that vey through you, Sir, my opinion the mere circumstance of the un
to his Excellency, that I consider avoidable delay in the renewal of it of material consequence to the that law, has been converted by peace of the country that the bill the secret instigators of confusion for the continuing the Insurrection into an encouragement to the de- Act should be brought into the luded populace of the South, who house at an early period of the have been taught to believe that Session. I am persuaded the certhe law will not be renewed; and tainty that the act was to be con. that its restraints will no longer be tinued, would have considerable efopposed to the progress of their feet in disconcerting the plans of the crimes.
disaffected, and giving confidence
to the loyal; and I know that the Ertract of a Letter from Sergeant period of the Session, to which the
Torrens, dated Limerick, March discussion of the measure was post. 28, 1823.
poned last year, was injurious. I regret to be obliged to state, I had intended to have addressed that within the last three weeks, some observations to his Excelfrequent nightly burnings of houses, lency on the necessity of continucattle, and haggards, have taken ing the bill for another year, even place in this county, and parti- if the country had remained reacularly within the liberties of the sonably tranquil; but the occurcity; and the state of tranquillity rences which have taken place which this district enjoyed (com- since I had an interview with bis paratively) during the winter, has Excellency, put all discussion as to been much interrupted. The in- the propriety of its re-enactment surgents appear to proceed upon out of the question, and make it, in an vrganized system of exciting my judgment, imperative to reterror, and preventing any trans- enact the law, and that speedily. fer of property disagreeable to The want of troops, which was themselves by means of conflagra- felt so much during the winter, tion; and I now feel it necessary prevents the supply of a sufficient strictly to put in force, as the only number of men for patrols, which means of counteracting their de- are peculiarly necessary at this signs, the provisions of the act crisis. against persons apprehended abroad at night, or not found within their Limerick, March 18, 1823. dwellings. On this principle there My dear Sir,-lt occurs to me have been already some useful con- that it inight be agreeable to you victions, and in three cases there is that I should address you by letevery reason to believe that the ter, notwithstanding our personal
conference on the subject of the save the premises. You are aware disturbances in the county of Clare; that the North Liberties of Liand I shall commence with the merick adjoin that part of the expression of my deep regret, that county of °Clare where these outit should be necessary to make the rages have occurred; and they representation which I have done bave been comparatively quiet to bis Excellency the Lord Lieu. since they have been proclaimed: tenant, or that I should be forced there is no boundary but the legal to admit the opinion that it was one between those places; and as necessary to apply to the Insurrec- every exertion has been made to tion Act.
preserve tranquillity in that neighIt has been my pride, that al- bourhood, without effect, I am inthough in the midst of surrounding duced to think that the only means disturbance for a considerable pe- left is to adopt this painful alternariod, I had hitherto been able to tive. preserve the peace of my district, It may be asked, why the conwithout resorting to a measure stabulary bill bas not been tried ? which I know ihe constitutional And to this I answer, and may feeling of his Excellency has a re- with confidence say, that no new pugnance to, unless where it ap- force of police could be so efficient pears to be called for by imperious as those now in that county; their necessity.
efficiency will, I am sure, be acI shall, as briefly as possible, knowledged by every gentleman in detail to you my motives for form- the county; and consequently, if ing an opinion on the necessity of they could not succeed, it is scarcethe measure, and also the inode of ly possible that others could be exproceeding previous to the memo- pected to do so. As I an exceedrial being sent up to the Lord Lieu- ing anxious that every possible tenant.
latitude should be given to discusIt is unnecessary to detail the sion on this subject in the county, various outrages which have oc- I went to the Grand Jury-room imcurred, and which you have seen mediately on their being sworn, and the disposition to. I shall only ob- stated to them the situation of that serve, that another burning, on the district: I told them that iny obsame system, was perpetrated last ject in doing so was that they night, in the neigbbourhood of Six might, whilst the county was asMile Bridge, and Barony of Bun- sembled at assizes, make every inratty. The occupying tenant of quiry into the state of the county, a farm had given his bolding up to and consider what could be done to Colonel O'Brien, and be sent a restore order. They agreed to man in his employment to occupy have a meeting of the Grand Jury the house, on yesterday evening; and Magistrates on the Wednesand in abo't three hours afterwards day following, and to consider the the house was set on fire and con- matter again. On that day there sumed: the family fortunately es- was a very considerable discussion, caped. My police and a party of and it was then resolved to give the the 93d regiment arrived there al- legal notice for a meeting to memost immediately; they could not morial the Lord Lieutenant. I see any person, nor could they must observe, that there was very