their religious professions to bow to be accounted its glory, or how
with reverence and submission to it should at this day be less the
the precepts of the great founder maxim of Christianity, and less the
of our faith ; and nothing appears rule of the conduct of Christians,
to them plainer in the Gospel than than in the days of those that are
that it forbids all violent measures usually denominated the Fathers
for its propagation, and all vindice of the church-that it is no part of
tive measures for its justification religion to compel religion, which
and defence. The author and must be received not hy force, but
finisher of Christianity has de- of free choice.
clared, that his kingdom is not of “ Your petitioners would ear-
this world ; and, as in his own nestly represent to your honourable
example he showed a perfect pat- house, that our holy religion bas
tern of compassion towards them borne uninjured every test that
that are ignorant and out of the reason and learning have applied
way of truth, of forbearance to- to it, and that its divive origin, its
wards objectors, and of forgiveness purity, its excellence, and its title
of wilful enemies ; so, in his mo- to universal acceptation, bave been
ral laws, he has prohibited the made more manifest by every new
spirit that would attempt to root up examination and discussion of its
speculative error with the arm of nature, pretensions, and claims.
flesh, or that would call down fire Left to itself, under the divine
from Heaven to consume the un- blessing, the reasonableness and
believing, and has commanded the innate excellence of Christianity
exercise of meekness, tenderness, will infallibly promote its in-
and brotherly love towards all man- fluence over the understandings and
kind, as the est and only means liearts of mankind; but when the
of promoting his cause upon earth, angry passions are suffered to rise
and the most acceptable way of in its professed defence, these pro-
glorifying the great Father of mer- voke the like passions in hostility
cies, who is kind even to the un- to it, and the question is no longer
thankful and the evil.

one of pure truth, but of power on
“ By these reasonable, chari- the one side, and of the capacity of
table, and peaceful means, the endurance on the other.
Christian religion was not only “ It appears to your petitioners
established originally, but also that it is altogether unnecessary
supported for the three first cen- and in politic to recur to penal laws
turies of the Christian era, during in aid of Christianity. The judg-
which it triumphed over the most ment and feelings of human nature,
fierce and potent opposition, un- testified by the history of man in
aided by temporal power : and your all ages and nations, incline man-
petitioners humbly submit to your kind to religion; and it is only
honourable house, that herein con- when they erringly associate reli-
sists one of the brightest evidences gion with fraud and injustice that
of the truth of the Christian re- they can be brought in any large
ligion; and that they are utterly number to bear the evils of scep-
at a loss to conceive how that ticism and unbelief.

Your petiwhich is universally accounted to tioners acknowledge and Jament have been the glory of the gospel the wide diffusion amongst the peoin its beginnings, should now cease ple of sentiments unfriendly to the


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Christian faith ; but they cannot Pagan countries, where Christian refrain from stating to your ho- missionaries are so laudably emnourable house their conviction that ployed in endeavouring to expose this unexampled state of the public the absurdity, folly, and mischiemind is mainly owing to the pro- vous influence of idolatry, secution of the holders and propa- “ Your petitioners would intreat gators of infidel opinions. Objec- your honourable house to consider tions to Christianity have thus be- that belief does not in all cases decome familiar to the readers of the pend upon the will, and that inweekly and daily journals-curio. quiry into the truth of Christianity sity has been stimulated with re- will be wholly prevented, if pergard to the publications prohibited sons are rendered punishable for -an adventitious, unnatural, and any given result of inquiry. Firmly dangerous importance has been attached as your petitioners are to given in sceptical arguments-a the religion of the Bible, they cansuspicion has been excited in the not but consider the liberty of reminds of the multitude that the jecting, to be implied in that of Christian religion can be upheld embracing it. The unbeliever may, only by pains and penalties, and indeed, be silenced by his fears, sympathy has been raised on be- but it is scarcely conceivable that half of the sufferers, whom the un- any real friend to Christianity, or informed and unwise regard with any one who is solicitous for the the reverence and confidence that improvement of the human mind, belong to the character of martyrs the diffusion of knowledge, and the to the truth.

establishment of truth, should wish “ Your petitioners would remind to reduce any portion of mankind your honourable house, hat all to the necessity of concealing their history testifies the futility of all honest judgment upon moral and prosecutions for mere opinions, un- theological questions, and of makless such prosecutions proceed the ing an outward profession that length of exterminating the holders shall be inconsistent with their inof the opinions prosecuted-an ex

ward persuasion. treme from which the liberal spirit “ Your petitioners are not igand the humanity of the present norant that a distinction is comtimes revolt.

monly made between those unbe“ The very same maxims and lievers that argue the question of principles that are pleaded to jus- the truth of Christianity calmly. tify the punishment of unbelievers and dispassionately, and those that would authorise Christians of dif- treat the sacred subject with levity ferent denominations to vex and and ridicule; but although they barass each other on the alleged feel the strongest disgust at every ground of want of faith, and like- mode of discussion which apwise form an apology for heathen proaches to indecency and profanepersecutions against Christians, ness, they cannot help thinking whether the persecutions that were that it is neither wise nor safe to anciently carried on against the di- constitute the manner and temper vinely-taught preachers of our re- of writing an object of legal visitaligion, or those that may now be tion; inasmuch as it is impossible instituted by the ruling party in to define where argument ends and

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evil speaking begins. The reviler readers. But independently of conof Christianity appears to your pe. siderations of expediency and potitioners to be the least formidable licy, your petitioners cannot forbear of its enemies; because his scoffs recording their bumble protest can rarely fail of arousing against against the principle implied in the him public opinion, than which no- prosecutions alluded to, that a relithing more is wanted to defeat his gion proceeding from infinite wisend. Between freedom of dis- dom and protected by Almighty cussion and absolute persecution power, depends upon human patrothere is no assignable medium ; nage for its perpetuity, and influand nothing seems to your peti- ence. Wherefore they pray your tioners more impolitic than to sin- honourable house to take into congle out the intemperate publica- sideration the prosecutions carrying tions of modern unbelievers for on, and the punishinents already legal reprobation, and thus by im- inflicted upon unbelievers, in order plication to give a licence to the to exonerate Christianity from the grave reasonings of those that pre- opprobrium and scandal so unjustly ceded them in the course of open cast upon it, of being a system hostility to the Christian religion, that countenances intolerance and which reasonings are much more persecution. likely to make a dangerous im

" And

your petitioners will ever pression upon the minds of their pray, &c."




In obedience to the directions of the “ Act supplementary to the act to establish the Treasury Department,” the Secretary of the Treasury respectfully submits the following Report:

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1. Of the Public Revenue and Expenditure of the Years 1821 and 1822. The net revenue which accrued from duties on imports and tonnage during the year 1821 amounted to

Dols. 15,898,434 42 The actual receipts in the Treasury during the year 1821, including the loan of 85,000,000, amounted to 19,573,703 72

Dols. 13,004,447 15 Public lands, exclusive of Mississippi stock

1,212,966 46 Arrears of interual duties and direct

tax Dividend on stock in the Bank of 356,290 11

the United States, and other in

cidental receipts Loan authorized by act of the 3d of March, 1821, including a pre



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mium of 264,703 70, gained on the same

5,000,000 00 Making, with the balances in the Treasury on the 1st

of January, 1821, of.

1,198,461 21


An Aggregate of 20,772,164 93 The expenditure during the year 1821 amounted to 19,090,572 69 Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous 2,241,871 54 Military service, including fortifi

cations, ordnance, Indian department, revolutionary and military pensions, arming the militia, and arrearages prior to the 1st of Jan. 1817

5,162,364 47 Naval service, including the gradual increase of the navy

3,319,243 6 Public debt

8,367,093 62 Leaving a balance in the Treasury on the 1st of Jan., 1822, of

1,681,592 24 The actual receipts in the Treasury during the three

first quarters of the year 1822 are estimated to have amounted to

14,745,408 75 Viz., Customs 12,648,933 15 Public lands, exclusive of the Mis

sissippi stock 1,298,484 56 Arrears of internal duties and di

rect tax, divided on stock in the Bank, and other incidental receipts

. 391,871 76 Balances of appropriations for the

war and navy departments, returned to the Treasury, and carried to the surplus fund, 406,119 28 The actual receipts in the Treasury

during the 4th quarter are estimated at

5,000,000 0 Making the total estimated receipts

in the Treasury during the year 1822

19,745,408 75

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21,427,000 99

And with the balance in the Trea

sury, on the 1st of January, 1822,

forming an aggregate of The expenditures during the three

1st quarters of the year 1822 are

estimated to have amounted to . Viz. Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous

1,536,434 24

12,278,653 32


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And leaving in the Treasury on the 1st of January, 1823, an estimated balance of

3,148,347 67 After deducting from this sum certain balances of appropriations, amounting to 1,232,212 dollars, 11c., which are necessary to effect the objects for which they were severally made, or have been deducted from the estimates for the service of the ensuing year, a balance of 1,916,135 dollars 56c. remains; which, with the receipts into the Treasury during the year 1823, constitutes the means for defraying the current service of

that year.

2. Of the Public Debt. The funded debt which was contracted before the

year 1812, and which was unredeemed on the 1st October, 1821, amounted to

Dols. 17,833,746 84 And that which was contracted subsequently to the

1st of January, 1812, and was unredeemed on the 1st of October, 1821, amounted to

75,852,458 18


Making the total amount of funded debt unredeemed on

the 1st of October, 1821 In the fourth quarter of that year there was issued

Treasury Note six per cent. stock to the amount of

93,686,205 2

390 40


Making an aggregate of 93,686,595 42 In the same quarter there was paid the sum of

262,738 75 Viz. Reimbursements of six per cent. deferred stock

257,180 60 Redemption of Louisiana stock :

5,558 15

Reducing the funded debt on the 1st January, 1822, to 93,423,856 67 From that day to the 1st of October last, there was issued three per cent. stock to the amount of

143 2

Making an aggregate of 93,423,999 69 During the same period there was paid the sum of 380,980 2

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