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de Lagarde, which relates to the the determination 'wbich the Gosaid Congress.
verument of his Most Christian " The days of calm and tran- Majesty may deem advisable to quillity which the Governinent of take in this conjuncture, that of his Most Christian Majesty wishes his Catbolic Majesty will conto the Spanish nation, are not less tinue tranquil in the path pointed anxiously desired by herself and out by its duty, the justness of its ber Government. Both being per- cause, the character of constancy suaded that the remedy of their and of firm attachment to constimisfortunes can only be the work tutional principles, which eminently of time and perseverance, they distinguish the nation at the head make, as it is their duty to do, of wbich it is placed ; and without every effort to accelerate such useful now entering into an analysis of and salutary effects.
the hypothetical and ambiguous “ The Spanish Government expressions of the instructions transjustly appreciates the otters made mitted to the Count de Lagarde, it by that of bis Most Christian Ma- concludes by observing that the jesty to contribute towards its hap- repose and prosperity of the napiness as far as lies in its power; tion, as well as every thing that but is persuaded that the measures may augment the elements of and precautions which the latter its prosperity, can interest no has adopted can produce only con. Power more warmly than Spain trary results.
herself. "The assistance which it is now “ Constant attachment to the incumbent on the French Govern- Constitution of 1812, peace with ment to give to that of Spain is all nations, and the denial of the purely negative. The disbanding right of intervention in her affairs its arny of the Pyrenees—the re- on the part of any Power, form the straining the factious enemies of national motlo and rule of conduct, Spain, and the refugees in France as well for the present as for all -and a marked and decided ani- future times. madversion on those who take “ Your Excellency is authopleasure in blackening, in the most rized to read this note to the Miatrocious manner, the Government nister of Foreign Affairs, and to of his Catholic Majesty, as well as give him a copy if he request it. the institutions of Spain and her Your judgment and your prudence Cortes, is what the law of nations, will suggest to you tbe conduct, as respected by all civilized coun- firm and worthy of Spain, which tries, requires.
ought to be pursued on this occa“ For France to say that she sion. wishes the welfare and tranquillity “ This I have the honour to of Spain, while she constantly communicate to your Excellency keeps lighted up the brands of dis- by order of bis Majesty; and I cord, which give aliment to the take this opportunity of renewing principal evils with which she is the assurances of my distinguished afflicted, is to plunge into an abyss consideration, and of praying that of contradictions.
God may preserve your life many " Moreover, whatever may be years.
“ Your Excellency's attentive Note transmitted to the Chargés and constant servant kisses your d'Affaires at the Courts of band.
Vienna, Berlin, and Petersburgh. “ EVARISTO SAN MIGUEL. “ Under this date I communi“ The Palace, Jan. 9, 1823. cate 10 ihe Chargé d'Affaires of * To the Minister of France." his Majesty at the Court of --,
The notes of the Cabinets of by royal order, the following: Austria, Prussia, and Russia were “The Government of his Mathen read.
jesty has received communication The reading being concluded, of a note from -- to its Chargé the Secretary of State rose and d'Affaires at this Court, a copy said:
of which note is transmitted to “ His Majesty's Government is your Excellency for your informaof opinion, that it would neither be tion. seasonable, just, nor decorous, to “ This document, full of permake any reply to these notes, verted facts, defamatory supposisince they are full of invectives and tions, accusations equally unjust calumnies and malign suspicions, and slanderous, and vague requests, not strictly directed against the does not call for any categorical wbole nation, but against those and formal reply on any of its who govern it, and against the points. The Spanish Government, individuals who accomplished the deferring to a more convenient oprevolution.
portunity the exbibiting to all naSeveral Deputies here inter- tions, in a public and solemn manrupted the Secretary of State by ner, ils sentiments, its principles, exclaiming—“ All! All! they are its determinations, and the justice directed against all the nation." of the cause of the generous na
Senor San Miguel continued- tion at the head of which it is “ These invectives are pointed placed, is, for the present, content against all, but more particularly to declare against those who govern the na- “1. That the Spanish nation tion, and those who brought about is governed by a Constitution sothe revolution and are its support. lemnly recognized by the Emperor On the view of those notes it has of all the Russias in the year 1812. appeared to his Majesty's Govern- “ 2. That the Spaniards, friends ment, that, reserving the right of to their country, who proclaimed, inaking manifest its principles and at the commencement of 1812, that the justice of its cause by means Constitution which was abolished of a frank exposition of the history by violence in 1814, were not per: of our revolution, it is tit firmly to jured men, but had the imperishdeclare, that it in do manner re- able honour of being the instruments cognizes either a right of interven- of the general will. tion or necessity for any foreign 3. That the Constitutional Cabinet to meddle in its affairs. King of Spain is in the free exerI shall now have the honour to cise of the powers which the funread the note which is to serve damental code has conferred upon for the answer to the three Cabi- him, and whatever may be alleged nets."
to the contrary proceeds from the
enemies of Spain, for the purpose of Speech of the King of France, deblackening and calumniating her. livered at the opening of the ses
“ 4. That the Spanish nation sion of the two Chambers, on has never interfered with the in- Tuesday, January 28th. stitutions or internal government of “ Gentlemen, — The length of any other state.
the two last sessions, the short * 5. That the healing of the ills time which they have left you unwhich may afflict Spain interests no occupied, would have made me nation more than herself.
wish to be able to put off for a “6. That those evils are not short time the opening of the preconsequences of the Constitution, sent. But the regular vote of the but proceed from the enemies who expenditure of the State is an adendeavour to destroy it.
vantage of wbich you have felt all “7. That the Spanish nation the value; and in order to preserve will never acknowledge the right of it, I have counted upon the same any Power to interfere or mix itself devotion which was necessary for in its affairs,
me to obtain it. “ 8. That the Government will “ The situation of the interior of never deviate from the line traced the kingdom is improved; the adout by its duties, by national ho- ministration of justice, loyally exnour, and by its unalterable at- ercised by the Juries, wisely and tachment to the fundamental code religiously directed by the Magis.. sworn to in 1812.
trates, has put an end to the plots “ Your Excellency is authorized and attempts at revolt which were to communicate this despatch ver- encouraged by the hope of impubally to the Minister for Foreign nity. Affairs at giving him a copy
" I have concluded with the if he ask it.
Holy See those conventions which “ His Majesty hopes that your were necessary for the formation Excellency's prudence, zeal, and of the new diocese of which the patriotism will suggest to you that law authorizes the establishment. conduct which is firm and worthy " Every where the churches will of the Spanish naine, and which, be provided with their pastors; and in the present circumstances, ought the clergy of France, completely to be followed.
organized, will bring upon us the “ This is what I have the ho- blessings of Providence, nour to communicate to your Excel- “I bave provided by ordinances, lency by order of his Majesty ; and as economy in our expenses reI seize this opportunity to renew quired, regular order in the acthe assurances of my distinguished counts. My Ministers will submit consideration, praying God to pre- to the sanction of the law the acserve your life many years. I kiss count of the expenses of the year your hands. Your attentive and 1821. They will furnish you with constant servant.
the statement of the receipt and “ EVARISTO SAN MIGUEL. expenses effected in 1822, and that “ The Palace, Jan. 9, 1823. of the charges and resources to be
" To Senor Chargé d'Af- expected in 1824. faires at
“ It results from these documents, that all prior expenses be
ing liquidated - even those which ever our arrivals can possibly be the military preparations have ren- annoyed. dered necessary--we enter upon “ If war is inevitable, I will use the year 1823 with forty inillions all my endeavours to confine its of excess upon the accounts open circle, to limit its duration; it will for this year; and that the budget be undertaken only to conquer for 1824 will present a balance of peace, which the state of Spain receipts and expenses, without re- would render impossible. Let quiring the employment of this Ferdinand VII. be free to give to reserve.
his people institutions which they “ France owed to Europe the cannot bold but from him, and example of a prosperity which which by securing their tranquillity people cannot obtain but by the would dissipate the just inquietudes return to religion--to legitimacy- of France. Hostilities shall cease to order-to true liberty. That from that moment. I make, gen-, salutary example she now gives. tlemen, before you, a solemn en
“ But Divine justice permits, gagement on this point. that, after having for a long time " I was bound to lay before you made other nations suffer the ter- the state of our foreign affairs. It rible effects of our disorders, we was for me to deliberate. I have should ourselves be exposed to done it maturely. I have consult-. dangers brought about by similared the dignity of my crown, the calamities among a neighbouring honour and security of France. people.
Gentlemen, we are Frenchmen; "I have made every endeavour we shall always be agreed to deto guarantee the security of my fend such interests. people, and to preserve Spain her. self from the extremity of mis- Petition presented to Parliament fortune. The infatuation with from the Corporation of London. which the representations made at * That while your petitioners Madrid have been rejected, leaves deeply sympathize with the sufferlittle hope of preserving peace. ings of the agricultural interests,
“ I have ordered the recall of they bez to represent to your homy Ministers : one hundred thou- nourable house, that they are sand Frenchmen, commanded by a themselves also suffering under the Prince of my family,-- by him pressure of accumulated burdens, whom my heart delights to call wbich become daily more insupmy son,-are ready to march, in- portable by the depreciation of voking the God of St. Louis, for every description of property: while, the sake of preserving the throne after eight years of profound peace, of Spain to a descendant of Henry no proportionate reduction in taxIV.-of saving that fine kingdom ation has taken place, nor have from its ruin, and of reconciling it any measures been adopted for the with Europe.
removal of national grievances. “ Our stations are about to be " That they have anarked the reinforced in those places where numerous encroachments that have our maritime commerce has need been made, since the period of the of that protection. Cruisers shall Revolution, upon the constitutional be established every where, wher- rights, and consequently upon the
property, of the subject; but more ful effects of attempting to destroy particularly the accelerated pro- the independence of Parliament, gress of those encroachments dur- that in the Bill of Rights it was ing the late reign, and since the declared, “That the election of commencement of the late wars; members of Parliament ought to and they bave observed, that those be free; and that for the redress encroachments have kept due pace of all grievances, and the amending, with the corruption, dependence, strengthening, and preserving the and consequent inefficiency of the laws, Parliament ought to be held representation; by which every, or frequently :' and the preamble to any, set of Ministers have been the said bill stated, “ that frequent enabled to exercise an uncontrolled new Parliaments tend very much influence, and to carry on their to the happy union of King and projects, however adverse to the people.' interests of the nation.
“ That your petitioners have to “That your petitioners therefore lament that, surrounded with difsubmit, that the present enormous ficulties as their ancestors then burdens and distresses of the coun- were, their intentions thus extry have not arisen from any un- pressed of rendering the represenforeseen unavoidable causes, tation more perfect, and preserving but have been the necessary result its independence, were not carried of a long course of corrupt influ- into effect: hence the constituence, extravagance, and misrule; tional barriers they set up for the of wars rashly and unjustly under- security of the people were found taken, and of enormous and un- but feeble guards against the asnecessary establishments ; all of saults of selfish and designing miwhich could only have arisen and nisters, who have perseveringly and grown up to their present porten- systematically so' undermined the tous magnitude, from the want of independence of election, tbat in that constitutional control over the most of the boroughs scarcely a servants of the Crown which can vestige of freedom now remains. only be found in a free and uncor- “That your petitioners beg to rupted representation of the people draw the attention of your honourin Parliament.
able House to facts which must " That without recurring to ear- lead to the inevitable conclusion, lier times, your petitioners need that if the representation was not only revert to the reign of Charles considered adequate at the period I., where the attempts first to con- of the Revolution, and to the state trol the proceedings of, and then of the country at that time, from to govern without, a Parliament, the great changes that have since brought that deluded Monarch to taken place in the population and his unhappy end; wbile similar the circumstances of the country, conduct in the two succeeding with the general dissemination of reigns, and the more insidious at- knowledge, it must now have betempts to corrupt the Parliament, cone wholly inefficient for all the led to the expulsion of James II. great and beneficial purposes of from the throne.
representation. “ 'That so sensible were the great "That your petitioners beg to statesmen of that day of the bane- impress upon the consideration of