which his notice stood—namely, poor livings. Whilst these funds the 17th instant. The right hon. were in existence, ministers were and learned gentleman must be not defensible in asking, and paraware that many members of the liament not warranted in house had been put to considerable granting large sums annually for inconvenience on a former occa- either the erection of glebe houses, sion by the postponement of a or the augmentation of poor livings. similar motion, and on the present He knew that, in several intances, occasion many persons entertained many parishes had been united doubts whether the question would into one in order to save the exbe brought forward at the time for pense of erecting a glebe house in which it was at present fixed. each ; and the result was visible in

Sir J. Newport brought forward the decay, not of the protestant his motion respecting the revenue establishment, but of the protestant arising from the first fruits of the population in Ireland. That point clergy of Ireland. He commenced was fully established by comparing bis observations by stating, that the late census of the protestant at the time of the Reformation, and catholic population for the diowhen the papal power was abo- cess of Ossory, with a census lished, and the King was declared made by the bishop of that diocese the head of the church, the first in the year 1731. He would tell fruits or annates of all ecclesias- them what the comparative results tical benefices were annexed to the were in one parish. In 1731 it revenues of the crown. He showed contained 64 protestants, and 613 that they continued to be so taken catholics. In 1818 it contained till the reign of Queen Anne, when 5 protestants and 2,500 catholics. she, by a royal charter, granted The house could not be surprised them to the church of Ireland, for at this result, when he informed the purpose of building glebe them, that, owing to these unions houses, and augmenting the poor of parishes, some of them were livings in that country. He then upwards of thirty miles long. The complained that these first fruits, right honourable baronet then read being taken at the valor beneficiorum a letter from a gentleman in Irewhich was made in the reign of land, who complained that it was Henry VIII., were totally inade- quite impossible for him to attend quate for the purposes to which divine worship at his parish church, they were applied. At present as he lived seventeen miles from they did not produce more than it; and that a friend of his, whose 2901. a year; whereas, if properly name he mentioned, was also in rated, he contended that they the same predicament, as he lived would produce from 30,0001. to exactly seventeen miles on the 40,000l. a year. A revenue of other side of it. The right hon. that amount would fully answer baronet then concluded by moving all the purposes of Queen Anne's the following resolutions :grant, and would render it un. “ That the first fruits or annates, necessary for ministers to come being the first year's income of down annually to parliament to every ecclesiastical dignity and ask it for large sums of money to benefice in Ireland, became at the build glebe houses, and augment time of the Reformation a part of


the revenue of the crown, as head glebes in Ireland, during eleven of the church, and was rendered years, ending in 1818, amounted payable by instalments, and other- W 498,0001., being an annual wise regulated by the Irish statute average of 45,0001. ; and that proof the 28th Henry VIII., and vision still continues to be made continued annexed to the royal by annual grants for these salutary revenues until the year 1710. purposes from the public revenues.

“That her Majesty Queen Anne, : “ That four bundred and sixtyas an aet of grace and favour to seven of the dignities and benefices the established church of Ireland, of Ireland, being nearly one-third by letters patent, confirmed by part of the whole, bave never been subsequent acts of parliament, did rated or valued to the payment of then vest in certain trustees and the first fruits, as directed by the commissioners the produce of this statute of Henry VIII.; and that branch of royal revenue, for the three bundred and thirty-six benepurposes of building and repairing fices more, although rated, do not churches, for the purchase of the contribute the in consequence glebes, where wanting, and of im- of the very early period and the propriations wherever the benefice low rates on which the valuation was not sufficient for the liberal was effected; and that the whole maintenance of the clergy baving of the archbishoprics, bishoprics, cure of souls.

and other ecclesiastical dignities of “ That her said Majesty Queen Ireland, are estimated as amount. Anne did at the same time abso- ing to only 4,2471. yearly value. lutely exonerate and release the “ That the receipt and manageelergy of Ireland from the payment ment of this revenue has been alof the twentieth parts, or twelve ways reserved to and continued in pence in the pound, theretofore officers appointed by the crown, payable annually to the crown out and that the duties thereof were, of the income of all ecclesiastical by letters patent, in the year 1812, benefices.

intrusted to certain commissioners, “ That it appears from returns with power, as therein specified, laid before this house, that the from time to time, to collect, levy, gross amount of the first fruit and receive, and to examine and revenue thus vested in trust, as search for the just and true value paid in to the treasurer of the of all and singular the dignities board of commissioners, during ten and benefices of Ireland, but that years, ending in January 1821, no valuation appears to bave been amounted only to 3,7521., leaving made under authority of this the net amount of produce, appli- patent. cable to the valuable purposes of “ That these resolutions be laid the grant, no more than 2,9251., before his Majesty, together with averaging annually 2921., after the our humble representation, that it deduction for salaries and inci- appears just and equitable that this dental expenses of the board, of branch of royal revenue, liberally 8271.

bestowed on the church of Ireland “ That the grants of parliament for wise and salutary purposes, for building new churches and should be rendered efficacious for glebe houses, and the purchase of the attainment of the objects of


royal bounty, without the necessity 11th of July 1820 and the present of increasing annually the public time.-Ordered to be produced. burdens by parliamentary grants; At the suggestion of Mr. Sykes, and that we humbly pray his Ma- the second reading of the registry jesty may be pleased to authorize of vessels' bill was postponed until and direct the patentees of the the 18th instant. crown to proceed forthwith in the Mr. Hume (to complete certain execution of such measures as documents before the house) moved may be deemed necessary for ex- for a return of the annual revenue amining and searching for the just and expenditure of Great Britain, and true value of all and singular from the 5th of January 1792 to the dignities and benefices of Ire- the 5th of January 1798. — land, and for rendering all such as Agreed to. shall be found to exceed the an- The house then adjourned. nual value of 1501, rateable con- House of Lords, April 11.tributors to the first fruit fund, as Mr. Brogden, accompanied by sevacancies in such dignities and be- veral other members of the house nefices may hereafter take place.” of commons, brought up the grant

The honourable baronet was op- of aids and innkeepers' allowance posed by Mr. Goulburn, and the bills, which were read the first resolutions negatived seriatim. time.

Sir J. Boughey asked leave to A person from the chamber of bring in a bill for enlarging the London presented accounts of the powers of justices of the peace, as receipt and expenditure of the orto the determination of questions phans' fund. between masters and servants.

Petitions were presented against Dr. Lushington obtained leave tbe debtors' act. to bring in a bill for consolidating The Marquis of Lansdown moved the laws relative to the slave for a return of the application of trade.

the various sums of money issued Mr. Hume moved for two re- by authority of parliament for the turns connected with crown pri- relief of the poor of Ireland; and soners:—the first, a return of the also of the application of sums number of persons now confined issued to commissioners for carryas crown debtors, distinguishing ing on public works in that country the amounts of their debts, and between the 1st January 1822, and the terms during which they had the 1st of April, 1823. Returns been imprisoned ;-the second, a ordered. - Adjourned. return of the number of persons House of Commons, April 11.confined in the Fleet-prison for Sir H. Hardinge took the oaths contempt of court, specifying whe- and his seat as member for the ther for offence against the court city of Durham. of Chancery, or the court of Ex- A person from the chamber of chequer, or against any and what London presented a return of the civil or ecclesiastical court;—an amount of the duties composing account to be appended to this the orphans' fund. last return of all persons who had Petitions were presented against died in prison under confinement equalizing the duties on East and for contempt of court, between the West India sugars-against granting concessions to the Roman Ca- 2,6801, for the Westmoreland lock tholics—the insolvent debtors' act hospital. 2,8001. for the Dublin

- for augmenting the duties on lying-in hospital. 1,4001. for Mahawkers and pedlars licences- dam Stephen's hospital, Dublin. against dnties on coals carried 2,6921. for the fever hospital. coast-wise-against the protecting 3001, for the hospital of incurables. duties on blankets—for a reduction 9281. for the Roman Catholic sein the number of hackney coaches. minary. 2,000l. to ihe royal

Mr. Sykes gave notice that on Cork institution. 7,0001, for 20th of April he should move for the Dublin society. 9,2301. for a repeal of the duty on candles. building churches and purchase of

Mr. Wetherell presented a pe- glebes in Ireland. 10,0001. for tition from the grand jury of Dub- widening the streets of Dublin. lin: it complained that the attor- 2,5001. for the farming society. ney-general for Ireland, in his ad- 3001. for the royal Irish academy. dress to the court of King's Bench, 500l. for the office of the cominisDublin, had imputed to the grand sioners of charitable donations and jury that they had been induced to bequests. 19,938l. 9s. 2d.I in aid throw out the bills which he had of the linen and hempen manufacpreferred against the rioters, from tures. 16,1701. for the board of corrupt motives.”_Ordered to be works. 17,3011. for printing and printed.

stationery of the chief and under The Chancellor of the Exchequer secretaries. moved the order of the day that The following vote was postthe house do resolve itself into a poned at the request of Mr. Rice, committee on the military and na- viz 8,3851. for the association val pension bill. Several members for discountenancing vice. opposed it, upon the principle that The house then resumed, the it made the Bank dealers in the chairman reported progress. The funds, and gave a great advantage committee was ordered to sit again to it at the cost of the public. The on Wednesday. house divided : for the house going

Mr. Lennard moved for the prointo a committee 55—against it 44. duction of the following papers :- Report ordered on Monday. An account of the various contract

The house then went into a ing prices by the victualling-office, committee of supply on the Irish for wheat, four, beef, pork, butter, estimates; when the following items and cheese, from 1790 to the prewere voted. 17,000l. for protes- sent time; an account of the avetant schools. 14,0001, for the pro- rage price of all sorts of grain, motion of education in Ireland. from the 5th of January, 1821, to 27,6721. for foundling hospital in the 5th of January, 1823, distinDublin. 19,0001. for the asylum, guishing each year; an account of the house of industry, and the hos- the weekly average price of all pitals in Dublin. 4,500l. for the sorts of grain from the 5th of Jalunatic asylum. 7,4001. for the nuary, 1823, to the present time, Hibernian society for the education distinguishing each week.-Orderof soldiers' children. 1,6001. for the ed.--Adjourned. Dublin marine society. 1,9301. House of Lords, April 14.-Pefor the female orphan school. titions were presented from Dudley against the insolvent debtors' act; erroneous in themselves, but befrom the corporatiou of Beverley, cause they were by no means in Yorkshire, against the catholic suited to the condition and the claims; and one from D. Natha- feelings of the country. On the niel Highmore, complaining of his King of Spain's restoration, it benot being allowed to practise in came a matter of consideration the ecclesiastical courts.


what the course to be pursued The order of the day, in pursu- ought to be. His Majesty's minisance of wbich their lordships had ter who was then in Spain, Sir H. been summoned, being read, Wellesley, advised Ferdinand VII.

The Earl of Liverpool addressed to accept the constitution of the their lordships. In obedience to Cortes, subject to modifications. the commands of his Majesty, he After some hesitation on the part rose tu lay certain papers, relative of that sove

vereign, a different course 10 the negotiations which had was adopted. The King was led taken place on the subject of Spain, to think that the opinion of the on the table of the house. He had people of Spain was decidedly bosproperly to begin with the circum- tile to the constitution, and in his stances which occurred in the ne- belief of the existence of that opigotiations of last year at the con- nion bis Majesty appeared to be gress of Verona ; but before he correct. Nay, he would go farcame to them, he wished to draw ther. He would say that he would their lordships' attention to some not regret that the King of Spain antecedent facts which would show bad taken a course different from in wbat situation this country that which our minister recomstood with respect to the question mended, had his Majesty only adof Spain before the sovereigns as-' hered to the promises he made sembled. Their lordships would when he refused to accept the conrecollect, that in 1814 the King of stitution, on the ground that it was Spain was restored to bis country. not conformable to the wishes of During his absence a constitution the people. But at the same time had been drawn up and adopted in that he rejected the constitution 1812. There were, he must ac- which was offered to him, he isknowledge, many circumstances sued a declaration, in which he reconnected with that constitution to cognized the principles of a limited which it was impossible the atten- monarchy, and promised to assem-. tion of those who were interested ble Cortes. Had this course been in the state of Spain should not be adopted, he was far from thinking called. It had been established at that either Spain or Europe would a time when the opportunity for have had any reason to regret his such a change could not have been Catholic Majesty's determination. foreseen, and therefore it might But, notwithstanding this strong have been presumed that the fra- and voluntary declaration, no Cortes mers of that code, as well as the were assembled. Not only were country, were not prepared for it they not assenibled, but a course of by tbat general knowledge which misgovernment was pursued, which such a labour required. It was, in made the events of 1820, however fact, constructed upon principles unexpected, (and unexpected he beextremely erroneous -- not only lieved they were,) be viewed with1823.



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