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BRITISH AND FOREIGN

HIS TO RY

For the Year 1823.

1823.

A

BRITISH AND FOREIGN

HISTORY

For the Year 1823.

CHAPTER I.

Opening of Parliament. The King's Speech.Address.-- Irish Yeomanry. Foreign Trade Committee.-Committee of Supply.- Austriun Loan.-Ordnance Department.-- France and Spain.Beer Licensing.Conquered Colonies.-State Prosecutions in Ireland.Orange Lodges.Cash payments.Corn Laws.Weights and Measures, 8c., &c.Petitions against Marriage Act.Debtors Act.-Agricultural Distress.- Tares.--Jesuits.- Loss by Cash

Payments, fc. fc. HOUSE of Lords, Feb. 4.—This remittingly exerted to preserve the

being the day to which parlia- peace of Europe. ment was prorogued for the dis- “Faithful to the principles which patch of business, it was opened his majesty has promulgated to the by commission, at a quarter before world as constituting the rule of three o'clock. The commission- his conduct, his majesty declined ers were the Archbishop of Cun- being party to any proceedings at terbury, the Lord Chancellor, the Verona which could be deemed an Parls of Harrowby, Westmoreland, interference in the internal conand Shaftesbury. The usher of cerns of Spain on the part of fothe black rod having been ordered reign powers.

And his majesty to require the attendance of the has since used, and continues to house of commons, he withdrew, use, his most anxious endeavours and in a few moments the speaker, and good offices to allay the irriaccompanied by several members, tation unhappily subsisting between appeared at the bar.

the French and Spanish governThe Lord Chancellor then read ments; and to avert, if possible, the speech, which was

fol- the calamity of war between lows:

France and Spain. “My lords, and gentlemen, “ In the east of Europe his

“We are commanded by his majesty flatters himself that peace majesty inform you, that since will be preserved, and his majesty he last met you in parliament, continues to receive from his allies, bis majesty's efforts have been un- and generally from other powers,

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as

assurances

assurances of their unaltered dis- provement of the revenue, has

proposition to cultivate with his ma- duced a surplus exceeding his majesty those friendly relations which jesty's expectation. His majesty it is equally his majesty's object trusts, therefore, that you will be on his part to maintain.

able, after providing for the ser“ We are further commanded to vices of the year, and without afapprise you, that discussions har- fecting public credit, to make a ing long been pending with the farther considerable reduction in court of Madrid, respecting depre- the burdens of his people. dations committed on the com- “My lords, and gentlemen, merce of his majesty's subjects in “ His majesty has cominanded the West Indian seas, and other us to state to you, that the manigrievances of which his majesty festations of loyalty and attachhad been under the necessity of ment to his person

and governcomplaining, those discussions have ment, which his majesty received terminated in an admission by the in his late visit to Scotland, have Spanish government of the justice made the deepest impression upon of his majesty's complaints, and his heart. in an engagement for satisfactory “ The provisions which you reparation.

made in the last session of parlia“ We are commanded to assure ment for the relief of the distresses you, that his majesty has not in considerable districts in Ireland, been unmindful of the addresses has been productive of the happresented to him by the two houses piest effects ; and his majesty reof parliament, with respect to the commends to your consideration foreign slave-trade.

such measures of internal regulaPropositions for the more ef- tion as may be calculated to profectual suppression of that evil mote and secure the tranquillity were brought forward by his ma- of that country, and to improve jesty's plenipotentiary in the con- the habits and condition of the ferences at Verona, and there have people. been added to the treaties

upon

this “Deeply as his majesty regrets subject, already concluded between the continued depression of the his majesty and the governments agricultural interest, the satisfacof Spain and the Netherlands, tion with which his majesty conarticles which will extend the ope- templates the increasing activity ration of those treaties, and greatly which pervades the manufacturfacilitate tbeir execution.

ing districts, and the flourishing “ Gentlemen of the house of condition of our commerce in most commons,

of its principal branches, is greatly “ His majesty has directed the enhanced by the confident persuaestimates of the current year to

sion that the progressive prospebe laid before you.

They have rity of so many of the interests been frained with every attention of the country cannot fail to conto economy; and the total ex- tribute to the gradual improvependiture will be found to be ma- ment of that great interest which terially below that of last

year. is the most important of them · “ This diminution of charge, all.” combined with the progressive im- After the speech was read, the

Earl

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Earl of Tankerville took the oaths address, upon the same principle and bis seat; and the house ad- as the noble marquis bad done; journed to five o'clock.

but with regard to Spain he cou. At a quarter past five, the sidered the question purely Spahouse resuined.

nish, and deprecated any moveLord Ellenborough gave notice ment which might disturb the of his intention to move an amend- peace of England. ment to the marriage act passed Lord Ellenborough commented last session.

upon that part of his majesty's The king's speech having been speech which related to Spain, again read over by the Lord Chan- and thought the steps of miniscellor, and subsequently by the ters not so decided as they ought clerk,

to bave been. He thought this The Earl of Morley rose to conduct by no means likely to be move the address. In a speech of the means of preserving peace. considerable length, he adverted The Earl of Darnley thought a to each point of his majesty's nore convenient opportunity night speech separately

suggest itself for the discussion of The Earl of Mayo rose to se- the topics noticed in the amendcond the address, and made a few ment of his noble friend, which, observations.

therefore, he would not now sup-,
The Earl of Stanhope rose, and port.
after remarking in detail upon the The Earl of Lirerpool, in an-
different circumstances of present swer to a question from Lord
distress, moved as an amendment, Darnley, then observed, that the
the following concluding para- consideration of the state of Ire-,
graph.-" That this house views land would be brought by his ma-
with the deepest regret and an- jesty's government under the at-
xiety the severe and unexampled tention of their lordships at as
distress which now afflicts the early a day as possible.
country, and will immediately pro- Their lordships then divided on
ceed to inquire and to examine Lord Stanhope's amendment-
into its causes, and also the re- Content, 3-Not Content, 62-
sults which have arisen from al. Majority against it, 59.
tering the value of the currency,

Adjourned.
and the means of administering House of Commons, Feb. 4.-

The speedy and effectual relief." Speaker took the chair at about three

The Marquis of Lansdown spoke o'clock, and was soon after sumin favour of the original address, moned by the usher of the black as he conceived the subjects men- rod to the house of peers. On his tioned and discussed at so great return he retired into his private length by his noble friend, must room, and resumed the chair at come sbortly under the serious about four o'clock. consideration of the house. He

The Speuker stated to the house, however remarked upon the slight that he had been directed to issue manner in which the invasion of his warrants to the clerk of the Spain was mentioned.

crown of Ireland, for a new writ The Earl of Liverpool spoke for the county of igo, in the also in favour of the original room of Charles O'llara, Esq.,

deceased ;

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