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THE

Penn Monthly,

DEVOTED TO

Literature, Art, Science and Politics..

VOLUME III.

January to December, 1872.

PHILADELPHIA.
UNIVERSITY PRESS COMPANY, 506 WALNUT STREKT.

1872.

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Notes in Class......... ...................

...... 10, 147, 334

On the Representation of Minorities.......

.......... 347

137

38

448

Paradise, The Primitive, Regained.........

........ 407
Pastorius, Francis Daniel.............

.......... 1, 51
Pennsylvania, The Early Poets of...........

...........
Pestilence of 1793, The................

.......... 23
Philadelphia Social Science Association, The.........
Philosophy of the French Revolution, The..171, 263, 299, 395,
Phonetic Laws and Their Limits....

.... 323
Pied-Piper of Hamelin, The........
Play and Work...........

.. 103
Poets of Pennsylvania, The Early.....

.. 137
Pollio of Virgil, The...........
Post-Office and State Savings Banks ........
Primitive Paradise Regained, The...........
Professors, The King and the....

.......
Prospect of a Livelihood, A Boy's, and Apprenticeship........

200

Queen Mary and Her Slayers ..........

............. 604

.......... 564

Race, The, and the Hybrid..
Reform, Constitutional.......
Representation of Minorities, On the..........

............. 347

658

..........

Science and its Methods.................

.......... 155, 209
Service of Song, Our.................
Slayers, Queen Mary and Her.....

...........

604
Social Condition of Philadelphia in 1870.....
Social Science Association, The Philadelphia....................
Society, The Left Hand of......

........ 283
Song, Our Service of...... ......

658
Sonnet....
State and Post-Office Savings Banks...........

........

658

• 92

The King and the Professors............
· The Loan Exhibition in Milan...........

The Pestilence of 1793...........

.......... 648

.......... 621
.......... 23

Torrents, Alpine.....

......

.... 509

University, The Idea of a... .....

.......... 476, 539

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Vaccination, Its Uses and Alleged Dangers...
Virgil, the Pollio of...
Virtue, A Manly.

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Wages and Social Condition of Philadelphia in 1870........... 236
Work and Play.......

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103

Yost Yoder: A Sketch........

.....

90

THE

PENN MONTHLY.

JANUARY, 1872.

FRANCIS DANIEL PASTORIUS. W H EN William Penn, in the course of his missionary tour

V through Germany, during the summer of 1677, came to Frankfort-on-the-Main, he formed the acquaintance of several persons, whose religious tenets and fervent piety seemed to chime in with his own ideas of Christianity. Of these, two only are mentioned by name in his diary, viz. : Miss Eleonora Johanna von Merlau, subsequently married to the famous Chiliast, Dr. J. W. Peterson, and Van de Walle, a merchant. From other sources we know that these German friends of Wm. Penn belonged to the circle of Dr. Spener, the famous founder of Pietism, holding their meetings in the Saalhof of Frankfort. Again, we learn by a casual remark which occurs in Pastorius' manuscripts, that the project of forming a German settlement in Pennsylvania was first entertained by the pious men and women who gathered around Dr. Spener at the Saalhof, and that thus originated what is called the Frankfort Land Company. This association bought of Benjamin Furly, Penn's agent, in Amsterdam, five full shares, amounting to 25,000 acres of land.

The beginning of German emigration to America may thus be traced to Wm. Penn's direct and personal influence with a class of pious enthusiasts, who became interested in his reformatory schemes. Now, whatever may have been the first design of the members of the Frankfort Company they themselves did not emigrate. The real settlers on the company's property came from

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