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the district of Menteith on the Highland border two centuries ago, he for his part found it more convenient to supply himself with beef by stealing it alive from the adjacent glens than by buying it killed in the Stirling butchers'-market. It was Mr. Roy's plan of supplying himself with beef in those days, this of stealil.g it. In many a little “Congress' in the district of Menteith there was debating, doubt it not, and much specious argumentation this way and that, before they could ascertain that, really and truly, buying was the best way to get your beef; which, however, in the long run, they did with one assent find it indisputably to be : and accordingly they hold by it to this day.”

CHAPTER IX.

cRomwell's LETTERS AND SPEECHES, ETO.MAIRGARET FULLFR.

By this time Carlyle was beginning to lay the foundation for the second of his three great historical works, Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches. While engaged on this work, he went down to Rugby by express invitation, on Ho: Friday, 13th May 1842, and on the following day explored the field of Naseby, in company with Dr. Arnold." The meeting of two such remarkable men—only six weeks before the death of the latter—has in it something solemn and touching, and unusually

* “Carlyle dined and slept satisfactorily."—(Dr. Arnold to here on Friday last, and on tho Iłov. Dr. Hawkins: Rugby, Saturday we went over with my May 19, 1842.)—Stanley's List wife and two of my boys to and , correspondence of Arnolu. Naseby fiold, and explored tho Londou, 1840, p. 604. seene of the great battle very

interesting. Carlyle left the school-house, ex

pressing the hope that it might “long continue to be what was to him one of the rarest sights in the world—a temple of industrious peace.” " Arnold, who, with the deep sympathy arising from kindred nobility of soul, had long cherished a high reverence for Carlyle, was very proud of having received such a guest under his roof, and during those few last weeks of his life was wont to be in high spirits, talking with his several guests, and describing with much interest his recent visit to Naseby with Carlyle, “its position on some of the highest table-land in England—the strealms falling on the one side into the Atlantic, on the other into the German Ocean—far away, too, from any town—Market Harborough, the nearest, into which the cavaliers were chased late in the long summer evening on the 14th of June.” In 1843 appeared l'ast and I’resent—perhaps the greatest of Carlyle's works apart from his three Histories. Emerson made it the subject of a paper in a monthly magazine then appearing at Boston, entitled

Dr. Arnold.

Past and
Present.

* Stanley's Life of Arnold, p. 611.

The Dial," conducted conjointly by himself and Margaret Fuller, of whom more anon, and the book formed the text for an article on “The Genius and Tendency of Carlyle's Writings," which Mazzini, then an exile in England, con. tributed to the British and Foreign Review in October 1843.

A very admirable letter, addressed by Carlyle in 1843 to a young man who had written to him desiring his advice as to a proper choice of reading, and, it would appear also, as to his conduct in general, we shall here bring forth from its hiding-place in an old Scottish paper of the time; :—

“Chelsea, 13th March 1843.

“DEAR SIR, “Some time ago your letter was delivered me; I take literally the first free half-hour I have had since to write you a word of answer. “It would give me true satisfaction could any advice of mine contribute to forward you in your honourable course of self-improvement, but a long experience has taught me that advice can

* “Carlyle's Past and Present." * Reprinted in the Life and —The Dial: a Magazine for Writing of Joseph Mazzini (Lond Literature, Philosophy, and 1867) vol. iv. pp. 56-144. Religion. Boston, July 1843 ! Cupar and St. Andre" (vol. iv. pp. 96-102). Monthly Advertiser.

1843.] ON THE CHOICE OF BOOKS. 283

profit but little; that there is a good reason why
advice is so seldom followed ; this reason
namely, that it so seldom is, and can almost never
be, rightly given. No man knows the state of
another: it is always to some more or less
imaginary man that the wisest and most honest
adviser is speaking.
“As to the books which you—whom I know
so little of should read, there is hardly any-
thing definite that can be said. For one thing,
you may be strenuously advised to keep reading.
Any good book, any book that is wiser than
yourself, will teach you something—a great
many things, indirectly and directly, if your
inind be open to learn. This old counsel of
Johnson's is also good, and universally ap-
plicable:—“Read the book you do honestly feel
a wish and curiosity to read.' The very wish
and curiosity indicates that you, then and there,
are the person likely to get good of it. ‘Our
wishes are. presentiments of our capabilities; '
that is a noble saying, of deep encouragement
to all true men; applicable to our wishes and
efforts in regard to reading as to other things.
Among all the objects that look wonderful or
beautiful to you, follow with fresh hope the one
which looks wonderfullest, beautifullest. You
will gradually find, by various trials (which trials

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