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S. PHILOMENA, V.
[Modern Roman Martyrology, inserted by Baronius, Ferrarius in his Catalogue of the Saints of Italy, the Bollandists, &c.]
IN 1527, Antonio de Monte, bishop of Porto-SantaRuffina, cardinal bishop of Pavia, and abbot "in commendam" of the church of S. Lawrence at San Severino, in the marches of Ancona, pulled down the old altar in the church of S. Lawrence, and discovered within it a vessel (urna) "as shapely cut as if done yesterday," and on opening it found therein a body of a young girl, quite perfect, the face of singular beauty, the dress of sapphire green, and around the body freshly cut, unwithered, fragrant flowers and herbs. To the neck was attached by a string a scrap of parchment, on which was inscribed: "The body of S. Filomena, of the noble family of the Clavelli at Septempopulanæ (San Severino) translated at the time of the Goths into the church of S. Lawrence, beneath the high altar. I, Severinus, the bishop, wrote this with my own hand."
The cardinal constructed a marble sepulchre for the body, and placed the scrap of parchment in a crystal vessel.
There were two lights in which this discovery might be regarded, one that it was miraculous, in that the flesh, the flowers, and the dress had preserved their freshness and colour for at least a thousand years; in which case the miracle extends to the inscription on the parchment, the character and style of which belong to the 16th century, and it can have been only by a miracle that S. Severinus, in the 8th cent., should have adopted the style of writing the 16th. The other light in which the discovery may be explained we forbear to particularise.
The former view is that which has been authoritatively adopted, for Pope Clement VII. permitted and indulgenced the cultus of this saint.
Miracles have been wrought, we are told, at the shrine of this virgin saint. Her festival is observed with great solemnity at San Severino, on the first Sunday in July.
She is not to be confounded with S. Philomena, V.M., discovered at Rome, who is venerated on August 10th.
S. TROPHIMA, V.M.
[Venerated in the diocese of Amalfi on Nov. 5th, at Benevento and Amalfi on July 5th. Authority:-An account of the invention and translation written in 1601.]
A WOMAN was one day washing linen on the banks of a little stream that flows into the bay of Salerno, at Minuri, when, in beating the clothes, she was aware of a hollow sound, and found on examination a marble sarcophagus. In striking her hand against it she numbed her arm, and at once concluded that the sarcophagus contained a saint who was offended at having dirty linen basted over him. She ran to inform the clergy; they communicated with the bishop of Amalfi, and a train of people poured down to the river, to disinter the sarcophagus. But it refused to be moved, till a team of beautiful and innocent heifers were yoked to the stone tomb, when it was moved out; and to the admiration of all, there was discovered on the lid, in elegant hexameters, with perhaps somewhat of a Rénaissance ring in them, an inscription to the effect that within lay a virgin martyr, named Trophima, who having run away from her parents in Sicily, "gave her
members to Minuri, and her soul to the Thunderer."
A church was erected over her remains, and it became a favourite resort of pilgrims.
1 "Sicanios fugiens devota puella parentes,
Equoris in medio naturae forte quievit.
Membra dedit Reginniculis, animamque Tonantis."
ISAIAH, Prophet and M. in Palestine, circ. B.C. 690.
SS. ROMULUS, B., and Comp., MM. at Fiesoli and Volterra, xst cent.
S. TRANQUILLINUS, M. at Rome, λ.D. 286.
S. DOMINICA, V.M. at Tropea in Campania, 4th cent.
S. NOYALA, V.M. at Pontivy in Brittany.
S. Sisors, Ab. C. in the Thebaid, 5th cent.
S. PALLADIUS, B. Ap. of the Irish, A.D. 432.
S. GERVASE, Deac. M. at Chalons-sur-Saone, 6th cent.
S. MORWENNA, V. in Cornwall, 5th cent.
S. MOVENNA, OR MONYNNA, V. Abss. in Ireland, 6th cent
S. MODWENNA, V. Abss. in Scotland and Burton-on-Trent, 7th cent.
S. GOAR, P.C. at S. Goar on the Rhine, 6th cent.
S. SEXBURGA, Q. Abss. of Ely, A.D.699.
SS. BERTARIUS AND ATALENUS, MM. at Favernay in Franche-Conte,
CiTC. A D. 754.
S. GODELIEVA, V.M. at Ghistelles in Flanders, A.D. 1070.
SS. ROMULUS, B., AND COMP., MM.
[Roman Martyrology. Zenobius, bishop of Fiesoli, in 966, is said to have visited the church of S. Romulus, so that the veneration of this Saint must be ancient. Anthority:-The Acts, which are utterly apocryphal, "sunt ab initio meræ fabulæ," say the Bollandists. The fact is, S. Romulus bears a suspicious resemblance in part of his story to Romulus, the fabulous founder of Rome. The companions of Romulus, bearing the suspicious names of Dulcissimus and Charissimus, were venerated at Bamberg on April 19th, with proper lessons extracted from the fabulous acts of S. Romulus. The Acts appear to be a forgery of the 12th cent.]
HE apocryphal legend of the birth of S. Romulus is to this effect. There was a Roman citizen of the name of Argoltus, who had a daughter named Lucerna, and she, when she grew up, became enamoured of a slave of her father, named Cyrus, and by him became the mother of a little boy. Then she took the child and exposed it in a
wood, that it might die. But lo! a she-wolf came and suckled the babe, and it grew and throve. But there came forth one day the huntsmen of the Emperor Nero, to hunt, and they chased the wolf to her lair, and there they found the boy. So they came and told Nero. And he said, "Go! fetch me the lad." So they went and chased the wolf, and the wolf leaped forth, and the boy ran after her, and escaped. For two days did they pursue the wolf and the boy, and were unable to catch them. And on the third day they returned with their hands empty. Then Nero the emperor sent his prefect to Peter the apostle, to tell him what had fallen out. And S. Peter, when he heard this, prayed to the Lord, and in the night an angel came to him and bade him take his fishing-nets and go into the forest and catch the boy and the wolf. So the apostle convoked all the Christians of Rome, and they went forth bearing nets; and when they came to the forest, they beat it, but could not catch the wolf and boy. Therefore the apostle prayed, and instantly those whom he sought stood before him. Then he cried with a loud voice, "If thou be born of a she-wolf, avoid thee hence! But if thou be born of a woman, come hither that I may catch thee!" And when he had so cried out the wolf ran away, and the Christians caught her in their nets. But S. Peter held the boy, and the child had been for three hundred days with the wolf when S. Peter captured him. So they brought the wolf and boy into Rome, and committed them to a keeper, and bade him turn a sheep into their prison. Then the boy and the wolf fell on the sheep and rent it with their teeth, and devoured it raw. Now when S. Peter saw this, he bade that the wolf be expelled the city, but he delivered the boy to the priest Justin to be baptized. Then Justin