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an apostle had been at Rome when by facts. This, however, he has not Paul wrote his letter to the Christians done, and I believe 'never can do. I in that city. As none ever received deem the “ Review of my Missionary those gifts but by an apostle, (the day Life and Labours" to contain a stateof Pentecost and the house of Corne- ment of facts which prove the fallacy lius excepted,) and as it does not of Mr. I. W.'s assertions : still I wish appear that any apostle had visited to be heard in reply through the same Rome, it is reasonable to conclude medium as he has communicated his that the Christians in Rome were in declamation against our Missionary the same circumstances as those of proceedings. Samaria before Peter and John were I perfectly agree with Mr. I. W., as sent from Jerusalem. Permit me also far as he goes, as to the importance to ask what it was that made Paul of forming regular Missionary circuits, long to see the Christians who were something like those formed by the in Rome, but that he might impartWesleian Methodists, in which a Misunto them spiritual gifts, to the end sionary might go his round at stated they might be established? (Romans times, and in this way, with the assisti. 1l.) ° It is strange indeed if the ance of local or occasional preachers, converts to Christianity in Rome supply a number of small societies, wanted establishing in their faith, none of which could singly support a when, according to Mr. Jevans, they minister. At the same time, the Miswere in full possession of the mira- sionary should extend his labours to culous gifts of the Spirit.
other places within his reach, where A. S. societies Inight gradually be formed,
or from which persons might be inRemarks on Mr. I. Worsley's Letter duced to go on Sundays to worship on Missionary Preaching.
with some of the societies already
formed. This plan I have long recomTrowbridge, mended; those with whom I have had SIR, December 10, 1824.
the honour of acting have been anxiTH NHE communication of Mr. I. ous to see it carried into effect; and
Worsley on Missionary Preach- it is beginning to be realized in some ing, (pp. 652–655,) appears to me few districts ; but it must necessarily to be calculated to make a false im- be a considerable time before it bepression respecting the plans and la- comes generally practicable, and can bours of the Unitarian Fund Comınit- be brought fully into action : other tees, and those of our other Missionary plans must precede and prepare the Societies, and the proceedings of our way for it. During my last mission Missionaries, and so to operate inju- in Cornwall, all my proceedings were riously to the Unitarian cause : hence, regulated with a view to preparing the thinking myself well acquainted with way for forming such a circuit in that these matters, I feel it to be my duty county; and in my way back I stated to make a reply to such of his remarks to several ministers in the Western as appear to me to be unfounded or counties the probability of success if unjust.
such a plan was attempted, and had If what Mr. Worsley asserts be cor- pecuniary aid from different congrerect, " the Societies formed among gations. Mr. Worsley was the only us with a view to spread the know- minister to whom I stated the matter ledge of the Unitarian doctrine, have who told me that he and his congrebeen sadly misapplying their money;" gation would have nothing to do with and the Missionaries they have em- it. Now, it seems, this is the only ployed, so misdirected or injudicious plan which he thinks would answer. in their plans, “that their labour has When the Unitarian Fund was first been for the most part thrown away, instituted, we had to consider, not and with it the money they have car- what we wished to do merely, but ried in their pockets.” Surely he what we were capable of doing; how ought not to have hazarded such as the very limited resources we had, sertions as these, which imply that could be best applied; how, at the not only individuals, but respectable least pecuniary expense, we could do societies, are deserving of censure, most to serve the cause. From the without being able to support them first, the plans adopted were the best
that seemed practicable; and, without the Fund, and have opportunity of the least hesitation, I venture to affirm, preaching, distributing tracts and con. that all along the Committees of the versing with persons, in different towns Unitarian Fund have done all that was and villages on the road, or take a practicable to do in their circumstances more circuitous route for such purand with their means. So far from poses than he could have done if he being chargeable with misapplication had travelled by public conveyances, of the money put at their disposal, I it is admitted that such is the plan believe that few, if any societies, ever which has been pursued. If the Misdid so much as they have done, with sionary had consulted his own ease, such slender means and amidst so &c., he would have preferred going many difficulties and discouragements; through the journey at once in stagenor have I any doubt but our other coaches, or stopping only in good Missionary Societies whose operations towns at genteel inns; but this would have but recently commenced, will have not only involved much more shew_themselves children worthy of expense, it would have prevented his the Parent Society of which I have having the opportunity of doing good been speaking. Hitherto, the Unita. in various places. rian Fund Committees have not had Many of Mr. I. W.'s remarks are the pecuniary and other means neces- directed against the itinerant labours sary to enable them to support the of the Missionaries, their being sent expense of regular Missionary circuits first to the North, then to the West, upon the plan Mr. W. suggests. Had or elsewhere. The money spent in they from the first possessed the such itinerant missions he asserts to means, the thing would have been be “ sadly misapplied,” and the laimpracticable till such plans as they bour, “ for the most part, thrown actually adopted prepared the way for away.” But was not the pure and it-by spreading the Unitarian doc- primitive gospel first propagated, and trine, and preparing individuals and Christian societies first 'formed and societies capable of becoming the established, by itinerant labours ?basis of such Missionary circuits. Had Have not the Methodists, whom Mr. no plan but what Mr. I. W. recom. I. W. holds up for our imitation in mends, been attempted, the Commit- our missionary plans, extended their tees might, according to his advice, doctrine and formed societies every hare kept “ their means of doing good where? And do they not keep up for a more favourable opportunity”- the popularity of their cause to this to this, and I know not to what future day by itinerant preaching? Will he time: but they acted much wiser in tell us how the Unitarian doctrine is doing what they could, than if they to be made known in districts where had sat still and done nothing, merely there are no Unitarians, and where it because they could not do every thing is heard of only as a pest, without they wished.
itinerant preaching? Will he point What authority can Mr. I. W. have out how funds are to be raised to proto say, that Unitarian Missionaries cure regular places of Worship, and “ have gone about the country with- support ministers, only fo out any regular plan of acting''? No- years, to supply those places reguthing can be more unfounded than larly, in a number of good towns, in such an assertion. If he mean that different districts, where Unitarianism all the places where, and times when, has no friends ? How are friends to he (the Missionary) should preach, the cause to be raised up in different have not been always previously ar- places where there are none, who may ranged, this will not justify his asser- ultimately introduce regular Unitarian tion. Such a previous arrangement has worship, if not by occasional preachnot always been practicable, though ing, the distribution of tracts, and conwhen practicable it has been made, versation? In opposition to Mr. I. and the people in the different places W.'s assertions, I can produce numeinformed of such arrangement. "If he rous facts which fully prove the utility only mean that, when going to a dis- of itinerant Missionary preaching, and tant part of the country, the Mission- that it has been attended with the ary has chosen to travel on foot, that most important results. In Scotland, he might do it with less expense to the Missionaries were merely itine
rants, nor could their visits to that where they can find every comfortable, country be upon any fixed or regular not to say genteel, accommodation, plan as to the time within which they loll at their ease, and be treated as should succeed each other ; yet who gentlemen, they will shew themselves that is acquainted with the effects unworthy of the character they sus. produced by their exertions in that tain, and give sanction to the reputed country will say that the money spent orthodox charges, of cold-heartedness in those journeys was sadly misap- and want of zeal. plied," and the labour " for the most The itinerant labours of onr Mispart thrown away"? The labours of sionaries have been of important serthe Missionaries in Cornwall were iti. vice, not only when they have originerant, yet to those labours the exist. nated new congregations, but by coning Unitarian cause in that county tributing towards the revival of the owes its origin. I might mention cause in old societies which they found several congregations in Lancashire, in a low and decayed state; and by not to mention other counties, which exciting the attention of persons in were originated by the labours of a towns and villages within a few miles Missionary when itinerating.
of established places of Unitarian The case Mr. 1. W. refers to as in worship, who have afterwards attendpoint, to support his assertions and ed such places. In those parts of the conclusions, my early missionary jour-country where our Missionaries have neys (for such they really were) in travelled and laboured the most, I beLincolnshire and Yorkshire, is directly lieve, it will be generally admitted, against them; for in those journeys that their labours have not been thrown I acted completely as an itinerant. 'I away, and that the money spent in had to walk between 200 and 300 their journeys has not “ been sadly miles, and visit, preach, &c. in ten or misapplied." twelve different places, towns and vil. Mr. I. W. seems much displeased Jages, in less than three weeks: nor with our Missionaries for “preaching was it in my power to visit many of in market-places, or on the open the places in Lincolnshire, and cer- quays, or on the sea-shore, or in the tainly none of those in Yorkshire, upon public streets.” But why should this the regular plan Mr. I. W. talks of, displease him? Have we not the ex. i. e. at any fixed revolution of time. ample of Christ and bis apostles for I usually performed the journey twice, preaching in any public place where sometimes thrice, in the course of the we can obtain hearers? I have someyear; but I seldom, if ever, could fix times preached in such places as he the time of a journey until a few days has mentioned to large assemblies, before it took place. I could not tell who have attended with as much dehim there was but one Unitarian at cency and order as if they had been in Thorne when I first visited that small a meeting-house or church. I ever town; for I found not one there at felt it a duty, if I found people disthat time. My plan in the journeys posed to hear me, and could obtain Mr. I. W. refers to was, to preach in no building for them to meet in, to any town or village, however obscure, preach to them on any convenient where I found an opening to do so, spot in the open air ; but I never did and I did it frequently in unlicensed it unless I had good reason to think places, once in a market-place. Yet there would be no disorder por tuit is of the course I pursued in these mult; nor did I ever on such occajourneys he says, “This is the way in sions meet with the abuse or the pelting which the few Missionaries we can ob- Mr. I. W. talks of, nor with any se tain should proceed for the present :” rious interruption whatever. If our and that too to support his opposition Missionaries, when they arrive at a to itinerant labours, preaching in un. town or village, must not preach till licensed places, the open air, &c.! If they have hired a place to preach in, Unitarian Missionaries are to decline and then must wait at their inn tilí going to any town or village till they they can have the place registered, know beforehand “they can find á from many towns and villages they welcome reception even from a few," will be quite excluded, as they will choosing only to venture themselves not be able to procure places ; and if in those “good towns or villages” they visit many places and succeed,
their expenses will soon become such fore they had a minister ; thus the as our institutions cannot bear. But congregation at Glasgow, and thus it seems we are not to be allowed to have several other congregations, comquote the example of the apostles to menced. If in a few instances the justify our preaching in the open air, efforts of the Missionaries have failed and going to small towns and obscure of success, it has been in some such villages to carry the Unitarian doc. good towns as Mr. I. W. talks of, not trine to the poor inhabitants ; for Mr. in small towns and villages. 1. W. pronounces that “ It is folly to Mr. I. W. says, speaking of meetLalk, as some are doing, of imitating ings in the open air, “ Suppose the the apostles, and preaching to the descriptions of these meetings—which poor as they did. This is mere youth- have been very well got up in the reful effervescence and sheer nonsense.” ports of your Missionaries for the ReAnd is this the language of a minister pository - to be correct.”
Does he of Jesus Christ, who spoke of it as a mean to say that he suspects the corproof of his divine mission that “ the rectness of such descriptions, and that poor had the gospel preached unto the reports are got up” to impose thern"? “We are now in a state of upon and deceive the public, and that society very different from theirs," the Committees who directed their (the apostles). But is not the gospel publication gave their sanction to such the same, and have not the poor as deception ? " If any thing like this be much need of it? it not as impor. his meaning, he is challenged to the tant and valuable to the poor now as proof of any incorrectness or false it was then? Truly, we seem in a very colouring in the descriptions or reports different state ourselves to what the to which he refers. The charge whicla apostles were; or we should not call he seems to insinuate is not the less it folly and sheer nonsense to imitate offensive because inerely insinuated. them in preaching the gospel to the If he mean to touch the integrity of poor. I kuow we have not superna- the Missionaries, let him do it fairly tural or miraculous powers, as the and openly, and take care to have his apostles had; but neither are these proofs at hand. any more necessary in preaching the I am sorry to occupy so many of gospel to the poor than to the rich, your columns as this paper will fill; in obscure villages than in large towns. but I felt it necessary to go thus far If to imitate the apostles in preaching into the examination of Mr. I. W.'s the gospel to the poor be to be vile, letter. I hope our Missionaries will glory in
R. WRIGHT. the degradation; that they will make it their study to preach as the apostles did, though they be charged with folly
Exeter, for doing so.
December 13, 1824. Mr. I. W. thinks it “far too soon N the last number of the Repozifor us to think of going into small villages and towns about the coast, are favoured with some remarks froin where the Unitarian worship cannot Mr. Worsley on Unitarian Missionary be established for want of means to preaching. It is not the object of support it.” Yet in some such vil. this communication to canvas the gelages and towns Unitarian worship neral merits of these remarks. None has been established and is supported: of your readers, probably, will be disand wherever there are two or three posed to deny that they display, in Unitarians, however obscure the vil. many parts, the good sense and sound lage or town may be, Unitarian wor. discrimination which usually characship may and ought to be established terize remarks from the same source ; and carried on ; by those individuals nor will it be doubted by many, that meeting together to worship the One the plan recominended by Mr. WorsGod, and to read such books as may ley is a good plan, whenever and edify themselves, and instruct their wherever it may be found practicable neighbours. This was Dr. Priestley's to adopt such a plan. Nevertheless, opinion; and thus the poor people at it is for our Missionary Societies, and Thorije went on for several years, be- for the supporters and managers of
the Unitarian Fund in particular, to They repel the insinuation, and hold consider whether they deserve the re- themselves answerable for the characproach levelled against them by Mr. ter and qualifications of their Mis. Worsley, of having " sadly misapplied sionary, their money, by keeping in their pay There can be no doubt that it is itinerant preachers,” and of having highly desirable, as Mr. W. counsels, had “the reports of their Missionaries to endeavour to form Unitarian sociewell enough got up for the Reposi- ties in “the good towns of these tory.”
counties. And it may be proper to But to the object of this paper. state that, had not the Committee Towards the conclusion of his remarks, been disappointed in the hope which Mr. W. alludes to the “ Devon and they had for some time cherished, of Cornwall Unitarian Missionary So- being able to procure the services of a ciety,” recently established at Exeter, gentleman well known to the Unitaand offers the members his advice. rian public as a respectable and sucHe advises that “they endeavour to cessful Missionary, something would form Unitarian societies in the good have been attempted towards this detowns of this and the neighbouring sirable object. Since they have been county, before they think of employ- disappointed in this respect, however, ing their resources in smaller places and as it is not easy to find a person and on the sea-shores; that they take well suited for such an undertaking, good care to have a man to carry on they bave been constrained to defer this work of love, whose age, respec- making this attempt for the present tability of manners, knowledge of the year. But then, Mr. Worsley wishes world, and acquaintance with the con- them “ to consider whether, until troversies of the day, fit him to meet they can find such a man, they had the adversaries he may expect to en- not better keep their means of doing counter."
good for a more favourable opportuThe Committee of the Society al- nity.” In part, the Committee have luded to, feel themselves called upon done this very thing, but they have to thank' Mr. Worsley for his advice, not thought it necessary to keep back -persuaded, as they are, that it is all their means of doing good. Asgiven with the best intentions towards sisted by liberal grants from the Unithe cause. But is it quite so obvious, tarian Fund, and from the Bristol that they are bound to thank him for Fellowship Fund, and therefore having the very delicate and unexceptionable the sanction of those respectable bomanner in which he has chosen to dies to the propriety of the mission, convey his advice? Is the method they engaged Mr. Martin to employ which he has taken to make known his himself for a year in certain parts of counsel, the most generous that could Cornwall, even “in smaller places have been thought of towards an infant and on the sea-shores," as Mr. W. society, by a Unitarian minister resid- intimates; and they trust that the ing in Devon, who must be well aware step bas been attended with sufficient of the difficulties which the Society success to justify its having been has to struggle with ? As Mr. Wors- taken. ley himself, by a rule of the Society, Mr. Martin's own reports to the has a right to act as a member of the Committee, though always reinarkaCommittee, would it not bave been ble for modesty and piety, are in the better, if he had first favoured the highest degree satisfactory;—but these Committee with his proofs that they reports will be objected to, perhaps, have employed, or that they are likely as being “well enough got up.” The to employ, a Missionary who, in re- Committee continue to receive, then, spect to age, manners and knowledge, the strongest testimonies to Mr. Maris totally unfitted for the work assign- tin's competency and acceptableness, ed to him? May not those readers of the Repository, who are unacquainted with the facts of the case, suppose,
* Is not Devonport to be considered
one of these “ good towns"?--the Comfrom Mr. Worsley's remarks, that mittee beg to recommend this town to such culpable imprudence is actually Mr. Worsley's particular attention ;-it chargeable upon the Committee ? is but two miles from Plymouth.