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Smith's tract published by the Devon made a distinct tract. Both are pecuAssociation. It is much to be wished liarly adapted to lead the young to that an interesting narrative of the see the value of knowing and serving life and writings of J. Bawn, of the Lord. These hints are thrown Frenchay, had been printed by itself, out by one who for thirty-four years and that the answers to the objections has been a Sunday-school teacher. urged against Unitarians had been
The Close of the Year.
A dream--a thought-a breath-no more!
And left to Summer's fostering ray.
She too, inconstant, stole away!
And press’d her fondly to remain :
And left the world to Winter's reign!
And broods upon the dreary carth!
Till Nature wakes again to birth.
And mar our prospects of delight?
Warn us of Death's approaching night?
As brief, as transient, as contin'd?
Death's shackles always clog the mind?
But light upon his eyes shall beain
And flow in a perpetual stream.
Notes on Passages of Scripture. delssohn, who must have well under
stood the language of his people, has, Dec. 2, 1824.
“So bebt, und sündigt nicht :" “ I have often compared studying the and Le Clerc's note, in loc., is highly Scriptures to repeating philosophical ex- satisfactory. periments. Something unexpectedly arises It has been assumed that the aposto the critic, or philosopher, which de- tle Paul purposely employs, in the lights and decides him.”
former part of Ephes. iv. 26, the above Archbishop Newcome.
cited language of the LXX. The two Deut. xxxiii. 29 : “—0 people SAVED passages are certainly identical. Is by the Lord !"
their identity matter of coincidence, 1 Sam. xxvii, 1: so shall I ESCAPE
or of design? This question perhaps out of his hand."
cannot easily be determined ; the proIsaiah xix. 20: -he shall send them babilities, on either side, being quite a SAVIOUR."
or nearly equal. If the writer of the
epistle intended to quote from the TH THE verbal interpretation of the Greek version of the Psalmist, he has
New Testament is to be sought used, nevertheless, the words before for, first of all, in the phraseology of us in a different signification from the Hebrew Scriptures, and especially that which they demand in the Hein the Septuagini translation of them: brew text. afterwards, it may be useful, but can The grammatical construction is seldom be essential and important, to what has been so frequently and so shew how the same words are employe pertinently stated : were authorities ed in the classical writings of anti- wanted in support of it, I could proquity. In the LXX., for example, duce many, besides those which I the term owów, under all its forins, enumerate below.t After all, whe&c., is of frequent occurrence: it is ther the clause relate to the act or the the rendering of no small variety of habit of anger, is a point which does verbs, &c. in the original; as the above not rest on the grammatical construcquotations will, in part, demonstrate. tion, but is to be judged of by the Nothing, too, can be more certain, nature and tenor of the advice, (Eph. than that this word has a great latitude iv. 26,] when compared with the 31st of signification in the writings of the verse. No man will suppose that in evangelists and apostles ; though its the . Christian Scriptures anger is precise sense may, in every case, be enjoined or recommended: whether, ascertained by its context-which is and in what degree, it is tolerated indeed the grand object to be kept there, may not be undeserving of a in view by an expositor of the sacred distinct inquiry. volume.
Morals in the gospel are pushed to There is but one legitimate mode no extreme : if we receive them as of investigating the import of those they were taught by Christ and his expressions in scripture, to which apostles, and are illustrated in his own different theologians annex different temper and conduct, we shall be senideas; I mean the analytical. The sible that the ethical lessons of some places where those expressions are following and even early ages were found, must be put down, and consi- unenlightened and impracticable. If dered, in their order: and the true the Son of God looked on a band of classification and weight of them must malignant hypocrites with “anger," 1 then be submitted to the judgment of who shall maintain that the act of the hearer or the reader.
anger is necessarily and absolutely Ps. iv. 4: “Stand in awe, and sin not.” In the LXX. it is, Opriser0 €
* Eichhorn, E. ind. N. T. III. 89, και μη αμαρτανετε. But I doubt whether those translators have given here
+ Dr. S. Clarke's Eighteen Sermons, the meaning of the original : their No. VI., or his Works, Vol
. II. pp. 426,
&c.; Wakefield's Translation of Matthew, rendering appears inconsistent with
p. 417; and E. F. C. Rosenmüller on the scope of the Psalm, and has not
Ps. iv. 5:—the last-mentioned author been generally followed and admitted. quotes Schroeder's rule. I decidedly prefer the version of this I Mark iii. 5, where, be it rememe clause in the English Bible. Men- bered, the Greek word is opriis.
sinful; however he may condemn the condemns; the act it supposes to be, hubit? Nor, in truth, do our Lord's in some circumstances, unavoidable. precepts on this head speak a different This discussion of the subject will language from that of his example. have ansivered, I hope, two other ends : “ I say unto you, that whosoever is it will evince that the criticism of the angry with his brother without a cause, Christian Scriptures may have no unshall be in danger of the judgment." important reference to points of ChrisWhy this restriction, why these words, tian inorality; and it will prove that “ without a cause,” if Christianity I do not overlook the intelligent and does not tolerate the act of anger? respectful communication, which has Thus limited, the declaration, in its been addressed to the Editor of the spirit, if not its letter, fully accords Monthly Repository by A York Stuwith Paul's advice, “ Be ye angry and DENT. + sin not:"---Should ye be angry,
John xix. 25:
there stood take care that ye sin not, either by by the cross of Jesus his mother and manifesting this warın displeasure his înother's sister, Mary the wife without reason, or by indulging it too of Cleophas and Mary of Magdala.” eagerly and too long. On the words Compare with this account what the in Matt. v. 22, “Whosoever is angry other Evangelists have recorded coirwith his brother withOUT A CAUSE,” cerning the same hour and spectacle. Archbishop Newcome (Translation, Matthew's language is, (xxvii. 55, &c., in loc.) remarks, “ If we omit 56,]: many women were there,
6K9, with some MSS. and versions, beholding (looking on] at a distance, reason must limit the clause.” This who had followed Jesus from Galilee, is extremely well observed. But the ministering unto him : among whom preponderance of authorities favours was Mary of Magdala, and Mary the the present reading : Griesbach re- mother of James and Joses, and the tains it, accordingly, in his text; and inother of Zebedee's children.” The from his ample and convincing note narrative of Mark is to the same efupon it, in the Commentarius Criticus, fect [xv. 40, 41). Luke tells us, &c., I shall transcribe a few sentences, [xxiii. 27,] that Jesus was followed which are confirmatory of my argu- to Calvary by a great company of peoment. Esky abest a B. 48. 108. ple and of women, who also bewailed Aeth. Arab. Polygl. Saxon. Vulg. et and lamented him, and , that all patribus nonnullis. De consulto omis- his acquaintance and the women who sum esse, nulli dubitamus. Tantus followed him FROM Galilee, stood eniin erat plerorumque veteris ec- at a distance, beholding these things. clesiæ doctorum in inorum disciplina We learn, moreover, that Mary of rigor, ut non solum to opyi SEO TAI EIK", Magdala and one of her companions sed omnem omnino irain lege Chris- witnessed their Master's burial. I Here tianâ prohiberi censerent. Horum a- then we have substantial agreement liquis TO EIRn, velut Christianæ perfec- and undesigned coincidence : what the tionis studio officiens et sanctissimo three first Evangelists have recorded, nostro magistro minus dignum, suspi- indicates the high probability of John's cabatur in textum insertum fuisse ab minuter relation concerning some of iis, qui commodiore viâ in cælum per- the attendants at the crucifixion. One venire cuperent.
Expunxit igitur in apparent dissonance, I confess, exists. suo codice. Hunc postea alii, iisdem While John says, “ there stood by” præjudicatis opinionibus in transver- [mapa], “ the cross,” &c., the other sum acti, sequebantur." *
evangelical historians use the words The New Testament is compara- AFAR OFF [amo parpoler, Matt. Mark, tively silent concerning anger. I have Maxpo@ev, Luke). I call this an endeavoured, nevertheless, to prove apparent dissonance, because the that it distinguishes between the habit slightest reflection will convince us, and the act: the habit it forbids and
* There are habits of temper, no less *. The whole of the note admirably than of conduct. Single and occasional merits the regard of every theological expressions of temper are like single and scholar. In the concluding sentences of occasional acts. it a severe and dignified rebuke is given + Pp. 608, &c. to C. F. Matthaei,
I Luke xxiii. 55.
either that Jolin describes a point of in what he relates here of himself,” time distinct from what his predeces- &c. No expositor is more consistent sors advert to, when they speak of the with his own declarations, sentiments women, &c., looking on afar off, or and reasonings than Mr. Locke : after that the Greek term demands here a having, in the Synopsis, * described it restricted ineaning. There is no faint as the business of this epistle “to probability in Mr. Wakefield's opi- dehort and hinder the Galatians from nion, that those of the spectators bringing themselves under the bondage who, previously to the act of taking of the Mosaical law," there was linde down the body of Jesus from the probability that, in the sequel, be cross, had been perunitted to stand at would hold forth the purpose of the no very great distance from the suf- letter as being personal. Had the ferer, were afterwards compelled to writer of the Hore Pauline, when he go farther from the appalling scene. undertook to abridge Mr. Locke's reWe know, too, that considerable or mark, substituted for the first clause, long distance is not necessarily and what follows, viz. “ that St. Paul's universally denoted by the adverb sole object in this part of the epistle MaxpoOey, † which must often be ren- was," &c., every thing would have dered in English, as I would, in the been correct, in regard to statement present instance, translate it, by the 2 Thess. ii. 2: " by word, nor expression, at some distance.” I by letter,” &c. According to Michaehave dwelt on this seeming discrepancy lis, † we find here an intimation, that for two reasons : it has escaped the not only epistles were forged in St. notice of most of the commentators; Paul's name to propagate this error, and I am not a little desirous of en- [concerning the approach of the gegaging some of the readers of these neral judgment,] but that certain cal. remarks, to communicate their opi- culations and false prophecies were nion, whether it corroborate or rectify also applied to the same purpose." my own.
Further, “ the calculation of Gal. v. 2: “ I, Paul, say unto which St. Paul speaks, and which he you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ terms aayos.” But on what authority shall profit you nothing.” In Paley's has this very ingenious scholar thus Hore Paulina, Art., Epis. to the interpreted the Greek terin? I meet Gal., No. x. p. 204, [1st ed.,] note, with no such authority ainidst the prothe following sentence occurs: The fusion of Schleusner's definitions, resecond reason which Mr. Locke as- ferences and citations, and though I signs for the omission of the decree, am far from maintaining that the ex(Acts xv.,) viz. ' that St. Paul's sole pression may never adınit and demand object in the Epistle, was to acquit the sense of calculation, yet I ask, himself of the imputation that had whether its present import must not been charged upon him of actually be collected from the context, conpreaching circumcision,' does not ap- pared with 1 Thess. v. 1? Spirit now pear to me to be strictly true.” Now signifies pretended inspiration and Locke's own words should have been prophecy - word, oral doctrine or quoted; whereas his supposedl mean- teaching, in contradistinction to " by ing is stated in the language of the letter, as from us." 2 Thess. ï. 15. writer who animadverts on him. As Ib.
as from us." Upon to the object of “the epistle,” no real which clause Paley I puts, as a ques. difference of opinion exists between tion, “ Do not these words, de guer, these eminent authors. In that part appropriate the reference to some of the “ Paraphrase," &c., which Dr. writing which bore the name of these Paley has in view, Locke speaks of a three teachers [Paul, Sylvanus and single portion of " the epistle,” (ch. Timotheus"]? Yet I am doubtful ii.,) and not of the whole of it: he whether the inquiry should be answersays, "The mention of the decree was ed in the affirmative. Other letters of superfluous--and impertinent to the our apostle are written apparently in design of St. Paul's NARRATIVE here;" and, again, “ It is plain that his aim * See, moreover, his Introd, to the
Epistle. * Comm. on Matt. in loc.
+ Introd, &c., (Marsh,) IV. + Schleusner, in verb.
I Hor. Paul, in loc.
sosthez.es in the first, and of Timotlıy Hlavoured my answer to Mr.
the joint name of himself and of some
Homerton, one or more of his associates ; as of SIR,
November 4, 1824.
CAD it been convenient to have in the second to the Corinthians, &c., &c. ; while the reasonings, admoni- Bakewell's first letter,' sent to you tions, &c., are understood to be Paul's about three weeks ago, with insertion exclusively. It is, besides, in our au. in the last number of the Repository, thor's manner to speak of himself oc. I think it would have appeared that I casionally in the plural number. I had by anticipation replied to all the Thess. ii. 18 may perhaps be deemed material parts of his second letter. I an ambiguous exainple; even thongh have brought forwards my witnesses, it be interpreted by the two following in support of what I had asserted; he verses. But ch. iii. ), and many other has adduced his on the contrary side : passages of the same form, are une- let the public judge betiveen us. quivocal.
It is no pleasure to me to receive N. or to relate statements to the discredit
of either individuals or communities.
Evesham, Most sincerely should I rejoice, could SIR,
October 4, 1824. I believe it to be the fact, as Mr. B. OUR
vinist,” in your last number, (p. distinguished for the superior excel536,) complains of “ erroneous state- lence of its morals;" and that it “has ment” in your pages, when the ortho. escaped, if not entirely, at least in a dox system concerning the Trinity, great measure, the contagion of infi&c., is referred to; and of Trinitarians delity.” I have given my evidences he says, that " in their own concep- for thinking differently: but I repeat tions, they fully believe and strenu. that I shall most cordially rejoice, if, ously assert the Unity of God.” I on this question of fact, iny informabeg leave to refer him and your read- tion should be found incorrect. I ers to the report of a sermon preached fear, however, that it is far otherwise. by the Rev. T. G. Ackland, A. M., To the benevolence and generosity of St. Mildred's Bread Street, May 25th, the Genevese, in relieving the dis1823, Trinity Sunday, text-Psalın tresses of their Savoyard neighbours, Ixxiii
. 15, given in an orthodox perio. I would give all honour : and I thank dical publication, called the Pulpit, Mr. Bakewell for mentioning the inVol. I. p. 116: “Having thus proved teresting facts. But these do not disthe eternal existence of three Gods, prove my assertions. Nothing is more each to be acknowledged and wor- certain than that men may have much shiped as God, and it being distinctly compassion for the temporal sufferings commanded that we should worship of others, and may contribute nobly to but one God; it follows of necessity the promotion of benevolent objects ; that the Unity in Trinity, and the while they have no sense of the moral Trinity in Unity must so—and only misery of sin in themselves, nor desire so, be worshiped.” Can words ex- to remove it from others, but are mapress a greater contradiction? The pifestly irreligious, and even infidel'and reporter remarks,“ On the present, immoral. The philanthropy which as on all occasions that we have had feeds and clothes the body, praisethe pleasure of hearing Mr. A., we worthy and excellent as it is, is not a were well pleased to observe the Christian virtue if it have not unspeakthorough acquaintance which he dis, ably stronger feelings for the guilt played with the doctrines of revealed and misery of a sinful state, the inoral truth, and the great ability and zeal slavery and degradation of the soul. with which he sought to impress them It is observable that Mr. B. himself, on the minds of his hearers.” Had it or one of his principal authorities, not been for the above remark, one explicitly disavows religion as the would have been tempted to suspect leading cause of the high morality the reporter to be some way that which he attributes to the modern Gewished to turn the sermon of the nevese. He thus cites the testimony Rev. Mr. Ackland to ridicule.
of one of his friends: “Geneva is unD. questionably the most moral city in
Europe: this I do not attribute to their