« VorigeDoorgaan »
the country into hátred and contempt, knowledge of the admirable system of and that they have not proved, as far government established by the British, as can be ascertained by the strictest and the peculiar excellencies of the means inquiry, in the slightest degree injurious, they have adopted for the strict and inwhich has very lately been acknowledged partial administratiou of justice. Ano. in one of the most respectable English ther evil of equal importance in the eyes Missionary works. So far from obtru- of a just ruler is, that it will also preding upon Government groundless repre- clude the natives from making the Go. sentations, Native authors and editors vernment readily acquainted with the have always restrained themselves from errors and injustice that may be commit. publishing even such facts respecting ted by its executive officers in the various the judicial proceedings in the interior parts of this extensive country; and it of the country, as they thought were will also preclude the natives from comlikely at first view to be obnoxious to municating frankly and honestly to their Government.
gracious sovereign in England and his While your memorialists were indul- council, the real condition of his Majesging the hope that Government, from a ty's faithful subjects in this distant part conviction of the manifold advantages of his dominions, and the treatment they of being put in possession of full and experience from the local government: impartial information regarding what is since such information cannot in future passing in all parts of the country, would be conveyed to England, as it has here. encourage the establishment of news. tofore been, either by the translations papers in the cities and districts under from the native publications inserted in the special patronage and protection of the English vewspapers printed here and Government, that they might furnish the sent to Europe, or by the English publisupreme authorities in Calcutta with an cations which the natives themselves had accurate account of local occurrences and in contemplation to establish before this reports of judicial proceedings, they have rule and ordinance was proposed. the misfortune to observe that, on the After this sudden deprivation of one contrary, his Excellency the Governor of the most precious of their rights, General in Council has lately promulgated which has been freely allowed them since a rule and ordiuance imposing severe the establishment of the British power, restraints on the press, and prohibiting a right which they are not and cannot all periodical publications even at the be charged with having ever abused, the presidency and in the native languages, inhabitants of Calcutta would be no longer anless sanctioned by a licence from Go- justified in boasting that they are fortuvernment, which is to be revocable at nately placed by Providence under the pleasure, whenever it shall appear to protection of the whole British nation ; Goreroment that a publication has con- or that the King of England and his tained any thing of unsuitable character. lords and commons are their legislators;
Those 'natives who are in more favour- and that they are secured in the enjoyable circumstances and of respectable ment of the same civil and religious pricharacter, have such an invincible preju- vileges that every Briton is entitled to in dice against making a voluntary affidavit, England. or undergoing the solemnities of an Your memorialists are persuaded that oath, that they will never think of es. the British Government is not disposed tablishing a publication which can only to adopt the political maxim so often be supported by a series of oaths and acted upon by Asiatic Princes, that the affidavits, abhorrent to their feelings and more a people are kept darkness, their derogatory to their reputation amongst rulers will derive the greater advantages their countrymen.
from them ; since, by reference to his· After this rule and ordinance shall tory, it is found that this was but a have been carried into execution, your short-sighted policy, which did not ultimemorialists are therefore extremely mately answer the purpose of its authors. sorry to observe, that a complete stop On the contrary, it rather proved disad-' will be put to the diffusion of knowledge, vantageous to them; for we find that, and the consequent mental improvement as often as an ignorant people, when an now going on, either by translations into opportunity offered, have revolted against the popular dialect of this country from their rulers, all sorts of barbarons exthe learned languages of the East, or by cesses and cruelties have been the consethe , circalation of literary intelligence quence; whereas a people naturally disdrawn from foreign publications. And posed to peace and case, wheu placed the same cause will also prevent those under a good government, from which natires who are better versed in the laws they experience just and liberal treatand customs of the British nation, from ment, must become the more attached communicating to their fellow-subjects a to it in proportiou as they becoine en.
lightened and the great body of the nance so passed. Under these circampeople are taught to appreciate the value stances, I, the least of all the human of the blessings they enjoy under its rule, race, in consideration of several difficul.
Every good ruler who is convinced of sies, have, with much regret and relucthe imperfection of human nature, and fauce, relinquished the publication of this revereuces the Eternal Governor of the paper (Mirat-ool-Ukhbar). The difficulworld, inust be conscious of the great iies are these : liability to error in managing the affairs First. Although it is very easy for of a vast empire; and therefore he will those European gentlemen, who have be anxious to afford every individual the the honour to be acquainted with the readiest means of bringing to his notice Chief Secretary to Government, to obwhatever may require his interference. tain a licence according to the prescribed 'To secure this important object, the un- form; yet to au humble individual like restrained liberty of publication is the myself, it is very bard to make his way only effectual means that cau be em. through the porters and attendants of a ployed. And should it ever be abused, great personage ; or to euter the doors the established law of the land is very of the police court, crowded with people properly armed with sufficient powers to of all classes, for the purpose of obtaid punish those who may be found guilty of ing what is, in fact, already in my own misrepresenting the conduct or character option. As it is writtenof Government, which are effectually Abrooe kih bu-sud, khoon i figur dust guarded by the same laws to which indi,
dihud viduals must look for the protection of
Bu ooined-i kurum-e, kla'juh, bu-durhan their reputation and good name. Your memorialists conclude by hum.
mu furosh. bly entreating your Lordsbip to take this The respect which is purchased with a memorial into your gracious considera
hundred drops of heart's blood tion; and that you will be pleased, by Do not thou, in the hope of a favour, got registering the above rule and ordi.
commit to the mercy of a porter. pance, to permit the natives of this country to continue in possession of the Secondly. To make affidavit voluntarily civil rights and privileges which they and in au open court, in presence of respecta their fathers have so long enjoyed under ble magistrates, is looked upon as very the auspices of the British nation, whose mean and censurable by those who watch kindness and copfidence they are not the conduct of their neighbours. Besides, aware of having done any thing to forfeit. the publication of a newspaper is not
CHUNDER CỌOMAR TAGORE. incumbent upon every person, so that he
must resort to the evasion of establishing RAM MOHUN Roy,
fictitious proprietors, which is contrary HUR CHUNDER Ghose.
to law and repugnant 10 conscience. Gowree CHURN BONNERGEE. Thirdly. After incurring the disrepute PROSSUNNU COONĄR TAGORE. of solicitation, and suffering the disho
nour of making affidavit, the constant
apprehension of the licence being recalled Friday, April 4, 1823. (Not included in the person in the eyes of the world, must
by Government, which would disgrace the regular Numbers.)
create such anxiety as entirely to destroy It was previously intimated, that a his peace of mind. Because a man, by Rule aud Ordinance was promulgated by nature liable to err, in telliug the real his Excellency the Honourable the Garer. truth, cannot help sometimes inaking use vor General in Council, enacting, that of words and selecting phrases that might ą daily, weekly, or any periodical paper be anpleasant to Government. I, bowshould not be published in this city, with- ever, here prefer silence to speaking out : out an affidavit being made by its pro. prietor in the police office, and without Guda-e goshuh nusheenee to Khafiza a licence being procured for such publi.
mukburosh cation from the Chief Secretary to Go. Roo mooz muslubut i khesh khoos-rowan vernment; and that after such licence dayund. being obtained, it is optional with the Thou, O Hafiz, art a poor retired man, Governor General to recall the same, be silent : whenever his Excellency inay be dissatis: Princes know the secrets of their own fied with any part of the paper. Be it policy. known, that on the 31st of March, the Honourable Sir Francis Macnaghten, I now entreat those kind and liberal Judge of the Supreme Court, expressed gentlemen of Persia and Hindoostan, who his approbation of the Rule and Ordi- bare honoured the Mirat-ool. Uklibar
with their patronage, that in considera- amongst the Vice Presidents are the Martion of the reasons abore stated, they will quis of Lansdowne, Mr. Broagham, Mr. escuse the non-fulálment of my promise Wilberforce, Mr. William Smith, Mr. to make them acquainted with passing Buxton, and Mr. Clarkson ; and that érents, as stated in the introductory re. amougst the Committee are Mr. Wm. marks in the first Number ; and I ear. Allen, Mr. Babingtou and Mr. Macauley. nestly hope from their liberality, that The object of the Society is to circulate wherever and however I may be situated, information upon the subject, in order to they will always consider me, the bum- arouse public attention, and to procure blest of the human race, as devoted to petitions to Parliament. * Supported by their service.
The petitions which the Society had caused to be sent in, Mr. Buston made the fol.
lowing motion in the House of Commous, Negro-Slavery in the West Indies.
on the 15th of May last, “ That the state BESIDES the interest we take in this of Slavery is repugnant to the principles subject as Christians and frieods of liu. of the British Constitution and of the manity, we are also implicated in the Christian religion : and that it ought to discussion now carrying on by having first be. gradually abolished throughout the given to the world Mr. Cooper's evidence British Dominions, with as much expedion the state of the Negróes. (Vol. XVII. tion as way be consistent with a due re217, 297, 492, 751, and XVIII. 231.) gard to the well-being of the parties conWe are well pleased that the Monthly Re- cerned.” Mr. Buxton siated in his speech, pository should be reckoned amongst the that if his motion were agreed to, he periodical works that are devoted to the intended to follow it up, by moving for Negro-cause, and fully satisfied that there leave to bring in a Bill, or Bills, which is nothing in Mr. Cooper's statements should embrace the following specific ob. which he will have to retract, or which jects-viz. he cannot justify to the letter. The per- “ To remove all the existing obstracsons interested in the continuance of tions to the mapumission of Slaves ;Slarery are attempting to throw a stain “ To cause the Slares to cease to be apon this Gentleman's credit, but we are chattels in the eye of the law ;certain that all their efforts will be harm- “ 'To prevent their removal, as Slaves, less. They seem eren desirous of wound from colony to colony, and, under certain ing Unitarianism through Mr. Cooper, modifications, their sale or transfer, exbut here also we are persuaded that cept with the land 10 which they might whatever be in their will, nothing is ini be attached ; their power. The Unitarian doctrine can " To abolish markets and compulsory bear the reproach of not being a fit reli. labonr on the Sunday; and to make that gion for a population whose masters daré day a day of rest, as well as of religiouš not allow them to be taught to read, lest worship and instrnction ; and also to they should become acquainted for them- secure to the Slaves equivalent time in selves with the New Testament. Let the each week, in lieu of Sanday, and in ad. subject be properly investigated, and we dition to any time which independently doubt not the result will be the full con- of Swday is now afforded then, for culviction on the part of the English-public, tivating their provision grounds ; that in the present state of Negro intellect “To protect the Slaves, hy law, in the nothing can be taught this unhappy people possession and transmission of the prothat is worthy of the name of Christi- perry they may thus, or in any other way, anity, and that, in fact, they consider acquire; coprersion as nothing more or better than is to enable the Slave to purchase hiis exchanging Africau- for European Obeah freedom, by the payment at once of a or witchcraft, or than taking up a pre- fair price for his redemption, or of a fifth serving, in order to lay aside a destroying part of that price at a time, in return for superstition (See Mr. Oooper's third an additional day in the week to be embetter, XVII. 495.).
ployed for his own benefit ; • The whole subjeet will in a few days come before Parliament, auid in order to prepare our readers for the discussiou, The Society depend for their means we will explain what has been done and of usefulness upou donations and subwhat is proposed.
scriptions, aud they confidently appeal to A “ Society" was instituted last year the friends of humanity throughout the
for mitigating and gradually abolishing nation for their co-operation and support. the state of Slavery throughout the British Communications may be made to the Dominions." To shew the character of Treasurer, Samuel Hoare, Jun., Esq., 62, the Society, it needs only be stated that Lombard Street, or to tlic Secretary, w: ile Duke of Gloucester is President'; that L. Hanbury, Esq., 18, Aldermarlbury.
“ To make the testimony of Slaves Majesty's Ministers, have authorized the available in Courts of Justice, both iu Society before mentioned to submit the civil and criminal cases ;
following as the present purposes of the “ To relieve all Negroes and persons Government : of Colour from the burden of legally “ That the existing obstructions to proving their freedom, when brought into manumissions, arising from stamps or question, and to throw on the claimant fines, or other fiscal regulations, shall be of their persous the burden of legally removed ;proving his right to them ;
“ Tbat the Slaves shall be protected “ To provide the means of religious by law in the possession, and also in the instruction for the Black and Coloured transmission, by bequest or otherwise, of population, and of Christian education any property they may acquire ; for their children ;
That means shall be provided of reli. “ To institute marriage among the gious instruction for the Slaves, and of Slaves ; and to protect that state from Christian education for their children ;violation, and from either forcible or vo- “ That the driving system shall be luntary disruption ;
peremptorily and entirely abolished, so “ To put an end to the driving sys. that the whip shall no longer be the sti. tew;
mulant of labour;“ To put an end also to the arbitrary “ That an end shall also be absolutely punishment of Slaves, and to place their put to the degrading corporal punishment persons as well as property under the of females; and that measures shall be guardianship of the law ;
taken to restraia, generally, the power of “To provide that all the children born arbitrary punishment, and to prevent its after a certain day shall be free,-care abuse ;being taken of their education and main- “That, the means of religious instructenance until they shall be capable of tion being provided, the Sundays shall be acting for themselves ;
given up to the Slaves for rest, recreation, “To provide that no Colonial Gover- and religious instruction and worship nor, Judgc, Attorney-General, or Fiscal, (Sunday markets being abolished); and shall be a possessor of Slaves, or shall that equivalent time shall be allowed have a direct and obvious reversionary them, on other days, for the cultivation interest in such property, or shall be the of their provision grounds ; agent of the proprietors of Slaves."
“ That the marriage of Slaves shall be On the part of the Government, Mr. authorised, and sanctioned by law; and Canning expressed his general concur. that they shall likewise be protected in reuce in the object for putting an end to the enjoyment of their connubial rights." Slavery; he objected, however, to the The sincerity of the Government in abstract form of Mr. Buxton's motion, these designs is proved by the instructions and he proposed to substitute the follow- which Lord Bathurst has sent out to the ing Resolutions, which, at the close of Colonies. These, as well as the Resoluthe discussion, were unanimously adopted tions carried into Parliament, have alarmby the House-viz.
ed the West India Planters and Proprie“ Ist. That it is expedient to adopt tors, and the most violent resolutions effectual and decisive measures for melio- have been passed in the parishes of Jarating the condition of the Slave popula. maica, and tumultuary proceedings have tion in his Majesty's colonies.
been resorted to in other colonies. “ 2nd. That, through a determined On the 18th of August there was some and persevering, but judicious and tem- resistance amongst the Slaves in Deineperate, enforcement of such measures, rara to some act of the local authorities, ihis House looks forward to a progressive The military were called in, and blood improvement in the character of the was shed. Messrs. Smith and Elliot, Slave population; such as may prepare Missionaries from the London Society, in them for a participation in those civil the Colony, were taken up on the charge rights and privileges which are enjoyed of promoting iusurrection. Elliot was by other classes of his Majesty's subjects. soon discharged, hut Smith was brought
“ 3d. That this House is anxious for to trial before a Court Martial, and it is the accoinplishment of this purpose at reported has been adjudged guilty, and the earliest period that may be compatible sentenced to death. The sentence, howwith the well-being of the Slaves, the ever, awaits the approbation of his Masafety of the Colonies, and with a fair jesty's Government. In the mean time, and equitable consideration of the inte- the Missionary Society have published rests of all parties concerned therein. their confidence in Smith's entire inno
" 4th. That these Resolutions be laid cence. before his Majesty."
At Barbadoes, on the 19th of October, Subscquent communications with his the Wcslciau Methodist Chape) was en.
tirely destroyed, and the Missionary to truth, it is charged upou the aboli(Shrewsbury) obliged to fly, with his fa- tionists that they meditate the destruction zpily, for his life. Upon this outrage of the immense mass of West India probeing committed, the Governor, Sir Henry perty, guaranteed by numeroas Acts of Warde, issued a Proclamation, offering a Parliament: for one of the chief argureward of £100 for the conviction of the ments for a gradual and safe abolitiou is, offenders. A counter proclamation was that under the present system the value sent forth by the incendiaries, or their of property in ihe Colonies is siuking, friends, threatening that persons coming and must ultimately be as nothing ; aud forward to impeach shall receive the pn- the abolitionists bring forward facts 10 uishment which they deserve, and ob- shew, that in all cases free labour is serving that “ the reward is offered on cheaper than compulsory. Whether they conviction, which cannot be effected be right or wrong in their reasonings, whilst the people are firm to themselres." their bitterest adversaries must know aud This document states that the midnight feel that they have no evil intentions. rioters were not the rabble, but that the And we earnestly hope that the clamours majority of them were persons of the of a body of men, whose falsely-calculated first respectability.
interests are viewed by themselves to be At Berbice, also, the Missionary Cha- endangered, will not deter the Governpel, occupied hy Mr. John Wray, from the ment from pursuing the great measures Loudon Society, was, on the 22d Sep- of justice and humanity, to which it tember, destroyed by fire; but it does not stands pledged before the world. yet appear whether the fire was accidental or wilful.
LITERARY. The West India Interest at home are very active, and have engaged a part of tion, a volume of Sermons, selected from
It is proposed to publish by subscripthe daily press in their service. How far the manuscripts of the late Rer. Dr. Boog, they will prevail upon the Goverumeut to alter its purpose remains to be seen, but minister of ihe Abbey Church, Paisley? it seems on every account desirable that learned author, by Professor Mylne. The
with some account of the excellent and the hands of his Majesty's Ministers Rev, B. Mardon, of Glasgow, will be should be strengthened by the expression of the public feeling by means of respect- happy to receive the vames of subscri
bcrs. ful and temperate petitions.
The usual arts of misrepresentation have been adopted by the friends of per
NOTICE. petual and unmitigated slavery. It is The Annual Sermon for the Relief of said, for instance, that the advocates of the Necessituus Widows and Children of abolition, contemplate the universal im- Protestant Dissenting Ministers, will be mediate emancipation of the Negroes, preached on Wednesday the 7th of April but this must be known to every well- next, at the Old Jewry Chapel, removed informied man to be entirely false. No to Jewin Street, in Aldersgate Street, by such mad project was ever entertained the Rev. T. BINNEY, of Bedford. Service by any one connected with the Society. to begin at twelve o'clock at noon preAll that the niøst zealous have ever stated cisely. The subscribers and friends to as their wish, is, that means should be the Society will afterwards dine together taken for eventual abolition, which, they at the Albion Tavern, in Aldersgate have never forgotten, can be safe only Street. by being gradual.With as little regard
NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THEOLOGY AND
Batavian Anthology, or Specimens of Occasional Devotional Pieces. By Joba the Dutch Poets : with Remarks on the Bowring. 2nd Edit. Altered aud EnPoetical Literature and Language of the larged. 18mo. 48. 6d. Netherlands to the end of the 17th Cen- Civil Disabilities, on Account of Relitury. By Johu Bowring, Honorary Cor- gion, as they exist in England, Scotland respondent of the Royal Institute of the and Ireland, considered with Reference Netherlands, &c. and Harry S. Van Dyk. to the Christian Dispensation, History Foolscap 8vo.
and Policy. 2s. 60. Vatius and Vespers: with Hymns and An Inquiry into the Doctrine of Origis