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to complain of being anywise injured courts, and encased in the stiff forms hy the misstatements which he has of law. All his notions of religion, here enumerated. He has not even conscience and morality, appear to attempted to explain or apologize for be borrowed from the statute-book. some of the most exceptionable things And then, how fierce, how inhuman, found against him by I. W.
how tinged with the blackest prejuOn mitigating Negro-Slavery, I dice, is that question which he hurled must differ from Androphilos with with a vain triumph at Lord Harrowregard to the wisdom of selecting one by-"Would you permit a Mahoof the West-Indian Islands to try an metan to set up his religious scruexperiment upon. But in this inost ples?” Merciful heaven! Would his difficult and perplexing question, let Lordship have uttered such a sentiboth sides entertain the inost perfect ment, if he were now in the morning candour and charity for each other. of life, and on the point of setting
Mr. Cogan on Natural Religion out to pass a few years of classical I am siding with Mr. Cogan in this leisure and research in Turkey :controversy.
Lord Calthorpe's speech, in compari. Mr. Sturch in reply to Mr. Cogan. son with the others, has made the As far as I can deliberately and can- deepest impression and excited the didly judge, Mr. Sturch is certainly longest train of reflections_in my labouring against very superior odds. mind. I think, if I were an English
Mr. Wallace on Isaiah ix. 6, 7, man, I would write a good round finds in the writer of these lines a letter to Lord Calthorpe, and send it thorough convert to his leading prin- for insertion in the Monthly Reposiciples and aim, and an admirer of tory, beginning it perhaps after the many of his criticisms.
following fashion, and subscribing it 2. N. on his two first Chapters, An English Unitarian :&c. A sturdy champion.
An Old Subscriber might have at- MY LORD, tempted to be more explicit in shew. In the name of the denomination ing how the fact to which he alludes to which I belong, I hasten to thank results from the supposed custom you for the favourable colours in among the ancient Jews.
which you have been pleased to deReview of the Life of Toller. A lineate our character before the highbeautiful specimen of dignified re- est tribunal of the country. Your proof.
testimmy to * the remarkable obEast-India Tracts. Highly curious. servance of the decencies and proDr. Tytler seems to be a Unitarian prieties of life by the sect of Unitain disguise.
rian Dissenters, and their regular and Revierd of Wellbeloveds Sermon. exemplary discharge of the duties of A happy abstract of a noble argument. their situations,” shall not fall with
Intelligence. And have the Dis. ont its proper effect on our hearts. senters any hope of “ success” in it shall awaken our gratitude for the their petitions to that British Parlia- noble liberality that dictated it, stimuInent? Let them not be deceived. late trs to new.exertions to deserve it, And yet the prospect would appear a console us under the storm of unjustilittle bright, when next glancing at fiable odium and outrageous prejudices The Debate on the Unitarians Mær- with which we are elsewhere assailed, riage Bill in the House of Lords. 1 and induce us once more to review am particularly struck and gratified with candour 'and deliberation, the hy observing throughout this debate arguments for the great doctrine on so many compliments paid to Uni- which we are so unfortunate as to tarians, and their persons and opi- differ from your Lordship-I mean nions treated in so gentle and liberal the doctrine of the Unity of God. a way. Every noble lord has a kind We also acknowledge feeling that word to say to them, with the excep- particular sensation which persons of tion of the Chancellor. There is every religious, denomination feel unsomething exceedingly glooiny and der the influence of flattery, when you iron-like in his treatment of them. “recognize the excellence of those He seems to be a man whose heart virtues which," you say, have placed is covered over with the dust of us in the forcmost ranks of the friends of humanity and truth.". But let me a statement of facts. He would have venture to ask you, my Lord, if you been pleased if I had been declamahave examined the doctrines of Uni- tory, as he accuses me of being : in tarians with the saine candour and that case an answer, however superfiattention that you have bestowed upon cial, would have been easier to write. their lives? It is, I assure you, im- He seems to have taken my reasons possible for me to believe so, when I for insults, for he sends me insults in hear you making the strange assere reply, instead of reasons. tion, that “
man, amidst the sorrows Mr. Haldane has given us his Comand cares of this life, required some- mentary on the Epistle to the Roipans thing more consoling, more heart- under another form ; it is not read sustaining, than their cold and pre- more than formerly : the dose is still cise doctrines.” What, my Lord! too strong. He has fallen into such More consoling and heart-sustaining gross errors, that I might treat him than that God is love; that he took with the epithets which he and his so peculiar an interest in the welfare friends have so liberally bestowed on of our race as to send his beloved Son me; but I think that we should keep for our salvation; and that life and some terms even with antagonists, and immortality are brought to light by that persons inay have been mistaken the resurrection of Jesus from the without having intended or wished to dead? Is there “coldness" in these deceive. Mr. Haldane, who came to views, my Lord? Would to God that Geneva, and who professes to have you were altogether in our predica- heard me preach, perpetually conment, save and except our civil dis- founds me with another clergyman, abilities. We are persuaded it is whose actions he attributes to me: he owing to the influence of association asserts that it was I who, in the pulthat you thus stigmatize our doc- pit, replied to M. Cellerier after he trines. They are not connected in had attacked those who do not admit your mind with warm, elegant, cush- the consubstantiality of the word :ioned churches, a magnificent and this is a mistake, I was not the person. comfortable establishinent, your own He attributes to me a sermon on the youthful recollections, and perchance Mysteries, in which he says I have your past religious experience, which contradicted the gospel : it is not I in general has no intrinsic dependence who preached the discourse on that on metaphysical dogmas. Strip the subject to which he alludes. He states subject of these accidental associa- that I preached on Cornelius, holding tions, and we are persuaded that so ont the example of a man who was far from feeling our religious views accepted of God without the knowcold, you will perceive in them a ledge of the gospel : it was another warmth and efficaciousness not to be pastor who at that time composed a despised, although they do not imply discourse on Cornelius, of the drift of the crucifixion of the Deity and the which I am ignorant. He asserts that eternity of hell-torments. And do I have confessed that the Pastors of you mention it as an objection to Geneva have fallen very low in public our doctrines that they are precise! estimation, and he proceeds from that &c. &c. &c.
point as an acknowledged fact, &c.
&c. If I were as ill-bred as those Geneva,
gentlemen, I should take delight in Sır, September 17, 1824. justly retorting the abusive expresYOU have inserted in your Maga- sions which they use respecting me,
zine the injurious language Nr. whether through the medium of the P. Smith has thought proper to ad- press, or of private letters, as has been dress to me. I expected civility from done, with unparalleled rudeness, by those gentlemen ; but, in unmasking Mr. Huber-Strutt, whose unpardonsectaries, one should expect their able conduct towards the Reverend wrath. The insults I have received do Rook I have made known ; but I renot alter the facts advanced by me, linquish to them the practice of incithe truth of which I warrant. If Mr. vility. Smith had had sound reasons to offer, I now confirm all that I have writ. he would have written differently.- ten on the Theological Controversies We see that he was embarrassed by originated at Geneva by the men I
have pointed out; whether they are Smith's letters, on two of the most distinguished by the appellation of respectable English residents in GeMethodists, Calvinists, or evangelical neva, whom I had been acquainted persons, is of little consequence-I with there, and who left thật city only adhere to the facts. They preach doc- the present summer. I was so fortutrine opposed to the letter and the nate as to meet with them in a short spirit of the gospel ; they have sown excursion I made to France in Sepdivision in many families; they have tember. I read to each, separately, caused distraction; they have revived part of Dr. Sınith's charges. The incredulity; they tend by their doc- first said, “I do not agree with the trines to throw ridicule on Christi- Genevese in matters of faith, but anity, the gift of God; and, to say all during the four years I have resided in one word, the Eloile and the Dra- in their territory with my family, I peau Blanc are become their auxilia- have acquired a full conviction that ries: we may thus judge how far they there is less vice and immorality in are friends to Reformation. We will Geneva than in most other cities, and resist them unceasingly, and we will I know no place where young people multiply our efforts to preserve our would be so safe from temptation or churches from that malady, that le- the influence of bad examples.” The prosy which has attacked the preachers other gentleman said, “I am astowhom I have pointed out to the vigi- nished that any respectable person lance of Christians. Let them over- should make such a charge against whelm me with insults, let them paint the Genevese. Geneva is unquestionme under false colours, still I will ably the most moral city in Europe; bless God that the enemies of the Re- this I do not attribute to their religion forination cannot make out a better so much as to their domestic educastory against its defenders.
tion, and to the circumstance of every CHENEVIÈRE, Prof. one being personally known to his
fellow-citizens; but to whatever cause
we attribute it, the fact is unquestionMr. Bakewell on the State of Morals, able.” This is the evidence of two &c., in Geneva.
gentlemen of high consideration in Letter II.
their own country, who are members
of the English Church, and have reTHEN I wrote the Observations sided several years at Geneva, and I
on the State of Morals, &c., in never heard a respectable Englishman Geneva, (see Mon. Repos. pp. 513— who had lived there some time, speak 519,) I had not read the third letter to the contrary. of Dr. J. Pye Smith, in which that The character which M. Simond writer, emboldened by the silence of gives of the Genevese is still more those he was attacking, indulges a favourable than what I have described violence of abuse against them, alto- in my Travels. According to this gether unrestrained by candour or traveller, Geneva is eminently distincourtesy. What was before stated guished for the superior excellence of interrogatively, is now positively as. its morals. There is scarcely an inserted in direct defiance of facts, and stance, he says, of the character of the most respectable testimony in a Genevese lady being even suspected: their favour. As I believe the main the number of enfans trouvés (foundobject of Dr. Smith's accusations of lings) received at the hospital, (which the Genevese is, through them, to comprises the greater proportion of attack the English Unitarians, by re- those born in the whole state,) does presenting their doctrines to be pro- not exceed thirty annually, whilst at ductive of gross immorality and im- Lyons, with a population scarcely piety, and as he returns to the charge more than double the territory of in a more direct manner than before, Geneva, it exceeds twelve hundred. I shall principally confine myself in To which I may add, that high gaming, the present letter to an examination luxury and intemperance, the vices of its truth, this being a subject of far higher importance than the merits or demerits of M. Cæsar Malan. I
• The population of the whole terrihad recently an opportunity of wit- tory, since the annexation of part of nessing the effect produced by Dr. Savoy, is about forty-four thousand, that
of other cities, are scarcely known in other consideration, even the respect Geneva. The lower classes are sober, due from himself to his own characindustrious, and regular in their de ter. The bees in their attacks, yield portment, the number of criminals is their own lives with their stings, small, and those are chiefly foreign- animas in vulnere ponunt, but the ers. If there be any vice or immorality point of Dr. Smith's weapon being in Geneva, and what city in the world untempered by truth, he has ejected was ever entirely free? I believe it his virus against the Genevese without will be found, that by far the greatest hurting any one but himself. portion occurs among those inhabi. The extreme bitterness of Dr. tants who are not members of the Smith's enmity to M. Chenevière and Genevese Church. M. Simond cites the Genevese Pastors, which is so an instance in proof of the powerful apparent in his letters, manifestly ininfluence of religion over the minds disposes him to see the truth : he of the Genevese people: from what seems to feel that in leaving the docperiod does he take this instance ? trines of Calvin, they have become From the golden age of orthodoxy! the "enemies of the Lord;" and, No--but fifty years after they had therefore, like David, he may “ hate left the faith of Calvin, and, according them with perfect hatred;" but such to Dr. Smith, were given up to deadly feelings reflect no honour on a Chrisindifference and infidelity. Such is tian divine. The word anger occurs the account of Geneva, by persons nearly two hundred times in the Old who have resided a considerable time Testament, but it is found only three there, and who have no interest in times in the New; and in the books misrepresenting facts. Dr. Smith, of the latter, the word hatred occurs looking at Geneva from his easy chair only once. at Homerton, tells us that it is a Even the style of M. Chenevière well-known fact that among the Ge- and “the, cloudiness of his reasonnevese, indifference and contempt of ing" are made the subject of comall serious religion, bold infidelity, plaint; but I believe it is the clearand open flagitiousness, have been ness and not the cloudiness of his fearfully increasing, in proportion to statements, which is so particularly the departure from the ancient doc- offensive to Dr. Smith. The style, trines : infidelity has spread tremen- seen through the medium of a transladously and rapidly, and dissolute tion, will not suffer by a comparison manners kept pace with it.” To this with Dr. Smith's; it is true we do not accusation I might, were I not re- find in M. C.'s letters such phrases as strained by courtesy, reply in Dr. "ruthless confederates," "soilful and Smith's own words : it would scarcely deliberate falsehood," “ M. Malan, be possible to select any forms of that good man," " that excellent expression more appropriate :
" It is man,
nor any of those figures of truly painful to have undertaken the rhetoric, which remind us of the eramination of such a writer as this mixture of coarse abuse and cant, Professor of Divinity, who can thus that adorn the pages of the theolobid defiance to conscience and truth; gians of the Oliverian age. By far the uimost stretch of charitable con- the most important assertion in Dr. struction will not enable me in this Smith's third letter respecting Geneva and other instances to acquit him of is the following :--After boldly devilful and deliberate falsehood.” No, I scribing the gross immorality, open will not ‘mete to Dr. Smith his own flagitiousness, and dissolute manners measure,' I will not believe that be in that city, he says, “ The substitute was aware when he wrote the above for despised Calvinism has proved its character of the Genevese, that he insufficiency to stem the tide of moral was penning a most false accusation. corruption in Geneva.” This, if In the fervour of composition and his words have any meaning, implies that eagerness to attack the reputation of Geneva is more morally corrupt than the Genevese heretics, he forgot every other cities and communities, which
have retained the sweet preserving of the city of Geneva forming about one- influences of Calvinism : if this be half. The Catholic population is about one-third. I do not know the number of Lutherans in the Canton.
* See Cruden's Concordance.
not so, all the lamentations and re- and religious conditions of the two proaches which Dr. Smith bestows cities, the one sunk in depravity and upon the Genevese, amount to mere infidelity, the other splendent with drivelling, and had better have been faith and piety-a holy community of reserved for his friends nearer home. saints. But will any impartial person, Now let us see how the case really who knows the two cities, assert that stands, divested of all extraneous con- such is the case? Will any one besiderations. Geneva and Edinburgh lieve the assertion, were it made, that were the sister queens of the Church there is less vice, less intemperance, of Calvin ; they were the southern less profligacy, less infidelity, in orand the northern Zions of Calvinism; thodox Edinburgh, than in heretical they had the same creed, the same Geneva ? Where the latter city has church government, the watch-towers sent one infidel into the world, it of their faith burned with the same might not be exaggeration to say, fierce and troubled flame, and shed a orthodox Edinburgh has sent a thoulugubrious glare over the Protestant sand fold the proportion : so much world. For nearly century, the for the preserving influences of Cal. leading men in each city, fully proved vinism. "Geneva, it may be shewn, by their deeds, that they had drunk has escaped, if not entirely, at least deeply of the cruel, contentious spirit in a great measure, the contagion of of Calvin, and but very sparingly of infidelity, and it has escaped by the the spirit of Christ, which produces very cause to which Dr. Smith asthe peaceable fruits of righteousness. cribes its fall, namely, by having a But it is not with the ancient history rational religion, which requires no of these cities that we are now con- one to believe what is contrary to cerned. In my last letter I have de- scripture and reason. The distinction scribed what Geneva was in the days between contrary to reason and above of its orthodoxy. Fortunately, we reason, is well understood both by have at present nothing to do with the pastors and people. the uncertainty of history, for Dr. Perhaps Dr. Smith_may say, the Smith has told us that the depravity comparison between Edinburgh and of Geneva has been progressively in- Geneva is not a fair one, as the tide creasing ; we will therefore take it of moral corruption has set in more in its present state, when its depra, strongly to the North than the South; vity is at the highest pitch it has but what is the value of the divine, ever been, for at no period was its preserving influence of Calvinism, if departure from the faith of Calyin it be only useful in stopping little more decided and avowed. I say we tides, and has no power to resist great will take it in its present state, and ones? If so, it is most eficacious where compare it with Edinburgh, which its aid is least wanted. The evident being the head seat of government of tendency of Dr. Smith's letter is to the Kirk of Scotland, has remained declare that Calvinism has stopped under the sweet, preserving influences the tide of moral corruption wherever of Calvinism. Geneva, as we have this faith prevails; but I might direct before stated, has publicly departed the inquiry nearer home, and ask Dr. from that faith a century since : but Smith, whether the Calvinists in Lonit is only as cities, that the moral don and its vicinity are less desirous comparison can be made, for the of wealth and honours, or less worldly, members of the Genevese Church minded or selfish than their neighbeing nearly all resident citizens, can bours? The accusation of open flaonly be fairly compared with citizens gitiousness and dissolute manners, in other states. Now Edinburgh is, would be as true if applied to the according to Dr. Smith's position, at English Calvinists, as to the members the present day greatly, very greatly of the Genevese Church; but it superior to Geneva in moral virtue would be a foul libel if applied to and piety, for it has retained its faith, either generally. I am willing to adand therefore has resisted the tide of mit that English Calvinists may fairly moral corruption which has over- rank for moral virtue with the memwhelined Geneva. Such (I say) is or bers of other Dissenting societies, but ought to be, according to Dr. Smith’s I cannot allow that they are superior, position, the present relative, moral, nor do I believe their own ministers