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from Manchester to York.” For his doned to oblivion. And yet upon the consolation 1 inform him that York bare assertion of this disreputable College is in a flourishing state, the work, is the body of Presbyterians, students being numerous, the sup- the most respectable of all the classes porters of it most respectable, and of Protestant Dissenters, for talents the tutors men of talents, erudition and learning, for benevolence and piand piety. I have not the honour of ety, consigned over to execration. In knowing either of thein personally; compliment to the truly venerable Dr. but the Reply of the Rev. Charles Abraham Rees, he is, in a note atWellbeloved to Archdeacon Wrang- tached to this calumnious paragraph, hain, (bishops and archdeacons, says stated to be at the head of this ruined the Edinburgh Review, being the na. and desolated sect in London ; thus tural enemies of Unitarianism,) may reminding me of the awful spirit which be pronounced a lasting monument of poets feign as presiding over Stonehis zeal and integrity. I am not here henge on Salisbury Plain, frowning in advocating the truth of any of the solitary grandeur on the barren heaths isms that have embroiled and cursed and dreary prospect of the adjacent mankind.
country! In a similar spirit of chivalrous But the attention of the reader triumph Mr. Adam announces the de- must be turned to the practical use molition of Unitarianism by Magee which the Rev. R. Adam makes of in Ireland and by Wardlaw in Scot- the diversity of sentiment, prevailing land. But unfortunately there exist to so sad an extent among Protestant at this time respectable congregations Dissenters. He immediately subjoins, of Unitarians, meeting in newly-erect: " Here I cannot avoid observing ed chapels-the one at Glasgow, un- the great use of articles of religion der the Rev. Benjamin Mardon the for preserving a church in its original other at Edinburgh, under the Rev. purity. The English Presbyterians John Squier--the two principal cities originally held the doctrine of the of North Britain. of Ireland I know Westminster Confession of Faith as nothing, except that from a letter firmly as their brethren of the now lately addressed to me by an intelligent Established Church of Scotland; they aud liberal divine of the North of Ire. were formerly as steadfast believers Jand, thanking me for my Shetch, I in the doctrine of the Trinity as they learn that there are half a million of are, or as the members of the Church Presbyterians in that country imbibing of England, and there were among the spirit and treading in the steps of them men who did honour to the Abernethy, Leland and Duchal; there Christian naine!” But is it not a fore friends of free inquiry and of notorious fact that, concerning the Christian charity. They must abhor meaning of these said articles of reall uncharitableness and bigotry. ligion, the clergy themselves are not
I shall now advert to the Rev. R. agreed, and at this time are filing Adam's account of the Protestant off in two distinct bodies from each Dissenters, especially his sketch of otler, under the respective appellathe Presbyterians, on which the “pi- tions of the Arminian and of the tiless pelting of the storm” falls with Evangelical Clergy? So far from distinguished severity. His words are uniting, it is a bone of contention, the these :-—"The glory is now departed brand of discord, and subversive of from their Israel, for whilst' most that unanimity which has always been others around them are making rapid sought after, hut never can be obtainadvances towards a re-exhibition of ed. The imposition of articles of the best days of Christianity—the fer. faith is the source of numberless pervour of their zeal is abated-their di- juries. The creed of an established vinity has become cold blooded, and church is not the child of conviction an orthodox Presbyterian among the nor the offspring of free inquiry. It writers of the present day, it will be is the result of necessity, generating difficult to find.”
the silence and tranquillity of the This account is taken from Bogue tomb ! and Bennett's History of the Dis- The late Rev. Andrew Fuller edited senters, of no authority whatever, and An Account of the Sects and Denomiwhich even their own party has aban- nations of Christians, a few years ago, by Hannah Adams, of Boston-in itself it was my duty to state.” Be it so ; a respectable work. But the Editor's but then relinquish all claim to having additions were disgraced by the infų, observed the strictest impartiality, so sion of party spirit, and especially by that even Reviewers cannot discover an Essay, prefixed, on Truth ; the ob- the author's sentiments, when his anject of which was to recommend bis tipathy against all Anti-trinitarians own opinions, ard proscribe those of rages with an uncontroulable fury. a contrary description. I am glad to With such inveterate prejudices, how find that, on the republication of the can the writer express a hope that his English edition in America, Mrs. work “ will be found of a beneficial Adams omitted this said Essay on tendency—that it may be safely introTruth, a proof of her good sense and duced into all schools and seminaries impartiality. This I learned from the of useful learning-and, in particular, recent Editor, Mr. Thomas Williams, prove a suitable companion for the who has acted honourably in conveying students of our universities”This the curious fact to the public this indicates either an awful instance of side the water. He would have de- self-deception, or must be pronounced rived still more credit by omitting the as an imposition on the world. As Essay altogether, not distrusting the author of the Sketch of the Denomisacred energies of truth, which is best nations of the Christian World, I shall elicited by a full and fair investigation conclude with an extract, with which of the New Testament. It is remark- the Rev. R. Adam closes his Preface able, that the celebrated Joseph Ber- most inconsistently, taken from a rington, a Catholic priest, in the year learned and amiable divine, Dr. George 1811, wrote me a letter, thanking me Cook :-"I have endeavoured to keep for the Sketch, under the persuasion my mind as far as possible from all that the endless diversity of opinion bias. How far I have succeeded it is there delineated, shewed the incontro. not for me to determine ; but I trust vertible necessity of an Infallible Head, that I have been uniformly guided by -the only legitimate Parent of uni- the love of truth, by the desire of formity in matters of religion... Now, more closely uniting those who are mark, here is a triumvirate of divines : already partially united as to the most Andrew Fuller, a Protestant Dissenter, interesting subjects that can fix our with his Essay on Truth; Robert attention; and by the earnest desire Adam, a minister of the Chureh of not to make a single observation which England, with his Articles of Faith; could imply any doubt upon this point; and Joseph Berrington, a Catholic that in most communities of Chrispriest, with his Infullible Head, at- tians, and under all diversities of ectempting to fetter free inquiry, and clesiastical polity, there are many who put down rational Christianity. Thus may be venerated as lights of the it is that the Bible Society is repro- world, who are sincerely devoted to bated by a learned bishop for giving the blessed cause of pure religion, and away the Sacred Scriptures without who, although now separated and unnote or comment, whereas the Bible known to each other, shall, through should be given away only with a that Master whom they delight to Common Prayer, which, neutralizing serve, meet in heaven.” the contents of Holy Writ, produces
JOHN EVANS, a finished Churchman, at once the admiration, the blessing, the perfection of mankind !
A Suggestion to Unitarians. That the Rev. R. Adaun should have
“ Fas est ab hoste doceri." thus cominitted himself is matter of astonishment. Indeed, after his high
Noricich, pretensions to moderation, he does
September 13, 1824. , my
cise View of the Leading Docyoung of both sexes, who are less trines connected with the Socinian able to judge of themselves. I have Controversy,” containing the most ventured to make occasional remarks specious arguments for “ Orthodoxy" on some doctrines and opinions which from Dwight and Wardlaw, having re
eye the instruction and benefit of li A SMALL work, entitled ** A Cou
cently issued from the press, and being as I have suffered in a pecuniary way strongly recommended in Evange- from becoming a Unitarian, and lical” Magazines and Reviews, I lieg acutely as I have felt the reproach of Jeave to suggest the propriety - not relatives and friends, (and none but to say the necessity — of its heing those who have been placed in similar met by a concise view of the leading circumstances can tell bow keenly doctrines of Unitarianism.
reproach comes from such characters,) As the Trinitarian publication ad- I cannot repine while consoled by the vocates the deity of Christ, the per- mens sibi conscia recti. sonality of the Holy Spirit, and the It is well known that the whole of atonement of Jesus Christ,—the an- the controversy between Wardlaw and swer_should contain lucid proofs of Yates, or between Horsley and Priestthe Divine Unity, the subordination ley, is not generally read by “the of the Messiah, the impersonality of orthodox ;" an!! that they confine the Holy Spirit, and salvation of the themselves to Wardlaw and biorsley, free grace of God. Perhaps selections instead of attending to the equitable from Yates's Vindication of Unitari- aphorism “audi alteram partem." I anism and Sequel, Marsom's Imper- think, however, that a Compendium of sonality of the Holy Ghost, Wright's Unitarian doctrines, with the arguAnti-Satisfactionist, and Madge's Ser- ments and proofs by which they are mon on the Atonement, would furnish supported, about the size and price of a very cogent reply; but as Belsham's the “ Concise View,” would meet Suminary View of Unitarianism in the with their attention: it would cersecond part of his Calm Inquiry, and tainly be read by hundreds who will Fox's Sermons on the Voice of Re- not wade through voluipes. And as velation and on Popular Objections to strenuous efforts are making to spread Unitarianism are invaluable works on the summary of Trinitarian doctrines, those subjects, a consOLIDATION of I trust it will be seen that Unitarians the whole, condensed into a small can display equal zeal in the cause of Compendium, is highly desirable. The truth and righteousness. Editor of the orthodox publication Cordially wishing the spread of above-mentioned seems in his preface “ pure and undefiled religion before to deny the name of Christian to God, even the Father," I remain, &c. Unitarians : should this pitiful malig
Προσηλυτος. . nity be thought to deserve an answer, more than is necessary to rebut the P.S. Would it not be worth while slander may be found in Aspland's for the London Unitarian Society to excellent serinon on “ The Unitarian print the text of Griesbach's Greek Christian's Appeal to his Fellow- Testament? The two volumes are Christians on the Christian Name.” too dear for some who would be pur
If persons in general could be in- chasers, and many prefer the simple duced to hear both sides of theological text " without note or comment.” It questions, and to read the answers to would be then about the size and price Trinitarian calumnies, Unitarianism of a school Greek Testament, might would be much more prevalent. Edu- be used also as a school-book, and cated as I was in the straitest sect” would undonbtedly have a great sale of orthodoxy, I became a Unitarian as such, besides being very acceptable from a careful perusal of the contro- to all who wish to have the pure oriversy between Wardlaw and Yates ; ginal. Such a publication would be though strongly prejndiced against serviceable to Unitarianism, as it “Socinianism” when I began to study would effectually expose the disingethe subject. The arguments and nuous artifice of those Editors of the proofs in Yates' powerful Vindication Greek Testament who have inserted of Unitarianism, and in his incompa- Griesbach's name in their title page, rable Sequel, made me an unwilling without regarding his text, and would convert to the force of truth; and more generally spread that edition of upon some gentlemen whom I well the Greek text, which real scholars of know, and one friend whom I highly all parties now admit to be the most esteem, a similar effect was produced correct. by the reading of those works. Much
Critical Synopsis of the Monthly Re- two doctrines of the divinity of Christ pository. By an American. and of the Atonement have been unFor March, 1821.
warrantably used to bolster hp each
other. Even if they were both true, Conclusion of Professor Chene- there is not, according to the Scripvière's Defence. This indeed is a ture, the slightest connexion between inost spirited and able article. I do them. Those who believe in both, not know that there is too much may fancy, indeed, such a connexion, warmth in it, considering all the cir- and devise some reasons for it, such cumstances. The contrast between as the infinite nature of sin requiring Christianity and Methodism would an infinite atonement, and the like. make a fine tract for distribution. I But in vain do I search the New Tesdo not recollect any composition where tament for a justification of these dethe peculiar merits of the two sides vices. of the question are more happily Summary of the Controversy by summed up. It were to be wished 1. W. Very fair for a Unitarian ; that the Professor bad subsequently who has a right to present the subgone into some detail as to the re- ject in the most favourable light he lative strength and prospects of parties can for his own side, without pervertin Geneva.
ing or misrepresenting the facts. Mr. Cogan in Reply to Mr. Sturch, Certainly, a good deal can be picked appears to me in most points to have out of Mr. Le Grice's correspondence, conducted a successful defence. I which will not tell well for that had not read this reply when I made zealous and apparently conscientious iny remarks on Mr. Sturch's stric- gentleman. But a correspondent of tures, and am happy to perceive some the Christian Observer might untraces of coincidence between Mr. C.'s doubtedly present a very different view thoughts and my own.
of the matter. Fortunately, the cause The suggestions of B. in the next of truth is not identified with that of article I should presuine are quite any local squabble. unanswerable.
Brevis on the Athanasian Creed. Mr. Flower's recommendations are The object of this satire is undoubtworthy of being adopted, and the edly fair game. But we Unitarians principle of them extended to every have gained nothing, I think, by crroneous translation or difficult pas- mockery. We should not like to see sage which occurs in the public read- it turned upon ourselves. The strain ing of the Scriptures.
of irony in this piece is not, to my Vindex receives all my sympathy, taste, of a high order. not only in point of deep respect and Mr. Wallace in Reply to Mr. regard 'for a lady of Mrs. Hughes's Frend has exhibited much learned character, but also in the firmness and ingenious criticisin. Still retainwith which he has remonstrated a- ing, however, the opinions I expressgainst her mistaken zeal.
ed in my remarks on Mr. Frend's Cornish Correspondence. I had cominunication, it seems to ine superrun through this portion of it when I fuous for Mr. Wallace so anxiously made my remarks on the last Num- to defend our Saviour from the charge ber, and have not much more to say. of superstition in adopting phraseoI would ask Mr. Townsend whether logy, of which the origin happened he would not confidently rely on the to be superstitious. atonement made by the sacrifice of a Friendly Correspondence continued. human being, if God had appointed This correspondence is indeed a cusuch a method of remitting the sins riosity. How original ! What a mighof mankind. Allowing that the Scrip- ty play between two strong minds, ture contains the doctrine of an Atone- each of which, for different purposes, ment by. Jesus Christ, yet there is is striving to keep off from the downno fact in existence. more indisputa- right point at issue, but are at last ble, than that the Scriptures give not led by an irresistible attraction to the least shadow of intimation that rush together in the contest. Never the Being who makes the atonement were the workings of character more must be necessarily and for that pur- conspicuously displayed.
The truth is, that the Mr. Adam on renouncing Trinita
rianism. His Letter to the Missionary to suppose them free from re-action Committee is indeed an honour to against the influences which oppress human nature, and his defence of them, would be to suppose them not himself against Mr. Ivimey complete. Yet there is every reason to
Dr. Evans's communication, like all believe, as far as I can learn, that his others, is instructive, agreeable, their general motives as a sect are as and to the point. I have a fancy that pure as those of any other denominahis conversation is in the same style. tion, not excepting even the predo
Mr. Baker on the Old Congrega- minant party who happen (to use a tion at Bolton. Would it not, thirty favourite quaint expression of the years since, have been rather a start historian Neale) “ to be in the ling phenomenon, that a clergyman saddle.” should come forward and claim it as The Nonconformist. No. XXVII. an honour to his church and congre- I recognize in this writer a power of gation, to be considered as Uuita- selection and compression of facts, rian; to be jealous of sustaining any joined to a sweet, easy, clear style, other character, and anxiously to scarcely surpassed by the pen of Goldrectify before the world an accidental smith. I always feel larger of soul, mistake on the subject ? I regard after reading a paper of the Nonconthis little note to the Editor, there formist. fore, with considerable emotion, as Lord Byron. There is something an encouraging symptom of the actual affecting in the circumstance that the posture of our cause.
hopes of better things here expressed Review of the Life of Toller. A for Lord Byron's Christianity, must very agreeable narrative.
have been uttered about the time Obituary. Judge Toulmin. Every when he was bidding adieu to the sentence deeply interesting. Let me vanities and criticisms of this life, and make one correction of a slight error, entering on the discipline of another. which I presume is only typogra- A Friend to Sunday-Schools has pbical. Secretary of the Treasurer pointed out an inconsistency in the should read Secretary of the Treasury. conduct of Unitarians to which they
must plead guilty. Indeed, the geMonthly Repository for April 1824. Deral fact that predestinarian religion
ists are more indefatigable in the use Unitarian Fund Register. No. IV. of means, than those Christians who Mr. Martin's Journal is very interest- alınost contend for the omnipotence ing. The Unitarian Missionary-spirit of means, is a mysterious problem, is not yet started in America. It which I cannot yet resolve. would have one advantage here more Vindication of Mr. Bellamy, &c. than in England. The odium excited This writer has given some interesting against it would have no political representations, but he is rather misty tinge whatever. All religious feelings in the results at which he attempts to in this country are purely religious arrive. Power looks not down with the frown On an Improved Version of the of scorn, rage and jealousy upon the Scriptures. A pretty little piece of conscientious efforts of any zealous theological chit-chat. sectarians. While enjoying therefore Dr. Evans on Mr. Irving. Mr. this happy exemption, I cannot but Irving seems to have agitated no little still more admire the undaunted firm- interest in the bosom of Dr. Evans. ness and fortitude with which the Mr. Irving will make no permanent English Unitarians bear up against effeet in the religious world, and for the complicated opposition they are this plain reason, that he understands obliged to endure.
True. I have nothing of human nature. been informed by some of their own Mr. Le Grice on his Correspondbody, that a little bitterness of poli- ence, &c. I really think that the few tical discontent often mingles with tridling errors which Mr. Le Grice has the higher motives that animate them. pointed out in the Summary of I W. But this is no more than should be has affected neither the character of expected. Their very relation to the that contributor, nor the merits of state is a peculiarly political one. the general question at issue. Mr. The government has made it so; and Le Grice would be very unreasonable