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difficulty; that he speaks, in common, ers as wish to see the pro and con in with the sacred writers, of the Logos, this dispute may refer to Lardner and the son and image of God; that he to the appendix to Kippis’s Life of describes a society of apostles or mis- him prefixed to the octavo edition of sionaries, under the name of Thera- his Works. peutæ, engaged in the reformation of
“ The same prejudice at Rome and ia the world; that persecution was raised other places induced Josephus to give an in Egypt against these inen, and that account of Christ, and to bear testimony they were sold as slaves; that their to his virtue, his wisdom and his works. character, tried and proved by their
• About this time, existed Jesus, a wise sufferings, could be no other than that man, if, indeed, he might be called a of the primitive Christians; and that; ful works, and the teacher of such men
man ; for he was the author of wonderaccording to Philo, they prevailed as receive the truth with delight. He throughout the globe, sharing with attached to himself many of ihe Jews Greeks and Barbarians their own con
and also many of the Greeks. This summate blessings.
was the Christ : and though at the iuThe author maintains that Jose- stigation of our leading men Pilate conphus was a Christian because he re- demed him to the cross, yet such as presents the law as consisting of moral loved him at first did not cease to love priuciples; because under the deno- him; for he appeared to them after three mination of Jews he speaks of the days again alive, the divine prophets harapostles, and describes their travels ing foretold this and innumerable other and labours; because he speaks of a
marvellous things concerning him: and future and better life, which Dr. Jones the people who from him call themselves pronounces (we think unwarrantably) Lib. xviii. C. 3, 3.
Christians have not fallen away.' A. J. to have been wholly unknown to the
During a whole century this famous Jews before Christ; because he re
passage has been the subject of much lates in the tone of an advocate the dispute in every country throughout Chrisdeath of James, the brother of Christ; tendom, till at length those, who agree and because his language explains in nothing else, came to agree in this, the history of the apostles and primi- that the paragraph is the forgery of sonie tive Christians, only hinted at_by Christian in the third century: nor, perLuke in the Acts, at Antioch. The haps, is there a man of any estimatiou in silence of both Josephus and Philo as Europe who thinks it the production of to our Lord's miracles and those of Josephus. The arguments that led 10 his apostles, is explained by the pre- following:
this conclusion are principally the two valence of the belief in demons and
“This is the work of a Christian, consequently in prodigies, and the which Josephus was not. The assumpimproper use which the Heathens, to tion is erroneous : Josephus was a bewhom Josephus addressed his wri- liever in Christ, and his immortal works tings, made of the Christian miracles; bear testimony to his being the historian and the reserve of these supposed and apologist of the Gospel. Ju his book Christian apologists is pertinently against Apion he relates that a pure syscompared with the caution recently tem of worship and morals, issuing from observed by the Indian Christian Re- Judea, had in his days pervaded the former, Rammolun Roy, who, judg. mily among Greeks or Barbarians into
world; that there was scarcely a faing his countrymen disqualified by which this system had not forced its way; their erroneous notions of God and the that those who received it equalled, if not laws of nature, for drawing the proper excelled, in zeal and attachment to it, inference from the miracles of Christ, the very people who taught it; that the compiled for their use and in order foundation of it was a future state foreto their conversion, a work, which, told by Moses and afterwards confirmed passing by miracles, points out the by a nighty proof given by God himself; Precepts of Jesus as the Guide to and, finally, that this doctrine supposed Peace and Happiness.
not the immortality of the human soul, Dr. Jones vindicates of course the but the renewal of being to mankind after genuineness of the disputed passage does not say what was the vature of the
a revolution of ages. But the author in Josephus relating to Christ, and as this is a very important subject we
strong proof which God gave of a future shall quote the passage, with our
state, but only that it was foretold by
Moses. In the above paragraph, how. author's remarks upon it: such read- ever, be supplies this omission, and tells us that Christ, at the impeachment of consideration. A spurious paragraph the leading men, was condemned to the might have been inserted in those copies cross; and that votwithstauding he ap- which the Christians possessed ; but could peared to his followers after three days they do the same with those in the posagain alive ; aud that these, with other session of the Jews? And what Jew ever marvellous things concerning him, had possessed the works of Josephus which been predicted by the divine prophets : did not contain the testimony he bears to and this is precisely the history of Christ Jesus Christ ?"-Pp. 87—90. and his religion, as far as we can gather them from the New Testament.
The object of Chapters VII. VIII. “But it is said that this testimony of IX. and X., is to shew that the antiJosephus was not quoted by any Christian christian system was introduced into writer before the days of Eusebius in the the several churches established by third century. True: but the more early the Apostle Paul. Some of the prinGreek and Latin fathers had sufficient cipal arguments here introduced have reason for not quoting it. Josephus was
been already submitted by the author an apostolic believer ; he received and embraced the religion of Jesus in its pu
to the readers of the Monthly Reposirity. And he not only excludes the doc- tory, which renders it unnecessary for trines of his diviuity and miraculous birth
us to attempt an abridgment of them. from the history which he gives of our They are besides critical and consecuLord, -and by this exclusion he shews tive, and no epitome scarcely could them to be foreign to his Gospel,-but be rendered intelligible. in the context he briugs to light the ori- Chap. XI. is designed to shew that gin of those doctrines, and brands the the writings of Paul have been and base authors of them with infamy to the are perverted in support of antiend of time. Justin Martyr, Origen and christian doctrines, and is in our others, kuew this to be a fact, and they judgment a most important and vapassed over the testimony of the Jewish \uable part of the work. It contains historian in profound sileuce, lest in an age when the transactions were fresh in
an examination of passages, in relathe memories of men, the secret should tion to the doctrines of the divine transpire, aud the very foundatious of nature of Christ, of justification by the orthodox faith be blown up as with faith and not by good works, of the gunpowder by the illustrious historian of effect of Christ's death as an atonethe Jews. Time, however, removed the ment for sin, of election and predesevents to which Josephus refers from the tination, of original sin and the nakuowledge of men; and after three cen- tural depravity of man, and of the turies ecclesiastical writers feel then- gospel being a mystery incomprehenselves safe to quote the authority of Jo- sible by human reason; all which the sephus.
“ The objections made agaiust this author contends the apostle so far disputed passage would never have been
froin supporting, endeavours to set
aside. made, bad these things been known : they originated in misconception; and
We must content ourselves with the real character and views of Josephus one extract : being at leugth brought to lighi, they fall like a dead weight to the ground; and
“ One of the principal features in the there they will remain, a monument of character of God, I repeat, is exemption the temerity and mistaken views of those
from death or iminortality; and the who urged them. Nor should I omit to purest Greek writers often use cos, mention that the style of the passage is God, in this sense. Thus Bion. Idyl. I. in exact unison with the very peculiar 53 : και Θεος εμμι, και 8 δυναμαι σε style of Josephus; the same conciseness ownery, I am a God, and cannot follow and comprehension, the same dry and thee. It is the language of Venus to unvarnished detail of facts, distinguish it, dopis now dead, and means that being which distingnish all his other works. immortal she cannot die. See Acts Nor can any suspicion arise against its xxviii. 6. Sophocles, (Ed. Tyr. 871, genuineness, from the want of authentic wishing to express that the laws of Juevidence. The same historical testimony piter are eternal, says, Meyas &Y TBTOIS authenticates it which authenticates all cos, in these there is a great God. It is the works of Josephus, no manuscript, thus that we get at the real meaning of uo version, no copy being ever known to the following much-disputed passage : exist without this celebrated paragraph. Without controversy great is the inysWhen men talk of forging a passage in tery of godliness : God was manifest in Josephus, they surely talk without due the flesh. 1 Tim. iii. 16. On this pas
sage I beg autention to the following re- Art. II. - On the recent Prosecutmarks :-1. This paragraph, it is allowed, tions of Persons vending Bouks refers to Jesus Christ : but the Apostle
against Christianity. An Address canuot mean to hold him forth as a god,
to Deists. 8vo. pp. 34. Offor. Is. because in the context, and in all his epistes he writes against men who tauglit WEneret that this
judicious and his divinity.—2.
His language implies caped our notice so long. The friends that Christ was flesh, that is, he was a mortal being, or a being subject to death of genuine Christianity have always and corruption.-3. The Apostle asserts lamented, that coercion should ever not the nature, but the resurrection of have been employed in its defence, Christ : ‘God was made manifest in the and we are extremely happy to meet flesh-was justified by the spirit, attested with so able a writer who, however by angels; that is, angels declared his he may differ from us respecting parresurrection to the women, and his owu ticular tenets, has on this very imporangels or heralds attested his resurrec
tant subject, the same views and tion to maukiud—was preached to the feelings as ourselves. We deem the ceived in glory. -4. That, as the writer subject highly important, because we alludes to the resurrection of Christ, he regard it as essential to true religion must mean to affirm the immortality of that its profession should be perfectly Christ; and this is what his language, voluntary: that the mind should be agreeably to the strictest rules of criti. under no bias whatever from external cisin, implies. There is, says Soplocies, circumstances, but should be induced a great God in the laws of Jupiter :-and to make an avowal of its belief, if what does the poet meau ? He means disposed to avow, solely from a conthat the laws of Jupiter are incorruptible viction of the truth and importance of aud eternal. • A God,' says Paul, made what is maintained. himself manifest in the flesh.' And what
The anonymous author of this again, I ask, does the Apostle mean? He means that Christ, who was a mortai pamphlet, while he readily acknowbeing, by his resurrection proved himself ledges his persuasion that the wriimmortal : and hence he brings to light tings of unbelievers have a tendency the mystery contained in the language of to effect incalculable mischief, clearly Moses, that man, who is morial, will shews by a number of references to prove immortal ; that in Christ, beings the Christian Scriptures, that those who are corruptible, shall put on incor- Sacred Writings altogether discounruption, and those that are mortal shall tenance such a mode of defence as clothe themselves with immortality. In that of inflicting pains, penalties and this passage, then, there is nothing said imprisonment, for opposition to their of Christ, but what will be verified in all authority. He shews that the support maukind, when Christ shall return 10 raise the’dcad. Nor should it be omitted, whatever, is inconsistent with the
of the civil power, in any manner that the Greek philosophers, alluding, it appears to me, to the enigmatical repre- spirit and principles of the Christian sentation of Moses, or, as others may think religion; that it requires no adventiit more probable, to the immortal nature
tious aid, and admits of no defence of the soul, call man, by way of enigma, but reason and argument; that any or mystery, ó Eos Juntos, a mortal God. other assistance or protection is only This language is used by Haraclitus of calculated to injure its cause, to Pontus, known for his affected obscurity strengthen the hands of its adversaries, or paradoxes, and after him by Hierocles; to multiply their converts, to increase see Clement of Alexandria, Pæd.' Lib. iii. and confirm the prejudices which the c. 1., aud the Golden Verses impared to unreflecting may have imbibed against Pythagoras, vers. 63, 70."— Pp. 155– revealed religion, and to diminish the 157.
force of the strongest evidence which We have now brought the reader to can be adduced of its truth. the end of the First Part of Ben We would earnestly recommend David's work, and are obliged to this painphlet to the serious attention defer to the next number the exami- of every description of readers, whenation of Part II., which consists of ther believers in Christianity or unbea more direct reply to the soi-disant lievers; whether advocates for unliGamaliel Sınith.
mited freedom in religious discussion, or for the occasional interference of the civil magistrate. All will find in it matter of serious reflection and wor- the novelty of the matter, for that thy of more attention than they have favourable view which is generally probably ever been induced to give taken of funeral discourses. They are to the subject. Both unbelievers and then, in general, interesting when the the sincere but misguided advocates character of the dead affords a pecuof intolerance may learn from it, that liarly instructive icsson to the living. true religion, though it may suffer The present discourse shall shew its persecution, never persecutes; and oin merits, and relate the circumthat all attempts to suppress opinions stances under which it was delivered : by force, only tend to augment the evil which they are intended to re- friends, the services of this morning have
“ Although, my fellow.christians and medy.
already spoken the solemn farewell of We have not space for more than a religion over the dust which we have so short extract. In the following pas- lately committed to the ground *-there sage, the most effectual means of are those present who may well claim counteracting the efforts of infidelity, from me, that I too should not pass over are well though briefly described : this dispensation in silence : and after “ If checked at all, it must be by the lence alike to their feelings and my owu,
what is passed, it would be doing viosame means by which it will ultimately be vanquished : it must be by a decided, less solemn. I feel that I speak in the
were I to touch this day upon a chord but unostentatious display of primitive midst of friends, who will be gratified by religion. Let the spirit of Christ actuate his ministers ; let the regulations of dead; and who will hear me with their
this passing tribute to the memory of the Christ govern his churches ; let the doc- accustomed indulgence and attention, trine and precepts of Christianity controul the hearts and lives of its profes. while I endeavour, howerer imperfectly
to speak to their hearts the voice of the sors; and lufidelity will soon hide its blank and gloomy countenance, ashamed
grave." of the contrast between itself and the After referring to the appeal which genuine, uncorrupted religion of the Re. death, even in ordinary cases, makes deemer."
to the living, he proceeds,
“ But the present is no ordinary occaArt. III.-A Funeral Discourse, de- sion, and it ought to be met with no or
livered at Crediton, Devon, June dinary feelings. The sepulchre is at all 20, 1824, on Occasion of the Death times expanding, before, around, and of Mrs. Davy. By J. Johns. (let us never forget) beneath us too : but Job xiv. 14.
there is seldom laid low a tree so full of VHIS is a discourse, short indeed, has so recently felt the axe of the spoiler,
the good fruits of time, as that which but of a very superior character: Ninely long years of active, pious and and if the gentleman who delivered it honourable life, is not a sacrifice which have as much eloquence on his tongue is every day offered upon the funeral as he has shewn with his pen, in the altar to the searcher of hearts; and it composition of this tribute of respect was to make this mournful but majestic to the pious dead, it cannot have been offering, that the gates of the tomb have beard without the deepest feelings of agaiu been opeued, to enclose ouce for sensibility mingled with Christian hope all the mortal relics of her, who now and joy; nor can we wonder that only lives to God.” these pages have met the public eye, Then stating some of the circum“at the particular request of the fa- stances of her life, in which “ she had mily.” The subject of death is in supplied to her family a father's unevery Christian pulpit of necessity a thread-worn subject; and where the • As this venerable lady had always congregation is numerous, it is not conscientiously adhered to the principles in every one's power to offer that of Calvinistic dissent, it became the office which is new and striking upon these
of her respected pastor to notice her loss solemn occasions. We are usually to his cougregation. But as it was exindebted to the tender state of the end than their place of worship would
pected that a greater number would atfeelings with which the society enter conveniently contain, application was the church, on the occasion of a fu- made for the use of the Unitarian Chapel, neral discourse, far more than to the in which the service was performed in superior excellence of the address or the morning by Mr, Davies.
timely loss, and united the virtues of pour to bury our frailtics, as the holiest the other sex to those of her own," evidence of surviving love."
“ Many of you have seen her in the " It is not in life only, my fellow-bematurity of life, health and usefulness.- lievers, that we are to wait all the days I have only kuowa her in her years of of our appointed timne, till our chauge decline. Of all that she was in brighter come'—This must also be done in the days, I have only looked on the venerable grave. There the hallowed dust, which ruin; but that ruin was renerable iu- has so newly been remanded to its primal deed: and the wiuters of almost a cen- nould, reposes with the pious dead of tury had left that behind them which, all ages and climes till the magnificent once beheld, could never be forgotten. system of Providence be accomplished, Her heart was young, warm and pious and the eventful consummation of proto the last ; and they who beheld her phecy shall arrive."—" Centuries may will often remember the brow, so elo. pass over her narrow bed, the green tree's queut of the peace of virtue, and so pro. beside her place of rest may mingle with phetic of the rest of heaven. It was not the consecrated earth beneath them, and my privilege to see her on the death-bed; the stately pile in whose shadow she re. but I have been told—and did not re. poses may crumble, stone by stone, uuder quire to be told it—that the calm of the finger of time-all these may pass death was beautiful there—of death, my away, and fade from the face of the earth friends, did I, or ought I 10 say? On? like a forgotten dream : but amid these it is not to a transition blessed and gentle prospects let us remember, with deep like hers, that we ought to attach the and thrilling emotion, that the word of pame of dying. Rather let us say, like our God shall stand for ever. Still, still, our Lord over Lazarus, when we speak my brethren, over all the wreck of change of her soft and hallowed repose,- Our and time, the Lord God Omnipotent friend sleepeth.'-She sleepeth, and her reigneth ; and the voice which said, 'Let slumbers are long, dark and profound, there be light,' in the infancy of nature, but they are also sorrowless, and calm will repeat the lofty fiat over the clouds and holy. She sleepeth, and not a dream of the tomb. He will not leave the souls can break upon her repose,—but the sun- of His children in the grave, nor suffer shine of hope and the smile of heaven His holy oues to see corruption."—“ The are bright upon the cold and narrow pale cold brow will be radiant with life, bed. Her aged lip bad tasted the dregs the clouded eye will be bright with celesa of the cup, her trembling foot had reach- tial smiles, ihe tremulous foot will be ed the barriers of mortality, and who elastic with perpetual youth, and the wonld call her back, not to enjoy but to soul, never more to be enervated by deendure, since she has wasted all the days cay, will partake of happiness transcend. of her appointed time? Oh! what, my ing its' hopes, and of glory beyond its friends, when the honey is exhausted, dreams. The burial-ground of the just what is there to attach the bee to the and the pure, is, in the noblest sense, flower ?"_" lu such a case who can re- the garden of God. There reposes the gret that her change is come? Or, if it seed which is destined to produce the fube not to such that the palm of eteruity ture blossoms of heaveu ; those blossoms is given, who then can be saved'? of the spirit, which will bloom under the
ir Liuk after link is struck from the bright shade of the tree of life, and renchain of life-flower after flower drops der back again to the breezes of paradise away from the wreath of love—and it is the incense borrowed from the breath of the lofty duty of the mourner to prore, heaven.” that all these sorrowful but merciful ad
After speaking of the duty and the monitions have not been given and received in vain. They should teach us love and sanctified by religion, he
use of grief, when it is excited by not to remit, if we have commencednot to defer if we have neglected-the
adds, all-involving improvement of our ap- “ The great gulf which is fixed between pointed time. They should impress upon life and the grave ought to inake us cling us, that mortality is not an insulated, more to the remembrance of the lost, but a relative state that life should be since it is all of them that now in this the germ of au immortal flower, and world remains. The claims of past aftime the pathway to the paradise of God. fection should never be less sacred, beIn the spirit of these sublime convictions, cause the dead are unable to enforce it should be our prayer, under cverythem; and the bower which memory successive bereavement, so to be taught builds over the urn, though it way and to number our days that we may apply must be dark with sorrow, yet oh! let it our hearts to wisdom : and, with the ever be greeu with love." relics of the departed, we should endea- “ Return then, my friends, to the la