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served, he was not free to meet them "My dear friend, alone,” but “ready to hear any charge “ I send the annexed to thee in they had to bring in the presence of hopes it may be useful for such Friends these Friends."
as thee thinks proper to offer it, for This candid offer and the defeat of their perusal; if approved by thee, it their plan to hold a secret conclave may be handed to any other Friends. appear to have produced “ some con- Please see William Evans; shew it to fusion and evident irritation on the him; and if he or any others wish to part of some of the elders, several of copy it, please permit them. If it them rising to go out; and one of would be more extensively useful, I them said, " The ministers are answers have no objection that ten copies be able to the elders,' in a tone of voice printed. It was done in a hurry, and evincing some excitement.” To which might have been improved, if I had Elias mildly replied, “I am answer- time to copy it; however, it can be able to my Friends at home. I have corrected with you. It may be of their certificate. God makes ministers, more use if it should not be known but man elders”—and some few words to be written by ine, or that it caine more, which the narrator says, “I from New York. Elias gave large did not hear, owing to the noise.” notice to have a public meeting at He adds,
“ The elders now all left Newark, but the people knew his senthe house, except Isaac Lloyd and timents, and would not attend, except Samuel Noble. Isaac Lloyd had, while about a dozen of the lower class. all were together, expressed his dis- Please see William Evans or Thomas approbation of the whole proceeding, Evans soon. I wish thee to write me in thus calling Elias before the elders : soon. Thy son Benjamin will perhaps he did not understand what authority copy the annexed, so as it may not or right they had to act thus. be read in my hand-writing. Letters
“After the others retired, there was addressed to me, as usual, at New a short pause, when Elias said, if those York, will be handed me next day. Friends who had just retired were to · Thy affectionate Friend, have the whole rule and government
“THOMAS EDDY." of ministers, and others were to be The MS. annexed to the above letbound to submit to them in all things, ter was entitled by its author, “ Facts it was time for Friends to take care and Observations illustrative of the of their rights, and not suffer them- present State (of the) Society in New selves to be imposed upon.” The York.” The writer first attempts to persons present expressed great shew, that, from the time of George unity and sympathy with Elias Hicks, Fox, the Society in Europe and Ameas a Gospel Minister, and a desire rica were uniformly preserved in a that he night be encouraged;" and wonderful manner in love and amity. also, " that no resentment or bard. “This happy state of things lasted,” ness might be suffered to get in to- says he, “ till the time of Hannah wards those Friends who had retired.” Barnard's going to England, in the
Before they separated, “ Elias ob- year . During her visit to Ireserved, that he felt thankful in saying land, she introduced sentiments of he felt as much love for those Friends unbelief as to some parts of the Holy who had left us as he ever had done; Scriptures, on the weak ground that and that if they had been actuated by we are not obliged to believe what we any improper motives, (which he did cannot understand or comprehend; and not charge thein with,) his prayer for finding a disposition in many to unite them was, that they might be for- with her, she very soon manifested given."
that she did not unite with the Society About two months before this, a respecting a belief in the divinity of MS., which nearly fills fourteen pages Christ." How, then, did it happen of “The Cabinet,” intended privately that no such accusation was taken up to prejudice the leading Friends and by any of the Committees or Meetings elders of Philadelphia against Elias to whom her case was referred? It Hicks, was annexed to a letter ad- is true an elder, a supposed convert dressed by Thomas Eddy to John from the Wesleian Methodists, openly Warder, of Philadelphia, dated “ New accused her before the Morning MeetYork, 10 Mo. (Oct.) 18, 1822. ing of Ministers and Elders in London
in the year 1800, with holding Unita- fensible. But his overcharged picture rian sentiments; but his proposal, not of the Separatists in Ireland, and of being seconded, fell to the ground. the case of T. Poster, was drawn, " in
Hannah Barnard was silenced in order to shew how decidedly the SoEngland, as a minister, for her testi- ciety have shewn their abhorrence of inony against war, with the aid of the doctrines advanced by them; and several supplementary charges, irre- also” that it "may be compared with gularly and improperly introduced, the present state of sociely, within none of which had any connexion the limits of the Quarterly Meeting with Unitarianism. Nor was she dis- of Westbury," where Elias Hicks reowned as a member of the Society in sides and has long been well known, America on any such ground. Tho- and highly esteemed as a distinguished mas Eddy next refers to the cases of member and approved minister of the “William Rathbone and Thomas Fos- Society. By Thomas Eddy's account of ter,” each of whom he incorrectly the members of this Quarterly Meetasserts "published a book, taking part ing, they are mostly heretical enough with Hannah Barnard, and advocating to say, “ We are not bound to believe Unitarian doctrines, on which account what our reason cannot comprehendthey were both disowned.”
till at length they boldly denied the He should have said the latter only, divinity of Christ, and openly deas no charge of the kind was alleged clared that his death and sufferings against William Rathbone, though were not to be considered as a prohe was well known to have been a pitiatory offering for the sins of manmember of the same Unitarian Book kind, &c. &c. "It may be truly said Society, eight or nine years before that within the Yearly Meeting of Thomas Foster became one of its New York, as well as the adjacent members. It is not clear what Tho- Yearly Meetings, Friends were remas Eddy means by his next accusa- markably preserved in love and unity, tion against Thomas Foster, whether until Elias Hicks disturbed that har. it refers to his sober and serious re- mony." marks on the Yearly Meeting Epistle How did he do this? Thomas for 1810; or to his “ Tract,' entitled Eddy, under the mask he had assumed, “Doctrinal and Devotional Extracts" says, by lessening the divine aufrom each of thuse Epistles from 1675 thenticity of the Holy Scriptures''-to 1810. The deputies of Ratcliff the common but groundless aspersion Monthly Meeting, as well as those of against Unitarians. “ And then," the Quarterly and Yearly Meetings, adds he, “when he (Elias Hicks) to whom his case was referred, alike supposed he had sufficiently prepared declined to examine the conclusive the ininds of the people, he came out evidence these Extracts contained of with his Unitarian principles or docthe collective sense of the Church, trine, und shewed a wonderful fond. from the uniform manner in which ness for speculation and reusoning." it had annually expressed itself for In proof of which, it seems, he “ freso long a series of years. Nor has quently asserted that he was not any direct attempt been get made, obliged to believe what our reason that I am aware of, to weaken or could not comprehend." The effect overturn this evidence.
Erroneously of his thus preaching the doctrines of as Thomas Eddy has stated many the gospel in much plainness, as an circumstances relative to the case intelligible revelation addressed to the of Thomas Foster, when before the reason of man, and not an unrevealed Yearly Meeting of 1814, which she revelation, as some others represeut afterwards published,” whether Tho- it, is thus described by his accuser : mas Eddy had ever seen the publica- “The multitude always being fond tion or not, he says, “It is allowed of something new, run after him to be a tolerable candid and accurate wherever it was known he was to be statement of the whole proceedings," at Meeting, as they were confident including "the whole that was said he could not be silent, owing to his by himself, the respondents, and every having a remarkable acute memory," Friend that spoke on the subject be- well stored I presume with a knowfore the Meeting.” If there be any ledge of the Scriptures, “ diligent in truth in this statement, Thomas Eddy's the exercise of his gift," and having account of the matter is wholly inde. "by nature or rather by the gift of
God, the advantage of a great flow of in New York and the adjacent Yearly words, and [a] ready utterance-he Meetings. “We may tremble," adds acquired great popularity; and in a Thomas Eddy on behalf of himself little time his influence," says Tho- and his confidential friends, “when mas Eddy, “ became so extensive that we find such a man" as Elias Hicks he dictated and completely directed "countenanced in advancing doctrines all the business of the Yearly Meet- that go,” in their estimation, " to ing, and every other meeting of disci- destroy the foundation of our Society, pline he attended." The next accu- and lay waste its first principles; and sation is much more credible. Fol. that he should be permitted to go lowing closely the example of the to other places,” where he is heard four evangelists, of the apostles, and gladly by the multitude, and his doctheir great Master, “he began by trines generally approved and received speaking of Christ as a great pro- as sound and scriptural, “to produce phet,” or the greatest of the prophets, the same divisions that he has already is who had suffered martyrdom for his produced at New York. The injury principles, as other prophets had done received through the conduct of this before his time."
man has been very great. Highly reHis accuser adds, “ At this period spectable persons of other [reputedhis principles were discovered by a ly Orthodox] denominations, charge number of Friends, but there were our Society with being Unitarians : many
at were so closely attached to when they are told” by the comparahim, that any person who passed tively few persons in the Society who censure on him,” [for preaching the oppose his ministry, that “this charge aforesaid scriptural doctrines,]. is untrue, they reply, they have heard sure to incur the frowns of his sup- Elias Hicks openly and publicly avow porters. Some valuable Friends now this doctrine, and as he is an acknow. regret that he was not checked at ledged minister in the Society of that period, but they are fearful it is Friends, and as they allow him to go now too late.” It is much to be la- about the country to hold meetings, mented, says Thomas Eddy, “that this of course the doctrines delivered by step, was not timely adopted, as it him must be considered as held by would have prevented the present un- the Society.” happy divisions in New York and In order to shew that “it is not other places. He went on-printing so very extraordinary as might at and speaking of Christ as a mere first appear, that a great proportion man, and lessening the Scriptures on of the people so educated and so inevery occasion."
After much irre- structed should submit to be led, and levant and not very credible matter, be so entirely influenced by such a his accuser adds, “At length he ven- man as Elias Hicks,” and to account tured more openly to speak against for “so many of the members of his the divinity of Christ, by stating, that Quarterly Meeting being so blind as he might have fallen aš Adam did.” not to discover the unsoundness of his It appears that "some worthy Friends principles,” Thomas Eddy does not of New York,” and “other Yearly hesitate to say, “the leading cause is Meetings, and from Europe,” have the want of a proper or suitable edustated to Elias Hicks their objections cation; the writings of early Friends to “his sentiments relative to the (except some journals) are scarce, and divinity of Christ,” which, according little read, all kinds of school learnto them, went to the destruction of ing, except reading, writing, and the the Christian religion, and to produce first rules of arithmetic, are discoudivisions in [the] Society. But owing raged, as well as general history, to his inordinate fondness for reason- and books written by persons who are ing,” says Thomas Eddy, this has not not members.” To read the Scrip“been of any use.” And that “al- tures daily or at fixed hours, is dethough many Friends in New York, clared to be “ mere formality;" and as well as some on Long Island, are he asserts, I hope also mistakenly, convinced he is unsound in the Chris- that in many families “ they are very tian faith, yet most of them are se- little read;" and with equal conticretly afraid of him.” Such is the dence declares, that “if Friends in account given, as illustrative of the Philadelphia,” of whose religious edupresent state of the Society of Friends cation and instruction he makes no
complaint, “should allow this man" Sir,
July 12, 1824. (Elias Ilicks) “ to visit families,” which he afterwards did to very ge- prise letter in your Repository, neral satisfaction, and in this way (pp. 201, 202,) dated from Bristol, to spread his poisonous principles, and signed A Friend to Sundaydivisions among them will assuredly Schools, in which the writer charges be the consequence.” The quotation the Unitarian body with a manifest from Pennington may possibly prove indifference, if not aversion, to the that he adopted the indwelling scheme, instruction of the poor — in other or the Sabellian system, but nothing words, to Sunday-Schools. This he more, in relation to the doctrine of maintains to be a fact, and a lament. the divinity of Christ.
able fact. Many strange observations Thomas Eddy says, lastly, that respecting the inconsistency of Unita“ during the time George Witby," a rians are offered by him to the public, ininister from this country, was “in and particularly in connexion with New York, many of those who have the causes of what he is pleased to uniformly appeared as zealous sup- call the tardy progress of Unitarianporters of Elias Hicks, shewed them- ism. This tardy progress be ascribes selves highly displeased with George, in a great measure to negligence in and charged him with preaching the education and in the purity of wrong (or uncriptural) doctrines.” the education of the youthful poor," They were exceedingly disturbed,” amongst us. We are, then, accused says Thomas Eddy, " that George of aversion to, and neglect in, the should have told Elias that his senti- momentous duty of education as it ments went to destroy the fundamental relates to the poor, and an impure doctrines of the Christian religion. method besides, in the management In order to support Elias, they pub- of it. lished one thousand copies of William This, Sir, is a heavy charge, and Penn's Sandy Foundation Shaken, as yet appears to carry inconsistency they said, to shew that the Unitarian upon its face. But, the author prodoctrine held by Elias Hicks, agreed ceeds to make the following appeal with what was advanced by Penn.” to the Unitarian public :-" How is That these persons so published this it, I would ask, that so few of our celebrated work of Penn's, may be magnificent and spacious places of safely credited on the testimony of worship can boast of having spacious Thomas Eddy. He disapproved its school - rooms appended to them? publication, yet bears witness to the How is it that our public donation fact, in a circular specially intended lists teem with items in favour of for his particular friends, and others ministers and chapels, and almost holding similar sentiments, and alike every other praiseworthy object, and intolerant.
not a solitary one applicable to that of Many of your readers are so well Sunday-Schools ? Does not this seem acquainted with the strong, clear, de- to indicate that the Unitarian grants, finite, and scriptural character of this tacitly at least, to his Trinitarian work, as to enable them readily and brethren the pre-occupation of the decisively, to judge what doctrines vulgar minds of the lower classes of alone it is calculated to support. I society to implant and cherish those may hereafter send you another paper very stamina which constitute his relative to this controversy among the chief complaint, whose eradication is American Friends, their reception or his greatest difficulty? Or, that he rejection of those doctrines, for openly permits the most vigorous portion avowing which, Penn suffered im- of their existence to run out in the prisonment at the suit of the Bishop debasing, unregenerative torpor of of London, but for promulgating blessed ignorance,' until they are which, he never was, that I can find, incapacitated for the reception of any exposed even to a breath of censure thing opposed to that prevalent but from the Society of Friends, with pseudo-proverb, Vox populi vox whom he was then, and long after, Dei'? And is not the large expendiin the nearest religious unity and ture in the erection of chapels, and fellowship.
BEREUS. the education and support of minis
ters, like the providing of hospitals and physicians for the cure of a to apply for any foreign support. malady which timely exertions might The young men and women of the have prevented?” The writer of the respective congregations are the teachletter before me further considers, ers, and in some cases, the old schothat an
“ odium is industriously le- lars theinselves : and all this is done velled against Unitarians, that theirs gratuitously; and, as far as practicais not the religion of those to whom ble, on the Lancasterian plan of editthe gospel is proclaimed to be pecu- cation. Annual sermons and collecliarly adapted, the poor of this tions supply what may be further world;"" and that it has “ but a too inte and required. I hope, Sir, solid foundation on the ground which your Bristol correspondent, if berehe has taken;" and asks,“ on what after he should step forward as the principles or reasoning, and from advorate of any liberal institution, what inotives can a Unitarian main. will be careful neither to commit him. tain an indifference to the education self por injure others, by hasty or of the youthful poor?”
illiberal aspersions, and will connect There is a Postscript added to the his advocacy with a zeal that is acletter, in which the author admits, cording to knowledge. VERUS. “ that there are exceptions to the general application” of his remarks: Sir, and he cannot but name an honoura- TITH your approbation, I proble and exemplary one-Birming- pose furnishing the Monthly ham."" Now, Sir, I do most posi. Repository with a course of papers, tively deny the correctness of his containing desultory remarks on all general statement as to the facts, and the articles which it contains, beginthe conclusions which are drawn must ning with the series of the present consequently fall to the ground, and year. I have for some time been an with them, 'I trust, the odium which eager and a constant reader of your they were fitted (I hope not designed) Magazine, and have frequently wished to fix upon the Unitarian body, or that I could sit down and dispatch to those Christians who maintain the you a few of my reflections on differUnity of God in one Person.
ent subjects, as they occurred in my In the first place, I know of no perusal of it. But the distance of Unitarians (and I have a pretty ge- time which must necessarily elapse neral acquaintance with them) who between the writing of a communicaare “either averse or indifferent to tion on this side of the water and its the education of the youthful poor,” publication on the other, has always and I never heard before I saw the appalled me. I have been discouletter from Bristol, of any who are of raged at the thought, that my remarks this description. 2dly. I know not of on any particular article must come any large and populous town where lagging in, several months after the they have places of worship, with appearance of the article itself, and which places of Worship, Sunday, thus lose perhaps the principal advanSchools are not connected. 3dly. 'I tage they might generally possess, in know but of very few of the country the freshness of interest attached to or smaller places of Worship, and of the topics under discussion. none in my neighbourhood, in which The plan, however, which I now Sunday-Schools are not established. propose to adopt, will gratify my own I am a resident at Sheffield. In that morbid desire of scribbling, and, if town the Unitarians have supported tolerably executed, may have the good a Sunday-School during the last four- fortune to co-operate in some of the tecn years. Similar institutions are excellent purposes of your interesting united with all their chapels in the Journal. "I may presume that your vicinity.
readers will have sufficient curiosity With respect to public donations to peruse a regular synoptical review and their non-insertion in the lists of of your numbers, even at the distance charity, “which teem with items for of six months from their publication. ministers and chapels,” &c., they are Although most of my remarks, sugnot found amongst them for an ob- gested by the discussions, and views, vious reason. They need them not; and style, of your correspondents, and their conductors would be ashained would be too insignificant to be sepa