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some umbrage was taken at his open, of the Honourable Syndics, which benevolent and pious course of action. M. C. informs us he received. All The period of his stay in Geneva was this might be; and yet Mr. D. may six or seven months. But the Divine have no reason to be ashamed of his blessing did not depart from his valu- conduct. At all events I must have able labours. The good seed which better testimony than that of this ache had sown took root, and sprang up, cuser, before I can entertain a feeling and has borne some happy fruit. A of disrespect towards him. day is coming, I cannot doubt, when IV. The Advocate Grenus. This the grateful people of Geneva will re- was a political man, who availed himcord the name of Mr. Haldane as one self, with considerable dexterity, of of their noblest benefactors.

the inconsistencies of the clergy, in III. Henry Drummond, Esq. Not order to turn the force of public opihaving the honour of knowing this nion against them. But he had never gentleman, and having received no the slightest connexion with religious precise information of his transactions people. A friend of mine at Geneva at Geneva, I presume not to say much. told me that he was generally underIf we may judge of M. C.'s assertions stood to be an absolute infidel. To in this instance, by any rule of infer- conceive of him and his publications ence from the former exhibitions of as in the smallest degree involved his veracity and candour, Mr. D.'s re- with the persons and proceedings in putation is in no danger. He is well whose honest defence I am allowed to known to be a man of large benefi- occupy your pages, would be as near cence. I have heard of his heroic zeal to the truth as to say that Wilkes and to distribute the Scriptures in Italy Cobbett were the coadjutors of Wesley and other unpropitious places. Pro- and Wilberforce. Some further inbably he may have expressed himself formation concerning this person will with English warmth and bluntness, be found below, under No. VI. Perhaps he had to repel insults and V. The Pastors M. Cellerier, sen., calumnies. Perhaps he was unguarded and M. Gaussen. The design of these in some respect or other. He might gentlemen, in giving a new edition of thus give occasion to the reprehension the Helvetic Confession of Faith, was

to shew the world the perfect absurSince writing the above, I have read, dity of the accusation brought against with much satisfaction and pleasure, a the new Reformers (as I may reasonsmall volume, entitled Letter from Robert ably call them) of Geneva, that they Haldane, Esq., lo M.J.J. Chenevière, &c. are broachers of strange and unheard &c., recently published at Edinburgh. In of doctrines. A more innocent meathis work Mr. H. temperately expostu- sure could hardly be conceived. It lates with M. C. upon his gross and nu- could not settle the points in contromerous misrepresentations; and he par. versy ; for both sides professed to ticularly details the subjects and mode of regard the Scriptures as the only basis the instruction which he communicated of authority. "It could do no more to the numerous students at Geneva, who than suspend obloquy, mollify prejuattended him, on three evenings in each week, through the winters of 1816 and dice, and suggest to all parties a more text-book was the Epistle to the Romans; But, observe, Sir, the ground and and from that divine source he deduced principle of the alarm which the anthe doctrines of the gospel, their holynouncement of this intention produced tendency, and their actual fruits, when in the clerical body. It was, as M. C. sincerely believed, in sanctity of heart informs us, an apprehension " that and universal and persevering integrity of the publication of such a work might conduct. The book will richly reward excite fresh disturbances ; and that, if an attentive perusal. Being chiefly occu. Christians saw their teachers opposing pied with the most important doctrinal discussions, it contains little narrative. each other, and exhibiting the Holy I have been gratified in not having found Scripture as self-contradictory, it any occasion for altering what I have would produce mistrust, and be injuwritten, except that the period of Mr. rious to their faith and piety." "A H.'s residing at Genera seems to have

most extraordinary state of the public been longer, and the number of his at. intellect is here, with great simplicity, tendants greater, than I had supposed. supposed. The consciences and the religion of the good citizens of Genc- the various erudition, the powerful va are so obsequiously dependent on arguments and the winning cloquence, the ipsi direrunt of their pastors, with which they pleaded" for " The that, if they were once to learn that Truth of the Christian Religiou." the doctrines generally received by Alas! They had drawn off the heart'sthe present Church of Geneva were blood of Christianity; and they dreamthe very antipodes of those held by ed of sustaining her life by fine dis. that Church in the sixteenth century, quisitions on the strength and symineand that there existed any difference try of her skeleton! Infidelity spread of opinion among the present mem- tremendously and rapidly among all bers of the Venerable Company, the 'ranks, and dissolute manners kept astounding intelligence would shock pace with it: while the clergy, with " their faith and piety;" that, were very few exceptions, held on their this tremendous secret to be disclosed, blind career, more and more consignthe inference which would of course ing the gospel of Christ to oblivion, be drawn, would be, - not what we, preaching paltry philosophy and empty plodding Englishmen, are accustomed morality with a vapid and ostentatious to deduce from the same premises, eloquence, as bad in point of taste as namely, that men are fallible, that it was barren of good effect, servilely teachers may be mistaken, that truth learning their sermons and performing is the common property and should them in the pulpit as an actor on the be the sincere pursuit of all, that no stage, and exhibiting the miserable human authority is to be implicitly experiment of building houses on the confided in, and that we must search sand, and with sand for all the matethe Scriptures independently and for rials. OURSELVES,-but that “the Holy But perhaps another reason existed Scripture is self-contradictory!" - for this horror at the republication of What a state of mind, in both pastors the Helvetic Confession. When suband people, is here unveiled! The 'scription to the Confession of Faith one desiring, and the other submitting was abolished, one of the requirements to, a condition of implicit credence, then enacted was, that candidates for worthy of the darkest regions of Po- the ministry should promise to teach pery; a blind faith, which the slightest nothing that is “contrary to the Conreflection shews to be no faith at all, sensus Helveticus, or the Confession but a' inere coinpound of ignorance, of the Gallican Church.” (See Mon. indifference and disbelief! And is Repos. p. 409 of this volume.) The such a mental and moral bondage the clergy might well feel alarmed at the condition of the Genevese population, conviction going abroad that, while all ranks of whom are so celebrated they were fettering minds, dictating for their habits of reading and think how men should preach, and silencing ing? Or, are we to suppose that re- and persecuting such as maintained ligion, the loftiest science and the first the doctrines of those formularies, interest of men, is the only subject they themselves had entered upon upon which they are content to be their ministry under a solemn pledge “ willingly ignorant”?

not to oppose those very declarations, I cannot, however, but fear that the a pledge which they were conscious melancholy picture, thus unwittingly that they were habitually and flagrantdrawn, is but too correct. It is a well. ly violating! It is not for them to known fact that, among this interest. say that the promise was an improper ing but unhappy people, indifference onc. Be it so. The alternative of and contempt of all serious religion, honest men was, either not to have bold infidelity and open flagitiousness, made the promise, or, if afterwards have been fearfully increasing, in pro- they discovered its impropriety, to portion to the departure from the an- ' renounce the places and emoluments cient doctrines. The substitute for which they held upon the faith of this despised Calvinism has proved its in- pledge. Doubtless, it would be no sufficiency to stem the torrent of mo- welcome thing to these gentlemen, to ral corruption. Vain were the admi- have their inconsistency and bad faith rable writings of Alphonsus Turrettin held forth to the public. and James Vernet, on the Evidences VI. M. Ami Bost, the author of and the Claims of Revelation : vain Genève Religieuse. Of this gentleman I have no personal knowledge ; out to you for it. Say what you bebut I have read his book, and justice lieve, and say what you do not believe. compels me to declare that M. C. It was desired to open the door to gives a most untrue account of it. the most perfect liberty of opinion in (Mon. Repos. p. 7 of this Vol.) I can matters of religion, while every one find nothing in it inconsistent with should preserve his place in the bosom good temper and fair reasoning, though of the church. And yet these gentlecertainly the author exhibits in very men, who so loudly cry up this prinfrank language the dishonest evasions, ciple, drive out in the most pitiless the inconsistent conduct, and, in his manner any man who desires to use view, the anscriptural opinions of the this liberty for the profession of docruling party in the church. The only trines different from theirs. Their passage to which M. C. can allude, conduct is an absolute mass of conwhen he charges him with “ incapa- tradictions, the most palpable and the city as a critic,” is one in which he most openly unjust." - Concerning the maintains the right and duty of Chris. Advocate Grenus, I am so far from tians, to separate themselves from wishing to see the good cause defendany ecclesiastical communion which ed by such weapons as he made use they conceive to hold unscriptural of, that I have only read one of his opinions, or to countenance and pro- productions—his Correspondence with tect unholiness of life ; and to form Prof. Duby.—But, (why should I fear themselves into particular churches on to say it ?) setting aside the bitterness the principle of personal judgment which he employs throughout, and and voluntary association. In the al- many other vices in the composition legation of these plain texts, there is which shew the bad spirit of the wrilittle scope for criticism : and, in my ter, his line of argument considered in humble opinion, M. B. has both in- itself appears to me strictly just, and terpreted them rightly and applied to level in the dust those against them fairly. It is equally false to say whom it is directed. He attacks the that “ be blamed every thing which clergy upon the ground which is comproceeded from the pastors, and ap- mon to all National Churches, that proved every thing, even to the write they are subject, in the last resort, ings of Grenus, which was inimical to even upon ecclesiastical matters, to them.” I assure you, Sir, and your the Civil Government; and he takes readers, that M. B. writes with discri- up the Venerable Company by the mination and an evident solicitude to rule of THE LAWS.-M. Grenus pressed exempt from blame as many members hard his conelusions, and he ended of the Company as, with any sem- his work with bitter reproaches on the blance of reason, he can. I must Pastors and Professors of Geneva, for translate a few passages as a specimen their intolerunce and worldly-mindedof his tone and manner.—“ If you ness." think that you hold the truth, why M. Chenevière is also pleased to do you not communicate it to those affirm that M. Bost " contemned, as whose pastors you are, for the express broken cisterns, knowledge, improvepurpose of leading them into the ment, reason, science and virtue. truth? Whence this deep silence? This new Omar, in the height of his It is certainly not the silence of mag- zeal, is for burning every thing." nanimity: is it that of doubt? or that It is truly painful to have undertaken of a repentance which declines to be the examination of such a writer as acknowledged? or must we still be. this Professor of Divinity, who can lieve that it is a part of the plan of thus bid defiance to conscience and secret operations? -Nothing, nothing, truth. Had I not met with so many should be preferred to integrity. A equally unmeasured misrepresentaman who does not believe, and who tions and calumnies, in the other paavows his disbelief, is at least not ragraphs of his production, I should chargeable with deception.-Declare be astonished at this. The utmost yourselves to your church, and let us stretch of charitable construction will know at length on what ground we not enable me to acquit him, in this are. Declare yourselves ; separately, and in very many instances more, of if you cannot do it together, but yet wilful and deliberate falsehood. I once more, do it, and do it frankly. have not the pleasure of knowing M. Shew yourselves. Every one is crying Bost, but I have reason to be assured

VOL. XIX.

3 p

of his Christian character. He had corruption of youth; dissoluteness of the College-education of Geneva ; and manners; bursting of social bonds; his book shews him to be a man of frightful extravagance in all opinions ; good sense, of research, and of capa- speedy abolition of public worship; city for sound reasoning. In the ab- innovations in all the parts of gosence of any evidence to support the vernment, religious, moral and civil; accusation, it is preposterous to re- revolution, overturning, chaos! These present the author of a serious and are, in my apprehension, the fruits of well-argued, as well as animated, pam- the vaunted progress of illumination. phlet, to be a barbarian, a brute, a This is what we have seen within the fanatical foe to the rational exercises last twenty-five years.” (Genève Rel. of the human mind !-It appears to p. 40.) be M. C.'s maxim, as it was that of To my great disappointment, I have the Church of Rome at the time of not been able to comprize, in this the Reformation, to assert, lavishly third paper, all that I thought incuinand outrageously, any thing that may bent upon me to advance; though! serve to run down an adversary and have laid much restraint upon myself to hide the true state of a question, in every particular. If I may be fathough it be the most shameless fic- voured with a few pages in the next tion. To a man of no conscience, Repository, I hope to finish what apthere is policy in this. Many may pcars most necessary to be said upon read and credit the accusation, who the New or Congregational Church, will never listen to a reply. I think, M. Méjanel, and particularly M. Cæsar however, that I have found a passage Malan. J. PYE SMITH. in the Genève Religieuse, which was likely to touch so closely as to have

Erratum.-In the last number, p. provoked this dishonourable revenge.

407, col. 2, line 12 from the bottom, “ Lower still-(and thither is the ten- for considerable read inconsiderable. dency of the preceding degrees of progress; there actually are arrived almost Sir,

T is a great pity that such an ex. Switzerland not a few of the pastors; cellent work as Mr. Worsley's there also already are found, without Lectures on Nonconformity should telling it, some other spiritual shep- betray any marks of incorrectness in herds, who are only waiting the favour. the statement of historical facts. I able moment for making the profes. allude to the account given in Lecture sion ;)-lower still, I say, they arrive VIII. of the mode of electing a Bishop, at an open denial of all the miracles which is erroiteous in every particular. of the Bible: every thing is explained I am glad to find a new edition of the upon natural principles. Jesus Christ Lectures is called for, and before it is was not really dead: lre only had a fit. published I recommend to Mr. W.'s The Jordan was dried up, by an enor- perusal the Act of Parliament passed mous rock falling into its bed. Christ in the 25th year of Henry VIII. c. 20, cured diseases by magnetism. All the which amongst other things regulates embarrassing portions of the Chris. the future inode of electing Bishops, tian Scriptures were added afterwards. and which is the method now in use. Jesus Christ was no more than you or By that Act, whenever a Bishoprie 1: and even, to say the truth, (God becomes vacant, the King is to send a pardon these blasphemies !) he was an congé d'élire to the Dean and Chapter impostor. No miracles : no Holy to authorize them to eleet a new Bishop Spirit: no revelation : consequently, within twelve days, and at the same no more intimations of a life to come; time he sends a letter missive, recomno more doctrine from on high ; no mending and naining the person to be more connexion between earth and elected. And the statute further proheaven; no more religion. We are vides, that if they do not elect the perPagans! Now, the free empire of the son so recommended, they shall incur passions : now the soul is let loose, the penalties of a premunire. This, and never more shall know restraint! which is the real legal statement, makes No more the gentle spirit of the hum- the ceremony more absurd, and one ble, resigned, self-renouncing Chris- might almost say more impious and tian: no more the spirit of God: no wicked, than Mr. Worsley's statement. more piety: no more integrity. Now,

CORRECTOR.

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REVIEW.
“ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."_POPE.

Art, I.-A Reply to Two Deistical that he was neither himself deceived,

Works, entitled, The New Trial nor that he attempted to deceive of the Witnesses,&c., and Gama- others; but that he was, what he is liel Smith's Not Paul but Jesus.represented to be in the Acts, an By Ben David. 8vo. pp. 296. apostle of Christ, miraculously conHunter. 1824.

verted, and endowed by him with di

vine power and wisdom to reform the EN DAVID is our learned cor- world, and that, in the discharge of

this high commissionhe exhibited an The writer who bears the name of assemblage of virtues that place him Gamaliel Smith is understood to be next to Jesus of Nazareth in the reMr. Jeremy Bentham. The “ New cords of the human race.” Trial of the Witnesses” is anonymous. In the beginning of Ch. I., Dr. Jones Dr. Jones is fully justified in calling draws the characters of the two writhe works to which he replies “ Deis- ters whom he attacks, and we know tical.” The anonymous pamphlet is not that they can complain of injustice designed to fix the charge of incon. or want of candour in the description: sistency and falsehood on the Evange- we think that be concedes too much lical history of Christ's resurrection, merit to the style of the author of the and the object of “ Not Paul but “ New Trial," who appears to us to Jesus” is to shew that Paul was an be not only ill-formed on the subject impostor—a position wholly income which he undertakes, but also a very patible with the truth of the Christian illiterate writer. Religion.

Strong as the public feeling is The “Reply" consists of Two Parts: against “ Deistical works," we fear in the first, Dr. Jones gives “an that Dr. Jones has placed a bar to account of Antichrist,” in order to the popularity of his “Reply,".. by enable him to vindicate Paul, who was the fearless avowal of Unitarianism the opposer of all the speculative and by the large detail of his peculiar error and moral corruption indicated hypothesis with regard to the conby that term, and exhibits proofs of cealed Christianity of Philo and Josethe resurrection and ascension of phus. If, however, we question the Christ with a view to the objections policy of this mode of proceeding, we of the author of the New Trial; in cannot but admire the author's love the second he confines himself to an- of truth, with which no consideration swering Gamaliel Smith. Should the of worldly

prudence is suffered to inpublic encourage his labours, he pro- terfere. Christianity being attacked, poses to complete his “

Reply" by a he deems it necessary to a successful Third Part, « containing the direct defence to shew what Christianity is, proofs for the divine authority of the and the reader that differs from him Apostle Paul.”. In the prospect of most widely in his view of the gospel its completion, he says in the Preface, must allow his right to explain his he feels an animating hope that he own opinions, even if he cannot symshall “ furnish the public with proofs pathize in his ardent zeal for their the most satisfactory, evidence the establishment. most triumphant, that Paul of Tarsus

The principal part of the first chapwas neither an impostor nor a fanatic; ter is occupied with a statement of

“the Principles taught by Jesus Christ

as constituting the Gospel.” These Dr. Jones has acknowledged the

were the Unity and Fatherly Characname in (“An Answer to a Pseudo-Criticism of the Greek and English Lexicon, ter of God, the moral accountableness which appeared in the Second Number of man, future life by a resurrection of the Westminster Review," p. 52,) a

and the refinement of Judaism. In pamphlet which suggests some biblical conclusion, Dr. Jones says, criticisms well worthy of the considera. « When Jesus commissioned his apos. tion of the student of the Scriptures. tles to preach the gospel, hc seems to

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