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culation in the neighbourhood, under that a Unitarian might, notwithstandthe title of The Uniturian Doctrine ing his opinions, be a very good Briefly Stated, has been so unfortunate Churchman, and the arguments which as to incur a somewhat severe censure I urged in my pamphlet, to inake good from your Plymouth correspondent this assertion, and which I. W. has I. W., in your number for March, (pp. quoted in your pages, still appear to 155, 156,) and as I do sincerely value me just and valid. A Unitarian who the good opinion of my brethren, I has been baptized in the Church, and cannot rest contented without saying is still accustomed to partake of her a few words in the way of vindication. worship and communion, appears to What he blames is this, that I have me entitled to rank liimself among her said that “ Unitarians may be, and inembers. often are, consistent members of the It is, as I observed before, quite Established Church :" a sentiment another question, how far it is expewhich he deems “ destructive of all dient for a Unitarian to maintain a honest and open profession, and all connexion with the Establishment, and fair prospect of the advancement of as I have not decided this point in my truth.” This is a serious charge, but pamphlet, so I shall not pretend to I apprehend I. W. would not have discuss it here. It is really a matter made it had he fairly considered the on which a great deal might be said, drift of my argument. I have not and would easily furnish out a respecrecommended it to Unitarians to con- table essay. A few cursory remarks tinue members of the Establishment : arc all that I at present have to offer. I have merely asserted that they may In the first place, as I do not see why continue so, and, in fact, often do; a man should be supposed to join in or, in other words, that entertaining the whole of a religious service at Unitarian opinions does not, ipso facto, which he is present, so I do not sce separate a man from the Church. that there is any thing necessarily reWhether it is right, or expedient, for pugnant to a good conscience in a a Unitarian to remain a member of Unitarian's attending a worship which, the Church, is quite another question, in parts, expresses Trinitarian sentiand one which I have neither proposed ments. It is only necessary, in order nor resolved. Your readers will re- to guard against misconception, that member that a gentleman of this he should freely and openly state to neighbourhood, a regular attendant on his neighbours that there are certain the worship of the Establishment, was doctrines of which he disapproves. attacked by our clergy, and displaced This done, I think he is quite clear from a certain honorary post, on the from all hypocrisy, both ivith God ground of his not being a member of and man. All is perfectly well underthe Church, inasmuch as he avowed stood : Mr. is an avowed Unitathe sentiments of Unitarians. Now it rian, and though he goes to Church, is one thing to secede from the Church yet, of course, he does not join in freely, and another to be turned out several parts of the service. But why, against one's will. The Church is not it will be asked, should a Unitarian simply an institution for religious ser- join in a form of worship which previces : that is, its direct and proper sents so much that it is repugnant to object: but it is also made a door of his conscientious opinions ? I answer, adinission to various honours and ad- in the first place, there may be a nevantages, to be cut off from which is cessity for his doing so; at least the no small detriment. When, therefore, only alternative inay be to join in I see an attempt to exclude a Unita- public worship with Trinitarians, or rian from the Church, I see an at- not at all; a dilemma, in which I tempt to injure lim, to deprive hit really am placed myself, and certainly of official dignity and influence and I have no hesitation in preferring the debar him from profitable employ- former measure. Then, I must own, ment: I see an attempt on the part I do not much like the spirit of None of the so-called orthodox to maintain conforinity: I think there certainly their monopoly of good things, and was, and is, such a thing as the sin of all such attempts I feel heartily dis- schism. Christ desired that his church posed to resist. This feeling it was should be one, and Christian unity is that made me come forward to assert best expressed and felt in common and united worship. The Established propagate what he deeins correct senNational Church, in some degree, timents, and assuredly it is well to be though imperfectly, realizez such wor- zealously affected in a good thing ; but ship among all classes of our country- he will allow me to suggest that there men ; in attending it we testify the is, eren than zeal, a more excellent essential identity of our religion with way.” that of our neighbours in general, and A FRIEND TO INQUIRY. cultivate a powerful bond of union between ourselves and numerous csti.
Bloxham, Jan. 13, 1824. characters. Perhaps there is N extractwith additions, from cuce on men, than coinmunion in reli- December 8, 1816, on account of the gious worship: it introduces the new death of the Rev. Benjamin Carpenter, and interesting relation of fellow-wor- who first settled at Bloxham. shipers, and I should be sorry, on the Heb. xiii. 7: “Remember them ground of some abstruser points, to who have the rule" (preside) “ over forego this relation with the great ma- you, who have spoken unto you the jority of my neighbours while I re- word of God; ivhose faith follow, tained it only with a few. I might considering the end of their converproceed to other arguments, but this sation." feeling alone would, I think, always “ I shall, as a further improvement make me reluctant to drop all con- of this subject, give you a short acnexion with the Establishment. Let count of the different persons who me not, however, be misunderstood. have been your settled ministers here As religious worship is the inost noble and at Milton.—Milton is a mile and engagement of the mind, so it must a half from Bloxham. be that which we should of all things “ In the year 1662, in the reign of wish to perform in the most excellent Charles II., near 2000 mjuisters of way, that is, in the way most conge- the Church of England left it, because nial to our sense of truth and right. they could not subscribe to certain It is, therefore, a very painful and articles of faith and practice that were offensive thing to witness this solemn then required of thein. Those minis, and reasonable service marred with ters were onc principal cause of the what we regard as folly or falsehood. great body of Dissenters that are now It is necessary to worship God in the, in England, Wales, &c.; for though manner most agreeable to our own there were before a kind of Dissenters consciences : to this important con- from the Church, called Puritans, yet sideration, even that of Christian these were the principal cause of the union with our brethren must bend: present Dissenting interest. and hence I come to this conclusion; Many severe and cruel laws were. that it is best for a Unitarian, in gene- made against them, and such as dared ral, to attend Unitarian worship, but, to attend their ministry. at the same time, it will not be im- “At that time our old meeting-house proper for lim occasionally, or even at Milton was provided, which appears frequently, to be a partaker in the to have been originally nothing more devotions of the National Church. than a humble dwelling house.
In conclusion, I will just notice that "That very small village itself, and I. W.is not correct in stating that Mr. the part of it in which the meetingLe Grice was chosen President of the house stood, were both probably fixed Society in Sir Rose Price's room, that upon on account of their being very post being assigned to another clergy- private places, as also because it was mau of the neighbourhood: he has a central spot to the neighbouring also incorrectly attributed to him a towns and villages of Bloxham, Bancertain violent and absurd passage, bury, Bodicott, Adderbury, Dedingquoted in p. 154, but which came ton, Einpton, and the two Barfords ; from an anonymous pen. In relation froin most, or all of which, the conto myself also, I may be allowed to gregation came. observe, that my Academus was not " When the Five-Mile-Act took place, on the banks of Isis, but of Canı. which forbad these ministers to reside Finally, J. W.'s paper manifests much, within five miles of a borough town, and, I doubt not, an honest zeal to (such as Banbury is,) some of them Call upon
took up their abode at Dedington, pect a poor preacher, for some of his and one or more at Empton ; from inost intelligent hearers went to Banwhich places they could easily slip bury to hear a Mr. Davis, who, at down, across the open fields, to Mil. that time, preached at the great Meetton, without being much noticed by ing there. their enemies.
“ A fire breaking ont at the north “The first minister, according to the end of the village of Bloxham, and the best information that I have received, wind setting so as to blow the flames (for we have no book of records,) who into it, Mr. Durell went to the place, preached at Milton, was a Mr. Whatley. and there offered up a prayer to God, I find a very short account of him in that he would prevent the threatened the Rev. Samuel Palmer's Memorial evil. The wind changed, and the fire of the Ejected Ministers, Vol. II. p. spread no further. This might, by 491.-Sutton-under-Brails,' (a few the good providence of God, have tamiles west of Banbury;) 'Mr. Thomas ken place, if Mr. D. had not prayed. Whatley, son of Mr. William, bap-' But it is a serious fact, that he did tized September 10, 1620. After his offer up such a prayer, that the wind ejectment he preached sometimes at did change, and that the people of the Milton, near Banbury, sometimes at village took notice of it. Woodstock, and sometimes at Long me in the day of trouble, and I will Crombe, near it. He was buried Jan. deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify 27, 1698.'.
me.' Psalm L. 15. “There is sufficient reason to believe * He had so tender a conscience that that he was the son of the very cele- it sometimes led him to act without brated William Whatley, Vicar of inuch judgment. To give one instance. Banbury, who died at Banbury ‘ini When a thief was taking away some the 56th year of his age, Anno Dom. of his raiment from off a hedge, he 1639;" for the Banbury Parish Regis- seeing him do it, cried out, - You ter informs us, that Thomas Whatley, don't steal them, you don't steal them, the son of the Rev. William Whatley, I give them you, I give them you. was baptized in 1620 ; his residence He had a daughter who lies buried by was but a few miles off, and he was him in the south wing of the parish the ancestor of the late Whatleys, Church of Bloxham. I shall give, in of Banbury.
the Appendix, the inscription that is “ The next of your ministers that on the stone that covers his grave. I I have any knowledge of was à Mr. apprehend that a clergyman, of the Durell. The following facts make it same name and family, came, a numappear that he came here about the ber of years ago, from the island of year 1692. He was a French Protes- Jersey, into this' neighbourhood, to tant, educated at Sedan, and fled to make inquiry concerning Mr. Durell's England from the bloody persecution family, but we know no more of it of Louis XIV., who abolished the than what is related here. Edict of Nantz.
“ Your third minister was a Mr. “He first taught the French language Hancock, who appears from the tiine in London; after a time procured a of Mr. Darell's death to have settled place in the Church of England near among you about the year 1726. He Woodstock; but not being able to continued with you but a little while; take an oath of allegiance to the for his father dying, and leaving a wife Prince of Orange, while King James and family, he removed to Budley, II. was living, he was obliged to leave that he might be near them to assist his place in the Established Church, his mother in carrying on his father's the consequence of which was, that at business, for the benefit of the family. length he became the minister of the “ After him a Mr. Nicklin became two Dissenting congregations of Blox- your pastor, but he falling, in a few liam and Milton, though he was not a years, into a low and melancholy state Dissenter in principle. He, therefore, of mind, laid aside preaching, and went often attended the services of the Es- to reside in or near Dudley, where he tablished Church of Bloxham. There died, as the Rev. Job Orton informed is no church at Milton.
about the year 1781. “He appears to have been a very “ The Rev. Thomas Brabant was your liumble and pious person, but I sus- fourth minister. He was born at Abbey-Milton, in Dorsetshire ; received nister. He was a native of Westbromhis classical learning under Dr. Milner, wich, below Biriningham ; had part &c.; afterwards removed to Glasgow, of his gramınar learning at Mr. (afterand from thence was placed under the wards Dr.) Addington's school at . care of Dr. Doddridge for one year, Market Harborough. From thence if not longer, whom he afterwards as he went to Daventry Academy, then sisted as classical tutor
to his pupils under the care of Dr. Ashworth, where for about five years. From North- he continued four years. The fixed ampton he came to Bloxham about period was five years, but he marrying the year 1748, and was your minister while he was a student, caused him to for about thirty years. He died at leave a year sooner than he would Bloxham, January 19, 1804, in the otherwise have done. He was con85th year of his age. He was a learn- sumptively inclined, and, therefore, ed, sensible and pious man, a good after preaching to you for about two preacher, but often wanted energy. years, he resigned his post, and went
“After Mr. Brabant resigned his of- io live with his parents, where he died fice, Mr. Benjamin Carpenter became after a few months. He was an affable your minister. He was the son of and friendly man, a popular preacher, a respectable farmer at the Woodrow, and meant well, but wanted prudence. near Bromsgrove, in Worcestershire. He, I suppose, died in the year 1780. He was educated at Daventry, under “The Meeting-house at Milton exthe Rev. Dr. Ashworth, who succeeded isted before this at Bloxham. What Dr. Doddridge in the care of his Aca- gave rise to this is related as follows : deiny. Mr. C. was ordained minister that a Mr. Fletcher, who was minister of Bloxham and Milton Dissenting of the Parish Church of Bloxham, societies, at Banbury, in the latter end being a Welshman, spoke the English of the year 1774.
language so very imperfectly, that his “ After continuing here about two people could not understand him; and years he removed to Westbromwich, as he would not go away, a number below Birmingham, and in a few years of them determined to provide them. after he went to Stourbridge, and in selves with a minister that they could about eight or nine years more he understand. The initial letters of the removed to Claphain, near London ; names of several of the families are and in a few years returned into the still to be seen cut in the forms on neighbourhood of Stourbridge again; which some of you are now sitting. and at length became the minister of “ Thus, my friends, I have, agrecathe congregation of Stourbridge a se- bly to the exhortation contained in our cond time, where he continued to the text, given you an account of the dif. time of his death, which took place ferent persons whom the good proviNovember 22, 1816, when he was 64 dence of God hath, in a long course years of age. He was married three of years, set over you fathers times, but left no child behind himn. as your and their minisiers in the He was a good, learned and sensible gospel of Jesus Christ. man, but rather a heavy preacher ; “It will be of use to you to recollect and was much esteemed by those per these things at times, and to talk them sons who knew him best, for his learn- over in your families and amongst ing, meekness and earnest desire to your neighbours and intimate friends, promote the best interest of his peo- and to endeavour to initate their faith ple. He published some short dis- and practice, as far as you believe courses on our Dissent from the Esta- that it was agreeable to the gospel of blished Church ; a single sermon on Christ. You are greatly indebted to Charity; a Liturgy, which was used the good providence of God for giving one part of the day in his place of you such ininisters; and you have a worship at Stourbridge; two small solemn account to give, to the rightevolumes of Serinons on Various Sub- ous Judge of the whole earth, of the jects; and a work on Natural and use you have made of their ministry. Revealed Religion. He also had a The Supreme Being may say to you, controversy with Mr. Belsham on Ari- as he did to his ancient people the anism.
Jews, I have sent unto you all my “ When Mr. Carpenter left you, a
servants the prophets, daily rising up Mr. Samuel Withers became your mi- early and sending them. Jer. vii. 25.
What could have been done more future hopes of man. But if I rightly for you, that I have not done? May understand Mr. Sturch's views, he God give us all grace to improve our considers Christianity as borrowing religious privileges, that we may give its principal evidence from its conup our account, at last, with joy, and formity to the Religion of Nature. not with grief.”
Now, as far as this is the case, Chris
tianity cannot render any truth more Appendix.
clear than the Religion of Nature had H. S. S.
previously rendered it. Christianity, Reliquiæ Viri Reverendi
then, must possess a clear and satisAndreæ Durell, Anglo-Cæsarei, A. M. factory evidence altogether distinct
Universitatis Sedanensis Alumui from that which it derives from its Et Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ Presbyteri,
conformity to Natural Religion; and Qui
if this evidence does not amount to Evangelium non modo fideliter docuit
certainty, it inust amount to someSed Vitâ etiam ac Moribus expressit ,
thing that to practical purposes will Sincerà Pietate, Modestia singulari, Charitate in omnes, sine partium Studio serve as well. Eximia
By all mankind, Mr. Sturch means Humano denique ac civili Cultu mankind in general. Mr. Locke meant
Nulli dum vixit secuudus : something more. He did not, it is Junii xi. obiit A.D. MDCCXXV, true, include idiots in this expression; Ætatis suæ LXXI.
but he, doubtless, meant all who posThe village of Adderbúry is scarcely nature. And I must repeat, that those
sess the coinmon faculties of human a mile from Milton. There the Duke truths which are intelligible to all of Buccléagh had, till within a few years, a spacious inansion. The cele mankind, must be too plain to be misbrated Lord Rochester sometimes vi- from Mr. Locke, though not the most
understood. So that the quotation sited that place. I have seen the frame appropriate that might have been seand curtains of a bed there that were lected, was not altogether irrelevant said to be bis. The curtains were
to my purpose. made of a stout dark purple woollen cloth.
I suspected that it might be necesThere appears to have been at that sary to call in the aid of some spiritual time, residing in or near Adderbury, ture, and that its truths are not quite
guide to interpret the Religion of Naa person of the name of Marshall, who was a troublesome mán; and sented. And I am confirmed in the
80 clear as they are sometimes reprewhen he died, it is said that his Lordship made the following verse on him: opinion that some obscurity
Cover this religion, when I recollect “ If heaven is pleas'd when sinuers cease that different commentators annex difto siu,
ferent interpretations to the language If hell is pleas'd when singers enter in, in which it is written. To instance If earth is pleas'd when it evtombs a in the doctrine of a future life: Dr. krave,
Clarke professes to demonstrate this Then all are pleas'd,—for Marshall's - doctrine chiefly from the inequality of in his grave." JOSEPH JEVANS.·
the Divine dispensations in relation to the virtuous and the vicious. This
' demonstration Mr. Sturch altogether SIR,
rejects; and, if my memory does not Y acknowledgements are due to deceive me, maintains what Dr. Clarke
Mr. Sturch for the handsome considers as altogether untenable, that manner in which he has spoken of the virtưe is in every case its own reward. temper with which I replied to his Another may be as little satisfied with animadversions (p. 220). His last paper Mr. Sturch's reasonings, as Mr. Sturch will furnish matter for an observation is with the reasonings of Dr. Clarke. or two which I wish to make, not from And a third may reject as inefficient the love of controversy nor the desire and inconclusive the reasonings of both of victory, but for the sake of truth Dr. Clarke and Mr. Sturch. So that in a matter of soine moment.
it does, indeed, appear that though Mr. Sturch acknowledges that Chris- the Religion of Nature is certainly tianity baz cast a glorious light on the true, "in its general and abstract