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cised unaffected candour.* The lec- on a much controverted doctrine. For tures of that eminent man, first in the nature and the effects of this conmanuscript and afterwards in print, sistent endeavour to do justice to both continued to be the text-book in the sides of the question, we shall make a academy; and the opinions of the reference to some of his own writrespective divinity tutors, down to the ings." It was an obyious and a great year 1789,+ were Calvinistic; while improvement on the text-book, that the abilities, the assiduity, the worth hitherto had been employed with very and manners of those gentlemen, were little reserve. However, a still more singularly calculated to prepossess the excellent—we must indeed subjoin, students in behalf of prevailing and the most excellent-method of teach established creeds. In such circum- ing the doctrines of the Scriptures, is stances was not the triumph of ortho- the critical study of the original Scrip. doxy to be most securely and confia tures themselves. Not that it condently expected ? What could be stitutes the whole of a theological wanting to ensure its victories? Why, education : but then the theological the tutors were enlightened and con- education which does not include it, sistent Protestants, and, therefore, did will be wretchedly superficial and innot forbid impartial, unbiassed inves, complete. We cannot be satisfied with tigation. Hinc illæ lacrimæ : hence any mode of teaching divinity, wbicli “ the erroneous opinions,” which Mr. comes short of this : and we hail the H. fancies and la nts.
existence of an academical institution Now will he maintain the converse among us, whiclı illustrates the pracof the proposition, which he has vir, ticability and the advantages of lectures tually laid down? Will he affirm or that are exclusively scriptural + What intimate that Truth cannot be em- is styled the religious world, will never braced by the pupil, unless he read become thoroughly Protestant and upon only one, and that the reputedly Christian, until the Records of Reveorthodox side of the question, unless lation are investigated by the light the tutor interpose his own sentiments, which themselves afford and reflect ; nor hold the balance betwixt the and not by systems which men have contending systeins" with “ steady previously framed. impartiality" Mr. H.'s principle and Mr. H. calls the Academy at Da. reasoning, if thcy be correct, lead to ventry “ this vortex of unsanctified this conclusion, which, once admitted, speculation and debate.” Does he is fatal to his cause, in the eyes of all mean to assert or insinuate, that the who believe that the Bible, inter- students pursued their inquiries with preted by itself, is the religion of Pro, an irreligious spirit? In this and in testants.
every sense, his accusation falls pointThe mude of teaching theology at less to the ground: and, in his cooler Daventry, was, for the most part, in- moments, he will surely blush, that it auspicious to free examination; and was framed by his prejudices and rethis, as the tendency of the structure corded by his pen. Perhaps, there and arrangement of Doddridge's lec- was, after all, less of speculation and tures to bring orthodox sentiments debate than our biographer's imaginainto fuller view than any other tenets. tion has conceived. Be this as it may; But the spirit of the tutors was such we deny that they were
“ uusanctias we have described it, fair, manly fied." The greater proportion of the and truly liberal : it graced their cha- students, were, far from being remiss racters, endeared their labours, and in cherishing religious habits: the will contribute to embalın their me- prescribed allotments of their time, mories. The venerable survivor of and the voluntary societies which they them, withiu the two or three last instituted, aided those habits : and years of his coniexion with the Aca
who among the pupils at Daventry demy, introduced an elaborate and a can look back on the devotional lec. far more impartial plan of lecturing
# Belsham's Memoirs of Lindsey, p. * See Mr. Robins' very pleasing and 286, &c. Calm Inq., &c. Preface. instructive Memoirs of Strange, pp. xxiii. † Mon. Repos. XI. 106, 407 ; and see xxiv.
Dr. J. Jebb's Works, Vol. I, 1; Vol. II. t Belsham's Calm Inq., &c.
tures that were periodically delivered, accuses, but does not inquire ; le without warmly grateful recollections, strikes, but will not hear. without justly and humbly ascribing From statements of which we have to them instrumentally, if not the ex- proved the incorrectness he arrives at istence at least the strength and fer. the following conclusion : cour of qualities which he would not exchange for "the wealth of Orinus or
“ Thus a spirit of indifference to all of Ind”? Even this gentleman's sense
religious principles was generated in the of equity and candour, must compel
first instance, which naturally paved the him to acknowledge, that the instruc
way for the prompt reception of doctrives tions and the discipline of Daventry
indulgent to the corruption and flattering
to the pride of a depraved and fallen possessed a share in forming the moral nature." and religious character of Mr. Toller. That character was indeed most csti- Had the biographer described "a mable and lovely; a charming portrait spirit of indifference to all religious of “the wisdom that is from above." principle," as producing this supposed No vulgar orthodoxy was ever con- effect, we should have understood cerned in producing such a temper:
his argument, while we remonstrated and we are persuaded that this excel- against his application of it to the lent person owed something more and students in the Academy at Daventry. higher than "a certain general man- By his selection of the words “reliner of stating the peculiar doctrines gious principles,” he must evidently of the gospel to the seminary where mean to fix the attention of his readers he passed so important a portion of on the theological opinions which diIris early life. “Āt so tender an age,'.
vide the Christian world. His lanhe must have been susceptible of good guage is somewhat ambiguous : but as well as of injurious impressions.
the connexion in which it stands, exHis biographer can hardly be of opi- plains it; and nothing can be more nion, that ignorance is the mother of solid or important than the distinction devotion, that sincere and free inves- that we have taken. Let all our intigation is in the inverse ratio of a quiries into the tenets of religion, be man's piety. Yet, if we knew Mr. H. pursued in the spirit, and in the exeronly from some passages of the Me- cise of the principle, of religion: to moir before us, we might infer that the systems and formularies of men, such is his conviction.
however, to such religious principles, He employs grossly exaggerated if indeed they should be so denomi. language, when he states, that the nated, as are embraced previously to tutor who presided at Daventry seldom a critical examination of the Scrip. or never interposed his own opinion, tures, and independently on it, let and still less betrayed the slightest the mind of the pupil be perfectly inemotion of antipathy to error, or pre- different, when he sits down to the dilection to truth. In this instance, study of prophets, evangelists and aposagain, the testimony of the celebrated tles. This is the duty, the privilege, Priestley confronts him: “Dr. Ash- of those who “name the name of worth," says that great man,
Christ.” Mr. H.'s remarks imply thut earnestly desirous to make me as or. the youth who discharges this oblithodox as possible.” + Mr. H. should gation can scarcely fail of adopting have relieved us from the painful ne- erroneous opinions,” or, in other cessity of transcribing this sentence: words, Anti-Trinitarian and Anti-Calbut the partial uses to which he has vinistic sentiments. Such is the datum applied Priestley's narrative, and the which his observations assume ; such colour he has given it, are extremely the conclusion, to which they lead. censurable; and we are constrained We cannot and will not disturb him to pronounce, that this gentleman in the possession of this belief. seems little careful of the means by But against his eminently unjust which he accomplishes his design: he and uncharitable intimation, that the
doctrines of which he speaks as being For some account of them see Or. so promptly received are indulgent to ton's Mem, of Doddridge, p. 97.
the corruption and flattering to the + Memoirs, &c. p. 10.
pride of a depraved and fallen nature,
we most seriously protest. For his far worse tendency, and exert a still own sake, we particularly wish that more pernicious influence ; inasmuch this sentence had not fallen froin his as they divert the regards of the bulk pen, but that, in writing the life, he of professed Christians from the only had imbibed a portion of the humble, legitimate standard of the truth or modest, catholic and, in all respects, falsehood of religious doctrines, from truly Christian spirit of the subject of the Sacred Volume exhibited in a gebis Memoir. In a man of education, nuine text, and interpreted agreeably Jike Mr. H.,* we might naturally look to the soundest criticism. Whenever for something higher and better than Mr. H. shall appear in the field of a disposition to charge upon any indi. honourable warfare, and “contend viduals, or body of individuals, that lawfully ;" whenever he shall not be the doctrines which they hold, after reluctant to stand exclusively and inquiry and on evidence, are promptly fairly on the ground of scripture, he received by them, because those doc. may perhaps be rendered sensible of trines flatter pride and are indulgent the difference between reasoning, on to corruption. We lament that he the one hand, and declamation and has so learned Christ: and from these invective, on the other. To argue, harsh, disgusting anathemas, pro- will scarcely injure any man's repunounced by a fallible mortal, we ap- tation, even should he argue unsuepeal first to that celestial Tribunal cessfully: to deal only in unweighed which cannot err, and next to those charges and assertions, cannot be perof our fellow-men and fellow.chris- mitled even to the biographer of Mr. tians, whose judgments are not blinder Toller; and, indeed, in the biographer by prejudice, and whose kind and of such a man it is peculiarly unbeequitable feelings are not impeded by coming. any overweaning attachment to seets As a relief from this train of thought, and parties. It is the least evil of and from the very offensive passage such denunciations, from a person of which called it forth, we gladly turn Mr. H.'s character and station, that to a topic of another kind: they, contract and embitter the inter
« Of the conduct of his academical courses of social life:t they have a studies" (Mr. Toller's] “nothing memo.
rable is recorded. From a very accom. * 'The biographer's attachment to mi. plished man, who, I believe, was his felnisters and nembers of his own religious low-student, I have merely heard that he deuomination, is so natural, that we are had no relish for the mathematics, a cir. pot astonished at his availing himself of cumstance which has been often recorded this opportunity of sketching the charac. in the biography of men of iudisputable ter of the late Ker. Andrew Fuller. This intellectual preeminence.”—P. 6. he has done with skill and elegance (pp. There may be justness in our au52, &c.) : he has shewn, that it was a thor's remark, popularly taken : yet character very unlike to Mr. Toller's, its real accuracy or inaccuracy dewhose education at Daventry, while it pends on the meaning affixed to the cherished his kiudly feelings, was auspi- words cious to the growth of au unfeiguedly If this language denote u mind of great
intellectual prceininence.” humble temper.
+“ The Jews have no dealings with general powers, we doubt, whether the Samaritans.” Even in a country and many such a mind has felt no relish age boasting to be enlightened, how often for the inathematics, in the course of and how painfully is the fact exemplified! its elementary education : but if, by When such men as Mr. H. fulininate "intellectual pre-eminence" we are to their bitter exclamations, and, whether understand pre-eminence in taste and from the pulpit or the press, level, as ex sensibility and delicate perception, cathedra, their invectives against those then the observation is less inadmis“ who follow not with them," the natural sible. We shall refer to the opinion consequence iu respect of the mass of the of a most competent and impartial people is, that the odium theologicum judge : * and we beg to caution our gains fresh vigour. This temper and this conduct ou the part of avowed Christians towards each other, has multiplied unbe. remarkable anecdote in Niebuhr's Trav. lievers. Yet bigotry of this sort is not (Amsterd. 1776,) I. 240. peculiar to avowed Christians. See a Memoirs of G. Wakefield, I. 82, 83. readers against the practical error of 1 and 2) “for the Serious Considera. supposing, that a youth's disrelish to tion of Trinitarians,” dated Calcutta, the, elements of mathematics, is a May 9 and 12, 1823. These Queries characteristic, universal, or even com- are taken from The Christian Reformmon, indication of genius, or of “in- er, Vol. I. pp. 87, &c., and Vol. III. disputable intellectual preeminence.” 24, &c. They have been frequently “I can scarcely account,” says Mr. reprinted in England, and we are glad Wakefield, “ for an indisposition to to see them in an East-Indian type, such theories, but from a defect of persuaded that they are well adapted judgment or dexterity, in the teacher.” to awaken inquiry in the minds of
To the biographer's criticisms on candid readers. the style, &c., of Mr. Toller's ser- No. III. contains "Two Dialogues,”. mons,* we shall attend in a future and dated Calcutta, May 16, 1823. The a separate article. Nothing remains first,“ between a Trinitarian Missionfor us, at present, but just to notice bis ary and three Chinese Converts,” is cxcursus on church discipline, under a theological jeu d'esprit taken from which head he further digresses (pp. The Christian Reformer, Vol. IV. pp. 21, &c.) to renew certain insinuations JO, &c., of which the point is likely to and charges, that have been already the be felt by an Oriental reader. The subject of our animadversion. What is second, " between an Unitarian Mithe scriptural constitution of a Chris- nister and an Itinerant Bookseller," tian Church? The question is impor- from the same work, Vol. II. pp. 19, tant, but accompanied with difficulties. &c., being one of a number of * ReIn resolving it, let the genius of the collections, or Religious Anecdotes,". gospel be consulted. With Mr. Hall, furnished by Mr. Wright. we deprecate secularity: we would No. IV. is “A Selection of Pasutterly exclude, if possible, the spirit sages from the Old and New Testaof the world, and therefore spiritualments in proof of the Unity of God,” pride and the love of having preemi- signed Wm. Adam, and dated Calnence. A pious man may be ignorant cutta, May 20, 1823. This paper and illiterate: and it is not every concludes with the following appeal : thing which should be entrusted to “ The Unitarians say, that if there bc individuals of this description. Our any meaning in language, the above quoauthor's immediate predecessor at tations prove God to be numerically one; Cambridge, was accustomed to speak and they call upon Trinitarians to prove, of “a Lord-brother” as one of the by passages equally plain and decisive, worst monsters” in a church profes- that in the Unity of the Godhead there sing to be a church of Christ: with is a Trinity of persons.” at least the genus Mr. H. cannot be No. V. is “A Faithful and Wellunacquainted.
authenticated Report of the TheoloN. gical Discussion which took place in
Calcutta, on Tuesday, May 20, 1823, ART. II. East-India Uniturian at a Meeting assembled by Dr. R. Tracts.
Tytler, who had intimated in the neis
that he would that evening de
papers THE Unitarian controversy is agi- liver the 6th of a Course of Lectures THE
tated with eagerness and zeal at on Theology, and publicly challenged Calcutta. Besides the publications those who might dissent from the of Rammohun Roy and the Mission- Doctripes advanced to state their obaries, several pamphlets have appeared jections.” Dr. Tytler is of the medical on both sides of the question, of which, profession, but has been led by reliby the favour of a friend, we have gious zeal to devote himself to theoobtained, and now proceed to give an logical studies. His system is ultraaccount of, no less than nine.
Trinitarianism, of the Hutchinsonian Nos. I. and II. are Queries” (Pts. school. He makes a great parade of
erudition, but his learning is less cer * To Mr. T.'s single sermons, already tain than his being a complete mentioned in p. 178, should be added, master of the vulgar tongue." (Reone that he printed on the death of the port, p. 1.) He was confronted at the Princess Charlotte.
public discussion” with none but
laymen, but these seem to have been evening of the 20th of May, 1823, fully able to grapple with his violence Socinianism received from my bands and bigotry. Rainmobun Roy, from its final oferthrow in Calcutta,” &c. ; the beginning, and Mr. Adamn, after a and concludes" this subtilty, this time, declined meeting so wild and boasted Reason will not always avail furious an antagonist. After the de- there is one Sin, one BLASPHENY, bate, the Doctor
proclaimed a victory. declared to be unpardonable ; and SaThis occasioned the present “Report.” tan, aware of the wretched state to In the true spirit of bigotry, the Doc- which he has reduced both himself and tor also announced that the judgment his deluded tools, trembling through of Heaven had fallen upon one of his the mouths of his advocates, affects to opponents, who died suddenly soon deny the divinity of his Lord and after the meeting : this subject was Maker, or is now seen supplicating taken up in the native newspaper, the for mercy,--by obstinately maintainBengal Hurkaru, and the cruel defa. ing that the Holy Jesus was a mere mation received its merited chastise- nan, as it is impossible, say they, ment. (The Report, &c., is inserted JEHOVAH would, for the salvation of in the number for this month of The mankind, have subjected himself to Christian Reformer, to which the CRUCIFIXION ; and hence the Unitareader is referred.)
rianism of the present age is more a No. VI. is Dr. Tytler's "Substance sign of the Devil's terror than Satanof a Discourse in Vindication of the ical presumption. It is the last corDivinity of our Lord,” dated Cal- ner into which the malignant influence cutta, May 25, 1823. This is a cu- is driven, that coinmenced with Cain, rious piece of Cabbalistic lore, inter- was exhibited by Judas and Caiaphas, larded with denunciations against he has wandered from Arius to Mahomet, retics, blasphemers and the like fearful from the latter to Socinus, from him characters. It is unanswerable because to Priestly, (Priestley,) and lastly is unintelligible or ridiculous. We give seen in those who are at present dea short specimen :
luging Calcutta with infidel tracts,"
&c. “ Jesus is, therefore, the Alpha and Omega, and he is so because there are
No. IX. The last pamphlet of the two languages sauctified to the great series (we take them in the order in purposes of religion, the Hebrew or lan. which they are numbered by some pen guage used in the Church founded upon in India) 'is "A Vindication of the Moses and the Prophets, and the Greek Incarnation of the Deity, as the Comemployed in the Church founded upon mon Basis of Hindooism and Christhe Apostles, of which Jesus Christ is tianity, &c. &c. By Ram Doss." the chief Foundation Stone. Hence he is Calcutta, June 3, *1823. This is A Alpha or $, the incipient letter of really a curious pamphlet.
It is a Elohim in Hebrew or Aleim, and bona fide attempt by a Hindoo to Omega, because he revealed himself to shew that Hindooism and Trinitarian St. John in Greek, and this is the in, Christianity are kindred religions.! cipient letter of NN-I am HONN' The zealous Brahmin is doing on bis which is the translation in the Septuagint side what Maurice and some other Version of AHEE ASHUR AHEE, I am that I am,' in English.”--Pp. 17, 18. Christians have done on theirs. They
go far to prove their point, but wriNo. VII. is a “ Dissection of ting for Christian readers, we may say Dr. Tytler's 'Substance. By Jeremy that every argument that assimilates Carver, M.D.,” dated Calcutta, June Trinitarianism to Pagan idolatry shews 6, 1823. This is an ironical piece, that it is in opposition to genuine quite ad hominem.
Christianity. Rain Doss is so reNo. VIII. is an answer to the above markable a theologian, and his pamby the redoubted M. D., entitled, phlet presses so directly upon the
The Glorious Triumph of Truth ; vital part of the Unitarian contro-