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servation. These I shall expose; for him, and appoint his friend Le Grice of these I have a right to complain. in his rooin.” No such resolution I shall simply state them without any was ever passed; nor does Sir R. P. comment or epithet. There is great ever declare that he received any such. incorrectness in the arrangement of — Mr. Canon Rogers was appointed. facts, which gives a wrong colour to What shall we say for the accuracy of the whole transaction; but I shall not such a slimming up? descend into minute particulars of this But now, Sir, I come to a most se. sort. When I shew the reader that the rious charge. I. W. has accused me Suinary contains assertions which are wrongfully and shamefully: he has not true, I must leave him to judge of given expressions as mine which I the correctness of the Summary alto. never used: he introduces the charge gether.

deliberately, and comments on it de. I. W. says that “ the attention of liberately; and therefore it is not an the public was first called to the sub- inference drawn in haste. Indeed, if ject, by a long address of five columns it were, this would be no excuse, for of close, small print in a newspaper; he professes to give a Summary, which and that the next week brought out implies analysis and due examination. a reply from the Baronet, dated 3d He says, “ Sir Rose Price is charged February."

by 'Le Grice 'with endeavouring to What will the reader say of the cor- get into Parliament, that he might rectness of this statement, which pro- attempt the overthrow of the Church fesses to be a Summary, &c., when he altogether."" These words, which I may see in your Repository that the never used, are given as a quotation. first letter was a short one, dated Ja- I. W. goes on to say, “ Respecting nuary 14th, and that my long letter such a line of conduct, he (Le Grice) was not the first, but a reply to a long observes that, Whoever shall precommunication from Sir Rose Price, sume to innovate, alter, or misrepresent dated January 21st?-a vindication of any point in the Articles of the Church myself.

of England, ought to be arraigned as Secondly, I. W. says, and he writes a traitor to the State; heterodoxy in the passage as a quotation between the one naturally introducing heteroinverted commas, giving the following doxy in the other : a crime which it passage as my words, “ Mr. Le Grice

concerns the Civil magistrate to reremarks, “That he (Sir Rose Price) strain and punish, as well as the Echad gone to London and got himself clesiastical." I. W. then proceeds to introduced to Dr. Pearson, the King's comment on “such language as this.” private chaplain and spiritual adviser, Now what will any man of common and through his means had become feeling and honesty say (I will make acquainted with the fact of the King's no comment myself) when I declare private opinions; which he would not that no such expressions were ever have discovered, had Dr. P. been cau- uttered or written by me? In what a tioned against the insidious design of light must I have been viewed, if this the Baronet."" These expressions are Summary had been printed without given as mine-as if used by mne. I the Correspondence! The whole of never used these expressions. I never the Summary is very incorrect; but said that Sir R. P. saw Dr. Pearson; having exhibited such positive misnor is any such expression to be found statements, I need add nothing more in iny Correspondence as “ which he than that I am, &c. &c. would not have discovered," &c. I. W.

C. V. LE GRICE. cannot excuse himself by saying, such a meaning might be implied. He pro- P.S. J. W. has in the above Sumfesses to sum up, to act as a judge, and mary treated me in such a manner, he gives words as mine, which I never that he deprives me of the pleasure used, and omits a letter of mine, (see which I should have had in shewing Repository, p. 149,) which would have him my Reply to “ The Unitarian cleared up any misconception. Doctrine Briefly Stated,” in which I

"A meeting was called, agree with him in sentiment on “reliand Sir Rose Price soon received a gious consistency." Indeed if he had copy of their resolution to displace exercised only common observation,

2 F

1.W. says,

VOL. XIX.

IN

he would have seen that my contest minds of each of these classes in the has been not with principles, but with un-mitigated colonies, if by such a title conduct connected with principles.- one may be allowed to designate the How can a man be attached to the islands yet deprived of these amelioraChurch, who believes that the Gospels tions. of St. Matthew and St. John are spile With respect to the impressions on rious ? How can a man receive the the negroes of these colonies, what sacrament, who believes that our Sa- can we suppose will be their feelings viour was the son of Joseph? I honour on discovering that so large a portion and esteem the Dissenter whose con- of the evils which their suffering race duct is consistent with his principles. has for so many generations been en

N.B. The author of “The Unita- during, are now removed, and that rian Doctrine,” &c, has in a subsequent one favoured though but comparatively pamphlet avowed his belief of the mi- small portion of their number, are no raculous conception, which places him, longer exposed to the degradations and I think, at an immense distance from severities which they are still doomed the Evansonian.

to suffer? What will they think of the securities and privileges for the

protection of their persons and their March 26th, 1824. property which have been ceded to SIR,

others, while it is not to be (at present N common with all the friends of at least) their happy allotment to share

humanity, your readers have doubt- them? Will they be content to go on less been taking a deep and anxious in hopeless drudgery, patiently bearing interest in the recent measures of our the more-than-ever galling yoke that government for the mitigation of co- fetters them, and which it can be no lonial slavery. The termination of more justice that they should bear, their labours, while it may not have than their happier compatriots at Triperhaps reached the expectations or nidad? If it be justice and policy that have satisfied the hopes of the more an improved system of treatment, zealous advocates of the cause, must founded on principles of lenity and yet be considered as a glorious, and, protection, should be granted to one as far as it does go, a valuable triumph portion of the transported Africans, of public opinion. The foundation what is the ground to justify the dethat has thus been laid, by the wise nial of these advantages to the rest of and salutary code for the future regu- them, or to reconcile themselves to the lation of one colony (Trinidad), can continuance of a systens by which they but be viewed as the corner-stone of are to remain deprived of the boon? an edifice that can only be completed With respect again to the proprieby the final and absolute extinction of a tors of the un-mitigated colonies-on system from which every better feeling this point we have scarcely to wait the of the heart revolts, and every principle issue of time to learn the impression of religion and humanity is alike ab- likely to be produced on their minds. horrent.

Already has the mortified and angered As the law now constituted for this tone of those who trusted to their colony has been divulged for the avowed clamour on the long-dreaded and loudobject of ascertaining, as an experi- ly-deprecated dangers of innovation to ment, the practicability of its general silence the voice of humanity in behalf application as the basis of a system of the suffering slave; already has that directed to the ultimate extinction of tone evinced the impression felt in this slavery, it will become a matter of cu- quarter. On one side we now hear rious and not uninteresting speculation of nothing but the impracticability of to attend to the impressions it may enforcing such idle and speculative produce both on the objects of its theories of legislation of the danger legislation—the negroes themselves- of demolishing that discretionary prinand of their employers. And these im- ciple of coercion, to the existence and pressions it will be more particularly exercise of which, for the security of deserving our attention to notice, for his property and the cultivation of his calculating on the probable success of estates, the planter had only to look. the measure, in their influence on the On the other side we hear, that if the code laid down be enforced in any these parts, the first indeed is a prothing like a spirit of sincere and active position of which no man can doubt, execution, vain will it be to expect but the rest consist of abstract and that the remaining colonies can ever metaphysical reasoning. If your readmore be kept in a state of tranquil ers will turn to it, (Vol. II. p. 239 et subordination, withont alike extending seq.,) and then ask themselves whether to them the same wild and disorgan- the discovery of this demonstration is izing liberties. We may bid adieu to within the reach of a Hottentot or Inthe security of our property, and that dian savage, they will, I conceive, agree which is already, depressed beyond with me that even that truth which lies measure in its value, will have but a at the foundation of all religion, wheshort reign to run, before it becomes ther natural or revealed, is not so ina dead and profitless waste !

telligible to all mankind as Mr. Locke Such are the actual reasonings and has represented it; unless indeed they the loud deprecations of those who should fortunately hit upon some shorthave founded their views of the se. er and easier method of proof. But if curity of colonial interests on the ex- the first principle of religion is involved istence and perpetuation of a system in obscurity, as to multitudes of the over which humanity sheds the tear human race, what shall we say of the of its warmest sympathy, and to the whole system which is to be deduced abolition of which, its most fervent from it? But Mr. Locke, as appears energies are directed. The friend of from what he says elsewhere, was mishumanity, however, will hail the ame- led by the opinion that it is inconsistent lioration now granted, not merely as with the wisdom and goodness of God the commencement of a reform in a not to furnish all mankind with the system radically evil, but as the dawn means of knowing the great principles of a day that will close in the extirpa- of religion. But surely we may leave tion of the system itself.

in the hands of a merciful Creator those ANDROPHILOS.

to whom these opportunities have been denied. If I have pointed out an error

in Mr. Locke, I have done nothing but SIR,

what this great and good man would N

sage from Mr. Locke: and as it is nothing but what the light which he always useful to point out the errors himself shed over the world of intellect and inconsistencies of great men, that has enabled me to do. others may not be misled by them, I One word more, and I have done. wish, with your leave, to say another If the advocates of Natural Religion word or two on the sentiment which is would content themselves with saying, there expressed. Mr. Locke maintains that its principles may be discovered that all mankind without the aid of by men of thought and reflection, and revelation could have attained an un- by their means be diffused among mandoubting conviction of the being of a kind in general, they would not run God and a knowledge of the obedience into palpable absurdity; but when they which is due to him. When Mr. Locke maintain that the truths of this reliexpressed this opinion, he either could gion, that is, the truths of which this not have carefully considered what he religion is usually said to consist, are meant by all inankind, or could not intelligible to every human being who have had in his mind what he after- will give himself the trouble to inquire wards wrote on the existence of a into them, (which implies that every God, which he regards as the most human being is capable of conducting certain of all truth. Of this truth he such an inquiry,) they lay down a pogives a demonstration which no doubt sition which is not to be surpassed in he thought to be the most clear and extravagance by the wildest vagaries simple. This demonstration, however, of the human mind—a position which be acknowledges to be complex, when it would be the extreme of folly wil. he says that " he believes nobody can fully to misstate, and which it would avoid the cogency of it who will but be no easy task to caricature. as carefully attend to it as to any other

E. COGAN, demonstration of so many parts.Of

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SIR,

April 1st, 1824. formation on these subjects, that we my remarks, (p. 110,) per- derive from the Christian revelation,

haps rather too unceremoniously I beg leave to assure him that no expressed, on the Rev. Mr. Cogan's such supposition ever entered into my paper on the evidences of Christianity, mind. For although I have no doubt that gentleinan las replied, in your whatever, that the light of nature publication of this day, in a spirit of opens to mankind in general the prosInildness and candour, which does pect of futurity; yet, I believe, that him the highest honour, and which even to the strongest eyes, it must would greatly tend to increase, if that appear somewhat indistinct and imwere possible, the respect with which perfect; and I, therefore, rejoice in his character is regarded by all who that splendid and glorious light, which know him. I shall endeavour to fol. the Christian revelation throws over low his example, in the few observa- the scene, and for which I can never tions I have to make on his reply. be sufficiently thankful.

Mr. Cogan appears to treat with Mr. Cogan seems desirous of de. great scorn the supposition, that men clining the task of pointing out to us, unacquainted with the Christian reve- in whose writings it is that the truths lation, may believe in the unity and of Natural Religion are spoken of as perfections of God, the doctrine of a “ emblazoned in the heavens in chauniversal Providence, and the future racters which all can read, and none existence and immortality of man. can misunderstand.The only pasHe declares that he should not think saye he quotes is from Locke, and favourably either of the understanding he thinks it will answer his purpose or the modesty of the man who should tolerably well; but, I confess, I think venture to say so; and he says, “If quite otherwise; inasmuch as I can Mr. Sturch is disposed to believe discover in it nothing more than the that they would have had the convic- plain, simple position, that the light tion of their truth which they now of nature is sufficient to convince have, had not their lot been cast in a those who set themselves to search,Christian land, I can only say, that that there is a God to whom obedience he has my hearty consent.” Now, Sir, is due ; a position which, I presume, Mr. Cogan, who is much better ac- Mr. Co will not venture to deny, quainted with antiquity than I can be after b 3, in this very letter, on supposed to be, well knows, that all which I am remarking, told us, that these doctrines have been believed he “readily concedes to the advobefore the Christian revelation had cates for Natural Religion, that the any existence. He knows too, that argument for the being of a God, is the belief of a Deity and a future as conclusive as needbe; and that life, though always more or less dis- from the predominance of good which figured and debased by superstition appears in his works, it is difficult and absurdity, has been very general, not to conceive of him as benevolent." I might say universal, in all ages. By the word God, I presume, he He knows that these doctrines were means a Creator and Governor of the believed by the heathen inhabitants of world; and if this Creator and Gothis island, in their rude and savage vernor is also a kind and benevolent state ; and it is for Mr. Cogan to Benefactor, Mr. Cogan will, doubtless, shew, which I think he will find it admit the conclusion to be very na. difficult to do, that they would not tural, that obedience is due to him. have been generally believed to this In a note on this quotation, Mr. Coday, whether Christianity had been gan goes on to say, “ Mr. Locke introduced or not. For my own part, speaks of searching for the truths of I see no reason whatever to doubt Natural Religion; and I never supthat they would ; and, probably, in a posed any man to say, that they much improved state, bearing some could be understood by those who proportion to the civilization of the would not take the trouble to learn country. But if by the words, “con- them. But that which is intelligible viction of their truth which they now to all mankind, must be very easy to have,

,” Mr. Cogan means, the same understand.Now, from this posiclear, full, rutional, and consistent in- tion, I must beg leave to withhold my assent. By all mankind, I suppose, ting to do so, as a tacit admission, we do not mean every individual wishthat if it was not the language of out exception. We do not intend, for misstatement and caricature, it was, instance, to include idiots ; but we to say the least, a little too strong. mean mankind in general. Now, I I proceed now to remark on the think, I know many things, which surprise which Mr. Cogan expresses mankind in general are very capable at my objecting to his notion of the of learning and understanding, if they value of belief without evidence. He will take the trouble to do so, which tells us he is very sure that it is true; yet cannot be said to be very easy. and he maintains, “ that there are İt can hardly be doubted, I suppose, multitudes in every Christian country that at least nine out of ten of man- who are altogether incapable of de kind, if taken at a proper age, may ciding on the truth or falsehood of the be taught the chief rules of arithinetic; Christian religion.” Now, if he means though these are so far from being that there are multitudes who are very easy, that they are certainly far incapable of deciding with certainty on more difficult to understand than the the external evidence of Christianity, leading principles of morals. Indeed, that is, of the truth of every miracle the very phrases “take the trouble," related in the New Testament, or in and " set themselves to search," any writer of the earliest Christian plainly imply that all is not perfectly age, I not only admit the truth of the easy, but that there are some difficul. position, but I go a great deal farties to be overcome by persevering ther. I believe that there is not one labour ; and I will add, by all the as- man upon the face of the earth who sistance that the learner can obtain. is competent to the decision. But if For I will not hesitate a moment to his meaning be, that men in general satisfy Mr. Cogan's curiosity, by an- bave no adequate means of judging swering in the affirmative the question whether the important truths incul. which he suggests, but modestly cated in the New Testament, are doubts whether he has any right to worthy to be received and acted upon, put to me, concerning the propriety I must be allowed to differ from him of calling in as often as it may be in toto. Por, being fully persuaded needful, the aid of some person of that Cicero was right in vindicating superior mind, to explain whatever the authority of Right Reason in his may be obscure and difficult. I would, book De Republica-that St. Paul was however, advise Mr. Cogan not to right in asserting the universal oblidistress himself with fears, lest the gation of the Law of Nature in his instructor should shew something of Epistle to the Romans--that Bishop the spirit of the usurping priest, of Sherlock was right in maintaining that which I think there is little danger; "the religion of the gospel is the true for to repeat what I have elsewhere original religion of Reason and Nasaid, there is “ this unspeakable ad- ture”-that Locke was right when he vantage in favour of Natural Religion, said, that “God had discovered to that whoever undertakes to inculcate men the Unity and Majesty of his its pure and salutary maxims, is on a Eternal Godhead, and the truths of footing of perfect equality with his Natural Religion by the light of Reafellow-men. He can assúine no dicta. son”--that the learned and excellent torial authority, nor exact from them Lardner was right in affirming " that any implicit obedience. As he can- St. Paul was not wont to deny and not have the shadow of pretence for contest, but to improve, the natural “ dominion over their faith,” he must notions which men had of religion"content himself with being the “hel. that the Rev. Robert Robinson was per of their joy.” In short, it ap- right in saying, “a conformity bepears to me that the quotations from tween the dictates of Nature and the Locke are extremely unfortunate, and precepts of Revelation, is the Best not in any degree relevant to Mr. Proof of the divinity of the latter”Cogan's purpose; and, as he has not and that Archdeacon Paley and a thouproduced any other authority to justify sand others have been right in assertthe use of the language to which I ing the authority of both natural and objected, I must consider his omit- supernatural revelation - and having

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