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if we return not to the refined Catho
licism which was formerly professed." Memoir of M. Werner.
We perceive that Werner was, at this
period, half a Catholic. It will, perhaps, WERNER was succesively a famous occasion surprise to hear that this man, Protestant poet and a famous Catholic professing so much regard to religioni, preacher. He was one of those men who had repudiated two wires, and just marpass from one extreme to another almost ried a third, who had no better fate. without the appearance of inconsistency, Domestic contests could not, however, because the motive which impels them be the cause of their disunion ; for Wer is always of the same nature. He was ver could speak only German, and his born Nov. 18, 1768, at Koenigsberg in wife knew no language but the Polish. Prussia ; his father was professor of his. When he had been separated from his tory and eloquence in that place, and third wife, he wrote with great naïveté, licencer of the drama, which at an early “ I could not, in conscience, exact of age made the son acquainted with dra my wife that she should live happily with matic poetry. His mother, the niece of me; I am not wicked, it is true, but I a poet, had so large a share of the family am trifling, capricions, economical to ardour of imagination, that at the end of excess, destitute of order, absent, heedher life she became iissane and believed less, fond of being always in society or that she was the Virgin Mary and had in places of public amusement : is it my giren birth to the Saviour. Zechariah fault if I am such a man?" After having Werner appears to have inherited some divorced three lawful wives, Werner de portion of his mother's mental alienation. voted his attention more than ever to
His studies were regularly conducted; religion and poetry. His famous drama, he pursued philosophy under Kant, and Du Weihe der Kraft, (recently translated he attended lectures on jurisprudence. into French by M. Michael Berr, under He commenced poet in 1789, and his the title of Luther,) at first appeared a verses contained very liberal sentiments. monument raised to the most celebrated In 1793, he obtained an office under the of the reformers ; nevertheless, the clear Prussian administration, and was sent sighted Protestants perceived in it a to various capitals, especially to Warsaw, marked predilection for the illusions, the where he resided till 1805. There M. pomp and the creed of the Catholic reliHitzig, his biographer, had frequent in- gion ; the Protestant poet appeared to tercourse and cuhirated an intimate ac- them to have more imagination than quaintance with him. He witnessed the sound judgment. Werner wrote in one progress of his best poem- The Sons of of his letiers, “ I feel infinite regret at the Valley. At some distance from War. seeing such men as Schlegel, Tieck and saw, in a thick wood, watered by the Schleiermacher wasting their energies : Vistula, is an abbey of Camaldolites ; in one writes a comedy, apother publishes summer the two friends used to quit thé a journal, a third, sentimental poetry, capital on a Saturday evening, as soon sonnets and heaven knows what ; it gives as the offices were shut up, and repair to me pain to hear them boast of their great the forest, near that romantic monastery; undertakings, as the French are always they took up their abode in an inn or un- talking of a descent on England, whilst der the forest trees; the Sunday was em- at the same time they have no grand ployed in viewing the beautiful landscapes ohject, and never conceive the divine of the neighbourhood, and in those lone- idea of an union of friends for the most ly walks Werner read to his friend the noble enterprise. ... . We want aposserses he had composed duriog the week. tles who devote themselves to one object, At this time the young Protestant poet as well as proselytes, &c.” These ideas had already conceived a fantastical idea: from the pen of a worldly minded man, be considered that in order to restore a who had been three times divorced, were poetic spirit to religion, Protestantism, singular enough ; por did they lead to which was too prosaic, should be ex- any result, unless it were that Werner changed for Catholicism, but Catholicism coinposed the Cross of the Baltic Seu, refined by the aid of free-masonry. He and received a pepsion from the Prince had a singular way of expressing his Primate. Having lost his office on the sublime ideas : “'The Devil will take the invasiou of Prussia by the French, he genius of the arts in Earope,” said he, went to Paris where lie was of vo usc ;
he afterwards went to Rome, and secretly tings are distributed among a great num-
Population. The Journal entitled Le sentiments. Still full of zeal, he entered the order of the Redemptionists, the population of Rome, from which it but quitted it soon after and contented appears that that capital of the Christian himself with being a preacher. There 1823, 136,269 inhabitants ; in 1814 it
world contained, at Easter in the year were flashes of genius in his sermons, contained only 120,505. Since 1817 the passages which bespoke the poet, but they were frequently common-place and number of deaths has continually ex. trifling. He died on the 17th of Jaduary, ceeded that of the births ; during the last 1823. Before his death he made a long year there were 5,480 deaths, and not will, in which, amongst other things, he
more than 4,365 baptisms. The deaths bequeathed his silver pen to an image of
are in proportion to the population as the Virgin, highly revered in Austria ;
1 to 24 4-5ths ; the births as 1 to 21 and he composed an epitaph for himself, 1-5th. At Rome there are 27 bishops, concluding with a verse from the Gospel 1,395 priests, 1,565 monks and friars, of St. Luke, followed by a note of inter- 1,370 nups, and upwards of 400 semi
parists. rogation and a note of adıniration, which each reader might interpret as he thought
HESSE-DARMSTADT. proper. The biographer las inserted in his memoir a sort of confessions commit- Instruction of the Israelites.-An edict ted to writing by Werner; but they are compels all who profess the Israelitish less sincere and less attractive than the religion to send their children to the confessions of another celebrated con- public schools. They are at liberty to vert, who, unlike Werner, was restored use those of their own persuasion, or to to the bosom of his paternal religiou. avail themselves of the instructiou given
in the Christian schools. At Weimar,
likewise, the Jews have been invited to Notice of M. Moldenhawer.
share in the public education. In the The royal library at Copenhagen has schools of their own religion, the inlost its principal superintendant. Daniel struction is to be giveu in German, but Gotthilf Moldenhawer was boru at Kæ. the decree provides for their admission uigsberg in Prussia, the 11th of Decem- into a gymnasium or the university, and ber, 1751. After having studied at Gæt. declares them eligible to places destived tingen and other German universities, he by the state for the scholars. Of late, it received an invitation to Kiel in 1777, as has even been permitted for Jews to Professor extraordinary of Philosophy. marry Christians, on the condition that In 1779, he was appointed Professor of their children shall be taught the Chris Theology at the same university, where, tian religion. These ineasures will be in 1782, he had the honour of taking the far more efficacious than proscriptions degree of Doctor of Divinity. After hav- and laws of exclusion in improving the ing travelled in Holland, England, Spain state of this portion of the human race, and Italy, he was, in 1783, appointed hitherto separated from the rest of their Divinity Professor at the University of species only by the distrust with which Copenhagen. At a subsequent period, they have been treated. We hare before he again travelled in Spain, in company taken occasion to remark, that those with the celebrated orientalist Tychsen, American States which have placed the whence he brought into Denmark a great Jews on the same footing as the rest of number of scarce works and valuable the citizens, have never had reason to manuscripts in the Spanish and other complain of them. languages, which at present constitute part of the riches of the royal library of
DOMESTIC. Copenhagen, of which he was appointed chief librarian in 1788. He was made a Opening of the Finsbury, Unitarian Knight of the Order of Dannebrog in Chapel, South Place, adjoining the 1809. He died Nov. 21, 1823, aged 72
London Institution. years. The principal works of M. Mol. denbawer are a History of the Templars, This Chapel, erected for the use of the in German, and an Eulogy on the late Unitarian congregation previously assensCount 4. P. De Bernstorft, written in bling in Parliament Court, was opened almost classical Latiu. His other wri- for divine service, and dedicated to the
worship of the One Only God, the God it seems to be his main object to shew and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, on from the character of the audience asSunday, Feb. Ist. The Scriptures were sembled on Mars Hill, from the opivions read, and the devotional parts of the which their philosophy and religion taught service were conducted in a peculiarly them to consider sacred, from the docsolemn and impressive manner, hy the trines, as recorded by the historian, which Rev. Russell Scott, of Portsmouth." The Paul actually delivered to this auditory, Sermons, both Morning and Evening, and from those which he omitted to were preached by the Rev. W. J. Fox, inculcate or disclose, that his discourse the Minister of the Chapel. The text of was strictly Unitarian ; that is, that it the morning discourse was Rom. viii. 9: was his special object to lead the Athe"Now if any man have not the spirit of niaus to conceive of and to worship the Christ, he is none of his." In illustrating Deity as one God in one person. The from this passage what the spirit of the chapel, both morning and evening, was Christian religion really is, what it has crowded to excess, and it has beeu alike done and is doing for man, the preacher filled every subsequent Sunday. endeavoured to shew that the spirit of On the following day, many gentlemen Unitarianism is the same, and that it is of the congregation and their friends its direct aim and tendency to accom- dined together at the London Taveru. plish, in a higher and more perfect de. There were present 185, among whom gree, not only than any other religion, wer many of the most distinguished but than any other sect of the same friends of Unitarian Christianity in Lonreligion, precisely those objects which it don and its vicinity. Mr. Fox was in is the distinctive character of Christi- the chair. It is not possible in this place anity to have effected for the human to give an accouut of the many excellent race. Be the opinions and the inrectives speeches that were delivered. In the of the adversaries of this system what pleasure afforded by the accomplishment they may, it is certain that there is of the object which the company was nothing so distinctive of Unitarianism as assembled to commemorate, every indithis, and that the more it is studied and vidual sympathized, and few are the understood, and the more it is contrasted public meetings in which the satisfaction with the tendency of other systems, the expressed and felt was at once so sincere more evident this truth appears. But and so entire. The stewards had exif this be a truth, not only does it idene erted themselves with complete success tify Unitarianism with Christianity, but to secure the comfort of the ineering, it identifies it with it in those very points and the congregation feel much indebted in which Christianity is the glory and the to the geutlemen, especially to those not blessing of the world. This, therefore, members of their society, who obliged was a theme truly worthy of the occasion, them by undertaking that office. On the and it was discussed in an admirable opening of the chapel there was collected manner. It was an enlightened, com- for the liquidation of its debt, 1021. 43. 6d. prehensive and eloquent delineation of and at the divner, for the same purpose, what Christianity has done, and is in- 2571. 18s. tended to accomplish, and of what under The erection of a Unitarian Chapel in its pure and uncorrupted form. it must the city of London, in a public and conand will effect. On some points, par- venient situation, which no one residing ticularly on those relating to the office, in the metropolis, or visiting it from the the authority and the extent of reason, country can have any difficulty in finding, it contained doctrines at which, no is of considerable importance not to this doubt, many persons will be startled : congregatiou only, but to the Unitarian but we are much mistaken if a calm and cause. The want of such a chapel had unprejudiced consideratiou of them do long beep felt and lamented: the memnot terminate in a conviction not of their bers of this congregation, notwithstanding truth only, but of their vast importance. many difficulties and some fears, have This discourse, together with the ad. had the spirit to supply it. They have dress delivered on laying the first stone contributed liberally themselves ; they of the building on the 22nd of May, 1823, have been supported liberally by many of will be printed. The sermon in the their London brethren ; and the result evening was from Acts svii. 16. 'It was is, that they have already ceased to be the commencement of a course of Lec- anxious about the complete success of tures to be delivered on the Sunday their undertaking. But they have still a evenings, on Paul 'preaching at Athens. heavy debt to discharge, for the means This subject is happily adapted both to of liquidating some portion of which they the occasion and to the genius of the look, and they look with confidence, to preacher. Having commenced with a their country friends. Whenever similar brilliant description of what Atheus was, objects were to be accomplished throughout Britain, those friends have directed the Chapel, in Paradise Street, Liverpool, their attention to London, nor hare they of which the Rev. John Yates, who has looked in vain. This consideration, how- resigved, was the pastor upwards of 46 erer, though without doubt one which years, assisted for the last ten years by their friends will feel ought out to be the Rev. Pendlebury Houghton, who reoverlooked, is not that on which the sigued at the same time. members of the Finsbury Chapel would The Rev. WILLIAM STEVENS, late of insist. There is one which they cannot the Isle of Wight, is engaged as preacher refrain from stating, and they feel assured to the Great Cross Hall Street congrega. that the statement of it will be the tion, Liverpool, and is delivering a course means of enabling them better to dis- of Sunday-Evening Lectures, on doctrinal charge their debt of justice and of grati. subjects. tude. Their minister is at length re- The Rev. FRANKLIN BAKER, who has stored to them after a long and danger- lately finished his studies in the Univerous illness, during a considerable period sity of Glasgow, has entered upon the of which, the most serious apprehensions office of Pastor to the old Presbyterian prevailed that he would be lost to them Congregation assembling in Bunk Street, for ever. The manner in which he has BOLTON, Lancashire. sustained the late demands on his strength, physical and mental, affords
Ecclesiastical Preferments. the most encouraging reason to hope that his constitution has not suffered an DR. Ryder, late Bishop of Gloucester, irreparable shock, and that time and is translated to the See of Litchfield and care will restore him to health. It is Coventry. the earnest and affectionate desire of Dr. BETHELL, Dean of Chichester, who their hearts, it is their constant prayer was Tutor to the Duke of Northumberto Him who bringeth down to the grave land, is appointed to the See of Glouand who raiseth up again, and in whose cester. hand our breath is, that this hope may CHARLES HENRY HALL, D. D. to the be realized. Never have they ceased to Deanery of the Cathedral Church of regret that hitherto it has not beep in Durham, void by the death of James their power properly to express, as far Earl Cornwallis, Bishop of Litchfield and as the mode to which they allude can Coventry. express, their estimation of his worth. SAMUEL SMITH, D. D. Canon of Christ They now see him, for the first time, Church, Oxford, and Prebendary of York, placed in a situation suited to his talents. is appointed Dean of Christ Church, vice They know that this situation must make Dr. Hall, promoted to the Deanery of fresh encroachments upon his time, and Durham. bring fresh demands upon his exertion, HENRY WOODCOCK, D. D. Canon of but with the effect, they do not doubt, Christ Church, Oxford, vice Dr. S. Smith. of giving them the means of expressing The Rev. A. GRAYSON, M. A. Princiin a more adequate manner their sense pal of $t. Edmund Hall, Oxford. of the value of his services. But to be obliged to divert those means from the purpose to which, in. justice, they ought
A List of the Committee of Deputo be appropriated, to that of liquidating
ties, appointed to protect the Civil the debt upon the chapel, is an expe
Rights of the Three Denominations dient the necessity of which they cannot of Protestant Dissenters, for the contemplate without deep regret, and Year 1824. they have that confidence in the proper
WILLIAM SMITH, M.P., Chairman ; feeling of their friends to believe that Joseph Gutteridge, Deputy Chairman ; they will afford an additional proof that James Collins, Treasurer ; Samuel Favell, this, like most of man's fears for the John Addington, William Burls, William future, exists chiefly, if not wholly, in
Alers Hankey, John T. Rutt, William the imagination. it is because their Hale, Edward Busk, William Esdaile, minister is not merely,“ the helper of James Esdaile, Thomas Stiff, James Gib their joy," but eminently the servant of the Vuitarian public, that they thus Marten, John Beatley, Joseph Bonnell,
son, John Wilks, William Gillman, R. H. speak to that public, satisfied that in John Christie, Samuel Gale, Edgar Taytheir feeling there will be a general sym. lor, Thomas Wilson, John Cordell. pathy, and to their appeal a generous
MISCELLANEOUS. Settlement and Removal of Ministers.
Unitarianism in the East Indies. The Rev. JOHN GRUNDY, of Mau- The London Missionary Society pubchester, has been chosen solc Minister of lishes monthly with the Evangelical Ma.
gazine, a sheet, entitled "Missionary was united with him in a mission from Chronicle," which is, in fact, of the na- the Society to Persia. This step has exture of a religious newspaper. This cited a great sensation, especially as the publication has been very cautious in character aud circumstances of these genannouncing the rise and spread of Unita- tlemen are a sufficient warrant for their rianism in the East Indies: but the fact being under the influence of couscientious cannot be wholly concealed, and the last motives. The occasion of their secession Namber, for February, contains two is the pertinacity of the Bible Society in passages which reveal udpleasant tidings circulating against their remoustrances a for those that are trying to propagate Turkish Version of the Scriptures which Calvinism as the ouly Christianity. The they believe to be exceedingly corrupt. following is from the Journal of a Mis- This Version was printed at Paris in sionary at Kidderpore :
1819; the New Testament from a Ver“The congregations at Miezapore fre- sion of a Renegade, a century and a half quently consist of persons who possess a ago, a Pole by birth, whose original name seauty knowledge of the Bible, and are was Albertus Bobovius, or Bovovsky, and led away by Socinian principles. We who, on embracing Islamism, took the hare found more opposition from these name of Ali Bey, -and the Old Testapersons than even from professed idola- ment chiefly from his MSS., deposited in ters. For whilst the laiter only inquire the University of Leyden, and lent by the which of the two systems is correct, Curators to the Society. Mr. Henderson the former declare they have forsaken points out some of the egregious errors idolatry, and at the saine time despise (as he esteems hem) of the Version, the religion of Christ."
several of which, he says, must have been But the following extract from a letter designed to favour Mohammedanisın, and from Bangalore is still more important, to oppose the doctrines of the Trinity aud as verifying the reports made by William the Deity of Christ. For instance, Johu ROBERTS, the Native Unitarian Mission- i. 38, Lord is interpreted Teacher, “ an ary at Madras :
admirable improvement," (says Mr. Hen4. There are some tracts written in derson, not quite in the spirit which the Malabar, which are distributed among Bible Society professes to cherish,) " for a the natives by Socipians (or Unitarians). new edition of the Socinian Testament !" Two of these are printed and a Prayer Rom. x. 12, “ The same Lord of all apBook with supposed arguments against pears" (we are told by Mr. H.) "comTrinitarians, and directions how God is pletely in a Mohammedan dress the to be worshiped. I believe their congrè. Lord of all is one. Could this version of gation at Madras amounts to nearly one the words," (he asks,)“ possibly have hundred natives. They decidedly oppose been made with any other view than that the fooleries of the Church of Rome, as of opposing the doctrine of the Divine well as the idolatry of Heathens. Sonie Trinity? We have only to add to it, good may result from this ; but we may And Mohammed is his prophet,' to renbe sure that when this error has done der the confession entire." But the inthe work for which it is permitted to stance on which Mr. Henderson lays most obtain a place in Christendom, it will stress, and which will excite mosi attensink never more to rise. There are two tion amongst the supporters of the Bible native Socinians in Bengalore at present; Society, must be explained in his own one of them has excited some attention words, with his own italics and capitals. both among the Catholics and Heathen. “The passage, however, which seals the Samael Flavel has had several conversa- death-warrant of this translation is Rev. tions with him, and he (the Socinian) xxii. 8, 9, where the Lamb of God him. has written to Madras for further infor- self is introduced by Ali Bey, as forbidmation, and for an answer to some of ding his disciples to worship him!!! J the passages which Samuel has brought fell down to worship at the feet of the forward in defence of the truth. Who LAMB; but he said unto me: Beware would have expected that disciples of thou do it not; for I am thy fellow-serthis school should be diligently employed vant, and of thy brethren the prophets, in diffusing their poison in a heathen and of them that keep the sayings of this land? Yet so it is."
hook : WORHIP THE DIVINE MAJESTY.'
When I first read this passage, I conceived Mr. Henderson and the Bible Society. have been substituted for Angel by mere
it possible that the word Lamb might Mr. HENDERSON, the author of a inadvertence; but after reflecting on the - Journal of a Residence in Iceland," other passages, where there is evidently whose connexion with the Bible Society an effort made to diminish the glory of is well known, has renounced the con- the Saviour, I feel no hesitation in probexion, as has also Dr. PATERSON, who nouncing it to be designed,"This ex